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The Research Cycle Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee, Education Specialist 10/2006
Trends Science & Technology Trends Quarterly Review  http://www.nistep.go.jp/achiev/ftx/eng/stfc/stfc_all-e.html Trends Re...
Planning <ul><li>Information Seeking Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul>...
Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Primary Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timelin...
Types of Web  Pages <ul><li>Personal web pages </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing-oriented or “infomercial” </li></ul><ul><li>Ent...
Evaluation Criteria <ul><li>Accuracy —reliability, error-free? </li></ul><ul><li>Authority —qualifications? </li></ul><ul>...
Search Engines <ul><li>Yahoo  and  Alta Vista  are useful search engines for beginning searches. </li></ul><ul><li>Google ...
Databases <ul><li>Galileo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EBSCO host </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proquest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JSTO...
Keyword Search <ul><li>Identify  keywords  and related words in the researchable questions </li></ul>What are the most  ne...
Boolean Operators <ul><li>AND  - All the terms joined by &quot;AND&quot; must appear in the pages. May also use +. </li></...
Gathering <ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notecards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notebook paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Note-taking <ul><li>More than just copying information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skimming and scanning  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Documentation <ul><li>Document each source  as you work </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid plagiarism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parap...
Sorting and Sifting <ul><li>Organize your elements into a logical progression—outline  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inductive  (s...
Synthesizing <ul><li>Remember, what may be clear to you, may not be clear to your reader. </li></ul><ul><li>Only use infor...
Reporting <ul><li>Presenting the final product </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PowerPoint p...
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Research Cycle

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Transcript of "Research Cycle"

  1. 1. The Research Cycle Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee, Education Specialist 10/2006
  2. 2. Trends Science & Technology Trends Quarterly Review http://www.nistep.go.jp/achiev/ftx/eng/stfc/stfc_all-e.html Trends Research Institute http://www.trendsresearch.com/ Horizon Report 2007 http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2007_Horizon_Report.pdf Horizon Project Flat Classroom -- Globalization
  3. 3. Planning <ul><li>Information Seeking Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magazines & Journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location & Access of Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases—i.e. Galileo, JSTORS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Primary Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timeliness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must interpret </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpretation by others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both more general and more focused </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Web Pages <ul><li>Personal web pages </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing-oriented or “infomercial” </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Political/interest group </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul>.com .org .edu .gov
  6. 6. Evaluation Criteria <ul><li>Accuracy —reliability, error-free? </li></ul><ul><li>Authority —qualifications? </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivity —purpose of site? </li></ul><ul><li>Currency —updates? </li></ul><ul><li>Coverage —depth & scope of information? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Search Engines <ul><li>Yahoo and Alta Vista are useful search engines for beginning searches. </li></ul><ul><li>Google , Northern Light , and Snap access the greatest percentage of the World Wide Web—only around 15-16%. </li></ul><ul><li>Dogpile and Metacrawler will search through several search engines at once. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Databases <ul><li>Galileo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EBSCO host </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proquest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JSTOR </li></ul><ul><li>Questia.com </li></ul><ul><li>Findarticles.com </li></ul>
  9. 9. Keyword Search <ul><li>Identify keywords and related words in the researchable questions </li></ul>What are the most negative effects of smoking ? harmful, damaging, destructive consequences, results Population—health cigarettes, cigars, marijuana Tobacco Legislation Lawsuit Smoking And Or Cancer Advertising Teenagers
  10. 10. Boolean Operators <ul><li>AND - All the terms joined by &quot;AND&quot; must appear in the pages. May also use +. </li></ul><ul><li>OR - At least one of the terms joined by &quot;OR&quot; must appear. </li></ul><ul><li>NOT - The term or terms following &quot;NOT&quot; must not appear. May also use –. </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation Marks - The words in quotation marks treated as a phrase. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gathering <ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notecards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notebook paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic organizer/chart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tape recorder, video camera </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Note-taking <ul><li>More than just copying information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skimming and scanning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extracting needed information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas & Reactions—critical thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ways to use it in your paper </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>your opinions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>further research needed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Documentation <ul><li>Document each source as you work </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid plagiarism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrase </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summarize </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quotation marks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intext source documentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Style manuals— MLA, APA , Chicago </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sorting and Sifting <ul><li>Organize your elements into a logical progression—outline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inductive (specific to general) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deductive (general to specific) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronological (back, forward, mix) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overview (assess all parts of debate/dispute) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem (statement, assessment, solution) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Synthesizing <ul><li>Remember, what may be clear to you, may not be clear to your reader. </li></ul><ul><li>Only use information that supports your thesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Document sources as you write. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Reporting <ul><li>Presenting the final product </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PowerPoint presentation </li></ul></ul>
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