Exploring options for a green economy knowledge-sharing platform


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Cameron Allen, Associate Expert on the Green Economy, UNDESA discusses options for a green economy knowledge-sharing platform

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Exploring options for a green economy knowledge-sharing platform

  1. 1. The Global Transition Dialogue #2Exploring options for a green economy knowledge-sharing platform Cameron Allen Rio+20 Secretariat (UN-DESA) March, 18th, 2012 1
  2. 2. In a nutshell…1. Rio+20 submissions & the Zero Draft – GE chapter2. What does the literature say – definitions and designs for K-S platforms?3. Some interesting case studies of “platforms”4. What does this mean - exploring options for a Green Economy Knowledge-Sharing Platform 2
  3. 3. 1. Rio+20 submissions  Conference is about filling the gaps in implementation and coordination… work-shop not a talk-shop  Various proposals in submissions to ZD on the means of implementation and greater coordination international knowledge cooperation sharingpartnerships technical trade assistance toolkitsInternationalinstitutions capacity technology building transfer finance 3
  4. 4. For Today: Closer look at the K-S platform proposal: An international knowledge-sharing platform to help countries to design and implement national green economy policies Many countries see the value in sharing experiences, lessons learned and good practices - incl. EU, Canada, China, Israel, Japan, Kenya, Liechtenstein, Norway, RoK, Russia, Switzerland and others Also closely linked to proposals for capacity building mechanisms and int‟l cooperation around finance, tech transfer and assistance. 4
  5. 5. Zero Draft – GE Chapter The K-S platform would include:  A menu of policy options  A toolbox of good practices in applying GE policies at various scales  A set of indicators to measure progress  A directory of technical services, technology and financing that could assist developing countries Request the UN SG to establish such a platform. A lot of questions…. aims/objectives, governance arrangements, components and integration 5
  6. 6. Q. How can we better define a green economy knowledge-sharing platform??? 2. What does the literature have to say? 6
  7. 7. Definitions…Knowledge platform: a web-site or other virtual platform forsharing of data, tools and experiences (CLEAN, 2011) wikis websites gateways forums Portals Communities of practice databases  Probably not so important what we call it – more important are what it aims to achieve and how. With modern ICTs the possibilities are endless 7
  8. 8. Good practice… Countries now rate acquisition of knowledge as more valuable than financial lending (World Bank, 2011) Proliferation of platforms – e.g. in energy & low-emission development alone there are over 50 platforms and networks – up from 10 only 3 years ago (CLEAN, 2011) New generation of rich, interactive ICT technologies are driving this... …. but ICTs by themselves won‟t promote effective knowledge sharing Platforms need to be effectively designed, coordinated and managed – they need clear objectives, a strong commitment to sustained support and consistent, ongoing resources 8
  9. 9. Design of a K-S Platform Two-tiered approach (Lin, 2011): Wiki Facebook + General infrastructure to share Customized consultation for knowledge knowledge exchange between participants 9
  10. 10.  A search-and-match platform that provides practical information on development solutions and case studies – it could be organised by sector and supported by key int‟l organisations. A network of government officials, experts and practitioners A regular forum or policy dialogue to share knowledge and policy challenges 10
  11. 11. Four key components (Task Team onSouth-South Cooperation, 2011): • To match demand and • Online supply of knowledge databases, libraries, Co Ps, dialogues, worksho ps etc. Demand Driven Implement- Brokering ation Mechanism support Benchmarking and Funding knowledge sharing • Mobilising resources • Monitoring for and partners to results, developing facilitate K-S good practice, peer transactions reviews, convening events 11
  12. 12. Services approach (CLEAN, 2011) Best practices, data and tools Expert Training assistance Knowledge platforms & Reports Networks Virtual (issues and (webinars/ innovation) blogs) Country Expert peer exchange Workshops 12
  13. 13. Q. What can we learn from emerging practice? 3. Some interesting case studies 13
  14. 14. South-South Knowledge Exchange A global platform of support services for World Bank teams and clients  Brokering: a mechanism to match supply with demand  Financing: a financing mechanism to support SSKE activities  Design: “know-how” on KE, including an online toolkit.  Implementation: using the Global Development Learning Network and online CoPs to support countries and build capacity  Results: document results through an online knowledge database, incorporating a searchable global map interface. 14
  15. 15. Urbanization Knowledge Platform and Partnership Aims to become the world‟s “go to” hub for urban knowledge exchange Connections: “matching” service; messaging; CoPs Q&A; open online forum. Knowledge: real-time, online knowledge exchanges; „thought leaders‟; yearly review meetings; policy insight research and briefings. Data: online data platform for cities data using open data and Google; indicators to benchmark cities for comparison. 15
  16. 16. OpenEI (Open Energy Info) A global knowledge-sharing online community working together to connect people with the latest energy info and data Collaborative wiki platform; LEDS Toolkit; energy datasets; resources; mapping and visualisation tools; and apps CLEAN and LEDS partnership bring together donors, practitioners, and partner govts to share knowledge for LEDS planning and activities. 16
  17. 17. Other platforms of interest for green economy… Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Green Growth Knowledge Platform (World Bank, GGGI, OECD, UNEP) Green Economy Initiative (UNEP) Green, Low-Emission and Climate Resilient Development program (UNDP, EU) WIPO Green – Sustainable Technology Marketplace Green Economy Coalition; Stakeholder Forum; UNCSD Rio+20 web portals… Regional: ESCAP Green Growth; Africa Platform for Development Effectiveness… Issue/Sector-specific: ALM, CCKP, IISD Knowledgebases, CGIAR, GWP, CIP, new platforms under development for jobs, ICTs, food security and nutrition etc. etc. 17
  18. 18. Q. What does all this mean for a green economy knowledge-sharing platform?4. Bringing it all together: aims, governance, structural components 18
  19. 19. Lessons for aims/objectives..Aims/Objectives (for example):• To promote and facilitate (via a global communication platform) the exchange of knowledge, data, good practices, lesson learned and operational guidance amongst practitioners and policy makers at global, regional and local scales.• To provide flexible, practical policy approaches that respect the national circumstances of different countries.• To identify and fill gaps in theory and practice and facilitate high quality international research, partnership and leadership.• To facilitate the accelerated adaptation, adoption and transfer of technologies.• To facilitate international cooperation and access to finance. 19
  20. 20. Lessons for governance… Key challenge: “Platform Fatigue”!  As platforms begin to duplicate services and compete for members,  where members do not have the time to commit to multiple initiatives, and  where partners do not have the resources to support multiple, uncoordinated initiatives Considerable benefit in:  forging enhanced linkages between complementary platforms and partnerships  consolidating duplicative platforms  providing a coherent overarching framework to connecting platforms so that they work together to support an integrated capacity development agenda 20
  21. 21. Lessons for governanceA strong political commitment and a dedicated supportstructure with ongoing, reliable funding.Comprising, for example:• a dedicated Secretariat or support unit• a decision-making body• an expert advisory committee• a mechanism for broader consultation and dialogue• a MoU or Terms of ReferenceAny support structure would need to be integrated intothe existing sustainable development governancestructure, building upon existing platforms andinitiatives, with numerous international organisationscontributing according to their mandate and area ofexpertise. 21
  22. 22. Lessons for governance… Evidence that “platform integration” is happening in the climate change and energy sector:  Coordinated Low-Emission Assistance Network  Global LEDS Partnership  Climate Knowledge Brokers Projects include:  Development of a Portal of Portals – to easily search all LEDS platforms and networks  Training platform administrators on linking datasets between platforms for LEDS planning – i.e. using open data formats 22
  23. 23. Lessons for governance Perhaps green economy, or sustainable development more broadly, provides a common thread that could link various knowledge platforms and networks together… …. could it provide the opportunity for establishing anoverarching framework and better integrate platforms and networksso they work toward common objectives? …. who would lead such an initiative? …. could the ball be put in motion at Rio? 23
  24. 24. Lessons fordesign… 1. Mechanisms for promoting connections, networks, partnerships 2. Brokering mechanism Green Economy Knowledge- Sharing Platform 5. Financing facility for 3. Online data developing platform & GE countries Toolbox 4. Expert focal points or hubs 24
  25. 25. Components of a green economy K-S platform To support implementation and in-country capacity: • a sophisticated web portal with membership and professional networking capabilities • messaging, online forums, access to CoP • links to global online networks that cater for in-country capacity to design and implement knowledge sharing, • structured online policy dialogues and video conferencing among government officials. Options could be explored for consolidating or linking various existing online networks could be explored – e.g. create a central access hub with a unified membership… 25
  26. 26. Components of a green economy K-S platform To match ‘knowledge seekers’ with ‘knowledge providers’. This could include: • A mechanism for exchange of practitioner expertise (e.g. the South- South Knowledge Exchange pilot); and • A mechanism for exchange of technology (as per WIPO Green). It could be supported by a database and brokering team to systematically match supply with demand and offer a variety of other services. 26
  27. 27. Components of a green economy K-Splatform To support design of GE strategies and measures, including an interactive online Google map interface for accessing a database of GE resources and a sophisticated query function. GE resources compiled in the database could include: • a structured menu of policy options; • “how to” toolkits and guiding principles; • analysis of case studies synthesising good practice; and • a library of practitioner resources and reference materials. 27
  28. 28. Components of a green economy K-Splatform CC To build upon and forge linkages with existing focal points, initiatives and platforms and facilitate access to expertise. Hubs could be sector-based (or linked with SDGs) and use existing international agencies or partners, and located in developed and developing countries 28
  29. 29. Components of a green economy K-Splatform To fund knowledge sharing processes, support the platform and the design and implementation of GE strategies and policy measures. Options include utilising existing fund facilities (e.g. GEF, GCF, WBTs) or establishing a new stand-alone facility. Various options for the commitment of funds by donors could be coordinated via a single fund inline with an agreed work plan, such as general donations or more targeted donations for specific initiatives in different sectors, regions or countries. 29
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  31. 31. Thank you! allen5@un.orghttp://www.uncsd2012.org/rio20/ gedatabase.html 31