Four Square Paragraph
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Four Square Paragraph

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Uses 4-square organization pattern to demonstrate how to write a descriptive paragraph

Uses 4-square organization pattern to demonstrate how to write a descriptive paragraph

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Four Square Paragraph Four Square Paragraph Presentation Transcript

  • Four-Square Organization Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee, Education Specialist rev. 9/2006 Descriptive Paragraph
  • Structure of a Paragraph
    • Introduction
      • Topic Sentence
      • Subject = topic of paragraph
      • Controlling idea—judgment or attitude about the topic
    • Body
      • 3 levels supporting details
      • Answer who, what, why, where, when, how?
    • Conclusion
      • Provides closure—clincher sentence
  • Topic Sentence
    • Points to Remember
      • Subject = topic of paragraph
      • Controlling idea—judgment or attitude about the topic
      • Complete Sentence
      • Not the Prompt!!
    • Usual Locations
      • First sentence
      • Last sentence
      • Middle
  • Transition words and expressions help connect ideas within and between paragraphs. They do this by showing relationships , such as addition or contrast or result Teacher : Your paper doesn’t show a smooth flow of thoughts. You need to add transitions between ideas and paragraphs. Student : I have no idea what a transition is. What are some words that I can use to make my paper flow?
  • Paint a picture with words Dog Level Poodle Level Fifi Level
  • Basic Paragraph
    • Topic Sentence
      • Transition + 1 st Supporting Detail
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
      • Transition + 2 nd Supporting Detail
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
      • Transition + 3 rd Supporting Detail
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
    • Transition + Clincher Sentence
  • Sample Paragraph
    • My experience in the nature study area was full of surprises.
    • First of all , many unexpected creatures crossed our path.
      • For example , as soon as we left the parking area and entered the grassy path, a long snake slithered along the edge of the high grass and quickly disappeared.
    • In addition , I was surprised by how colorful the grasses, which from a distance all appear to be green, actually are.
      • Specifically , the primarily green landscape is dotted with countless purple tassels and brown stalks.
    • Finally and most importantly , I was unprepared for how quickly I felt surrounded by nature.
      • Although the noise from passing cars and airplanes occasionally intrudes, the high prairie grasses and rolling pathways create a sense that one is removed from civilization.
    • Altogether , the nature study area unexpectedly allows one to enjoy an ever-changing natural environment without leaving campus.
  • Body Paragraphs From Broad to Specific
    • Level 1: Topic Sentence
      • Controlling sentence names and controls the topic
    • Level 2: Clarifying Sentences
      • Help make the topic clearer—explain how support topic sent.
    • Level 3: Completing sentences
      • Add specific details/examples to complete the picture
    Animal (essay level) Dogs Poodles Fifi
    • Names (people, movie, restaurant, rides)
      • Best friend—Rochelle, Waiting to Exhale
      • Arby’s, Georgia Cyclone
    • Numbers
      • Three goldfish, 28 ounces, 18 years
    • Dates/Times
      • Last Thursday, July 4, morning, from 8:00-12:00
    • Places
      • May Park, Clarke Middle School
    • Colors
      • Crimson, burnt sienna, kelly green, chocolate, toast, peach
    • Comparisons
      • Like a mad dog, golf ball size
    • Sensory Details
      • Wiggle, clammy, murky, boom, clank, spicy, tangy
    • Active Verbs
      • Looked—glanced, squinted, peeked
    • Sight
      • Description
      • Specific Nouns
      • Specific Verbs
    • Touch
      • Texture
    • Hearing
      • Onomatopoeia
    • Smell
      • fragrances
    • Taste
    Sensory Details
  • Describe Meal
  • Be specific Make comparisons Add color
    • Sauce
      • Ragu Chunky Mushroom
      • Chunky vine-ripe tomatoes
      • Crimson explosion
    • Meatballs
      • Ping pong balls
      • Red golf balls
      • Littered with parmesan cheese slivers
    • Spaghetti
      • Mounds of angel hair spaghetti
      • Twirl on fork
      • Like a ball of yarn
      • Swimming in sauce
  • To begin… Fold your paper into four squares. Darken in the lines. Write your Topic Sentence above the line in the middle to remind you of what you will be proving.
  • Spaghetti and meatballs makes a mouth-watering meal. Now we have to clarify what we mean by “mouth-watering meal.” Answer how? why? Dog level
  • Seasonings Tomatoes
    • Meat Choices
    Spaghetti and meatballs makes a mouth-watering meal. Poodle Level
    • Seasonings
    • Tickle taste buds
      • Oregano
      • Coarse black pepper
      • Thyme
      • Sage
    • Garlic
      • Whole cloves
      • Crushed
      • Add extra spiciness
    • Vegetables
      • Diced onions
      • Green pepper chunks
      • Sliced mushrooms
    • -Tomatoes
    • Base for savory sauce
    • Home-grown
      • Vine-ripened
      • Better Boy
      • Rich, full of flavor
      • Organic
    • Ruby red to dark pink
      • Vibrant color
      • Full of lycopene
    • Chunky
      • Canned or fresh
      • Just crush w/hands
      • Juices run down arm
    • Meat Choices
    • Use pork or hamburger
      • Lean meat
      • Low in fat
      • Crusty brown
    • Add Italian sausage
      • 2 inch chunks
      • Squeeze out of casings
      • Sweet
    • Like a gumbo
      • Assortment of meats floating in sauce
    • Filling as Thanksgiving
      • Always eat too much
    Spaghetti and meatballs is great because it makes a mouth-watering meal. Fifi Level
    • Seasonings
    • Tickle taste buds
      • Oregano
      • Coarse black pepper
      • Thyme
      • Sage
    • Garlic
      • Whole cloves
      • Crushed
      • Add extra spiciness
    • Vegetables
      • Diced onions
      • Green pepper chunks
      • Sliced mushrooms
    • -Tomatoes
    • Base for savory sauce
    • Home-grown
      • Vine-ripened
      • Better Boy
      • Rich, full of flavor
      • Organic
    • Ruby red to dark pink
      • Vibrant color
      • Full of lycopene
    • Chunky
      • Canned or fresh
      • Just crush w/hands
      • Juices run down arm
    • Meat Choices
    • Use pork or hamburger
      • Lean meat
      • Low in fat
      • Crusty brown
    • Add Italian sausage
      • 2 inch chunks
      • Squeeze out of casings
      • Sweet
    • Like a gumbo
      • Assortment of meats floating in sauce
    • Filling as Thanksgiving
      • Always eat too much
    Spaghetti and meatballs is great because it makes a mouth-watering meal. Connect ideas within paragraphs Sequence: first, next Illustration: for example, in other words, to clarify Addition : Also, in addition, besides