The civil war


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The civil war

  1. 1. overview  Overview  What started the war  Presidents  Generals  Famous battles  Contrasts  What ended the war
  2. 2. What started the war  Economic and social differences between the north and south  States versus federal rights  The fight between slave and non-slave proponent  Growth of the abolitionist movement  The election of Abraham Lincoln
  3. 3. presidents  North  The president of the union was Abraham Lincoln  He was born in Hardin, Kentucky on February 12, 1809  In 1832, Lincoln enlisted to fight in the black hawk war  He was elected president in 1860  South  The president of the confederacy was Jefferson Davis  He was born on June 3, 1808  After Davis was captured in 1865, he was accused of treason but was not tried and was released after two years  He was elected February 18, 1861
  4. 4. Generals  North  The general of the union was Ulysses s. grant  He was born April 27, 1822  Grant was the first President to establish Civil Service reform, creating a two-year federally funded Civil Service Commission in 1871  He was elected president in March 4, 1869  South  The general was Robert E. Lee  He was born January 19, 1807  Robert E. Lee distinguished himself as an exceptional officer and combat engineer in the United States Army for 32 years  He was elected in 1863
  5. 5. Famous battles  Union  The unions famous battle was the battle of Gettysburg  This battle which occurred from the July 1-3, 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania  There was 51,000 casualties of which 28,000 were Confederate soldiers  South • The confederates famous battle was the Battle of Chickamauga • The Battle of Chickamauga took place in Georgia between September 19-20, 1863 • It was a victory for the Confederacy that resulted in 34,624 casualties of which 16,170 were Union soldiers
  6. 6. contrasts union confederate  Well fed and prepared for war  Was fighting to stop succession and slavery  The union also had much better access to technological developments and factories so they were able to develop more technology such as repeating rifles , Gatling guns and some interesting developments in cannon and shot.  Not prepared and shoeless sometimes  Was fighting to keep the succession and slavery  the Confederacy had in spades was Morale , good leadership and a high esprit de corp. They had several good victories for a large part of the war whist the Union were plagued by indecisive generals, poor leadership and many losses in battles they should have easily won
  7. 7. What ended the war  In an event that is generally regarded as marking the end of the Civil War, Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of Confederate forces west of the Mississippi, signs the surrender terms offered by Union negotiators. With Smith's surrender, the last Confederate army ceased to exist, bringing a formal end to the bloodiest four years in U.S. history