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  • 1. Extreme Computing cooperation, standpoint of an industrialJF Lavignon, Strategy & Cooperation, Innovative Products
  • 2. Introduction Sorry not to be present, hope to meet you soon Agenda : - HPC challenges as seen by a HPC supplier - Cooperation example and idea for Latin America – Europe cooperation©Bull, 2011 2 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 3. HPC, strategic foundation for competitiveness, innovation and defense Defense – Geospace Performance & Geo-Web Competitivity HPC computing technology Internet Imagery - Health Multimedia & Virtual Arts & Sciences Offering capabilities to design new products faster, to increase human and environmental knowledge faster and to overcome security complexity©Bull, 2011 3 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 4. Challenge (1/4) : concurrency and parallelism History - Gigaflops 1985 Cray 2 : 4 cores @ 1.5 ops/cycle - Teraflops 1997 Asci Red : 4,500 cores @ 2 ops/cycle - Petaflops 2008 Jaguar : 180,000 cores @ 4ops/cycle - 10 petaflops 2011 K system : 700,000 cores @ 4ops/cycle Next generation of systems - Million to billion threads - 16 ops/cycle for each threads©Bull, 2011 4 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 5. Challenge (2/4) energy and power Today general purpose computer - 200 Mflops/W - Petaflops 5MW - 10 Petaflops in 2011 : 12,5 MW Trend - Use of accelerators (GPU, MIC) with better ratio flops/W than standard processor but more difficult to program - Use of low frequency standard processors - Reduction of the amount of memory per core Most the large centers do not plan more than 20MW for a HPC system©Bull, 2011 5 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 6. Challenge (3/4) data in HPC Data inside the HPC system - Memory access time - Amount of memory - Power cost of moving data Storage of data (disk) - Capacity still growing - Bandwidth and seek time not progressing at the same pace - Increasing parallelism Data for scientists - pre and post processing of huge volume of data - Quality of data produced by large simulation (uncertainty quantification) - Semantic attached to data©Bull, 2011 6 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 7. Challenge (4/4) : Resiliency Next generation system - Huge number of components : 10 to 10 memory chips 6 8 - Interface at high clock rate increasing bit error rates MTBF will be low - 10,000 components with a MTBF of > 10 years leads to a combined MTBF of 10 hours Robustness must be addressed at different levels - System hardware - System software - Application©Bull, 2011 7 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 8. Conclusion technological challenges Important challenges for next generations of HPC systems No one has the complete solution Cooperation is a must©Bull, 2011 8 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 9. Bull’s experience in R&D cooperation Common laboratory Technology partners Intel, Xyratex, Caps Entreprise… One-to-one cooperation Development of large infrastructures Research institutions / campus Project with local ecosystem Projects at European level International vision sharing©Bull, 2011 9 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 10. Cooperation eco-system Global for best of breed, standardization Customer cooperation for Technology co-design and connection partners for of market demands- complete and supplier offerings innovative offering Local for fertilization, reactiveness and teaming©Bull, 2011 10 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 11. Example of instruments in Europe Systematic, Eureka, FP7 Systematic - “World class” French Cluster, 142 enterprises, 311 SMB 92 research centers & universities. - Cooperation between SMEs, Large Companies, Research Centres andNational higher educational establishmentslevel - Supported by local authorities, economic development agencies, the French Government and its partners. - Leverage on Teratec for HPC EUREKA - 39 member countries plus the European Union.European - The EUREKA label gives participants a competitive edge in their dealings with financial, technical and commercial partners.level FP7 - EUs main instrument for funding research in Europe - Grants are determined on the basis of calls for proposals - Activities funded from FP7 must have a “European added value”.©Bull, 2011 11 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 12. Systematic, FP7 & ITEA figures Systematic FP7 ITEA Eureka R&D Type Cluster R&D program program for IT Time scale 2007-2013 2006-2012 Projects € 200 m / year 20,000 PY € 54 B o/w fundings € 60 m / year € 600 m o/w € 9 B for IT Area France Europe Europe©Bull, 2011 12 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 13. Example of a project : ParMa, Itea Gold Award 2010 Parallel Programming for Multi-core Architectures A European project that gathers Facilitate the emergence of users, software providers, HPC power-intensive innovative system supplier applications by: Objective: help the HPC - Developing advanced community take full advantage technologies for exploiting of multi-core architectures parallel computing Deliver substantial performance - Exploring commonalities between HPC, Multi-Core and MPSoC improvements for: programming environments - conventional HPC applications - Leveraging relevant technology - mainstream applications and methodology between these - embedded systems domains Blast-furnace: €125,000 savings plus 16,000 tons of CO2 emission/year©Bull, 2011 13 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 14. To conclude Latin America – Europe cooperation is what I call “a global cooperation” - Need to focus on global topics - Ie programming models - Scientific methods… - Need to find mutual interest - Economic system - Educational system - Need to involve “regional champions” Cooperation at International level could be boosted by new instruments - Why not a "Eureka-like" program at International level©Bull, 2011 14 Cooperation in extreme computing
  • 15. ©Bull, 2011 15 Cooperation in extreme computing