The Story of Siddhartha Born a prince in 563(?) B.C. Kingdom in the Himalayas (Nepal) Led a sheltered, very easy life-he had everything he could desire Queen Maya-Siddhartha’s mother
The Story of Siddhartha Not until his late 20s did he discover old age, death and suffering in poor areas Decided to spend his life seeking a cure for human suffering Became the Buddha=“enlightened one”, while meditating under a Bodhi tree.
Who was the Founder of Buddhisma.Siddhartha Gautamab. Gandhic. Benazir Bhuttod.Mohandas Gandhi
The Basic Principles of Buddhism Nirvana = the ultimate reality-the end of the self and a reunion with the universe Pain,poverty, sorrow are caused by human attachment to the material world Pain & sorrow can be forgotten by letting go of worldly cares
The Four Noble Truths1. Ordinary life is full of suffering.2. This suffering is caused by our desire to satisfy ourselves.3. The way to end suffering is to end desire for selfish goals and to see others as extensions of ourselves.4. The way to end desire is to follow the Middle Path.
The Eightfold Path Also called the Middle Path or Middle Way Leads to the end of suffering-Nirvana Further subdivided into three basic categories: Wisdom, Ethical Conduct, Mental Discipline
According to Buddhism, anend to all suffering and sorrow iscalled a. heaven b. enlightenment c. Nirvana d. Nirvagan
Hinduism God is one-but goes by many names Brahman-all of the universe is a part of Brahman No single founder-combination of beliefs Sacred texts-Vedas and Upanishads
Goal of Life Atman-essential self every person has one. Want to achieve moksha-being one with Brahman Do through reincarnation until they get it right.
Karma and Dharma Karma-actions in this life that affect the next. Dharma-the religious and moral duties of an individual. Caste system-strict Group you are in according to class, occupation, or gender.
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Founder Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama Hinduism No particular Prophet
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Relationship with God BuddhismThe Buddha is NOT a God HinduismAtman=the individualsoulBrahman=the SupremeCreator
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Goal of Life Buddhism Ending Human Sorrow and Suffering Nirvana Hinduism Moksha- Enlightenment
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Sacred Texts Buddhism None Hinduism The Vedas and Upandishads
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Attitude Toward the Material World Buddhism Hinduism Detachment from worldly life and rejection of desire (the chief cause of suffering)
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Attitude Toward Nonviolence Buddhism Hinduism Compassion, nonviolence towards all living things
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Reincarnation Buddhism Hinduism Karma The Cycle of Rebirth
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Caste System Buddhism Rejects the Caste System-all human beings can reach Nirvana as a result of their behavior in this life Hinduism Division of human beings into strict social castes based on karma from previous life
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Buddhism HinduismFounder Siddhartha No Particular Gautama ProphetRelationship The Buddha is Atmanwith God NOT a God BrahmanGoal of Life Ending Human Moksha- suffering Enlightenment NirvanaSacred Texts None The Vedas & UpandishadsAttitude Toward Detach oneself from worldly life.the Material Reject desire as the chief causeWorld of suffering
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Buddhism HinduismAttitude Compassion & Nonviolencetoward towards all living thingsNonviolenceReincarnation Karma & the Cycle of RebirthCaste System Rejects the Division of Caste System-all human beings human beings into rigidly could reach defined castes Nirvana as a based on result of their previous behavior in this karma life
What is the holy river toHindus? a. Nile b. Indus c. Arabian d. Ganges
A Hindu Holy Man Worshiping at the GangesD. Ganges River