Learn Spanish Vocabulary

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Provides tips for learning a foreign language--Spanish examples

Provides tips for learning a foreign language--Spanish examples

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  • 1. Learning Spanish Vocabulary Gayla S. Keesee Education Specialist Paine College, Augusta, GA Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial & Enrichment Center rev. 10/2006
  • 2.
    • Vocabulary forms the building blocks of language
  • 3. FYI
    • The number of words in a language can be staggering—from 20,000 to more than 100,000 depending on the language. 
      • 100 words can be sufficient for basic conversation.
      • 2,000 are enough for fairly normal conversation.
  • 4. Memory/Study Aids
    • Mnemonic Devices
      • Acronyms
      • Acrostics
      • Rhymes and songs
      • Word associations
      • Visual clues
    • Flashcards
  • 5. Mnemonic Devices
    • Acronyms
    • Acrostics
    • Rhymes and songs
    • Method of Loci
    • Word associations—logical or illogical
    • Visual Clues
  • 6. Mnemonic Devices
    • Mnemonic (ni-'man-ik) devices
      • “ Tricks” to help you memorize and recall information
        • long lists
        • speeches
        • basic concepts
        • definitions
      • Tools for rote memorization only
  • 7. Acronyms
    • An acronym is an invented combination of letters where each letter is a cue to an idea you need to remember.
      • BRASS is an acronym for how to shoot a rifle-- B reath, R elax, A im, S ight, S queeze.
  • 8. How could you use Acronyms to help you learn Spanish?
  • 9.
    • An acrostic is an invented sentence where the first letter of each word is a cue to an idea you need to remember.
      • “Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge”
      • (E, G, B, D, F)—musical notes of the lines of the treble clef staff
      • “Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally” (parenthesis, exponent, multiplication, division, addition, subtraction)—order of operations
    Acrostics
  • 10. How could you use Acrostics to help you learn Spanish?
  • 11. Rhymes and Songs
    • Songs and rhymes help to burn information in your memory
      • To this day, many people softly sing their ABC’s when trying to alphabetize a list.
      • Rhymes often teach basic facts, such as, “In fourteen hundred and ninety-two, Columbus sailed the ocean blue.”
  • 12. How could you use Rhymes and Songs to help you learn Spanish?
  • 13. Word Associations
    • First, select a key word in English that sounds like the foreign word.
    • Next, imagine an image which uses the key word with the English meaning of the foreign word.
    • Can be illogical or logical
  • 14. Logical Association
    • el coche with coach (like a carriage) which was the predecessor to the car.  
    • Imagine your car as a coach,
    • or imagine horses pulling it. 
    • The Spanish word for rice is arroz .
    • [pronounced ARROSS]
      • Imagine someone shooting ARROWS
      • into a plate of RICE .
  • 15. Illogical Association
    • The illogical approach might say el coche sounds like coach (such as a basketball coach)
    • Try to link coach and car in the most vivid way possible—the crazier, the better.
    • Remember that el coche is masculine by having a male coach.
    • Imagine the BASKETBALL COACH lifting
    • your CAR above his head, then throwing it at a
    • basketball hoop or through a wall.  
  • 16.
    • The Spanish word cabina means phone booth . For the English keyword, you might think of “cab in a ... .”
    • You could invent an image of a CAB
    • trying to fit in a PHONE BOOTH .
    • The Spanish word for bed  is cama .
    • Imagine a CAMEL lying in your BED .
    Illogical Associations
  • 17. How could you use Word Associations to help you learn Spanish?
  • 18. Visual Clues
    • Drawings, pictures, diagrams
      • Physically create visual elements
      • Use drawings or pictures of definitions of words
      • Make crazy visual associations
    Perro El perro está bajo la mesa. The dog is under the table.
  • 19. Visual Clues
    • Charts, diagrams
      • Diagram the different conjugations for a verb
    Hablar Yo hablo Tu hablas Ud./el/ella habla Nosotros(as) hablamos Vosotros(as) hablais Ud./ellos/ellas hablan
  • 20. Flashcards Perro El perro está bajo la mesa. The dog is under the table.
  • 21. Flashcards—Advantages
    • Chunks information into smaller categories to aid memory
      • Nouns—persons, places, things
      • Verbs—plural/singular or tenses
      • Phrases—common usage
    • Use of color signals categories
      • different colored cards
      • highlighters
  • 22. Flashcards—Advantages
    • Use either written or visual information
    • Easily rearranged and sorted
      • Do not learn the words in a fixed order.
      • Learn only words need to remember.
    • Used for different purposes
      • Lists of items
      • Grammar rules
      • Questions/answers
  • 23. Flashcards—Advantages
    • Size and portability
      • easy to carry
      • use for short, frequent reviews
      • review in spare time that is often wasted—like waiting in line or between classes.
    • Physically moving and manipulating the cards incorporates tactile learning
  • 24. Flashcards—Advantages
    • Writing down the material on cards aids your memory in itself.
      • 76 repetitions of information to go into long term memory
  • 25. Flashcards
    • Definition—Picture
      • Two-sided
      • Picture on front side
      • Word and sentence on back side
    Perro El perro está bajo la mesa. The dog is under the table.
  • 26. Flashcards Learn grammar rules
  • 27. Flashcards En la clase Front Back window la ventana door la puerta teacher la professora student la estudiante blackboard la pizarra
  • 28. One Way to Study
    • 4x6 cards are best.
    • Once a day, go through your pack of index cards.
    • Sort the cards into two stacks—those you know and those you do not know.
    • Periodically review the entire set of words to keep them fresh in your mind.
  • 29. When to Use Flashcards
    • Study your vocabulary for only 10-15 minutes a day
      • Riding the bus
      • Riding in a car
      • Before bed
      • When you get up in the morning
      • Waiting in line
      • Doing your laundry
  • 30. General Tips
    • Attend Class Regularly
      • Best chance for practice in speaking and listening
      • Able to ask questions
    • Don’t Tune Out
      • Participate as much as possible
      • Answer questions—even silently to see if they match your classmates’ answers