HPC in México:Looking to the Future based on solid foundations           Andrei TchernykhCentro de Investigación Científic...
HPC History  Mainframe                                       PC            Workstation                                    ...
HPC History                                       GRIDCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory            3
HPC History                                                        PaaS                                                Pla...
2008       50 años de la instalación de la 1ª.           Computadora en México                                       1958 ...
0                                                     1                                                         2         ...
06. 1993Rank         Site                      Computer       Cores   Year   Rmax   Rpeak       Universidad         Nacion...
Universidad Nacional Autonoma de                   Mexico         List             Systems      Ranking   Sum Rmax (GFlops...
Universidad Autonoma                                Metropolitana                                                         ...
Geoscience                                                          Sum Rmax        List                 Systems    Highes...
Banco Azteca         List             Systems         Ranking      Sum Rmax (GFlops)     06/2007                 1        ...
Instituto Latinoamericano                                                                   Sum Rmax             List     ...
Telcel           List           Systems        Ranking     Sum Rmax (GFlops)        11/2001               1           335 ...
Top 500 Ranking 600 500 400 300                                              Mexico                                       ...
Application Areas
Application Areas                                       Aerospace                                       Automotive        ...
Old and New Application Areas                                2000                                            Chemistry    ...
My first jobThe Elbrus (Russian: Эльбрус) is a line of Soviet and Russian computersystems developed by Lebedev Institute o...
My Research Areas                                            HPCReal Time Systems                                         ...
Collaboration                                     Universidad Autónoma de Baja                                         Cal...
Green Computing
Important issues – fossil fuels Average desktop computer with monitor requires • 10 times its weight in chemicals and foss...
Important issues – electronic-waste•     Over 130,000 PCs dumped in US homes & businesses…each day•     Less than 10% of e...
Electronic WasteCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory                      24
Important issues – toxic waste Electronic waste is an increasing problem • up to 70% of all hazardous waste. • high in man...
Important issues – wasting electricityThe average desktop PC wastes                         Cooling towers• nearly half th...
The way out Algorithmic efficiency • has an impact on the amount of computer resources required for any given     computin...
CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory   28
HPC in México:Looking to the Future based on solid foundations           Andrei TchernykhCentro de Investigación Científic...
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Andrey tchernykh

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Andrey tchernykh

  1. 1. HPC in México:Looking to the Future based on solid foundations Andrei TchernykhCentro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada, Ensenada, Baja California, México chernykh@cicese.mx http://www.cicese.mx/~chernykh RISC, México, 2011
  2. 2. HPC History Mainframe PC Workstation Cluster (by Christophe Jacquet)CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 2
  3. 3. HPC History GRIDCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 3
  4. 4. HPC History PaaS Platform as a Service SaaS Software as a Service HPCaaS IaaS High Performance Infrastructure as a Computing as a Service Service Cloud ComputingCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 4
  5. 5. 2008 50 años de la instalación de la 1ª. Computadora en México 1958 IBM-650CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 5
  6. 6. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1993.06 1993.11 1994.06 1994.11 1995.06 1995.11 1996.06 1996.11 1997.06 1997.11 1998.06 1998.11 1999.06 1999.11 2000.06CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 2000.11 2001.06 2001.11 2002.06 2002.11 2003.06 2003.11 2004.06 2004.11 2005.06 2005.11 2006.06 Mexico 2006.11 2007.06 2007.11 Number of computers in Top 500 2008.06 2008.11 2009.06 2009.11 2010.06 2010.11 2011.06 Mexico6
  7. 7. 06. 1993Rank Site Computer Cores Year Rmax Rpeak Universidad Nacional Y-MP4/432246 4 1991 1.159 1.333 Autonoma de Cray Inc. Mexico 06.2009 Rank Site Computer Cores Year Rmax Rpeak Universidad Lufac Cluster, Intel 226 Autonoma 18.48 25.44 Xeon E54xx 3.0 Ghz, 2120 2009 Metropolitana Infiniband MexicoCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 7
  8. 8. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico List Systems Ranking Sum Rmax (GFlops) 06/2007 1 309 5090.00 11/2006 1 126 5090.00 11/1997 1 459 10.42 06/1997 1 324 10.42 11/1994 1 492 1.16 06/1994 1 378 1.16 11/1993 1 292 1.16 06/1993 1 246 1.16 309 Cluster Platform 4000 DL145 Opteron Dual Core 2.6 GHz Infiniband, Hewlett-Packard 1360 coresCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 8
  9. 9. Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Sum Rmax List Systems Highest Ranking (GFlops) 06/2009 1 441 18.48 11/2008 1 226 18.48 06/1996 1 385 4.14 11/1995 1 268 4.14 06/1995 1 197 4.14 11/1994 2 157 5.62 Lufac Cluster, Intel Xeon E54xx 3.0 Ghz, Infiniband, 2120 coresCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 9
  10. 10. Geoscience Sum Rmax List Systems Highest Ranking (GFlops) 11/2005 3 351 6078.00 06/2005 3 201 6078.00 11/2004 3 118 6078.00 06/2004 3 89 6078.00 11/2003 3 83 3889.05 351 xSeries Xeon 2.8 GHz, Gig-Ethernet IBM 706 cores Grupo Electra Sum Rmax List Systems Highest Ranking (GFlops) 11/2002 1 422 197.30CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 10
  11. 11. Banco Azteca List Systems Ranking Sum Rmax (GFlops) 06/2007 1 391 4704.00 06/2005 1 399 1330.60 11/2004 1 261 1210.00 391 Integrity Superdome, Itanium2 DC 1.6 GHz, HyperPlex Hewlett-Packard 980 cores Pemex Gas List Systems Ranking Sum Rmax (GFlops) 06/2003 1 412 289.00 11/2002 1 218 289.00 06/2000 1 361 48.93 06/1996 1 323 4.62 412 Netfinity Cluster PIII 1 GHz – Eth IBM 1024 coresCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 11
  12. 12. Instituto Latinoamericano Sum Rmax List Systems Highest Ranking (GFlops) 06/2005 1 462 1210.00 11/2004 1 280 1210.00462 Integrity Superdome, 1.5 GHz, HPlex Hewlett-Packard 256 cores ITESM Sum Rmax List Systems Highest Ranking (GFlops) 11/1993 1 409 0.66 SP1 IBM 8 cores CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 12
  13. 13. Telcel List Systems Ranking Sum Rmax (GFlops) 11/2001 1 335 118.10 06/2001 1 228 118.10 11/2000 1 179 118.10 06/2000 2 159 123.93 06/1999 1 436 26.38 11/1998 1 273 26.38 335 HPC 10000 400 MHz Cluster Sun Microsystems 192 SAT/ISOSA Servicio de Administración Tributaria, México List Systems Ranking Sum Rmax (GFlops) 11/2003 1 328 517.00 06/2003 1 182 517.00 328 SuperDome 875 MHz/HyperPlex Hewlett-Packard 256CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 13
  14. 14. Top 500 Ranking 600 500 400 300 Mexico Spain 200 100 0CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 14
  15. 15. Application Areas
  16. 16. Application Areas Aerospace Automotive Biology Consulting Database Defense Electronics 2011 Energy Environment Finance Geophysics Hardware Information Service Life Science Medicine Telecomm Transportation Weather and Climate Research WWWCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 16
  17. 17. Old and New Application Areas 2000 Chemistry Manufacturing Mechanics Pharmaceutics 2011 Retail Logistic Services Research Service Software Weather Forecasting Semiconductor Digital MediaCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 17
  18. 18. My first jobThe Elbrus (Russian: Эльбрус) is a line of Soviet and Russian computersystems developed by Lebedev Institute of Precision Mechanics andComputer Engineering, Moscow. 1975 Data flow Models of Parallel Computation Processing of Incolmplete Information CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 18
  19. 19. My Research Areas HPCReal Time Systems Cloud Computing Resource optimization Scheduling Multiobjective online offline Optimization List Scheduling Stealing Computational Scheduling with Intelligence System Level Agreement Approximation Knowledge Free Algorithms Scheduling with Uncertainty Workflow Orchestration Grid Computing
  20. 20. Collaboration Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Mexico Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León Tecnológico de Monterrey Instituto Tecnológico de Morelia Alemania Centro de Estudios Superiores del Estado de SonoraDortmund University Prof. Uwe Schwiegelshohn CICESE EUAUniversity of Göttingen Prof. Ramin Yahyapour Ohio University, USA Prof . Klaus Ecker University of California – Irvine, CA, USA Prof. Isaac Scherson, Rusia Prof. Jean Luc Gaudiot Francia Institute for System Programming, Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Informatics and Dr. Nikolay Kuzurin Applied Mathematics of Grenoble Prof. Denis Trystram
  21. 21. Green Computing
  22. 22. Important issues – fossil fuels Average desktop computer with monitor requires • 10 times its weight in chemicals and fossil fuels to produce • 266 kg of fossil fuel for LCD monitor • 4 litres of oil for laser toner cartridgeCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 22
  23. 23. Important issues – electronic-waste• Over 130,000 PCs dumped in US homes & businesses…each day• Less than 10% of electronics are recycled• Est. 50 million tons of e-waste is generated globally each year CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 23
  24. 24. Electronic WasteCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 24
  25. 25. Important issues – toxic waste Electronic waste is an increasing problem • up to 70% of all hazardous waste. • high in many toxic materials (heavy metals, plastics) • can easily leach into ground water and bio-accumulate • CRT – graphite/zinc leachate (monitors are hazardous waste) • Lead (plomo): can attack proteins and DNA, as well as interfere with nervous system function • LCD – 4-12 mg mercury /unitCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 25
  26. 26. Important issues – wasting electricityThe average desktop PC wastes Cooling towers• nearly half the power it consumes• one-third of their power as heat• Energy consumed by data centres worldwide doubled from 2000 to 2005• The more powerful the machine, the more cool air needed to keep it from overheating.• By 2005, the energy required to power and cool servers accounted for about 1.2% of total U.S. electricity consumption CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 26
  27. 27. The way out Algorithmic efficiency • has an impact on the amount of computer resources required for any given computing function Resource allocation • cut energy usage by routing traffic and resource usage Virtualization • Use what you need (Cloud computing) Sophisticated power management Operating system support Power supply Storage Video card Display Materials recycling Telecommuting • reduction of greenhouse gas emissions related to travel Education and CertificationCICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 27
  28. 28. CICESE Parallel Computing Laboratory 28
  29. 29. HPC in México:Looking to the Future based on solid foundations Andrei TchernykhCentro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada, Ensenada, Baja California, México chernykh@cicese.mx http://www.cicese.mx/~chernykh RISC, México, 2011
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