Vocabulary Memory Study Aids

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Provides tips and strategies for learning/remembering new vocabulary words

Provides tips and strategies for learning/remembering new vocabulary words

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  • 1. Vocabulary Memory and Study Aids
    • Mack Gipson, Jr.
    • Tutorial and
    • Enrichment Center
    • Gayla S. Keesee
    • Education Specialist
  • 2. Memory and Study Aids
    • Visual clues
      • Drawings, Pictures, Models
      • Graphic Organizers
      • Diagrams and Charts—Tables/Grids
    • Word associations
    • Flashcards
  • 3. Visual Aids
    • Drawings, pictures, models
      • Physically create visual elements
      • Drawings or pictures of definitions
      • Pictures of situations where the word would be used
      • Draw crazy visual associations
  • 4. Visual Aids
    • Create a graphic organizer in which you answer the following questions
      • What is it? (Category)
      • Other forms (Change part of speech)
      • What is it like? (Properties)
      • What are some examples (Illustrations)
      • Writing (tactile) and reading (visual) learning styles
  • 5. Cynic
    • What is it? noun, kind of person
    • Other forms: adj.—cynical
    • adv.—cynically
    • noun—cynicism
    • What is it like? pessimistic, scornful, sneering, contemptuous, distrustful, sarcastic
    • Examples: Someone who doesn’t think democracy can be honest and efficient
    • Someone who believes that human conduct is motivated solely by self-interest
  • 6. Diagrams Charts
    • Table or grid — possible headings
        • Word Meaning
        • Part of speech
        • Word Structure
          • Roots, prefixes, suffixes
          • Number of syllables
        • Common Usage
          • Describes people
          • Describes places
          • Describes things
  • 7. Categorization Grid Words to describe people Timid Cynical Pessimistic Flippant Uncouth Malicious Garrulous Morose Obtuse Diligent Arrogant Pompous
  • 8. Word Associations
    • Façade—false, superficial, or artificial appearance
      • FACE—false face
  • 9.
    • Benign—kindly, gentle
    • Be + 9
          • + 9
    Word Associations
  • 10. Flashcards
    • Create flashcards to help you study
      • Don’t make too small
      • 4x6 are best
      • Carry them with you
      • Review them often
      • Break into small groups for easier learning
      • Shuffle frequently so you don’t learn a pattern
  • 11. Flashcards—Advantages
    • Chunks information into smaller categories to aid memory
      • Nouns—persons, places, things
      • Verbs—plural/singular or tenses
      • Phrases—common usage
    • Use of color signals categories
      • different colored cards
      • highlighters
  • 12. Flashcards—Advantages
    • Use either written or visual information
    • Easily rearranged and sorted
      • Do not learn the words in a fixed order.
      • Learn only words need to remember .
    • Can be used for different purposes
      • Lists of items
      • Grammar rules
      • Quiz prep —questions/answers
  • 13. Flashcards—Advantages
    • Size and portability
      • easy to carry
      • use for short, frequent reviews
      • review in spare time that is often wasted—like waiting in line or between classes.
    • Physically moving and manipulating the cards incorporates tactile learning
  • 14. Flashcards—Advantages
    • Writing down the material on cards aids your memory in itself.
      • 76 repetitions of information to go into long term memory
  • 15. One Way to Study
    • At least once a day , go through your pack of index cards—spend 10-15 minutes each time.
    • Sort the cards into two stacks —those you know and those you do not know.
    • Periodically review the entire set of words to keep them fresh in your mind.
  • 16. When to Use Flashcards
    • Study your vocabulary for 10-15 minutes a day
      • Riding the bus
      • Riding in a car
      • Before bed
      • When you get up in the morning
      • Waiting in line
      • Doing your laundry
  • 17. What to Include:
  • 18. Flashcards Conglomerate con-glom’-er-it Def: an organization comprising two or more companies that produce unrelated products. EX: Nichols company owns a shoe factory, vineyards in France, soft drink factories, and Sara Jane pastry . Front Back
  • 19. Flashcards
    • Definition—Picture
      • Two-sided
      • Word and picture on front side
      • Context sentence on back side
    The diligent student worked hard on his homework. Diligent
  • 20. Grammar
    • Become familiar with basic grammar terms
    • Vocabulary words will only come from these parts of speech
      • Nouns
      • Verbs
      • Adjectives
      • Adverbs
  • 21. Parts of Speech
    • Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence
      • Nouns/Pronouns
        • Name persons, places, things, ideas, qualities
        • Subject, Direct Object, Indirect Object, Object of the Preposition
  • 22. Part of Speech
    • Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence
      • Adjectives
        • Describe nouns and pronouns
        • How many? Which one? What kind?
        • Usually come before nouns
  • 23. Part of Speech
    • Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence
      • Verbs
        • Indicates the action of the subject—also known as predicate
          • Action verbs (always adding new words)
          • Linking verbs(limited number)
  • 24. Pronunciation
    • Pay Attention to Pronunciation
      • Concentrate on new and unusual sounds
      • Pay attention to differences in pronunciation if change part of speech
        • moderate (adj) vs. moderate (v)
  • 25. The Written Word
    • Pay attention to how words are written
      • spelling conventions
      • prefixes
      • suffixes
    • Watch for words that look the same—same roots/prefix
      • conductor, conducive, conduction
      • literate, literary, literature
  • 26. Sentence Patterns
    • Watch for Sentence Patterns
      • Common pattern in English
        • Subject + Verb + Object =
        • (Who + Did + What)
      • What about a question ?
        • Verb before subject
    • Create your own sentences.
  • 27. Study Tips
    • Do your studying in relatively small chunks
      • 45-60 minutes at a time
    • Study vocabulary several times a day
      • 5-10 minutes at a time
  • 28. Study Tips
    • When studying, use as many senses as possible
      • Speaking—say the word
      • Listening—hear you or someone else
      • Writing—physically practice writing the words
      • Reading—words in context
      • Act-out the definitions
  • 29. Study Tips
    • Be an active and interactive learner
      • Study with a friend
      • Start a study group
    • Make up sentences together
    • Quiz each other on grammar and vocabulary
    • Create crossword puzzles and exchange them
  • 30. Study Tips
    • Practice saying new words out loud
    • Practice seeing the new word in context
      • Create simple sentences about a specific context
      • Describe what is happening in that setting
        • home, school, work, Augusta Mall, movie theater…
  • 31. Study Tips
    • Use new vocabulary
      • Conversations
      • Essays, reports
      • Letters
    • Notice when others use your vocabulary words
      • radio, TV
      • magazines, newspapers
  • 32. Don’t
    • Don’t panic
      • Normal not to master new vocabulary on the first try
      • Constant practice and review are essential
    • Don’t study for long periods without a break
      • Memory overload
  • 33. Don’t
    • Don’t be a passive learner
    • Don’t just say the words to yourself
      • Say the words out loud
      • Write the words
      • Record words/definitions on a cassette and play over & over
    • Don’t study vocabulary for more than 15 minutes at a time
  • 34. Don’t
    • Don’t refer to your vocabulary list as you do your homework
      • Review material before starting homework
      • Work from memory
      • Complete the entire exercise, then check your work
  • 35. Have Fun!
    • Improving your vocabulary has many rewards.