The Art of Argument Clarity  Control Balance
Etymology <ul><li>From the Latin “to make clear” ( arguere ) </li></ul><ul><li>Shares the root, “arg-”, with the archaic w...
Why a “pure” Argument? <ul><li>Audience is likely to disagree at the outset. </li></ul><ul><li>An argument filled with imp...
Toxic Elements <ul><li>Abundant, unsubstantiated opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled emotional appeals </li></ul><ul><l...
Effective Elements <ul><li>Balanced presentation (both sides of an issue) </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled emotion (“The faste...
Effective Elements (2) <ul><li>Integrity (the stand the writer takes in presenting the argument) </li></ul><ul><li>Reason ...
CAUTION! <ul><li>The difference between argumentation and art is definitive. </li></ul><ul><li>Creative writing is ill sui...
Next: Argument As the Study of Effective Reasoning
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The Art of Argument 1

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One in a series of Power Points on writing an argument essay.

Published in: Spiritual, Technology
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The Art of Argument 1

  1. 1. The Art of Argument Clarity Control Balance
  2. 2. Etymology <ul><li>From the Latin “to make clear” ( arguere ) </li></ul><ul><li>Shares the root, “arg-”, with the archaic word for “silver” ( argent ) </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestion of “refinement”, or “purification” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why a “pure” Argument? <ul><li>Audience is likely to disagree at the outset. </li></ul><ul><li>An argument filled with impurities “feels” wrong; the audience becomes wary. </li></ul><ul><li>Similar intellectual or emotional reaction to physical sense of poison </li></ul>
  4. 4. Toxic Elements <ul><li>Abundant, unsubstantiated opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled emotional appeals </li></ul><ul><li>Insincerity </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow viewpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Knowledge </li></ul>
  5. 5. Effective Elements <ul><li>Balanced presentation (both sides of an issue) </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled emotion (“The faster the heart races, the tighter the rein.”) </li></ul><ul><li>Sincerity convinces (“Truth persists between the lines of a hypocritical page like checked light through a lattice.”) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Effective Elements (2) <ul><li>Integrity (the stand the writer takes in presenting the argument) </li></ul><ul><li>Reason </li></ul><ul><li>Logic </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Humor </li></ul><ul><li>Satire </li></ul><ul><li>It all depends on how those elements are used (integrity) </li></ul>
  7. 7. CAUTION! <ul><li>The difference between argumentation and art is definitive. </li></ul><ul><li>Creative writing is ill suited to an argument. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Next: Argument As the Study of Effective Reasoning
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