Civics Interactive     Review
Political Principles  Click on each principle to learn more…Consent of the governed                     Limited Government...
Limited Goverment The government is  not ALL powerful –   people give the        power.The government can’t  do everything...
DemocracyTHE PEOPLE RULE!!!We have choices in our government.
Representative Government    People ELECT OFFICEHOLDERS tomake laws and conduct government on their       behalf.
Consent of the Governed People are the  source of any     and all   government     power“We give Consent  to be governed”
Rule of LawThe government and those who   govern are  bound by the      LAW.
Earlier Documents          CLICK ON EACH DOCUMENT FOR MORE INFORMATION• The Charters of the VA Company of London•   The VA...
Purpose of the Charters ofthe VA Company of London• They authorized the Virginia  Company to start a colony.• They allowed...
The Declaration of Rights• Served as a model for the Bill  of Rights               •Freedom of Religion                 •R...
What did the VirginiaStatute for ReligiousFreedom do?        “Hey I        wrote      this” T.J.  Separated church and  s...
The Declaration ofIndependence        Also written by:        Thomas Jefferson
Declaration ofIndependence      Declared the colonies’ independence from      Great BritainLLP   Affirmed “certain unalien...
Articles ofConfederation     Established the FIRST FORM OF     NATIONAL GOVERNMENT for the     independent states     Main...
Constitution    Establishes the structure    Sets up 3 Branches    of the United States    government    •Guarantees equal...
Preamble to the  Constitution  We the People, in order to:  (power comes from the people)                                 ...
Amendments• Written changes to the US  Constitution are prepared and  approved by the legislative branch.                 ...
CitizenshipMeans of obtaining citizenship(2 ways to become a citizen)Birth           NaturalizationThe 14th Amendment:“All...
Requirements for Naturalization• Demonstrate knowledge of American    HISTORY•   Demonstrate knowledge of American    prin...
ImmigrationDuring the 20th century, an increasinglydiverse society has been created inAmerica as a result of other cultures.
Fundamental Freedoms                 Click on each freedom to learn more…    The Constitution of the United States of Amer...
RELIGIONGovernment may not establish any official religion nor endorse or unduly interfere    with the free exercise of re...
ASSEMBLYIndividuals may peacefully gather.Protest/Strike as long as no one gets hurt.
PRESSThe press has the right to gather and  publish information, including that which  criticizes the government.TV, Radio...
PETITIONIndividuals have the right to make their  views known to public officials.For example – The petition to get Blair’...
SPEECHIndividuals are free to express their  opinions and beliefs.Say what you want as long as you don’t violate others’ r...
I’ll arrest                    Civic Duties      you if you       don’t do         these        things!For government to b...
Civic ResponsibilitiesA basic responsibility of citizenship is to   contribute to the common good of society.   These acti...
Community ServiceA democratic society requires the activeparticipation of its citizens. Citizensparticipate in community s...
Personal Traits of GoodCitizens• Trustworthiness and honesty• Courtesy and respect for the rights of  others• Responsibili...
© 2004 By Default!                                                Political Process                                       ...
© 2004 By Default!                                                Campaign Costs        Rising campaign costs:         Re...
© 2004 By Default!                       Campaign Contributions   Campaign finance reform laws written to    curb the ris...
© 2004 By Default!                                           Voter Registration                      Requirements to Regis...
© 2004 By Default!                                         Voter ParticipationSeveral factors can predict who will be most...
© 2004 By Default!                                              Electoral College Representation in the         electoral...
Separation of Powers Branch of                   Local                                   Virginia                        N...
Checks and Balances   A system of checks and balances gives each of the three    branches of government ways to limit the...
Lawmaking Process   The Virginia General Assembly and the United    States Congress are bicameral legislatures.   The la...
Executive and Lawmaking   Ways the executive branch influences    policymaking       Proposing legislation in an annual ...
Roles of the President   Chief of State ~ ceremonial representative   Chief of Party ~ leader of party in office   Chie...
Federalism   The Constitution of the United States of America    establishes a federal form of government in which    the...
Enumerated/Expressed/Implied   Coin money   Maintain a military   Establish post    office   Conduct foreign    affairs
Reserved   Set school standards   Conduct elections   Set marriage,    business, driver’s    license standards   Estab...
Delegated/Derived    Public services    Public safety    Roads    Trash service
Legislative Issues at the State Level   Education: To promote an informed and engaged    citizenry (i.e., establish minim...
LOCAL GOVERNMENT There are 3 units of local government:    Town    County    City   The type of gov’t is established i...
Media and Public Policy Ways media play an important role in setting the public agenda  (“giant” influence)    Focusing pu...
Individuals and Lawmaking Ways individuals influence public policy   Participating in politics (voting,   campaigning)   E...
Interest Groups and Lawmaking Ways interest groups influence public policy   Identifying issues   Making political contrib...
Impact of International Issues on        Local GovernmentInternational issues and events that wouldrequire policy decision...
US Courts   The United States has a separate court system whose    organization and jurisdiction are derived from the Con...
Virginia Courts   Virginia, like each of the other forty-nine states, has its own    court system whose organization and ...
Judicial Review   The supreme courts of the United States and    Virginia determine the constitutionality of laws and    ...
Criminal Cases   In a criminal case, a court determines whether a person    accused of breaking the law is guilty or not ...
Criminal Case   In a civil case, a court settles a    disagreement between two parties.                      3           ...
Due Process of Law    The constitutional protection against unfair    governmental actions and laws   Due process protec...
© 2004 By Default!                         CONGRATULATIONS !!!                           You are done with your Civics    ...
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Civics MP1 Review

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Civics MP1 Review

  1. 1. Civics Interactive Review
  2. 2. Political Principles Click on each principle to learn more…Consent of the governed Limited Government Representative Governme Rule of Law Democracy Don’t click the mouse until you have reviewed all 5 principles
  3. 3. Limited Goverment The government is not ALL powerful – people give the power.The government can’t do everything it wants. Checks & Balances
  4. 4. DemocracyTHE PEOPLE RULE!!!We have choices in our government.
  5. 5. Representative Government People ELECT OFFICEHOLDERS tomake laws and conduct government on their behalf.
  6. 6. Consent of the Governed People are the source of any and all government power“We give Consent to be governed”
  7. 7. Rule of LawThe government and those who govern are bound by the LAW.
  8. 8. Earlier Documents CLICK ON EACH DOCUMENT FOR MORE INFORMATION• The Charters of the VA Company of London• The VA Declaration of Rights• The VA Statute of Religious Freedom• The Declaration of Independence• Articles of Confederation Don’t click the mouse until you have reviewed all 6• Constitution documents
  9. 9. Purpose of the Charters ofthe VA Company of London• They authorized the Virginia Company to start a colony.• They allowed for a representative government.• They gave the colonists the same rights as Englishmen.
  10. 10. The Declaration of Rights• Served as a model for the Bill of Rights •Freedom of Religion •Right to a fair trial •Freedom of the press
  11. 11. What did the VirginiaStatute for ReligiousFreedom do? “Hey I wrote this” T.J. Separated church and state  Established religious freedom
  12. 12. The Declaration ofIndependence Also written by: Thomas Jefferson
  13. 13. Declaration ofIndependence Declared the colonies’ independence from Great BritainLLP Affirmed “certain unalienable rights” (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness) Established the idea that all people are equal under the law Stated grievances against the King of Great Britain
  14. 14. Articles ofConfederation Established the FIRST FORM OF NATIONAL GOVERNMENT for the independent states Maintained that major powers resided with individual states Weak central government (no power to tax and enforce laws)
  15. 15. Constitution Establishes the structure Sets up 3 Branches of the United States government •Guarantees equality Due Process under the law with (5th & 14th) majority rule and the rights of the minority protected Affirms individual worth Everyone Counts! and dignity of all people Protects the fundamental 1st Amendment freedoms of religion, Freedoms (RAPPS) assembly, press, petition, speech
  16. 16. Preamble to the Constitution We the People, in order to: (power comes from the people) Ensure Establish domestic ProvideForm a union justice peace defense
  17. 17. Amendments• Written changes to the US Constitution are prepared and approved by the legislative branch. 2 Ratified by the states e 1 at t od 27 Proposed by Congress or National convention
  18. 18. CitizenshipMeans of obtaining citizenship(2 ways to become a citizen)Birth NaturalizationThe 14th Amendment:“All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and the state wherein they reside.”
  19. 19. Requirements for Naturalization• Demonstrate knowledge of American HISTORY• Demonstrate knowledge of American principles (CIVICS)• Demonstrate the ability to speak and write ENGLISH
  20. 20. ImmigrationDuring the 20th century, an increasinglydiverse society has been created inAmerica as a result of other cultures.
  21. 21. Fundamental Freedoms Click on each freedom to learn more… The Constitution of the United States of America establishes and protects the citizen’s fundamental rights and liberties. R A P P SDue process protections are guaranteed by Don’t click the mouse until you havethe national government (5th amendment) reviewed all 6 freedomsand state governments (14th amendment).
  22. 22. RELIGIONGovernment may not establish any official religion nor endorse or unduly interfere with the free exercise of religion. YOU CAN CHOOSE YOUR RELIGION!
  23. 23. ASSEMBLYIndividuals may peacefully gather.Protest/Strike as long as no one gets hurt.
  24. 24. PRESSThe press has the right to gather and publish information, including that which criticizes the government.TV, Radio, Newspaper, Magazines, Internet, Etc. can say what they want as long as it’s true.
  25. 25. PETITIONIndividuals have the right to make their views known to public officials.For example – The petition to get Blair’s bill approved for hearing aids. Dear Senator…
  26. 26. SPEECHIndividuals are free to express their opinions and beliefs.Say what you want as long as you don’t violate others’ rights.
  27. 27. I’ll arrest Civic Duties you if you don’t do these things!For government to be effective, citizens MUST fulfill civic duties: – Obey laws – Pay taxes – Serve in the armed forces if called – Serve on a jury or as a witness in court – Attend school If you choose not do fulfill your civic duties “COPS Arrest” you and you’ll face legal consequences.
  28. 28. Civic ResponsibilitiesA basic responsibility of citizenship is to contribute to the common good of society. These actions are VOLUNTARY!• Register and vote• Influence government by communicating with government official• Keep informed regarding current issues• Respect others’ right to their opinions and beliefs• Hold elective office• Participate in political campaigns
  29. 29. Community ServiceA democratic society requires the activeparticipation of its citizens. Citizensparticipate in community service in manyways. – Volunteering (tutoring, nursing home, etc.) – Expressing concern about community welfare (attend civic meetings, adopt-a-highway) – Make the community a good place to work and live (neighborhood watches, etc.)
  30. 30. Personal Traits of GoodCitizens• Trustworthiness and honesty• Courtesy and respect for the rights of others• Responsibility, accountability, and self- reliance• Respect for the law• Patriotism
  31. 31. © 2004 By Default! Political Process Functions of Political PartiesRecruiting and (E)ducate the Monitoring actions nominating (Help) candidate electorate of officeholders candidates win about the issues (Watch) (Pick) PHEW that’s a lot of work! A Free sample background from www.powerpointbackgrounds.com Slide 31
  32. 32. © 2004 By Default! Campaign Costs Rising campaign costs:  Require candidates to conduct extensive fund- raising activities  Limits opportunities for people to run  Gives an advantage to wealthy individuals  Encourage the development of PACs  Increase the influence of special interest groupsA Free sample background from www.powerpointbackgrounds.com Slide 32
  33. 33. © 2004 By Default! Campaign Contributions  Campaign finance reform laws written to curb the rising campaign costs  Individuals can only give up to $1000 to a political candidate.  Special Interest Groups can only give up to $5000 to a political candidate.A Free sample background from www.powerpointbackgrounds.com Slide 33
  34. 34. © 2004 By Default! Voter Registration Requirements to Register to Vote in Virginia: 1. Citizen of the United States 2. Resident of Virginia 3. 18 years of age by day of general election How to Register to Vote: 1. In person at Registrar’s Office 2. DMV 3. By mail application *Registration is closed 29 days before electionsA Free sample background from www.powerpointbackgrounds.com Slide 34
  35. 35. © 2004 By Default! Voter ParticipationSeveral factors can predict who will be most likely to vote on election day:  Education  Age  Income The more of these you have, the more likely you are to vote. •Voter apathy and failing to register are the main reasons people don’t vote. •People are more likely to vote in presidential elections than any other election.A Free sample background from www.powerpointbackgrounds.com Slide 35
  36. 36. © 2004 By Default! Electoral College Representation in the electoral college is based on each state’s population. The bigger the better. Electors are chosen by the popular vote and then they choose the president. Whoever wins the state gets all of that state’s electoral votes. Winner-take-all system leads to the targeting of large states for campaigning because they have the most electoral votes.A Free sample background from www.powerpointbackgrounds.com Slide 36
  37. 37. Separation of Powers Branch of Local Virginia National Government Government Government GovernmentLegislative Makes ordinances for community; Makes laws for Virginia; approves Makes laws for nation; approves approves annual budget; limits biennial (two-year) budget; annual budget; confirms power to that delegated by the exercises power under the 10th presidential appointments; state amendment raise revenue; regulate interstate trade; declare warExecutive Elected or appointed by the Board of Executes laws of Virginia; prepares Executes law of the land; prepares Supervisors or City Council; city biennial budget for General annual budget for or county managers hired by local Assembly; appoints cabinet congressional action; appoints legislatures officers and boards; cabinet officers, ambassadors, administers state bureaucracy; and federal judges; administers grants pardons federal bureaucracy Judicial Local courts—Hear cases under the Supreme Court—Has power of Supreme Court—Has power of authority provided by state judicial review over state laws judicial review legislation Circuit courts—Try civil and Federal courts—Try cases involving criminal cases federal law and U.S. Constitutional questions
  38. 38. Checks and Balances A system of checks and balances gives each of the three branches of government ways to limit the powers of the other branches so that no one branch is too powerful.
  39. 39. Lawmaking Process The Virginia General Assembly and the United States Congress are bicameral legislatures. The lawmaking process in national and state legislatures  Working in committees (most work done here)  Debating on the floor  Voting on a bill by both houses  Signing the bill into law by the President or governor
  40. 40. Executive and Lawmaking Ways the executive branch influences policymaking  Proposing legislation in an annual speech to the legislature (State of the Commonwealth or State of the Union Address)  Appealing directly to the people  Approving or vetoing legislation  Appointing officials who carry out the laws
  41. 41. Roles of the President Chief of State ~ ceremonial representative Chief of Party ~ leader of party in office Chief Executive ~ holds administrative meetings with his cabinet Chief Citizen ~ regular “Joe” Chief Legislator ~ proposes laws in the State of the Union Address Chief Diplomat ~ carries out foreign policy Commander in Chief ~ director of the military
  42. 42. Federalism The Constitution of the United States of America establishes a federal form of government in which the national government is supreme. The powers of the national government are either enumerated/expressed or implied The powers not given to the national government by the Constitution of the United States of America are reserved for the states by the 10th amendment. The powers of the local governments in Virginia are delegated/derived from the state.
  43. 43. Enumerated/Expressed/Implied Coin money Maintain a military Establish post office Conduct foreign affairs
  44. 44. Reserved Set school standards Conduct elections Set marriage, business, driver’s license standards Establish local governments Public health, safety, welfare
  45. 45. Delegated/Derived  Public services  Public safety  Roads  Trash service
  46. 46. Legislative Issues at the State Level Education: To promote an informed and engaged citizenry (i.e., establish minimum standards for local schools) Public health: To promote and protect the health of its citizens (i.e., fund health benefits) Environment: To protect natural resources (i.e., improve water quality in the Chesapeake Bay) State budget: To approve a biennial (two year) budget prepared by the governor Revenue: To levy and collect taxes
  47. 47. LOCAL GOVERNMENT There are 3 units of local government:  Town  County  City The type of gov’t is established in a charter. There are elected officials in local government:  Mayor  Council  School Board  Sheriff
  48. 48. Media and Public Policy Ways media play an important role in setting the public agenda (“giant” influence) Focusing public attention on selected issues Offering a forum in which opposing viewpoints are communicated Holding government officials accountable to the public Government officials use the media to communicate with the public.
  49. 49. Individuals and Lawmaking Ways individuals influence public policy Participating in politics (voting, campaigning) Expressing opinions (lobbying, demonstrating, writing letters) Joining interest groups
  50. 50. Interest Groups and Lawmaking Ways interest groups influence public policy Identifying issues Making political contributions Lobbying government officials
  51. 51. Impact of International Issues on Local GovernmentInternational issues and events that wouldrequire policy decisions by local governmentofficials could include the following: Public health concerns in the event of a pandemic Public safety in the event of an act of terrorism Economic development policies in response to the emerging global economy Policies to protect the environment (e.g., wildlife protection)
  52. 52. US Courts The United States has a separate court system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from the Constitution of the United States of America and federal laws. United States Court System U.S. Supreme Court (Justices/no jury) Jurisdiction: Appellate and Limited Original U.S. Court of Appeals (Justices/no jury) Jurisdiction: Appellate U.S. District Court (Judge with jury) Jurisdiction: Original
  53. 53. Virginia Courts Virginia, like each of the other forty-nine states, has its own court system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from Virginia’s constitution and state laws. Virginia Court System Virginia Supreme Court (Justices/no jury) Court of final appeal (Appellate jurisdiction) Limited original jurisdiction Court of Appeals of Virginia (Judges/no jury) Appellate jurisdiction from circuit courts Circuit Court (Judge and jury) Original jurisdiction for felony and for civil cases Appellate jurisdiction from district courts General District Court Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court (Judge) (Judge/no jury) Original jurisdiction of misdemeanors Juvenile and family cases Civil cases involving lower dollar amounts
  54. 54. Judicial Review The supreme courts of the United States and Virginia determine the constitutionality of laws and acts of the executive branch of government. This power is called judicial review. Marbury v. Madison established the principle of judicial review. The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the land.
  55. 55. Criminal Cases In a criminal case, a court determines whether a person accused of breaking the law is guilty or not guilty of a misdemeanor or a felony. •A guilty verdict may be appealed 5 Verdict to the Court of Appeals or directly to the Supreme Court 4 in certain cases. Trial 3 Arraignment 2 Preliminary Hearing 1 Arrest
  56. 56. Criminal Case In a civil case, a court settles a disagreement between two parties. 3 2 1
  57. 57. Due Process of Law The constitutional protection against unfair governmental actions and laws Due process protections  5th Amendment—Prohibits the national government from acting in an unfair manner  14th Amendment—Prohibits state and local governments from acting in an unfair manner
  58. 58. © 2004 By Default! CONGRATULATIONS !!! You are done with your Civics Review!!! Hit ESCA Free sample background from www.powerpointbackgrounds.com Slide 58
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