Instructional Strategies Web 2.0


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  • Instructional Strategies Web 2.0

    1. 1. Teaching in a Digital Age <ul><li>According to a recent YouTube video , a student today will READ 2300 web pages and 1281 Facebook profiles this year, and 8 books . </li></ul><ul><li>She will WRITE 42 pages for class assignments this semester, and over 500 pages of e-mail . </li></ul><ul><li>Having grown up immersed in technologies such as the Internet, iPods, PDAs, and cell phones, most of today’s undergraduates are “digital natives” who enter our classrooms with different experiences , expectations and learning styles than previous generations of students. </li></ul>
    2. 2. Questions <ul><li>What kinds of teaching and learning activities are most likely to lead to great results (learning outcomes)? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we take advantage of technology “tools” to make such activities easier, richer, more successful? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Chickering & Gamson 7 Principles… <ul><li>Faculty-student interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Student-student collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Active learning </li></ul><ul><li>Prompt feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Time on task </li></ul><ul><li>Higher expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Value diverse ways of learning </li></ul>Educationally Crucial Activities Learning Outcomes
    4. 4. Uses of Technology to Improve Learning (1992) <ul><li>Project-based, active learning </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative learning </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty-student interaction </li></ul><ul><li>More flexible pacing for learning </li></ul><ul><li>Various activities attracting time on task </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous improvement of student work </li></ul>Educationally Crucial Activities Learning Outcomes Technology
    5. 5. Resources 7 Principles—Learning Activities <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Principles of Effective Teaching: A Practical Lens for Evaluating Online Courses </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Strategies for Distance Education: Implementing the Seven Principles for Good Practice in Online Education </li></ul>
    6. 6. Horizon Report 2007 <ul><li>Key trends affecting higher education—next 5 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One year or less (Right Now!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>User-Created Content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-Three Years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Phones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Worlds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four-Five Years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Scholarship and Emerging Forms of Publication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massively Multiplayer Educational Gaming </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Tools for Collaboration <ul><li>YouTube </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Social Bookmarks </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul>RSS Feed
    8. 8. You-Tube social network for sharing videos Education Today and Tomorrow Named 2006 Invention of the Year by Time magazine
    9. 9. Social Software <ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping contacts online through web interfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Bookmarking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>storing, describing, and sharing bookmarks ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Calendaring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared agendas for events arrangements and meetings planning </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Social Networks: Connect Users into Communities of Trust (or interests) What can you do with Pronetos ? Share a paper with colleagues Find scholars in your field Post course materials Network and collaborate Find research in your field Post an announcement to your colleagues See the message board in your discipline
    11. 11. Flickr sharing and organizing photos Teaching with Flickr and cell phones An art history class combined mobile devices with a Web 2.0 service to assess student learning. Beth Harris took a class to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, where students took photos of art, uploaded them to Flickr , then used that site's tools to comment on their observations.
    12. 12. Teacher-Tube <ul><li>With TeacherTube, community members can: </li></ul><ul><li>Upload, tag and share videos worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>Upload Support Files to attach your educational Activities, Assessments, Lesson Plans, Notes, and other file formats to your video. </li></ul><ul><li>Browse hundreds of videos uploaded by community members. </li></ul><ul><li>Find, join and create video groups to connect with people who have similar interests. </li></ul><ul><li>Customize the experience by subscribing to member videos, saving favorites, and creating playlists. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate TeacherTube videos on websites using video embeds or APIs. </li></ul><ul><li>Make videos public or private - users can elect to broadcast their videos publicly or share them privately with those they invite. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Podcasting <ul><li>Pod (iPod) + broadcast = Podcast </li></ul><ul><li>Differs from streaming audio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatically delivered to player –don’t have to click on a link to download </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen when you want – not when a program is scheduled </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Advantages <ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review lectures before exams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen in on classes they've missed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replay at own convenience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-native speakers replay to increase comprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Instructors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen to own lectures to improve presentations </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Learning & Teaching Applications <ul><li>Interviews with experts </li></ul><ul><li>Oral history projects </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes from recorded speeches </li></ul><ul><li>Guest speakers/lecture series </li></ul><ul><li>Student portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Review lectures before exams </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative research </li></ul>
    16. 16. Universities Podcasting <ul><li>iTunes University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Duke University (the first) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Illinois @ Springfield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stanford </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UC Berkley </li></ul></ul><ul><li>iTunes U is a free, cross-platform multimedia distribution and learning environment system wherein educational content - course audio/video lectures and supplemental course-related material - is hosted online and made available to students. In addition to course-related material, lectures and presentations, public events, sports, news broadcasts, and concerts can be delivered through iTunes U. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Universities Podcasting <ul><li>Purdue University </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>University of Washington </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    18. 18. Blogging in Education
    19. 19. Blogging: Most Recognized Example
    20. 20. Limited Only by Your Imagination <ul><li>Instructors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content-related blog as professional practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking and personal knowledge sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructional tips for students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Course announcements and readings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annotated links </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective or writing journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assignment submission and review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer review of essay drafts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dialogue for groupwork </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-portfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share course-related resources </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Try blogging yourself <ul><li>The simplest method is to sign up with a blogging service provider, such as Blogger where you can literally start a blog in 2 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>You create a username and a password, enter a description of your blog and select a visual theme from a list, which you can change later if you decide you don’t like it. </li></ul><ul><li>Then you choose a URL and start typing. If you are a fast typist, you can hit the Submit and Publish button before 120 seconds elapses and your blog will go online immediately. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Wikis : The ultimate collaboration tool <ul><li>Special web site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>allows visitors to add, remove, edit & change content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not need access to or knowledge of web publishing software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group members work on common document in common location </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Podcast Directories <ul><li>The Education Podcast Network </li></ul><ul><li>NPR Podcast Directory </li></ul><ul><li>Political Commentary, Book Reviews, etc . </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting by Public Broadcasters </li></ul><ul><li>Podcast directory for educators, schools and colleges </li></ul>
    24. 24. Wikis in Education <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Old Dominion—WikiText project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students enrolled in class develop own textbook for the course </li></ul></ul>WikiBooks Started July 10, 2003—mission to create a free collection of open-content textbooks that anyone can edit
    25. 25. Horizon Project <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative global project between classrooms in diverse geographical locations </li></ul><ul><li>Camilla, GA (10th grade) </li></ul><ul><li>Vienna, Austria (11th grade) </li></ul><ul><li>Dhaka, Bangladesh (11th grade) </li></ul><ul><li>Melbourne, Australia (11th grade) </li></ul><ul><li>Shanghai, China (Media Literary) </li></ul>
    26. 26. Try It--Wikipedia
    27. 27. RSS Feeds Pulling it all together <ul><li>Acronym for Really Simple Syndication or Rich Site Summary . RSS (noun) - an XML format for distributing news headlines on the Web. </li></ul><ul><li>RSS feeds can be read two different ways. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop RSS feed reader or news aggregator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web based RSS feed reader. </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Advantages of RSS? <ul><li>By using an aggregator, you can read feeds from multiple websites in one location. </li></ul><ul><li>No SPAM! </li></ul><ul><li>No Pop-Ups! </li></ul><ul><li>Most blogs now have feeds, and more journals and news sites are adding them. </li></ul><ul><li>Organization!! </li></ul>
    29. 29. How to find RSS feeds <ul><li>Look for a button like these within a site: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    30. 30. How to find RSS feeds <ul><li>Or look for a button like this in your web browser: </li></ul>
    31. 31. Web-Based Aggregators <ul><li>Bloglines – Currently the most popular in this category. </li></ul><ul><li>Newsgator – Allows for delivery of content to Outlook. </li></ul><ul><li>Litefeeds – good for PDAs & Mobile Phones </li></ul><ul><li>Google Reader </li></ul><ul><li>Netvibes </li></ul><ul><li>Personalized Google Page </li></ul><ul><li>My Yahoo! Page </li></ul><ul><li>Netvibes </li></ul>
    32. 32. Educational Uses <ul><li>Find updated government stats. </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>News from the Dept. of Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keep a class calendar </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quote of the Day </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Updated government announcements </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. Educational Uses <ul><li>Student Learning Journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keep track of a Wiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current School Events </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>35 ways to use RSS </li></ul><ul><li>25 New Ways To Use RSS </li></ul>
    34. 34. Virtual Worlds What’s Next? Educational Gaming
    35. 35. Virtual Worlds—3D Gaming <ul><li>13 Tips for Virtual World Teaching (1/1/2008 article) </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Games Produced by the Federation of American Scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Discover Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>Immune Attack </li></ul><ul><li>Multi Casualty </li></ul><ul><li>Incident Response </li></ul>
    36. 36. Game Features Attractive for Learning <ul><li>Clear learning goals </li></ul><ul><li>Broad experiences and practice opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fly through the interior of a cell, operate equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try over and over again to mastery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monitor progress, provide continual feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Move player to higher challenges as mastery is gained </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage inquiry and questions </li></ul>
    37. 37. Educational Games <ul><li>The Educational Gaming Commons (EGC) and Virtual Worlds Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Place where Penn State faculty, staff and students working with educational games and virtual worlds can communicate and collaborate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teaching Educational Games Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hundreds of educational gaming resources available to those who wish to incorporate educational gaming into their courses, designers of educational games, and researchers </li></ul></ul>
    38. 38. Conference in 2 nd Life <ul><li>The Second Life Best Practices in Education International Conference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Held May 25, 2007 in venues all over the Second Life world, with presentations, vendors and exhibitors, and everything an educator needs to know to get started exploring the possibilities for teaching, learning, and research in Second Life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conference was also </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>webcast at http://SLCN.TV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>where there is now an </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>archive of the videos. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blog—video </li></ul></ul>