From Grids to Clouds
and the Economical Meanings
               Dr. Guy Tel-Zur
           tel-zur@computer.org

The Israe...
Talk Outline
• Grid and Cloud Computing – The Vision,
  Definitions and the Hype!
• Pricing
• Hurdles
• Case Studies
• Gri...
The Basics
• What is Grid Computing? – Next Slide
• What is Cloud Computing? – Later
• Revolution or Evolution?




 image...
Grid Computing
• A Grid Checklist:
• …coordinates resources that are not
  subject to centralized control
• …using standar...
Grid Computing
• Back to 2002/2003
• Two REVOLUTIONS (?):
  – Begin of the Multi-Core era
  – Grid Computing



          ...
The Hype Cycle - 2002
The Hype Cycle - 2003
The Hype Cycle - 2008

               What happened to
               Grid Computing??
A Revolution?
• Revolution* (a drastic and far-reaching change
  in ways of thinking and behaving) quot;the industrial
  r...
The Condor Project




UW-Madison Comp Sci Condor Pool Machine Statistics (April 2009)
The End of Grid Computing?
     October 27th, 2007
Cloud Computing
  Dec. 18th , 2007
Only 1 member - Me




         As of April 24th, 2009 there are 1,150
         As of M...
The Economist (Oct. 23rd 2008)
Cloud Computing
• Scalable – Scale Up/Down – Elasticity
• Virtual Resources
• IaaS, PaaS, SaaS….. XaaS X=Everything
Pricing
Predictions Cost Money
Infrastructure Cost


             Automated Elastic Demand

         Traditional H/W




         ...
AWS Pricing - I
Instance Memory Virtual         EC2       Storage
                cores           compute
                ...
AWS Pricing - II
Instance    Linux ($/hour)       Windows($/hour)
small       0.10                 0.125
            325$+...
AWS Pricing - III
• Data Transfer
  – In: $0.1/GB
  – Out: $0.17/GB, first 10TB
• Storage (EBS)
  – $0.1/GB/month
  – $0.1...
The Hurdles
Gartner: Seven Security Risks
  •   1. Privileged user access.
  •   2. Regulatory compliance.
  •   3. Data location.
  •...
McKinsey's Cloud Computing
      Report Is Partly Cloudy
“Clouds already make sense for many
small and medium-size busines...
SLA
Down time


                        EC2 SLA: 99.95%
            3.65 days


                                          ...
Case Studies
AWS bandwidth vs. the entire global
network of Amazon.com retail sites




   http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2008/05/lots-of-b...
The case of Animoto




“Introduction to Amazon Web Services for IT Professionals” Webinar 23/4/09
HP CloudPrint
ERP on the Cloud




http://www.compiere.com/
Web 2.0 on the Cloud
WebSphere on an AMI
A little bit of Physics
> Commutation Relation
[Grids, Clouds] =
Grids*Clouds-Clouds*Grids ≠ 0
  We can build Grids of Clo...
Grids and Clouds in Israel
• IAG
• IGT
• Isragrid
Israel Academic Grid (IAG)




            http://iag.iucc.ac.il/
Israeli Association of Grid
    Technologies (IGT)




    http://www.grid.org.il/
Cloud Computing Demonstration
• Let us build NOW a Webserver in 5
  minutes!

• Demo on Amazon EC2 – Next few
  slides
AWS Console
ElasticFox Plug-In
Bingo…Here is the WebServer
SSH
CLI
Summary
• Cloud Computing is Here
• Tremendous Economic Impact
• Small Companies / Startups already
  using it
• Large Com...
Thank You!
• Guy Tel-Zur
• Email: tel-zur@computer.org
• Phone: 054-444-3477
              Twitter
              LinkedIn
...
Backup Slides
The Economist, Oct. 23rd 2008
McKinsey Report II
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009

834

Published on

A presentation given to IT leaders in Israel that took place on May 4th 2009 at the Crown Plaza hotel in Tel-Aviv.

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
834
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
67
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009

  1. 1. From Grids to Clouds and the Economical Meanings Dr. Guy Tel-Zur tel-zur@computer.org The Israeli Association of Grid Technologies (IGT) May 4th 2009
  2. 2. Talk Outline • Grid and Cloud Computing – The Vision, Definitions and the Hype! • Pricing • Hurdles • Case Studies • Grid Computing in Israel • Cloud Computing Demo
  3. 3. The Basics • What is Grid Computing? – Next Slide • What is Cloud Computing? – Later • Revolution or Evolution? image source: http://gm-volt.com/2008/07/21/gm-launches-major-collaboration-with-epri-and-30-utility-companies-to-ready-the-grid-for-the-volt/
  4. 4. Grid Computing • A Grid Checklist: • …coordinates resources that are not subject to centralized control • …using standard, open, general-purpose protocols and interfaces • deliver nontrivial qualities of service • Source: Ian Foster “What is the Grid” (2002)
  5. 5. Grid Computing • Back to 2002/2003 • Two REVOLUTIONS (?): – Begin of the Multi-Core era – Grid Computing Feb. 2003 issue May 2002 issue
  6. 6. The Hype Cycle - 2002
  7. 7. The Hype Cycle - 2003
  8. 8. The Hype Cycle - 2008 What happened to Grid Computing??
  9. 9. A Revolution? • Revolution* (a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving) quot;the industrial revolution was also a cultural revolutionquot; • Evolution* (a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage) quot;the development of his ideas took many yearsquot; • *Source: WordNetWeb.princeton.edu
  10. 10. The Condor Project UW-Madison Comp Sci Condor Pool Machine Statistics (April 2009)
  11. 11. The End of Grid Computing? October 27th, 2007
  12. 12. Cloud Computing Dec. 18th , 2007 Only 1 member - Me As of April 24th, 2009 there are 1,150 As of May 3rd, 2009 there are 1,191 members in my Cloud Computing Group!!!
  13. 13. The Economist (Oct. 23rd 2008)
  14. 14. Cloud Computing • Scalable – Scale Up/Down – Elasticity • Virtual Resources • IaaS, PaaS, SaaS….. XaaS X=Everything
  15. 15. Pricing
  16. 16. Predictions Cost Money Infrastructure Cost Automated Elastic Demand Traditional H/W Predicted Demand Actual Demand Time
  17. 17. AWS Pricing - I Instance Memory Virtual EC2 Storage cores compute unit/core Small 1.7GB 1 1 160GB (32bit) Large 7.5GB 2 2 850GB (64bit) Extra 15GB 4 2 1,690GB Large (64bit) • http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/#pricing
  18. 18. AWS Pricing - II Instance Linux ($/hour) Windows($/hour) small 0.10 0.125 325$+0.03$/h, 1y 500$+0.03$/h, 3y Large 0.40 0.50 1,300$+0.12$/h, 1y 2,000$+0.12$/h, 3y Extra Large 0.80 1.00 2,600$+0.24$/h, 1y 4,000$+0.24$/h, 3y
  19. 19. AWS Pricing - III • Data Transfer – In: $0.1/GB – Out: $0.17/GB, first 10TB • Storage (EBS) – $0.1/GB/month – $0.1/million I/O requests – S3: $0.15/GB/month • US sites (Europe site is a little bit higher)
  20. 20. The Hurdles
  21. 21. Gartner: Seven Security Risks • 1. Privileged user access. • 2. Regulatory compliance. • 3. Data location. • 4. Data segregation. • 5. Recovery. • 6. Investigative support. • 7. Long-term viability. Reference: http://www.infoworld.com/d/security-central/gartner-seven-cloud-computing-security-risks-853?page=0,1
  22. 22. McKinsey's Cloud Computing Report Is Partly Cloudy “Clouds already make sense for many small and medium-size businesses, but technical, operational and financial hurdles will need to be overcome before clouds will be used extensively by large public and private enterprises” http://uptimeinstitute.org/images/stories/McKinsey_Report_Cloud_Compu ting/clearing_the_air_on_cloud_computing.pdf
  23. 23. SLA Down time EC2 SLA: 99.95% 3.65 days Cost 8.76hours Cloud Computing 52.26min. Not Applicable 5.23min. 31.54sec. 3.15sec 99% 99.9% 99.99% 99.999% 99.9999% 99.99999% Availability
  24. 24. Case Studies
  25. 25. AWS bandwidth vs. the entire global network of Amazon.com retail sites http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2008/05/lots-of-bits.html
  26. 26. The case of Animoto “Introduction to Amazon Web Services for IT Professionals” Webinar 23/4/09
  27. 27. HP CloudPrint
  28. 28. ERP on the Cloud http://www.compiere.com/
  29. 29. Web 2.0 on the Cloud
  30. 30. WebSphere on an AMI
  31. 31. A little bit of Physics > Commutation Relation [Grids, Clouds] = Grids*Clouds-Clouds*Grids ≠ 0 We can build Grids of Clouds and we can build Clouds of Grids and the final outcome will be different…. …So Distributed Computing exhibits a Quantum behavior and not Classical ☺
  32. 32. Grids and Clouds in Israel • IAG • IGT • Isragrid
  33. 33. Israel Academic Grid (IAG) http://iag.iucc.ac.il/
  34. 34. Israeli Association of Grid Technologies (IGT) http://www.grid.org.il/
  35. 35. Cloud Computing Demonstration • Let us build NOW a Webserver in 5 minutes! • Demo on Amazon EC2 – Next few slides
  36. 36. AWS Console
  37. 37. ElasticFox Plug-In
  38. 38. Bingo…Here is the WebServer
  39. 39. SSH
  40. 40. CLI
  41. 41. Summary • Cloud Computing is Here • Tremendous Economic Impact • Small Companies / Startups already using it • Large Companies must assess this new technology • Will be deployed Everywhere soon
  42. 42. Thank You! • Guy Tel-Zur • Email: tel-zur@computer.org • Phone: 054-444-3477 Twitter LinkedIn • telzur @ Facebook Blogspot.com
  43. 43. Backup Slides
  44. 44. The Economist, Oct. 23rd 2008
  45. 45. McKinsey Report II
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×