Fuel Cell Vehicles Juris Aprups Bachelor degree student Electrical and power engineering faculty Riga technical university
What is a fuel cell vehicle (FCV)? FCVs represent a radical departure from vehicles with conventional internal combustion engines. Like battery-electric vehicles, FCVs are propelled by electric motors . W hile battery electric vehicles use electricity from an external source (and store it in a battery), FCVs create their own electricity. Fuel cells onboard the vehicle create electricity through a chemical process using hydrogen fuel and oxygen from the air.
FCVs can be fueled with pure hydrogen gas stored in onboard fuel tanks.
Hydrogen-rich fuels –
FCVs can also be fueled with hydrogen-rich fuels, such as methanol, natural gas, petroleum distillates, or even gasoline.
These fuels must be passed through onboard "reformers" that extract pure hydrogen from the fuel for use in the fuel cell. Reforming does emit some carbon dioxide (CO2), but much less than gasoline engines do.