Building Word Awareness

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Provides an introduction to word parts to help students figure out the meaning of words

Provides an introduction to word parts to help students figure out the meaning of words

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  • 1. Building Word Part Awareness Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee Education Specialist
  • 2.
    • Vocabulary forms the building blocks of language
  • 3. Learning is more than simply remembering
  • 4. Building Word Awareness
    • Words Parts
    • Roots
    • Prefixes
    • Suffixes
  • 5. What You Will Learn
    • Use roots , prefixes , and suffixes to figure out the meaning of words you do not know.
    • Some of this will seem basic. I can hear you saying, “but we studied this in elementary school.”
    • Did you retain it?
  • 6. What You Will Learn
    • Memory aids and study techniques to help you recall and use vocabulary
  • 7.
    • Word parts cannot stand alone.
      • prefixes re-, pre-, ab-
      • suffixes -ish, -ate, -ness
    • Some roots/base word can stand alone.
      • frost, heat, use, war
    • Some roots/base words cannot stand alone.
      • -bio-, -sect-, -chron-
    Root Words, Prefixes, Suffixes
  • 8. Root Words, Prefixes, Suffixes
    • A word is built upon at least one root
    • Words can have more than one root, prefix, or suffix.
      • Two or more roots ( geo / logy )
      • Two prefixes ( in / sub / ordination )
      • Two suffixes ( beauti / ful / ly )
  • 9.
    • Words do not always have a prefix and a suffix.
      • Neither a prefix nor a suffix ( read )
      • Suffix and no prefix ( read / ing)
      • Prefix and no suffix ( pre / read )
    Root Words, Prefixes, Suffixes
  • 10.
    • Suffixes change the part of speech
      • nation (n) – national (adj) – nationally (adv)
    • The spelling of roots often change as they are combined with suffixes.
    • Spelling does not change with prefixes.
    Root Words, Prefixes, Suffixes
  • 11. Root Words, Prefixes, Suffixes
    • Sometimes, what looks like a word part is not a word part.
      • mis in missile is part of the root and not a prefix.
    • Different word parts may have the same meaning.
      • bi-, di-, and duo- all mean “two”
      • un-, dis-, il, and contra - all mean “not”
  • 12. Roots
    • Roots carry the basic or core meaning of a word.
    • Hundreds of root words are used to build words in the English language.
    • The most common roots are from Greek and Latin.
  • 13. Common Roots
  • 14. Prefixes
    • Appear at the beginnings of many English words
    • Alter the meaning of the root to which they are attached
    • Root = placed (to put)
    • Prefix = mis (wrongly)
    • Misplaced = put in the wrong place
  • 15. Common Prefixes (excerpt from handout)
    • “ Not”
      • A-
      • Dis-
      • Un-
      • Contra-
    • Amount or Number
      • Quad-
      • Equi-
      • Tri-
      • Deci -
    • Direction, Location or Placement
      • Ab-
      • De-
      • Inter-
      • Retro-
  • 16. Suffixes
    • Suffixes are word endings that often change the part of speech of a word.
    • Expand your vocabulary
      • Learn the variations in meaning that occur when adding suffixes to words you already know.
  • 17. Suffixes
    • For Example:
        • Class
          • -ify Classify (verb)
          • -cation Classification (noun)
          • -ic Classic (adj.)
  • 18. Common Suffixes (excerpt from handout)
    • One Who (noun)
      • -er, -or (teacher)
      • -ee (referee)
      • -ist (activist )
    • State, Condition, Quality (adjectives)
      • -able, -ible (touchable)
      • -ive (permissive)
      • -ish (foolish)
    • Pertaining to or Referring to (noun)
      • -ship (friendship)
      • -hood (brotherhood)
    • Direction (adverb)
      • -ward (homeward)
    • State, Condition, Quality (noun)
      • -ance (assistance)
      • -ation (confrontation)
      • -ment (amazement)
  • 19. How to Use Word Parts
    • Look for the root (a word inside a larger word).
      • Example: non/ adapt /able
    • If you do not recognize the root, then you will probably not be able to figure out the meaning of the word.
  • 20. How to Use Word Parts
    • If you do recognize the root word, look for a prefix.
      • Example: non /adapt/able
    • Locate the suffix.
      • Example: non/adapt/ able
  • 21. How to Use Word Parts
    • Try out the meaning in the sentence in which the word was used.
    • The dodo became extinct because it was nonadaptable to changes in its environment.
    • Nonadaptable = not able to change