Thesis Nonverbal communication, specifically body language and facial expressions, is an important part of how humans interact. Understanding this communication can help people better understand each other by knowing what they aren’t saying.
Overview Personal/World Relevance Definitions/Explanations Universal Facial Expressions Lying Other Important Body Language to Recognize Application Class Activity
Personal Relevance I choose this topic because I’ve always had an interest in body language. I’m a intuitive person so I can already somewhat interpret what other are not saying. I also enjoy the TV show Lie to Me.
World Relevance This topic is important to you and the world because it can help you to understand people better. This knowledge also helps to discover when people are lying whether it be people of power or criminals.
Definition of Non-Verbal Communication Convey information through conscious or subconscious gestures “Communication without words” Most effective when verbal and non-verbal are in sync
Reasons for Non-Verbal Communication Words have limitations Powerful More genuine “Words distract us from what faces would tell us if we paid attention” (Coniff)
Paul Ekman PhD from Adelphi University APA most influential psychologists of 20th century Leader in facial analysis Facial Action Coding System “Paul Ekman has identified over 3,000 facial expressions” (Millar)
Types of Non-Verbal Communication “A whole cluster is more reliable than just one part” (“Using Body Language”)
Existence of Adaptors
Facial Expressions 3 independent mobile parts of the face Spontaneous muscle movement Primary source of information Includes eye contact Microexpressions
Universal Facial Expressions “Facial expressions are the universal language of the human soul” (Coniff) Inborn rather than learned 7 universal facial expression Happiness Sadness Fear Anger Surprise Disgust Contempt
Happiness Facial Expressions Raised lip corners and cheeks Narrowing eyelids to produce crows feet Outside brows pull down “Happiness is hard to fake… you need more than a smile” (Millar)
Sadness Facial Expressions Mouth Eyebrows & forehead Create triangle Eyes Other Clues Body droops Flat speech tone
Surprise Facial Expressions Forehead & eyebrows Eyes widen Jaw drops Other Clues Backward movement
Anger Facial Expressions Eyes & eyebrows Mouth Nose Other Clues Face turns red Baring teeth Clenched fists
Fear Facial Expressions Eyebrows/forehead Eyes Mouth Other Clues Cold sweat Pale face Dry mouth Holding breath
Cultural Differences Eye Contact “It’s disrespectful to look a person of importance directly in the eye” (Millar) Physical Contact Proximity Walking through doors
Physiological Symptoms of Lying Perspiration Flushing/paleness of skin Increase pulse Dry mouth/tongue “…as long ago as 900 B.C., one observer wrote the following description of a liar on a piece of papyrus: ‘He does not answer questions, or gives evasive answers; he speaks nonsense, rubs the great toe along the ground, and shivers, he rubs the roots of his hair with his fingers.’”
Signs of Lying Mouth Guard Nose Touch Eye Rub Neck Scratch Ear Rub “See no evil, speak no evil, hear no evil”
Signs of Lying- Body Movements Calm face with motion of limbs Gesture toward themselves Grooming gestures “Lies are harder to cover up when emotion is involved” (Duenwald)
Signs of Lying- Facial Expressions Muscle movement on face is deliberate Blink rate increase Eyes may open wider “Gestures are like words they can have more than one meaning. As the context changes, the meaning changes too.” (Spraling)
Paralanguage of Lying Pitch Loudness Quality Space fillers Stutter Less volunteered information “Humans experience few problems or anxieties when they speak the truth”
Body Language “Norming” Some people have tells Context of Body Language “Decide what body language is acceptable at certain time” View how person act during normal questions “Hot Spot”
Faking Expressions “It’s not what you see, it’s what you don’t see” (Millar)
Defensive Body Language
Covering vulnerable spots
Minimal facial expression/eye contact
“A typical defense move is to cross ones arms” ("Body Language- Understanding Non-Verbal Communication”)
Flirting Distinct body signals “When one is trying to gain the interest of the opposite sex they display distinct signals” ("Body Language." BBC) Success depends Female Male
Flirting Signals Touch Bodies point Eye contact Smiling Leaning toward person Standing/sitting close Pupils dilate “The most important message is message received”
Attentive Body Language Ignore distractions Stillness Lean forward Tilt head Constant gaze Slow nods
Bored Body Language Head down Eyes Fidgeting Slumped in chair “It’s hard to pay attention when your not interested in the subject” (Miller 3)
Aggressive Body Language
Pursed lips, sneer, snarl
Aggressive Body Language Example
Confident Body Language Posture Eye contact Gestures Speech Tone of voice “Confident people know what they are doing is right” (Sparling)
Conclusion I learned that even though body language doesn’t seem important it is because we pick up on it subconsciously and affects how we act toward others I’m now more conscious of subtle body language that I would ignore normally
Class activity Go on to my page on the Ning and click the link to the Lie to Me quiz site
Works cited Arbor, Ann. “Communication Skills.” Tach Directions. Prakken Publications, 2010. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. <http://www.techdirections.com/>. Beall, Anne E. “Body Language Speaks: Reading and Responding More Effectively to Hidden Communication.” Student Resource Center Gold. N.p., 21 Feb. 2004. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com//.do?prodId=IPS& userGroupName=king46652>. “Body Language.” BBC h2g2. BBC, 9 Nov. 2009. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.bbc.co.uk//g2/>. “Body Language and the Interview Process.” Body Language Experts. N.p., 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.bodylanguageexpert.co.uk/.htm>. “Body Language in Communication.” Body Language Magic. N.p., 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.improvementtower.com/bodylanguage/_Language_in_Communication.html>.
Works Cited “Body Language- Understanding Non-Verbal Communication.” Mind Tools. N.p., 2009. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.mindtools.com/pages//_Language.htm>. Bohannon, Lisa Frederiken. “Is Your Body Language on Your Side?” Student Resource Center Gold. N.p., 21 Nov. 2000. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com//.do?prodId=IPS& userGroupName=king46652>. Brougham, Charles G. “Nonverbal Communication: Can What They Don’t Say Give Them Away?” Student Resource Center Gold. N.p., 16 July 1992. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com//.do?prodId=IPS& userGroupName=king46652>. Coniff, Richard. “Yes, You Can Read A Woman’s Mind.” Health Source: Consumer Edition. N.p., Apr. 2009. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. Duenwald, Mary. “Is She Hiding Something?” History Reference Center. N.p., 2005. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. <http://wf2dnvr9.webfeat.org/sqT6N1131/=http://web.ebscohost.org>. “The 8 Aspects of Body Language.” Body Language Experts. N.p., 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.bodylanguageexpert.co.uk/KeyElementsOfBodyLanguage.htm>.
Works Cited “Examples of Body Language.” S.P.A.R.C.N.p., 2009. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.deltabravo.net//.php>. Millar, James, dir. Secrets of Body Language. A&E Television Networks, 2008. AVI file. Miller, Patrick W. “Body Language in the Classroom.” Gale Virtual Reference Library. N.p., Nov.-Dec. 2005. Web. 5 Feb. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com//.do? &contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=SRC-1 &docId=A139206499&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=king46652 &version=1.0>. “Paul Ekman.” Word Press. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2010. <http://reesemarcelo.files.wordpress.com///ekman1.jpg>.
Works Cited Sparling, Polly. “Say...What?” Student Resource Center Gold. N.p., Oct. 2005. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com//.do?prodId=IPS& userGroupName=king46652>. “The Study of Facial Expressions.” Body Language Expert. N.p., 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.bodylanguageexpert.co.uk/study-facial-expressions>. “Understanding Body Language.” Body Language Magic. N.p., 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.improvementtower.com//_Body_Language.html>.
Slides I need to add Application Portion Works Cited (when finished delete unused sources)