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Research Cycle
 

Research Cycle

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Developed as an overview of the research process

Developed as an overview of the research process

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    Research Cycle Research Cycle Presentation Transcript

    • The Research Cycle Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee, Education Specialist 10/2006
    • Trends Science & Technology Trends Quarterly Review http://www.nistep.go.jp/achiev/ftx/eng/stfc/stfc_all-e.html Trends Research Institute http://www.trendsresearch.com/ Horizon Report 2007 http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2007_Horizon_Report.pdf Horizon Project Flat Classroom -- Globalization
    • Planning
      • Information Seeking Strategies
        • Internet
        • Books
        • Magazines & Journals
        • Humans
      • Location & Access of Information
        • Search Engines
        • Databases—i.e. Galileo, JSTORS
        • Libraries
    • Primary and Secondary Sources
      • Primary Sources
        • Reliability
        • Timeliness
        • Adaptability
        • Must interpret
      • Secondary Sources
        • Interpretation by others
        • Both more general and more focused
    • Types of Web Pages
      • Personal web pages
      • Marketing-oriented or “infomercial”
      • Entertainment
      • Political/interest group
      • Information
      .com .org .edu .gov
    • Evaluation Criteria
      • Accuracy —reliability, error-free?
      • Authority —qualifications?
      • Objectivity —purpose of site?
      • Currency —updates?
      • Coverage —depth & scope of information?
    • Search Engines
      • Yahoo and Alta Vista are useful search engines for beginning searches.
      • Google , Northern Light , and Snap access the greatest percentage of the World Wide Web—only around 15-16%.
      • Dogpile and Metacrawler will search through several search engines at once.
    • Databases
      • Galileo
        • EBSCO host
        • Proquest
      • JSTOR
      • Questia.com
      • Findarticles.com
    • Keyword Search
      • Identify keywords and related words in the researchable questions
      What are the most negative effects of smoking ? harmful, damaging, destructive consequences, results Population—health cigarettes, cigars, marijuana Tobacco Legislation Lawsuit Smoking And Or Cancer Advertising Teenagers
    • Boolean Operators
      • AND - All the terms joined by "AND" must appear in the pages. May also use +.
      • OR - At least one of the terms joined by "OR" must appear.
      • NOT - The term or terms following "NOT" must not appear. May also use –.
      • Quotation Marks - The words in quotation marks treated as a phrase.
    • Gathering
      • Methods
        • Notecards
        • Notebook paper
        • Word processor
        • Graphic organizer/chart
        • Tape recorder, video camera
    • Note-taking
      • More than just copying information
        • Skimming and scanning
        • Extracting needed information
        • Ideas & Reactions—critical thinking
          • ways to use it in your paper
          • your opinions
          • further research needed
    • Documentation
      • Document each source as you work
      • Avoid plagiarism
          • Paraphrase
          • Summarize
          • Quotation marks
          • Intext source documentation
      • Style manuals— MLA, APA , Chicago
    • Sorting and Sifting
      • Organize your elements into a logical progression—outline
        • Inductive (specific to general)
        • Deductive (general to specific)
        • Chronological (back, forward, mix)
        • Overview (assess all parts of debate/dispute)
        • Problem (statement, assessment, solution)
    • Synthesizing
      • Remember, what may be clear to you, may not be clear to your reader.
      • Only use information that supports your thesis.
      • Document sources as you write.
    • Reporting
      • Presenting the final product
        • Written paper
        • PowerPoint presentation