Yahoo and Alta Vista are useful search engines for beginning searches.
Google , Northern Light , and Snap access the greatest percentage of the World Wide Web—only around 15-16%.
Dogpile and Metacrawler will search through several search engines at once.
Identify keywords and related words in the researchable questions
What are the most negative effects of smoking ? harmful, damaging, destructive consequences, results Population—health cigarettes, cigars, marijuana Tobacco Legislation Lawsuit Smoking And Or Cancer Advertising Teenagers
AND - All the terms joined by "AND" must appear in the pages. May also use +.
OR - At least one of the terms joined by "OR" must appear.
NOT - The term or terms following "NOT" must not appear. May also use –.
Quotation Marks - The words in quotation marks treated as a phrase.
Tape recorder, video camera
More than just copying information
Skimming and scanning
Extracting needed information
Ideas & Reactions—critical thinking
ways to use it in your paper
further research needed
Document each source as you work
Intext source documentation
Style manuals— MLA, APA , Chicago
Sorting and Sifting
Organize your elements into a logical progression—outline
Inductive (specific to general)
Deductive (general to specific)
Chronological (back, forward, mix)
Overview (assess all parts of debate/dispute)
Problem (statement, assessment, solution)
Remember, what may be clear to you, may not be clear to your reader.