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Agora and the Ministry of Ideas on the Icelandic Constitution Reform
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Agora and the Ministry of Ideas on the Icelandic Constitution Reform

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Here are slides from a presentation at an event organized by Association ADELE and officials in the field of participatory democracy on September 26th in Paris, France. The theme of the talk was …

Here are slides from a presentation at an event organized by Association ADELE and officials in the field of participatory democracy on September 26th in Paris, France. The theme of the talk was "When ordinary citizens rewrite their constitution".

Presentation given by Gudjon Mar Gudjonsson director at Agora and facilitator at the grassroots organized Ministry of Ideas. Political context in Iceland was discussed and the process around the Constitutional Council of 25 ordinary citizens.

Additional reaction and comments where given by Bastien François who teaches political science at the University of Paris-I. Bastien François wrote a famous book for a new constitution: "The Constitution of the Sixth French Republic". Additional reaction given by Philippe Aigrain, founder and CEO of Sopinspace, Society for Public Information Spaces, a company that develops free software and provides services for the public debate of policy issues. Additional input and discussions where given by many of the participants during the session.

Overall this was a great session and the atmosphere at the end gave many of the participants an inspiration that this could be a start of a movement of a new constitutional reform of France.

Published in Education , News & Politics , Travel
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  • 1. GENERAL PRESENTATION AROUND CONSTITUTION AND NATIONAL ASSEMBLY DEVELOPMENTS IN ICELAND 2011
  • 2. WORLD’S FIRSTPARLIAMENT  IN  930  
  • 3. WORLD   ICELAND  ... ON A DIFFERENT FREQUENCY
  • 4. PROTOTYPE A ON ELECTRIC CARSPROTOTYPE B ON DATA CENTERSPROTOTYPE C ON BATTERY CHARGINGPROTOTYPE D TRANSPORTAION BUSINESS MODELPROTOTYPE E ACTIVE DEMOCRATICPROTOTYPE F ON REALTIME CURRENCY  ALL YOU NEED  FOR A GOOD  LAB  
  • 5. VEOLIA 349.000ICELAND 319.756VEOLIA HAS A VISIONICELAND’S VISION ?  
  • 6. SYSTEM COLLAPSE OCT 2008   J   F   M   A   M   J   J   F   M   A   M   J   J   A   S   O   N   D  2007   2008  
  • 7. QUESTIONING LEADERSHIP J   F   M   A   M   J   J   F   M   A   M   J   J   A   S   O   N   D  2007   2008  
  • 8. CHANGE IN SOCIETY   BIRTH OF NATIONAL GAP!   ASSEMBLY   ABILITY OF THE SYSTEM TO ADAPT TIME  
  • 9. NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 2009 GRASSROOTS  ORGANISED   BY  THE  ANTHILL   1.500  PARTICIPANTS   J   F   M   A   M   J   J   A   S   O   N   D   J   F   M   A   M   J  2009   2010  
  • 10. 9 AREAS x 9 GROUPS x 9 MEMBERS x 2  
  • 11. PARTICIPANTS:   1.200 RANDOM SAMPLE FROM NATIONAL REGISTRY 1.500 PEOPLE   300 CHANGE LEADERSPLANNING:   STARTED AS A GROUP OF 9 ENDED AS 500 VOLUNTEERS
  • 12. NATION’S RANDOM SAMPLE  
  • 13. CONSTITUTIONAL  ACT  ACCEPTED  BY  PARLIAMENT   CONSTITUTIONAL  COMMITTEE  APPOINTED   J   F   M   A   M   J   J   A   S   O   N   D   J   F   M   A   M   J  2009   2010  
  • 14. NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 2010 BY  THE  GOVERNMENT   1.000  PARTICIPANTS   J   A   S   O   N   D   J   F   M   A   M   J   J   A   S   O   N   D  2010   2011  
  • 15. CONSTITUTIONAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS   J   A   S   O   N   D   J   F   M   A   M   J   J   A   S   O   N   D  2010   2011  
  • 16. ELECTIONS ARE VOIDED BY THE SUPREME COURT J   A   S   O   N   D   J   F   M   A   M   J   J   A   S   O   N   D  2010   2011  
  • 17. PARLIAMENT APPOINTS ELECTED MEMBERS TO CONSTITUTIONAL COUNCIL CONSTITUTIONAL COUNCIL STARTS ITS WORK CONSTITUTIONAL COUNCIL SUBMITS FINAL DRAFT TO PARLIAMENT J   A   S   O   N   D   J   F   M   A   M   J   J   A   S   O   N   D  2010   2011  
  • 18. N AT I O N A L A SS E M B LY 2 0 1 0WISDOM OF CROWDS   HTTP://AGORA.IS/2011/03/INTRODUCTION-­‐TO-­‐THE-­‐NATIONAL-­‐ASSEMBLY-­‐ORGANISATION/    
  • 19. ORGANISER AND RESPONSIBILITY OF THE 2010 NATIONAL ASSEMBLY FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF ICELAND WWW.AGORA.IS
  • 20. DOWNLOADABLE HANDBOOK FULL TRANSPARENCY FREE TO USEHTTP://AGORA.IS/2011/03/NATIONAL-ASSEMBLY-FACILITATORS-HANDBOOK/
  • 21. CAPTURING THE HEARTBEAT OF THE NATIONS CREATIVITY  
  • 22. MUTUAL TRUST
  • 23.   FLOW  AGORA  VISIONING   CHARACTERISTICS   DEMOCRATIC   CREATIVE  THINKING   INDEPENDENT  VIEWPOINTS   WELL  TRAINED  FACILITATORS   NEUTRAL  VIEW  OF  FACILITATORS   NO  SPEECHES  OR  SEEDING  OF  IDEAS   PARTICIPANTS  REPRESENT  JUST  THEMSELVES   DISCUSSIONS  TOPICS  ALL  DEFINED  BY  THE  FLOW  
  • 24. MULTI-FACETED PICTURE OF REALITY AND ASPIRATIONS
  • 25. CORE  TECHNIQUE:  BRAINSTORMING   FREEDOM SIMPLE FORMAT EQUAL RIGHT TO EXPRESS SIMPLICITY
  • 26. EASY  TO  USE  TOOLS  10:00   16:00   VALUES,  INSPIRATION,  THE  WHY   THEMES   IDEAS   QUESTIONS  
  • 27. PARTICIPANTS   ENJOY  FREEDOM  NO  NEED  TO  PREPARE  FOR  THE  SESSION   REPRESENT  NO  ONE  BUT  THEMSELVES  
  • 28. FACILITATORS  ROLE   DEMONSTRATE  RESPECT     WELL  TRAINED   MASTERS  OF  THE  FLOW  FOSTERING  DYNAMIC  BRAINSTORMING  AND  FREEDOM   BRING  OUT  AS  MANY  VIEWPOINTS  AS  POSSIBLE  
  • 29. PARTICIPANTS.    1.000  PARTICIPANT  THAT  JUST   REPRESENT  THEMSELVES  AT  THE  VISIONING  EVENT.   FACILITATORS.    112  FACILITATORS,  EACH  FACILITATING  9   PARTICIPANTS  ON  ITS  TABLE.   ZONE  MASTERS.    8  ZONE  MASTERS,  EACH  HANDLING  14   FACILITATORS  WITHIN  ITS  ZONE.   RUNNERS.  FOR  EACH  ZONE  THERE  ARE  TWO  RUNNERS   THAT  HELPS  THE  ZONE  MASTERS  TO  COLLECT  MATERIAL   AND  FEED  THE  BACK-­‐OFFICE  DATA  CENTER.     MASTER  OF  CEREMONIES.  RESPONSIBLE  FOR  THE   OVERALL  TIMING  AND  SYNC  OF  EACH  ZONE  MASTERS.   THE  MC  IS  FACILITATING  EACH  OF  THE  ZONE  MASTERS.  hKp://agora.is/2011/07/roles-­‐at-­‐larger-­‐visioning-­‐assemblies/    
  • 30. THE  ORGISTRATION  OF  FACILITATION   PARTICIPANTS   FACILITATORS   ZONE  MASTERS   MASTER  OF  CEREMONIES  
  • 31. SESSION  FLOW  OVERVIEW  INTRODUCTION   •  Discuss  expecta^ons   1ST  SESSION   •  Our  values   2ND  SESSION   •  Our  vision   3TH  SESSION   •  Categorizing  in  themes  and  uni^ng  ideas   4TH  SESSION   •  Specializa^on  and  deepening  the  consensus   5TH  SESSION   •  Vote  for  main  emphases  and  a  new  way  of  thinking   6TH  SESSION   •  Vision  and  Mission  Statement  of  each  group   7TH  SESSION   •  Conclusions  as  Key  Ques^ons  for  each  Topics  
  • 32. 1ST  SESSION   •  Our  values  The  objec)ves  of  this  session  are  twofold:  On  the  one  hand  to  find  out  what  visions  or  values  we  want  to  be  the  founda)on  of  a  new  cons)tu)on  and  on  the  other  hand  to  unite  the  par)cipants  from  the  beginning.    
  • 33. 1ST  SESSION   •  Our  values   NATURE O COUNTRY AND NA F ICELAN TION CONSERV D, ATION A UTILISAT ND ION PEACE ANDINTERNATIONAL JUSTICE, WELLBE COOPERATION ING AND EQUALITY DEMOCRACY DIVISION OF POW ITY ER, MORAL RESPONSIBILITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS TRANSPARENCY
  • 34. DIVISION OF POW , ER, CELAND RESPONSIBILITY NATURE OF I COUNTRY AND NA AND ON AND TION TRANSPARENCY CONS ERVATI ATION UTILIS JUSTICE, WELLBE ING AND EQUALITY DEMOCRACY PEACE ANDINTERNATIONAL COOPERATION HUMAN RIGHTS MORALITY
  • 35. DOT VOTINGUSED TO FILTER THE CRITICAL INPUT
  • 36. CATEGORISING  IDEAS  The  facilitator  categorizes  while  the  par^cipants  reflect  and  prepare  more  ideas.  The  facilitator  is  an  ac^ve  listener  at  all  ^mes.  Take  care  to  have  a  good  work  space  when  categorizing  the  idea  cards.      Clear  the  table  regularly     3 2in  order  to  make  space.   4   1Unite  repeated  ideas.   5 FACI   LITA TOR 6 9 7 8
  • 37. THE  OUTPUT   IDEAS   VALUES    A  SUMMARY  REPORT  +  STRUCTURED  DATASETS.       THEMES  SUMMARY  REPORT  INCLUDES  AN  INTERACTIVE  MIND-­‐MAP  THAT  MAKES  IT  EASY  TO  NAVIGATE  THE  VALUES,  VISION  AND  IDEAS.    STRUCTURED  DATASETS  INCLUDE  ALL  DATA  RELATIONS   OUTPUT  ACCORDING  TO  THE  FLOW  OF  THE  ASSEMBLY.  THIS  MEANS  THAT  ALL  DATA  WILL  BE  RELATIONAL  AND  EACH  ENTRY  WILL  HAVE  ALL  ITS  RELEVANT  RAW  MATERIAL  INTERLINKED.    THE  DATA  CAN  BE  ACCESSED  VIA  RESTFUL  APIS  OR  SIMPLY  DOWNLOADED  IN  TEXT  OR  EXCEL  FORMAT.    
  • 38. CONTINUED DIALOGUE
  • 39. COUNTRY  AND     NATION     PEACE  AND   INTERNATIONAL   MORALITY   COOPERATION   DIVISION  OF  POWER,   NATIONAL  ASSEMBLY   RESPONSIBILITY  AND   HUMAN  RIGHTS   TRANSPARENCY   2010   JUSTICE,  WELLBEING     DEMOCRACY   AND  EQUALITY       NATURE  OF  ICELAND,   CONSERVATION  AND   UTILISATION  HTTP://AGORA.IS/2011/02/SUMMARY-­‐FROM-­‐THEMES-­‐AT-­‐THE-­‐NATIONAL-­‐ASSEMBLY-­‐2010-­‐ON-­‐THE-­‐CONSTITUTION/    
  • 40. COUNTRY  AND  NATION    Values  and  related  issues  regarding  the  independence  of  the  country,  culture  and  its  advantages  such  as  vision,  the  value  of  the  Icelandic  language  and  the  country’s  rural  areas.    THE  CONSTITUTION  IS  A  COVENANT  WHICH  ENSURES  SOVEREIGNTY  AND  INDEPENDENCE  FOR  ICELANDERS  AND  IS  WRITTEN  FOR  THE  PEOPLE  IN  THE  COUNTRY.  THE  ROLE  OF  THE  CONSTITUTION  IS  TO  GUARD  THE  ICELANDIC  LANGUAGE,  ITS  CULTURE  AND  THE  NATION’S  RESOURCES.  IT  SHOULD  BE  INTRODUCED  IN  SCHOOLS  AND  IT  MUST  BE  GUARANTEED  THAT  THE  PUBLIC  CAN  HAVE  A  SAY  IN  DECISIONS  REGARDING  NATIONAL  AFFAIRS.  THE  IMAGE  OF  ICELAND  SHALL  BE  STRENGTHENED,  MULTICULTURALISM  ENCOURAGED  AS  WELL  AS  SEPARATION  BETWEEN  STATE  AND  RELIGION.    
  • 41. MORALITY    General  moral  values  without  special  connec)on  with  government  or  poli)cs  such  as  honesty,  respect,  responsibility,  tolerance,  jus)ce  and  sympathy.    THE  CONSTITUTION  SHALL  BE  BASED  ON  MORAL  VALUES.  THE  MORALITY  THEME  OF  THE  NEW  CONSTITUTION  SHALL  BE  RESPECT  FOR  HUMANS,  FREEDOM  OF  SPEECH  AND  CONSIDERATION.  AN  EMPHASIS  SHALL  BE  ON  THE  HONESTY  OF  ELECTED  REPRESENTATIVES,  PUBLIC  OFFICIALS,  LAWS  AND  LEGAL  ETHICS.    TO  STRENGTHEN  AND  IMPROVE  THE  MORALITY  OF  THE  NATION,  ETHICS  SHOULD  BE  TAUGHT  IN  THE  COUNTRY’S  SCHOOLS  AND  THE  SOCIAL  RESPONSIBILITY  OF  THE  PUBLIC  MUST  BE  INCREASED.  IN  ICELAND  A  CLEAR  FRAMEWORK  MUST  BE  SET  UP  BY  WHICH  THE  AUTHORITIES  MUST  WORK,  FOCUSING  ON  RESPECT,  RESPONSIBILITY  AND  DUTIES  TOWARDS  THE  COUNTRYS  PEOPLE.    
  • 42. HUMAN  RIGHTS    Values  that  are  the  basis  or  go  hand  in  hand  with  accepted  human  rights  such  as  equality,  freedom  of  speech,  educa)on,  religious  freedom  and  right  of  ownership.    EVERYONE  SHALL  ENJOY  HUMAN  RIGHTS  ACCORDING  TO  INTERNATIONAL  COVENANTS  ON  HUMAN  RIGHTS  THAT  ICELAND  HAS  PROMISED  TO  HONOUR,  SUCH  AS  FREEDOM  OF  SPEECH,  PERSONAL  PRIVACY,  RELIGIOUS  FREEDOM  AND  THE  RIGHT  OF  OWNERSHIP.  EQUALITY  SHALL  BE  GUARANTEED  BY  LAW  REGARDLESS  OF  GENDER,  RELIGION,  NATIONALITY,  RACE,  RESIDENCE  AND  SEXUAL  ORIENTATION.  EVERYONE  SHALL  HAVE  THE  SAME  OPPORTUNITY  FOR  EDUCATION,  HEALTH  CARE  AND  MINIMUM  ESSENTIALS  OF  LIVING.  EACH  VOTE  SHALL  HAVE  EQUAL  VALUE.    
  • 43. JUSTICE,  WELLBEING  AND  EQUALITY    Values  and  related  issues  regarding  general  jus)ce,  wellbeing  and  equality  in  rela)on  to  educa)on,  health  and  essen)als  of  living  etc.    ALL  PERSONS  IN  THE  COUNTRY  SHALL  BE  ENSURED  A  DECENT  LIVELIHOOD  REGARDLESS  OF  GENDER,  RACE,  AGE,  RESIDENCE,  WORK,  NATIONALITY,  RELIGIOUS  BELIEF,  FINANCIAL  SITUATION,  HANDICAP,  SEXUAL  ORIENTATION  OR  OPINIONS.  EVERYONE  SHALL  HAVE  EQUAL  RIGHT  TO  MINIMUM  ESSENTIALS  OF  LIVING,  EDUCATION,  HEALTH  CARE  AND  SOCIAL  SERVICE.  EVERYONE  SHALL  HAVE  RIGHTS  TO  PENSION  BENEFITS.  THE  VALUE  OF  VOTES  SHALL  BE  EQUAL  AND  THE  PENAL  CODE  CLEAR.    
  • 44. THE  NATURE  OF  ICELAND,  CONSERVATION  AND  UTILISATION  Values  and  related  issues  regarding  the  environment,  including  natural  resources,  such  as  conserva)on  of  the  environment  and  public  property.    THE  NATURE  AND  THE  COUNTRY’S  NATURAL  RESOURCES  ARE  UNASSIGNABLE  PUBLIC  PROPERTIES  THAT  MUST  BE  PROTECTED,  USED  AND  UTILISED  SUSTAINABLY  IN  SUCH  A  WAY  THAT  PUBLIC  ACCESS  IS  ENSURED.    CLEAR  LAWS  MUST  BE  ENACTED  REGARDING  THE  NATION’S  OWNERSHIP  AND  UTILISATION  RIGHTS  OF  NATURAL  RESOURCES,  NATURE  AND  BIOSPHERE.  ICELANDIC  NATURE  AND  RESOURCES  MUST  BE  PROTECTED  TO  THE  BENEFIT  OF  FUTURE  GENERATIONS.    
  • 45. DEMOCRACY    Values  and  related  issues  of  any  kind  rela)ng  to  the  na)on’s  par)cipa)on  in  governing  the  country,  such  as  referendum  and  vo)ng  rights.  Also  values  related  to  prerequisites  for  democracy,  such  as  communica)on  of  informa)on.    ICELAND’S  DEMOCRACY  SHALL  BE  ACTIVE  AND  TRANSPARENT.  THE  VALUE  OF  VOTES  SHALL  BE  EQUAL  IN  ONE  CONSTITUENCY,  ELECTIONS  OF  INDIVIDUAL  CANDIDATES,  LIMITED  TIME  OF  MEMBERSHIP  OF  PARLIAMENT  AND  FEWER  MEMBERS  OF  PARLIAMENT.  THE  DEMOCRACY  SHALL  BE  BASED  ON  THE  TRIPLE  DIVISION  OF  POWER  AND  CLEAR  LAWS  ON  REFERENDUM  IN  IMPORTANT  ISSUES.  THE  APPOINTMENT  OF  JUDGES  SHALL  BE  RECONSIDERED.  ONLY  VOTERS  WITH  EQUAL  VOTING  VALUE  CAN  AMEND  THE  CONSTITUTION.    
  • 46. DIVISION  OF  POWER,  RESPONSIBILITY  AND  TRANSPARENCY    Values  and  related  issues  regarding  general  development  of  the  state  and  the  use  of  state  authority  such  as  division  of  power,  transparency  and  stability.  Also  values  (and  related  issues)  regarding  the  work  of  individual  ins)tu)ons  and  the  holders  of  state  authority  and  their  responsibility.  THE  TRIPLE  DIVISION  OF  POWER  MUST  BE  GUARANTEED  WHERE  THE  ROLE  AND  RESPONSIBILITY  OF  THE  AUTHORITIES  IS  CLEAR.  MINISTERS  SHALL  NOT  SERVE  AS  MEMBERS  OF  PARLIAMENT  ALONG  WITH  THEIR  MINISTRY  POST.  THE  CONSTITUTION  SHOULD  GUARANTEE  TRANSPARENCY  AND  SUPERVISION  OF  THE  COUNTRY’S  ADMINISTRATION.  PROFESSIONAL  METHODS  SHALL  BE  USED  WHEN  RECRUITING  PEOPLE  FOR  THE  ADMINISTRATIONAL  POSITIONS.  THE  POWER  OF  THE  PRESIDENT  OF  ICELAND  SHALL  BE  RECONSIDERED  AND  A  DECISION  SHALL  BE  MADE  REGARDING  HIS  VETO.  THERE  SHOULD  BE  A  TIME  LIMIT  TO  THE  MEMBERSHIP  OF  PARLIAMENT.  THE  INDEPENDENCE  OF  THE  COURTS  SHALL  BE  GUARANTEED.  
  • 47. PEACE  AND  INTERNATIONAL  COOPERATION    Values  and  related  issues  regarding  Iceland’s  posi)on  in  the  interna)onal  community,  such  as  security,  peace  and  impar)ality.    ICELAND  SHALL  BE  AN  INDEPENDENT  AND  SOVEREIGN  STATE  WHICH  EMPHASISES  COOPERATION  WITH  OTHER  NATIONS,  ESPECIALLY  IN  NORTHERN  REGIONS.  ICELAND  SHALL  BE  AN  ADVOCATE  OF  PEACE  AND  SHALL  ENGAGE  IN  INTERNATIONAL  COOPERATION  WITH  THAT  PURPOSE.  THE  SECURITY  OF  THE  COUNTRY  SHALL  BE  GUARANTEED.  ICELAND  SHALL  PARTICIPATE  IN  COOPERATION  IN  PROTECTING  NATURE,  SELF-­‐SUSTAINING  USE  OF  NATURAL  RESOURCES,  PROTECTION  OF  HUMAN  RIGHTS  AND  DEVELOPMENT  AID.    ICELAND  SHALL  BE  WITHOUT  AN  ARMY  AND  FREE  OF  NUCLEAR  ARMS.    
  • 48. n Abdeand hearrangeo my reof sciene theseand co GET IN TOUCH GUDJON MAR GUDJONSSON | GUDJON@AGORA.IS | +354 820.0000 | WWW.AGORA.IS