Memory Aids


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Provides an introduction to variety of strategies to help with memorization

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Memory Aids

  1. 1. Memory and Study Aids Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee Education Specialist
  2. 2. Build Good Habits <ul><li>Positive Thinking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build confidence; set goals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self-Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be aware of how you learn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical Thinking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prioritizing & organizing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative & Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem-solving & synthesizing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Asking Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus, Motivation, Active learning </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Complete the Learning Cycle <ul><li>Memorize new information, rules and concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilate and organize new information </li></ul><ul><li>Use information to analyze, synthesize and problem-solve </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate information into evaluations, judgments and predictions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Memory and Study Aids
  5. 5. Memory and Study Aids <ul><li>Visual aids/word associations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawings, Pictures, Models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic Organizers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagrams and Charts—Tables/Grids </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flashcards </li></ul>
  6. 6. Visual Aids <ul><li>Drawings, pictures, models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically create visual elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawings or pictures of definitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures of situations where the word would be used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw crazy visual associations </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Word Associations <ul><li>Façade—false, superficial, or artificial appearance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FACE—false face </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Benign—kindly, gentle </li></ul><ul><li>Be + 9 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>+ 9 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Word Associations
  9. 9. Visual Aids <ul><li>Create a graphic organizer in which you answer the following questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is it? (Category) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other forms (Change part of speech) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is it like? (Properties) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some examples? (Illustrations) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning Styles: </li></ul><ul><li>Writing (tactile) and reading (visual) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cynic <ul><li>What is it? noun, kind of person </li></ul><ul><li>Other forms: adj.—cynical </li></ul><ul><li>adv.—cynically </li></ul><ul><li>noun—cynicism </li></ul><ul><li>What is it like? pessimistic, scornful, sneering, contemptuous, distrustful, sarcastic </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Someone who doesn’t think democracy can be honest and efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who believes that human conduct is motivated solely by self-interest </li></ul>
  11. 11. Diagrams Charts <ul><li>Table or grid — possible headings </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word Meaning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Part of speech </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word Structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roots, prefixes, suffixes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Number of syllables </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Common Usage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Describes people </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Describes places </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Describes things </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Categorization Grid Words to describe people Timid Cynical Pessimistic Flippant Uncouth Malicious Garrulous Morose Obtuse Diligent Arrogant Pompous
  13. 13. Flashcards <ul><li>Create flashcards to help you study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t make too small </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4x6 are best </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry them with you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review them often </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Break into small groups for easier learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shuffle frequently so you don’t learn a pattern </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Flashcards—Advantages <ul><li>Chunks information into smaller categories to aid memory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nouns—persons, places, things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbs—plural/singular or tenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phrases—common usage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use of color signals categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>different colored cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>highlighters </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Flashcards—Advantages <ul><li>Use either written or visual information </li></ul><ul><li>Easily rearranged and sorted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not learn the words in a fixed order. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn only words need to remember . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be used for different purposes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lists of items </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grammar rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quiz prep —questions/answers </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Flashcards—Advantages <ul><li>Size and portability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>easy to carry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use for short, frequent reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>review in spare time that is often wasted—like waiting in line or between classes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physically moving and manipulating the cards incorporates tactile learning </li></ul>
  17. 17. Flashcards—Advantages <ul><li>Writing down the material on cards aids your memory in itself. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>76 repetitions of information to go into long term memory </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. One Way to Study <ul><li>At least once a day , go through your pack of index cards—spend 10-15 minutes each time. </li></ul><ul><li>Sort the cards into two stacks —those you know and those you do not know. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodically review the entire set of words to keep them fresh in your mind. </li></ul>
  19. 19. When to Use Flashcards <ul><li>Study your vocabulary for 10-15 minutes a day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Riding the bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Riding in a car </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before bed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When you get up in the morning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waiting in line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doing your laundry </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. What to Include:
  21. 21. Flashcards Conglomerate con-glom’-er-it Def: an organization comprising two or more companies that produce unrelated products. EX: Nichols company owns a shoe factory, vineyards in France, soft drink factories, and Sara Jane pastry . Front Back
  22. 22. Flashcards <ul><li>Definition—Picture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-sided </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word and picture on front side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context sentence on back side </li></ul></ul>The diligent student worked hard on his homework. Diligent
  23. 23. Study Tips <ul><li>Do your studying in relatively small chunks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>45-60 minutes at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study vocabulary several times a day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5-10 minutes at a time </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Study Tips <ul><li>When studying, use as many senses as possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaking—say the word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listening—hear you or someone else </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing—physically practice writing the words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading—words in context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Act-out the definitions </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Study Tips <ul><li>Be an interactive learner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study with a friend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start a study group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Make up sentences together </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz each other </li></ul><ul><li>Create crossword puzzles and exchange them </li></ul>
  26. 26. Study Tips <ul><li>Be an active learner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Say the words out loud </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write the words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Record words/definitions on a cassette and play over & over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice saying new words out loud </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Study Tips <ul><li>Use new vocabulary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Essays, reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Letters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Notice when others use your vocabulary words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>radio, TV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>magazines, newspapers </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Study Tips <ul><li>Don’t refer to your vocabulary list as you do your homework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review material before starting homework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work from memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete the entire exercise, then check your work </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Study Tips <ul><li>Practice seeing the new word in context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create simple sentences about a specific context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe what is happening in that setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>home, school, work, Augusta Mall, movie theater… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Don’t <ul><li>Don’t panic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Normal not to master new vocabulary on the first try </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constant practice and review are essential </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t study for long periods without a break </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory overload </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Have Fun! <ul><li>Learning is a lifelong process. Develop good habits now, and they will last forever. </li></ul>