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From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009
 

From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009

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A presentation given to IT leaders in Israel that took place on May 4th 2009 at the Crown Plaza hotel in Tel-Aviv.

A presentation given to IT leaders in Israel that took place on May 4th 2009 at the Crown Plaza hotel in Tel-Aviv.

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    From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009 From Grids To Clouds Guy Tel Zur May 2009 Presentation Transcript

    • From Grids to Clouds and the Economical Meanings Dr. Guy Tel-Zur tel-zur@computer.org The Israeli Association of Grid Technologies (IGT) May 4th 2009
    • Talk Outline • Grid and Cloud Computing – The Vision, Definitions and the Hype! • Pricing • Hurdles • Case Studies • Grid Computing in Israel • Cloud Computing Demo
    • The Basics • What is Grid Computing? – Next Slide • What is Cloud Computing? – Later • Revolution or Evolution? image source: http://gm-volt.com/2008/07/21/gm-launches-major-collaboration-with-epri-and-30-utility-companies-to-ready-the-grid-for-the-volt/
    • Grid Computing • A Grid Checklist: • …coordinates resources that are not subject to centralized control • …using standard, open, general-purpose protocols and interfaces • deliver nontrivial qualities of service • Source: Ian Foster “What is the Grid” (2002)
    • Grid Computing • Back to 2002/2003 • Two REVOLUTIONS (?): – Begin of the Multi-Core era – Grid Computing Feb. 2003 issue May 2002 issue
    • The Hype Cycle - 2002
    • The Hype Cycle - 2003
    • The Hype Cycle - 2008 What happened to Grid Computing??
    • A Revolution? • Revolution* (a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving) quot;the industrial revolution was also a cultural revolutionquot; • Evolution* (a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage) quot;the development of his ideas took many yearsquot; • *Source: WordNetWeb.princeton.edu
    • The Condor Project UW-Madison Comp Sci Condor Pool Machine Statistics (April 2009)
    • The End of Grid Computing? October 27th, 2007
    • Cloud Computing Dec. 18th , 2007 Only 1 member - Me As of April 24th, 2009 there are 1,150 As of May 3rd, 2009 there are 1,191 members in my Cloud Computing Group!!!
    • The Economist (Oct. 23rd 2008)
    • Cloud Computing • Scalable – Scale Up/Down – Elasticity • Virtual Resources • IaaS, PaaS, SaaS….. XaaS X=Everything
    • Pricing
    • Predictions Cost Money Infrastructure Cost Automated Elastic Demand Traditional H/W Predicted Demand Actual Demand Time
    • AWS Pricing - I Instance Memory Virtual EC2 Storage cores compute unit/core Small 1.7GB 1 1 160GB (32bit) Large 7.5GB 2 2 850GB (64bit) Extra 15GB 4 2 1,690GB Large (64bit) • http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/#pricing
    • AWS Pricing - II Instance Linux ($/hour) Windows($/hour) small 0.10 0.125 325$+0.03$/h, 1y 500$+0.03$/h, 3y Large 0.40 0.50 1,300$+0.12$/h, 1y 2,000$+0.12$/h, 3y Extra Large 0.80 1.00 2,600$+0.24$/h, 1y 4,000$+0.24$/h, 3y
    • AWS Pricing - III • Data Transfer – In: $0.1/GB – Out: $0.17/GB, first 10TB • Storage (EBS) – $0.1/GB/month – $0.1/million I/O requests – S3: $0.15/GB/month • US sites (Europe site is a little bit higher)
    • The Hurdles
    • Gartner: Seven Security Risks • 1. Privileged user access. • 2. Regulatory compliance. • 3. Data location. • 4. Data segregation. • 5. Recovery. • 6. Investigative support. • 7. Long-term viability. Reference: http://www.infoworld.com/d/security-central/gartner-seven-cloud-computing-security-risks-853?page=0,1
    • McKinsey's Cloud Computing Report Is Partly Cloudy “Clouds already make sense for many small and medium-size businesses, but technical, operational and financial hurdles will need to be overcome before clouds will be used extensively by large public and private enterprises” http://uptimeinstitute.org/images/stories/McKinsey_Report_Cloud_Compu ting/clearing_the_air_on_cloud_computing.pdf
    • SLA Down time EC2 SLA: 99.95% 3.65 days Cost 8.76hours Cloud Computing 52.26min. Not Applicable 5.23min. 31.54sec. 3.15sec 99% 99.9% 99.99% 99.999% 99.9999% 99.99999% Availability
    • Case Studies
    • AWS bandwidth vs. the entire global network of Amazon.com retail sites http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2008/05/lots-of-bits.html
    • The case of Animoto “Introduction to Amazon Web Services for IT Professionals” Webinar 23/4/09
    • HP CloudPrint
    • ERP on the Cloud http://www.compiere.com/
    • Web 2.0 on the Cloud
    • WebSphere on an AMI
    • A little bit of Physics > Commutation Relation [Grids, Clouds] = Grids*Clouds-Clouds*Grids ≠ 0 We can build Grids of Clouds and we can build Clouds of Grids and the final outcome will be different…. …So Distributed Computing exhibits a Quantum behavior and not Classical ☺
    • Grids and Clouds in Israel • IAG • IGT • Isragrid
    • Israel Academic Grid (IAG) http://iag.iucc.ac.il/
    • Israeli Association of Grid Technologies (IGT) http://www.grid.org.il/
    • Cloud Computing Demonstration • Let us build NOW a Webserver in 5 minutes! • Demo on Amazon EC2 – Next few slides
    • AWS Console
    • ElasticFox Plug-In
    • Bingo…Here is the WebServer
    • SSH
    • CLI
    • Summary • Cloud Computing is Here • Tremendous Economic Impact • Small Companies / Startups already using it • Large Companies must assess this new technology • Will be deployed Everywhere soon
    • Thank You! • Guy Tel-Zur • Email: tel-zur@computer.org • Phone: 054-444-3477 Twitter LinkedIn • telzur @ Facebook Blogspot.com
    • Backup Slides
    • The Economist, Oct. 23rd 2008
    • McKinsey Report II