ASU SD Presentation 2008

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ASU ETM Current Issues in Sustainable Development MS Level course

ASU ETM Current Issues in Sustainable Development MS Level course

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  • 1. SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS: ADAPTING UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT BASELINE INDICATORS FOR COUNTRIES TO MEASURE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR THE CITY OF PHOENIX Graham Twaddell Environmental Technology Management Arizona State University East Chair: Dr Nicholas Hild
  • 2. PRESENTATION OVERVIEW
    • Chapter 1: Introduction
    • Chapter 2: Literature Review
    • Chapter 3: Methods
    • Chapter 4: Results
    • Chapter 5: Conclusions and Recommendations
  • 3. INTRODUCTION
    • Statement of Problem
    • Scope of Work
    • Objectives
    • Limitations & Assumptions
  • 4. LITERATURE REVIEW
    • United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (2001) Indicators of Sustainable Development Framework and Methodologies
    • European Commission (1997) Indicators of Sustainable Development: A Pilot Study Following the Methodology of the United Nation’s Commission on Sustainable Development
    • Sustainable San Mateo County (2003) Indicators for a Sustainable San Mateo County: A Yearly Report Card on Our County’s Quality of Life
    • Sustainable Seattle (2004) Indicators of Sustainable Community 1998: A status Report on Long-Term Cultural, Economic, and Environmental Health for Seattle/King County
  • 5. METHODS
    • 25 stakeholders were identified from the categories:
        • Decision Maker
        • Expert
        • Parties Affected
    • Questionnaires were designed and administered via e-mail after satisfying ASU Institutional Review Board
    • Stakeholders were requested to rank each potential indicator with relation to its relevance to the city of Phoenix
  • 6. RESULTS
    • Rank Scale
    • 0 = indicator not understood
    • 1 = relevance to the city of Phoenix not known
    • 2 = no relevance to the city of Phoenix
    • 3 = low relevance to the city of Phoenix
    • 4 = medium relevance to the city of Phoenix
    • 5 = high relevance to the city of Phoenix
    • An average rank score determined for each indicator
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. RESULTS
    • Rank Scores
    • On average, participants selected:
        • 12 indicators as having a high relevance to the city of Phoenix
        • 57 as having a medium relevance
        • 16 as having a low relevance
        • 3 indicators as having no relevance to the city of Phoenix.
    • The participants, on average, did not identify any indicators as:
        • having unknown relevance to the city of Phoenix
        • being not being understood
  • 10. RESULTS
    • Four Dimensions of Sustainable Development
    • Participants selected:
        • 90% of the social indicators
        • 89% of the institutional indicators
        • 73% of the economic indicators
        • 60% of the environmental indicators
  • 11. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    • Final Sustainability Indicators
    • Reduce the number of sustainability indicators (SI) for the city of Phoenix and identify a set of suitable SIs determined by the stakeholders
        • 19 SIs ranked as having low and no relevance to the city of Phoenix were eliminated
        • Remaining 69 SIs were identified by stakeholders as having medium and high relevance to the city of Phoenix
        • 22 SIs with an average rank score of less than 4.00 were eliminated
  • 12. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    • Final Sustainability Indicators
    • By solely considering SIs with an average rank score of 4.00 – 5.00 (standard medium relevance – maximum high relevance), the final quantity of SIs identified by the stakeholders to measure sustainability for the city of Phoenix was 46
  • 13.  
  • 14. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    • New stakeholder indicators
        • 32% percent of the stakeholders suggested new SIs
        • Suggested SIs:
        • race, ethnicity, culture and socio-economic issues
        • water consumption issues
  • 15. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    • Summary of Findings
    • Stakeholders selected:
        • 25 SIs from a possible 58 CSD indicators (43%)
        • 21 SIs from a possible 30 additional indicators (70%)
  • 16. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    • Recommendations for Future Study
    • Future research could:
        • Consider aspects such as race, ethnicity, culture, age, gender, religious beliefs, socio-economic status and sexual orientation
        • Utilize the workgroup practice
        • Identify and add additional sustainability indicators derived from those most frequently suggested by the stakeholders
  • 17. QUESTIONS
    • Thank you for your attention
    • Questions and Comments
  • 18. S U S T A I N A B I L I T Y “ IT’S EASY BEING GREEN” Graham L. Twaddell
  • 19. WORKSHOP OUTLINE
    • Define sustainable development
    • Benefits of sustainability
    • How to achieve sustainability
  • 20. WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT?
    • Sustainable development, or sustainability, is the simple idea that, as human beings, we place a high value on our own quality of life and that of future generations.
  • 21. WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT?
    • Sustainability can be visualized as a web of interconnected systems that work together to produce and enhance a sustainable world. 
  • 22. Key aspects of this web include:
    • S O C I A L
    • Employee Benefits,
    • Health Care,
    • Community Involvement,
    • Education…
  • 23. Key aspects of this web include:
    • E C O N O M I C
    • Production Costs,
    • Profits vs Loss,
    • Compliance Costs,
    • Sales…
  • 24. Key aspects of this web include:
    • E N V I R O N M E N T A L
    • Waste,
    • Energy Efficiency,
    • Environmental Degradation…
  • 25. Key aspects of this web include:
    • I N S T I T U T I O N A L
    • Disaster Preparedness and Response,
    • Safety Training,
    • Information Access…
  • 26. The Pursuit of Sustainability Economic Environmental Institutional Social SUSTAINABILITY
  • 27. The next generation matters as much as the next quarter…
    • In order for companies to maintain a competitive edge and ensure longevity they need to adopt a management system that addresses not only economic issues, but issues that address environmental, social, and institutional matters also.
  • 28. Reasons to be Sustainable:
    • 1. Limitless Longevity…Company survival: Sustainability is a rapidly growing key business concept. As other companies implement and practice sustainability, those that do not will simply fall behind and lose the ability to aggressively compete.
  • 29. Reasons to be Sustainable:
    • 2. Smart Savings…Being clean and green will save your company money…e.g., less energy, less water, less waste, less clean up, less liability and exposure.
    • Plant Earth’s natural resources are finite…and thus costly!
  • 30. Reasons to be Sustainable:
    • 3. Natural Neighborhood…For your kids and your community, enhancing you and your loved ones’ lives, as well as setting a moral and ethical example.
  • 31. Reasons to be Sustainable:
    • 4. Recognition Rewards…Enhance market share, client and public relations, and company reputation.
  • 32. Reasons to be Sustainable:
    • 5. Excel and Exceed…Going beyond compliance, by setting – and exceeding - industry standards, your company has a tangible impact on rival businesses.
  • 33. Make your own reasons…
    • To be sustainable, our actions must reflect what is important to us; qualities such as clean air, clean water, health, security and prosperity.
  • 34. Industry and Sustainability
    • As the world has become more industrialized, there have been increasing environmental pressures such as harmful emissions and waste, which have had global, regional or local impacts.
  • 35. Industry and Sustainability
    • Global, regional or local impacts include:
    • Local level - urban air pollution, contamination of soils and rivers and land degradation;
    • Regionally - acid rain and water contamination;
    • Globally - climate change, ozone layer depletion, loss of biodiversity, increased movement of hazardous waste and increased land-based marine pollution.
  • 36. Industry and Sustainability
    • There is a mutually reinforcing relationship between social and industrial development.
    • Industrialization has the potential to promote, directly and indirectly, a variety of social objectives such as employment creation, poverty eradication, gender equality, labor standards, and greater access to education and health care.
  • 37. Industry and Sustainability
    • In this regard, the overriding challenge is to promote the positive impacts while limiting or eliminating the negative impacts of industrial activities on social development. 
  • 38. Industry and Sustainability
    • The overriding task facing the industry today is to maximize the positive influence of industrial activities on economic and social development, while minimizing the negative impact of production and consumption on the environment.
  • 39. ENVIROSURE Sustainability Audit   80 TOTAL         10 Employee Salary Direct Deposit   10 Ride Share Program   10 Education Opportunities   10 Volunteer in Community   10 Health and Wellness Program   10 Healthful and Safe Working Environment   10 Employee Benefits   10 Employee Salary Points Attained Max Value SOCIAL
  • 40. ENVIROSURE Sustainability Audit   80 TOTAL         10 Landscaping   10 Hazardous Waste Management   10 Pollution Prevention (P2) Plan   10 Water Permits   10 Air Permits   10 Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasures Plan   10 Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan   10 Hazardous Material Inventory Service (HMIS) & Tier II Points Attained Max Value ENVIRONMENTAL
  • 41. ENVIROSURE Sustainability Audit   80 TOTAL         10 Alliance of Sustainable Businesses   10 Electronic banking and mailing   10 Inventory Control (Just In Time Ordering)   10 Waste Recycling and Reuse   10 Generation of Waste (municipal and hazardous)   10 Water Consumption   10 Energy Consumption   10 Percentage Profit Points Attained Max Value ECONOMIC
  • 42. ENVIROSURE Sustainability Audit   80 TOTAL         10 Employee and Community Cultural Awareness   10 Employee Gender Equality   10 % of Employees Registered to Vote to Employees Voting   10 Community and Employee Access to Information   10 Contractor Identification Pass and Safety Briefing   10 Employee Safety Training   10 Disaster Preparedness and Response Plan   10 Sustainable Development Strategy and Steering Committee Points Attained Max Value INSTITUTIONAL
  • 43. WORKSHOP OUTLINE
    • Define sustainable development
    • Benefits of sustainability
    • How to achieve sustainability
  • 44. Questions? Graham L. Twaddell 1979 East Broadway Road, Tempe, Arizona 85282 Tel: (480) 784-4621 Fax: (480) 784-2207 www.envirosure.com