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Everything you always wanted to know about plagiarism (Social Sciences Amsterdam)
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Everything you always wanted to know about plagiarism (Social Sciences Amsterdam)


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On Monday 20 September the Dean of the Graduate School of Social Sciences (University of Amsterdam), Prof. Dr. Mark Rutgers, held a lecture on Plagiarism and Fraud. In his lecture he not only focused …

On Monday 20 September the Dean of the Graduate School of Social Sciences (University of Amsterdam), Prof. Dr. Mark Rutgers, held a lecture on Plagiarism and Fraud. In his lecture he not only focused on the differences between plagiarism and fraud but also on how to quote and avoid plagiarism. Here you can find his lecture "Everything you always wanted to know about plagiarism".

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  • 1. Location: Prins Hendrikkade 189-b 1011 TD Amsterdam Phone: +31-20-5253777 Fax: + 31-20-5253778 Email: On writing, annotating, notes, references and in particular … everything you always wanted to know about plagiarism by Mark Rutgers
  • 2. Introduction
  • 3. Academic writing • Academic or professional: • Writing is at the heart of any science / study • Proof, arguments, knowledge …
  • 4. Reporting • Research: primary & secondary resources • Paper/ thesis/ article: your findings ! • How?
  • 5. Standing on the shoulders of giants
  • 6. Tools: Annotation: mentioning in the text of the source • In text • Foot notes • End notes • Bibliography / references • Alphabatic list of sources
  • 7. Many styles APA: American Psychological Always: Association MLA: Modern Language • author(s) Association Chicago: Chicago University • year Press • full title ASA: American Sociological • (edition) Association APSR: American Political • publisher Science Review • place Harvard style
  • 8. ‘APA’ in-text annotation • One author: (Becker, 1987, p. 66) • Two authors: (Long & Jones, 2004, p. 89-94) • Two authors or more: (Lyons et al, 2001, p. 45).
  • 9. Books Surname, first name or initials (year of publication). Title of book. place of publication: publisher. Example: Brubaker, R. (1984). The limits of rationality. An essay on the social and moral thought of Max Weber. London: George Allen & Unwin.
  • 10. Book chapter Surname, first name or initials (year of publication). Title of chapter. In authors/editor (Eds.) Title of book (pages). place of publication: publisher. Example: Hekman, S. J. (1994). Weber and post- positivist social theory. In A. Horowitz & T. Maley(Eds.), The barbarism of reason: Max Weber and the twilight of enlightenment (pp. 267-286). Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.
  • 11. Another example Weber, M. (1985b). Wissenschaft als beruf [Science as a vocation]. In J. Winckelmann (Ed.), Gesammelte aufsätze zur wissenschaftslehre (6th ed., pp. 582-613). Tübingen, Germany: Mohr/Siebeck. (Original work published 1919).
  • 12. Journal articles Surname, first name or initials year of publication, ‘Title of article’, Title of journal, Vol., No., pp. Example: Levine, D. N. (1981). Rationality and freedom: Weber and beyond. Sociological Inquiry, 51, 5-25.
  • 13. Web page with author Web Journal: Surname, first name or initials (year of publication). Title of the article, Title of periodicle, vol., pp. Retrieved date from source/URL. Other: Surname, first name or initials (year of publication). Title of article . Retrieved date from source/URL. Example: Albanese, A (2009). Fairer compensation for air travellers, media release, 29 January, Minister for Local Government, viewed 30 January 2009, < es/2009/ January/AA007_2009.htm>.
  • 14. Web page without author Site, Title, year, date you visited the site, complete URL. Example: University of Queensland Library 2009, Mechanical engineering subject guide, University of Queensland Library, viewed 6 February 2009, < le= Mechanical+Engineering>.
  • 15. Purpose of Annotation • Give credit where due, show respect • Protect copyright / authorship • Make information verifiable • Support your claims/arguments • Simply the honerable and right thing to do ! • Ethics of Scientific Publication !!
  • 16. Fraud “Criminal deception, use of false representation to gain un just advantage: dishonest artifice or trick” (Sykes, J.B. (1976). The concise oxford dictionary. 6th ed. Oxford: Claredon Press, p. 420) • Using any aid during exam • Attempting to copying form another student during an exam • Letting someone else take your exam • Making up data, changing data, omitting (unwellcome) data
  • 17. Plagiarism “The act of appropriating the literary composition of another author, or excerpts, ideas, or passages therefrom, and passing the material off as one's own creation” (Plagiarism, visited 28-08-2010, http://legal- • Copying anothers text • Failing to properly indicate origin of ideas • Submitting a text similar to a previosu assigment
  • 18. Dutch law Dutch copyright law (auteursrecht) • article 15: allows citation in a scientific publication, if, the length of the citation is appropriate to the purpose and if the source (if known) is explicitly mentioned. • article 31 punishment of maximum of 6 month prison and fine of 18.500 Euro GSSS / Dutch higher education law
  • 19. GSSS / UvA See: (A-Z -> rules and regulations -> plagiarism) In case of fraud/plagiarism: • Examination board is notified • You will be heard • Sanctions: – Examination/paper marked as invalid, exclusion from next exam opportunity – Exclusion from multiple/all exams for up to 12 months (and no thesis support) – Ending of enrolment at UvA
  • 20. How and when to use other’s work? Paraphrasing Quoting 68DADBF5C01A914D
  • 21. Examples In the case of moral action, something is done for its own sake, “as if I do not want to do anything else” (Kant, 1785/1981a, p. 75). As Kant (1785/1997) stated, it “represents the practical necessity of a possible action as a means to achieving something else that one is willing” (p. 25). Weber (1972) said that purpose-rational action is neither affectual nor traditional.
  • 22. Example Weber is generally understood as epistemologically a (neo-) Kantian, and his ideas shared “some powerful structural affinities with Kantianism” (Lenhardt,1994, p. 22).6 6.Weber, however, studied works of Kant at an early age, and in his works one finds several references to Kant (Dassen, 1999).
  • 23. Example As indicated on the GSSS website, the GSSS offers a wide range of Dutch and English taught master’s programmes in the social sciences.¹ 1) GSSS, visited on 17-09-09,
  • 24. Bibliography / References 1) Academic work always contains a bibliography 2) The list of references is in alphabetical order 3) The bibliography is complete (and not over complete)
  • 25. Just in case… • Ephorus • Google • ….
  • 26. A reminder Honesty and providing your sources is essential to academic work and integrity Writing is sometimes and can be very rewarding Trial & Error is an essential part of learning Fraud & Plagiarism is not …