Four Square Essay Food
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Four Square Essay Food

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Using 4-square organizational pattern to show students how to create the body of a 5-paragraph essay. Prompt: What is your favorite food?

Using 4-square organizational pattern to show students how to create the body of a 5-paragraph essay. Prompt: What is your favorite food?

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Four Square Essay Food Four Square Essay Food Presentation Transcript

  • Four-Square Organization Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee, Education Specialist rev. 9/2006 What is your favorite food? Essay prompt
  • Writing Process
    • Thesis Statements
    • Using Concrete, Sensory Details
    • Sensory Detail Chart
    • Showing vs. Telling
    • Developing an Introduction
    • Strategies for Writing a Conclusion
    • Sample Introductions & Conclusions
    • Transition Words
    • Dead Word List
  • Thesis Statement
    • Thesis sentence (3 elements)
      • Topic
        • What the essay is about
      • Controlling idea
        • Must be provable
    • Hawaii is the best vacation spot.
    • Dress codes should be banned .
      • May also reference the three supporting details
  • Patterns of Organization
    • Chronological Order
      • Narrative (story/incident)
      • Process (step-by-step)
    • Description
    • Illustration (examples)
    • Order of Importance
    • Comparison/Contrast
      • Block
      • Point by Point
    • Cause/Effect
    • Spatial
    • Classification
    • Definition
  • Transition words and expressions help connect ideas within and between paragraphs. They do this by showing relationships , such as addition or contrast or result Teacher : Your paper doesn’t show a smooth flow of thoughts. You need to add transitions between ideas and paragraphs. Student : I have no idea what a transition is. What are some words that I can use to make my paper flow?
  • Body Paragraphs From Broad to Specific
    • Level 1: Topic Sentence
      • Controlling sentence names and controls the topic
    • Level 2: Clarifying Sentences
      • Help make the topic clearer—explain how support topic sent.
    • Level 3: Completing sentences
      • Add specific details/examples to complete the picture
    Animal (essay level) Dogs Poodles Fifi
  • Paint a picture with words Dog Level Poodle Level Fifi Level
  • Introductions
    • Catch reader’s attention
      • Broad to specific
      • Ask a question
      • Quotation
      • Anecdote/incident
      • Background information
  • Conclusions
    • Provide closure
      • Summarize main points
      • Call to action
      • Look to the future
  • To begin… Fold your paper into four squares. Darken in the lines. Write your basic thesis statement above the line in the middle to remind you of what you will be proving.
  • My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs. Now we have to answer the question—Why? Provide reasons , examples , incidents , facts/statistics to support our thesis. Animal level
  • Reasons why people choose foods
    • TASTE
      • texture, ingredients, sweet, sour, spicy
    • APPEARANCE
      • how the food looks, smells, presentation
    • MEMORIES & TRADITIONS
      • Holidays, special occasions, ethnic foods
    • COST
      • cheap fast foods, budget constraints
    • CONVENIENCE
      • food is ready to eat, available
    • EASY TO FIX
      • Few ingredients, simple recipe
    • HABIT
      • food is familiar and safe, know what to expect
    • PEER PRESSURE
      • Advertising, friend’s favorite
  • easy to fix fun to eat delicious Basic Thesis Statement ( because ) + the three reasons, examples, facts, or incidents in Box 1 of each section My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs because (1) it’s fun to eat, (2) it’s easy to fix, and (3) it’s delicious. Dog Level My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs.
    • Variety is the spice of life…
    Word Choice
  • Alternative words
    • Favorite
      • Prefer
      • Nothing better
      • Crazy about
      • Enjoy
      • Partial to
      • Desire
    • Food
      • Meal
      • Repast
      • Cuisine
      • Menu
      • Dishes
    • Fun
      • Entertainment
      • Amusement
      • Pleasure
      • Satisfying
    • Easy
      • Simple
      • Trouble-free
      • Effortless
      • Uncomplicated
    • Delicious
      • Tasty
      • Mouth-watering
      • Yummy
      • Appetizing
    Thesis statement: My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs.
  • Topic Sentence: My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs.
    • One reason I enjoy spaghetti and meatballs is because it is fun to eat.
    • Next , there is nothing better than spaghetti and meatballs when I need a quick, simple meal.
    • Most of all , spaghetti and meatballs is great because it makes a mouth-watering meal.
    • Finally , spaghetti and meatballs is definitely the best meal.
    • -Sauce
    • -Noodles
    • -Meatballs
    • -Twirl on my fork
    • -Slurp it quickly
    • -Play with Sauce
    • -Tomatoes
    • -Seasonings
    • -Meat
    My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs. 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident easy to fix 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident fun to eat 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident delicious Now we need to clarify what we mean by each reason. In other words, why/how is it fun to eat, easy to fix, and delicious. Paint a picture with words. Poodle Level
  • Topic Sentence: My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs.
    • One reason I enjoy spaghetti and meatballs is because it is fun to eat.
      • For example , spaghetti and meatballs makes me feel like a kid because I can twirl it on my fork, slurp it quickly, and play with the sauce.
    • Next , there is nothing better than spaghetti and meatballs when I need a quick, simple meal.
      • In other words , all I need are three simple ingredients: canned sauce, frozen meatballs, and noodles.
    • Most of all , spaghetti and meatballs is great because it makes a mouth-watering meal.
      • Specifically , I enjoy the tomatoes, Italian seasonings, and hamburger meat.
    • Finally , I can’t think of any food I’d rather eat than spaghetti and meatballs.
  • Describe Meal
  • Providing Support Where to start…
    • Basic Questions
      • Who?
      • What?
      • Where ?
      • When?
      • Why?
      • How?
      • Which one?
      • How many?
      • What kind?
    • Names (people, movie, restaurant, rides)
      • Best friend—Rochelle, Waiting to Exhale
      • Arby’s, Georgia Cyclone
    • Numbers
      • Three goldfish, 28 ounces, 18 years
    • Dates/Times
      • Last Thursday, July 4, morning, from 8:00-12:00
    • Places
      • May Park, Clarke Middle School
    • Colors
      • Crimson, burnt sienna, kelly green, chocolate, toast, peach
    • Comparisons
      • Like a mad dog, golf ball size
    • Sensory Details
      • Wiggle, clammy, murky, boom, clank, spicy, tangy
    • Active Verbs
      • Looked—glanced, squinted, peeked
  • Be specific Make comparisons Add color
    • Sauce
      • Ragu Chunky Mushroom
      • Chunky vine-ripe tomatoes
      • Crimson explosion
    • Meatballs
      • Ping pong balls
      • Red golf balls
      • Littered with parmesan cheese slivers
    • Spaghetti
      • Mounds of angel hair spaghetti
      • Twirl on fork
      • Like a ball of yarn
      • Swimming in sauce
    • -Sauce
      • Ragu Chunky Mushroom
      • Just open the jar and pour
      • 28 oz. size – two jars
    • -Noodles
      • 3 lb. Box—Kroger brand
      • 20 qt stock pot
      • Boil noodles 7-10 min.
    • -Meatballs
      • Hamburger meat
      • Roll into ping pong balls
      • Throw into sauce to cook
    • -Twirl on my fork
      • Ball of yarn
      • Twist clockwise
      • Use a spoon like Italians
    • -Slurp it quickly
      • Loud, smacking noises
      • Sloop up noodles
      • Noodles slap nose as loop into mouth
    • -Sauce
      • Like finger paint
      • Meatballs=red golf balls
      • Crimson explosion
    • -Tomatoes
      • Chunky not crushed
      • Fresh, tangy taste
      • Ripe, ruby red
    • -Seasonings
      • Tingle taste buds
      • Garlic—add extra
      • Onions—chunky
    • -Meat
      • Can add pork to hamburger
      • Add sausage—like a gumbo
      • Filling as Thanksgiving dinner
    My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs. 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident easy to fix 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident fun to eat 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident delicious
    • Sauce
    • Ragu Chunky Mushroom
    • Just open the jar and pour
    • 28 oz. size – two jars
    • Noodles
    • 3 lb. Box—Kroger brand
    • 20 qt stock pot
    • Boil noodles—ready in 7-10 min.
    • Meatballs
    • Hamburger
    • Roll into ping pong balls
    • Throw into sauce to cook
      • Came home from work late on Thursday, tired and exhausted…
    Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident easy to fix
    • Twirl spaghetti on my fork
    • Ball of yarn
    • Twist clockwise
    • Use a spoon like Italians
    • Slurp it quickly
    • Loud, smacking noises
    • Sloop up noodles
    • Noodles slap nose as loop into mouth
    • Sauce
    • Like finger paint
    • Meatballs=red golf balls rolling on plate
    • Crimson explosion
      • Last week cooked spaghetti for the family for dinner
    Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident fun to eat
    • Tomatoes
    • Chunky not crushed
    • Fresh, tangy taste
    • Ripe, ruby red
    • Seasonings
    • Tingle taste buds
    • Garlic—add extra
    • Onions—chunky
    • Meat
    • Can add pork to hamburger
    • Add sausage & shrimp—like a gumbo
    • Filling as Thanksgiving dinner
      • Comfort food—when I’m feeling down—revel in the tastes
    Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident delicious My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs. Connect Paragraphs Connect ideas within paragraphs Transition Word: Not only but also, Next, Then Transition Word: First, One reason, Most importantly Transition Word: Third, Most of all Transition Word: In summary, Finally For example Next, Also In addition To illustrate Such as Furthermore In other words Also In the end
    • -Twirl on my fork
      • Ball of yarn
      • Twist clockwise
      • Use a spoon like Italians
    • -Slurp it quickly
      • Loud, smacking noises
      • Sloop up noodles
      • Noodles slap nose as loop into mouth
    • -Sauce
      • Like finger paint
      • Meatballs=red golf balls
      • Crimson explosion
    My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs. 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident fun to eat Organizational Pattern Last week cooked spaghetti for family dinner—had fun together (narrative paragraph)
    • -Sauce
      • Ragu Chunky Mushroom
      • Just open the jar and pour
      • 28 oz. size – two jars
    • -Noodles
      • 3 lb. Box—Kroger brand
      • 20 qt stock pot
      • Boil noodles 7-10 min.
    • -Meatballs
      • Hamburger meat
      • Roll into ping pong balls
      • Throw into sauce to cook
    My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs. 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident easy to fix Organizational Pattern Came home from work late last Thursday, tired and exhausted—wanted something easy to fix (process paragraph)
    • -Tomatoes
      • Chunky not crushed
      • Fresh, tangy taste
      • Ripe, ruby red
    • -Seasonings
      • Tingle taste buds
      • Garlic—add extra
      • Onions—chunky
    • -Meat
      • Can add pork to hamburger
      • Add sausage—like a gumbo
      • Filling as Thanksgiving dinner
    My favorite food is spaghetti and meatballs. 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident delicious Organizational Pattern Comfort food when I’m feeling down—revel in the tastes (illustration)