Research Cycle

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Developed as an overview of the research process

Developed as an overview of the research process

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  • 1. The Research Cycle Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee, Education Specialist 10/2006
  • 2. Trends Science & Technology Trends Quarterly Review http://www.nistep.go.jp/achiev/ftx/eng/stfc/stfc_all-e.html Trends Research Institute http://www.trendsresearch.com/ Horizon Report 2007 http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2007_Horizon_Report.pdf Horizon Project Flat Classroom -- Globalization
  • 3. Planning
    • Information Seeking Strategies
      • Internet
      • Books
      • Magazines & Journals
      • Humans
    • Location & Access of Information
      • Search Engines
      • Databases—i.e. Galileo, JSTORS
      • Libraries
  • 4. Primary and Secondary Sources
    • Primary Sources
      • Reliability
      • Timeliness
      • Adaptability
      • Must interpret
    • Secondary Sources
      • Interpretation by others
      • Both more general and more focused
  • 5. Types of Web Pages
    • Personal web pages
    • Marketing-oriented or “infomercial”
    • Entertainment
    • Political/interest group
    • Information
    .com .org .edu .gov
  • 6. Evaluation Criteria
    • Accuracy —reliability, error-free?
    • Authority —qualifications?
    • Objectivity —purpose of site?
    • Currency —updates?
    • Coverage —depth & scope of information?
  • 7. Search Engines
    • Yahoo and Alta Vista are useful search engines for beginning searches.
    • Google , Northern Light , and Snap access the greatest percentage of the World Wide Web—only around 15-16%.
    • Dogpile and Metacrawler will search through several search engines at once.
  • 8. Databases
    • Galileo
      • EBSCO host
      • Proquest
    • JSTOR
    • Questia.com
    • Findarticles.com
  • 9. Keyword Search
    • Identify keywords and related words in the researchable questions
    What are the most negative effects of smoking ? harmful, damaging, destructive consequences, results Population—health cigarettes, cigars, marijuana Tobacco Legislation Lawsuit Smoking And Or Cancer Advertising Teenagers
  • 10. Boolean Operators
    • AND - All the terms joined by "AND" must appear in the pages. May also use +.
    • OR - At least one of the terms joined by "OR" must appear.
    • NOT - The term or terms following "NOT" must not appear. May also use –.
    • Quotation Marks - The words in quotation marks treated as a phrase.
  • 11. Gathering
    • Methods
      • Notecards
      • Notebook paper
      • Word processor
      • Graphic organizer/chart
      • Tape recorder, video camera
  • 12. Note-taking
    • More than just copying information
      • Skimming and scanning
      • Extracting needed information
      • Ideas & Reactions—critical thinking
        • ways to use it in your paper
        • your opinions
        • further research needed
  • 13. Documentation
    • Document each source as you work
    • Avoid plagiarism
        • Paraphrase
        • Summarize
        • Quotation marks
        • Intext source documentation
    • Style manuals— MLA, APA , Chicago
  • 14. Sorting and Sifting
    • Organize your elements into a logical progression—outline
      • Inductive (specific to general)
      • Deductive (general to specific)
      • Chronological (back, forward, mix)
      • Overview (assess all parts of debate/dispute)
      • Problem (statement, assessment, solution)
  • 15. Synthesizing
    • Remember, what may be clear to you, may not be clear to your reader.
    • Only use information that supports your thesis.
    • Document sources as you write.
  • 16. Reporting
    • Presenting the final product
      • Written paper
      • PowerPoint presentation