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An alternative for reducing deforestation and poverty

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Arturo Santos of the International Union for Conservation of Nature discusses strengthening local governance systems, …

Arturo Santos of the International Union for Conservation of Nature discusses strengthening local governance systems,
to improve business climate
in the Mesoamerican forest sector

Published in Technology , Business
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  • 1. Strengthening Local Governance Systems, to improve Business Climate in the Mesoamerican Forest Sector“An alternative for reducing deforestation and poverty” Arturo Santos Godoy Coordinator Biodiversity and Sustainable Use UICN Mesoamérica & Caribean Initiative jose-arturo.santos@iucn.org
  • 2. Total population and poverty rate for Mesoamerica Fuente: CEPAL, 2006
  • 3. Centroamérica: Cuencas hidrográficas y áreas protegidas fronterizasFuente: Proyecto de Cooperación Transfronteriza en Centroamérica citado en Matul, 2002
  • 4. Total poverty incidence in the population
  • 5. Remittancemain income PRISMA, 2008
  • 6. Time - & income + Drives DefIInvestor PoliciesFinance Tech Capacity Land Use Finances Resources Sust. M Time + & Income -
  • 7. North GuatemalaChanging the land Use.
  • 8. "Improving the business climate of Local Economic Agents linked to the management,protection and restoration of Strategic Forest Ecosystems in the Region through thedevelopment and implementation of Forest Governance Strategic Plans“Development IndicatorsReduce the average rate of deforestation and degradation of strategic forest ecosystems inMesoamerica .The asset return rate of local economic agents linked to the forest is increased through theimprovement of the sale margin from their forest products and services, the expansion ofmarket opportunities and the development of funding processes.The valuation of forest landscapes versus the drivers of deforestation and degradationincreases, which improves its chance of prevalence.Reduce the level of poverty of rural populations associated with management, protection andrestoration of forests.Increase the provision of goods and services linked to management, protection andrestoration of strategic forest ecosystems. (Timber products, non timber products, food, water,carbon, biodiversity).Increase the rate of land tenure certainty in the territories.Illegal activities in the territories are reduced.
  • 9. STRATEGIC OUTCOMESIntegration of economic agents linked to the forest.Political, technical, economic, management and market capacities generated.Analysis of limiting internal and external factors that affect social, economical andenvironmental performance of forests.Formulation, development and implementation of Forest Governance Strategic Plans-FGSP.Development of Technical, Economic, Policy and Market Instruments for FGSP Implementation.Access to land tenure and rights improvement.Development Ways and Means of Finance.Fight against Illegal Logging.Development of Markets and Business Strengthening.Certification of good Agriculture, Forestry and Livestock practices.Public-Private Alliances.Knowledge Management.
  • 10. RisksDrug traffic exceeds the response capabilities of LEAGovernment doesn’t have the political will to integrate LEA into decision making platformsWeakness or division of LEA (Indigenous groups or forest dwelling communities)LEA don’t prioritize their workBusiness Development Services companies see this a a threatChanges in national political agendas
  • 11. Examples of work Ecoregion Lachua: Located: at the north-west of Guatemala in the departamento of Altaverapaz Accoding to Holdrige ; Subtropical Rainforest /Wetland (RAMSAR SITE) Population ; 18,500 hab Ethnic; 95% indigenous (75% live in poverty conditions) Social sectors Involved: government agencies, private sector, indigenous communities, forest communities.Land Tenure 10% to 95% Including National Park, Municipal land and indigenous territoryAt least one practice of sustainable 55% a 97% Almost all the production in the region isagricuture is implemented using sustainable agriculture practiceIncrement of forest area 560 to 18,318 From 1% to 33% under management (67%administered under managemen regional forest cover)plans IncreasedIncrement per capita income $257.4 to $ 397.9 Increased by 54%Increment of men and women Men 50 to 1200 ; Most of the local population is involved ininvolved in forest activities Women 2 to 55 sustainable or forest management practice(reforestation, conservation )Presence of goverment authoroties 0 to 10 Forest, PA´s, Health, education, police, land tenure, judge, human rights….Local organization legalize 2 to 12 First, second and third level org.
  • 12. FLOWS… Governance & sustanibility 02+ H2O+ Biod.. Tax+labor Tax+labor+ H.C+ private ..GOV. sector Honey (polinisation) 02+ H2O+ Biod+ Food+ $$ Coco (agroforestry) Tax+ labor+private secto $$ Turism (labor) Germplasm(seeds) Food (health) Improve & invest: $$ Tax increase R Education ural AreasTaxes Health Infrastructure Diversification of Economy More Resiliencies Society