Goals & Objectives State standards, accrediting bodies, NETS*Students How can the course objectives be broken down into units, modules, lessons? Varied levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy Outcomes/performances expected upon completion Criteria for success to ensure mastery
Acquiring 21st century skills such as higher level thinking, stronger communication abilities, and collaborative learning will encourage student engagement and increase academic achievement (Department of Education, 2002)
Learning Environment Andragogical considerations How can learning be made active? How can the environment promote peer interaction? How can students develop responsibility for their own learning?
1st Year College Student Knowledge = gradual accumulation of right answers acquired through effort and obedience to the instructor Role of the instructor is to TEACH them Right answers for everything exist Focused on passing the next test
Traditional Classroom Prescribed Curriculum Chalkboards Desks in rows Books and worksheets Paper & pencil Focus on the front (teacher) Read, take notes Study as an individual Take tests to measure learning
21st Century Classroom Constant, ubiquitous connectivity Moving beyond 4-walls Flexible, blended learning Collaborative environments Allowing global connections Studio-based learning Connections to communities and access to tools Space for reflection and creativity Bringing the real world into the classroom, and the classroom into the real world
Know Your Learners Personal demographics (ethnicity, socio-economic level, cultural background) that might impact learning Developmental stage of the student relative to the content Cognitive/Learning style of each student Generational learning styles Student’s entry skills with reference to the content and technology
Digital Immigrant or Digital Native Do you turn to the Internet first or second for information? Do you use a manual to learn a program, or is it intuitive? Do you print out your E-mail or have your secretary print it out for you? Do you need to print out a document in order to edit it? Do you call people into your office to see an interesting website rather than sending the link via E-mail? Do you make the “Did you get my E-mail?” phone call?
Digital Natives Ctrl + Alt + Del is as basic as ABC They have never been able to find the “return” key Computers have always fit in their backpacks They have always had a personal identification number Photographs have always been processed in an hour or less Bert and Ernie are old enough to be their parents Gas has always been unleaded Rogaine has always been available for the follicularly challenged --Beloit College, 2003, 2004
Net Gen Learners Digital Connected Experiential Visual & Kinesthetic Immediate Social
Adaptation It is not about whether you are a digital native but whether you can adapt to those whose style does not match your own. – Dede, 2005
Teaching & Learning Strategies Connect to prior knowledge Scaffold learning Motivation Engagement Relevance Rigor Relationships Student-Centered vs. Teacher-centered
What can you do? Make learning interactive & experiential Consider peer-to-peer approaches Utilize real-world applications Emphasize information literacy in courses Encourage reflection Incorporate collaborative learning Use informal learning opportunities Create opportunities for synthesis
Decide what’s important Technology does not drive choices Learning outcomes drive choices Knowledge construction Interactivity Relevance Authentic contexts
Horizon Report 2007 Key trends affecting higher education—next 5 years One year or less Social Networking User-Created Content Two-Three Years Mobile Phones Virtual Worlds Four-Five Years New Scholarship and Emerging Forms of Publication Massively Multiplayer Educational Gaming