Four-Square Organization Mack Gipson, Jr.  Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee, Education Specialist rev. 9/200...
Structure of a Paragraph <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Topic Sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject = to...
Topic Sentence <ul><li>Points to Remember </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject = topic of paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Co...
Transition words and expressions help connect ideas  within  and  between  paragraphs.  They do this by  showing relations...
Paint a picture with words Dog Level Poodle Level Fifi Level
Basic Paragraph <ul><li>Topic Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition  + 1 st  Supporting Detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Sample Paragraph <ul><li>My experience in the nature study area was full of surprises.  </li></ul><ul><li>First of all , m...
Body Paragraphs  From Broad to Specific <ul><li>Level 1: Topic Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling sentence names a...
<ul><li>Names   (people, movie, restaurant, rides) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best friend—Rochelle,  Waiting to Exhale </li></u...
<ul><li>Sight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Description </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific Nouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speci...
Describe Meal
Be specific Make comparisons Add  color <ul><li>Sauce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ragu Chunky Mushroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
To begin… Fold your paper into four squares. Darken in the lines. Write your Topic Sentence above the line in the middle t...
Spaghetti and meatballs makes a  mouth-watering meal. Now we have to clarify what we mean by “mouth-watering meal.”  Answe...
Seasonings Tomatoes <ul><li>Meat Choices </li></ul>Spaghetti and meatballs makes a  mouth-watering meal. Poodle Level
<ul><li>Seasonings </li></ul><ul><li>Tickle taste buds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oregano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coarse bla...
<ul><li>Seasonings </li></ul><ul><li>Tickle taste buds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oregano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coarse bla...
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Four Square Paragraph

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Uses 4-square organization pattern to demonstrate how to write a descriptive paragraph

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Four Square Paragraph

  1. 1. Four-Square Organization Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee, Education Specialist rev. 9/2006 Descriptive Paragraph
  2. 2. Structure of a Paragraph <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Topic Sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject = topic of paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling idea—judgment or attitude about the topic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 levels supporting details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answer who, what, why, where, when, how? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides closure—clincher sentence </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Topic Sentence <ul><li>Points to Remember </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject = topic of paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling idea—judgment or attitude about the topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not the Prompt!! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usual Locations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Last sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Transition words and expressions help connect ideas within and between paragraphs. They do this by showing relationships , such as addition or contrast or result Teacher : Your paper doesn’t show a smooth flow of thoughts. You need to add transitions between ideas and paragraphs. Student : I have no idea what a transition is. What are some words that I can use to make my paper flow?
  5. 5. Paint a picture with words Dog Level Poodle Level Fifi Level
  6. 6. Basic Paragraph <ul><li>Topic Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + 1 st Supporting Detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + 2 nd Supporting Detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + 3 rd Supporting Detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Transition + Clincher Sentence </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sample Paragraph <ul><li>My experience in the nature study area was full of surprises. </li></ul><ul><li>First of all , many unexpected creatures crossed our path. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example , as soon as we left the parking area and entered the grassy path, a long snake slithered along the edge of the high grass and quickly disappeared. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In addition , I was surprised by how colorful the grasses, which from a distance all appear to be green, actually are. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specifically , the primarily green landscape is dotted with countless purple tassels and brown stalks. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finally and most importantly , I was unprepared for how quickly I felt surrounded by nature. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Although the noise from passing cars and airplanes occasionally intrudes, the high prairie grasses and rolling pathways create a sense that one is removed from civilization. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Altogether , the nature study area unexpectedly allows one to enjoy an ever-changing natural environment without leaving campus. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Body Paragraphs From Broad to Specific <ul><li>Level 1: Topic Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling sentence names and controls the topic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Level 2: Clarifying Sentences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help make the topic clearer—explain how support topic sent. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Level 3: Completing sentences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add specific details/examples to complete the picture </li></ul></ul>Animal (essay level) Dogs Poodles Fifi
  9. 9. <ul><li>Names (people, movie, restaurant, rides) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best friend—Rochelle, Waiting to Exhale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arby’s, Georgia Cyclone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Numbers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three goldfish, 28 ounces, 18 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dates/Times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last Thursday, July 4, morning, from 8:00-12:00 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Places </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May Park, Clarke Middle School </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crimson, burnt sienna, kelly green, chocolate, toast, peach </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparisons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like a mad dog, golf ball size </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sensory Details </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiggle, clammy, murky, boom, clank, spicy, tangy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Active Verbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looked—glanced, squinted, peeked </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Sight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Description </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific Nouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific Verbs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hearing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fragrances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taste </li></ul>Sensory Details
  11. 11. Describe Meal
  12. 12. Be specific Make comparisons Add color <ul><li>Sauce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ragu Chunky Mushroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chunky vine-ripe tomatoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crimson explosion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meatballs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ping pong balls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red golf balls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Littered with parmesan cheese slivers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spaghetti </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mounds of angel hair spaghetti </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twirl on fork </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Like a ball of yarn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swimming in sauce </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. To begin… Fold your paper into four squares. Darken in the lines. Write your Topic Sentence above the line in the middle to remind you of what you will be proving.
  14. 14. Spaghetti and meatballs makes a mouth-watering meal. Now we have to clarify what we mean by “mouth-watering meal.” Answer how? why? Dog level
  15. 15. Seasonings Tomatoes <ul><li>Meat Choices </li></ul>Spaghetti and meatballs makes a mouth-watering meal. Poodle Level
  16. 16. <ul><li>Seasonings </li></ul><ul><li>Tickle taste buds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oregano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coarse black pepper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thyme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Garlic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole cloves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crushed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add extra spiciness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vegetables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diced onions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green pepper chunks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sliced mushrooms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-Tomatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Base for savory sauce </li></ul><ul><li>Home-grown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vine-ripened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better Boy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich, full of flavor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ruby red to dark pink </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vibrant color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full of lycopene </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chunky </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canned or fresh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Just crush w/hands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juices run down arm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meat Choices </li></ul><ul><li>Use pork or hamburger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lean meat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low in fat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crusty brown </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Add Italian sausage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 inch chunks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squeeze out of casings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Like a gumbo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assortment of meats floating in sauce </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Filling as Thanksgiving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Always eat too much </li></ul></ul>Spaghetti and meatballs is great because it makes a mouth-watering meal. Fifi Level
  17. 17. <ul><li>Seasonings </li></ul><ul><li>Tickle taste buds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oregano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coarse black pepper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thyme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Garlic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole cloves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crushed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add extra spiciness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vegetables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diced onions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green pepper chunks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sliced mushrooms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-Tomatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Base for savory sauce </li></ul><ul><li>Home-grown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vine-ripened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better Boy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich, full of flavor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ruby red to dark pink </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vibrant color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full of lycopene </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chunky </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canned or fresh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Just crush w/hands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juices run down arm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meat Choices </li></ul><ul><li>Use pork or hamburger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lean meat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low in fat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crusty brown </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Add Italian sausage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 inch chunks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squeeze out of casings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Like a gumbo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assortment of meats floating in sauce </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Filling as Thanksgiving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Always eat too much </li></ul></ul>Spaghetti and meatballs is great because it makes a mouth-watering meal. Connect ideas within paragraphs Sequence: first, next Illustration: for example, in other words, to clarify Addition : Also, in addition, besides
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