4 Square South

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Using 4-square organizational pattern to show students how to create the body of a 5-paragraph essay. Prompt: Which region of the …

Using 4-square organizational pattern to show students how to create the body of a 5-paragraph essay. Prompt: Which region of the
United States would
you rather live in?

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  • 1. Four-Square Method Gayla S. Keesee Education Specialist Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center rev. 8/2006 Which region of the United States would you rather live in?
  • 2. To begin… Fold your paper into four squares. Darken in the lines. Write your basic thesis statement above the line in the middle to remind you of what you will be proving.
  • 3. From Broad to Specific
    • Animals (essay level)
    • Dogs (paragraph level)
    • Poodles (clarifying)
    • Fifi (completing)
  • 4. Paint a picture with words Dog Level Poodle Level Fifi Level
  • 5. I prefer to live in the South. Now we have to answer the question—Why? Provide reasons , examples , incidents , facts/statistics to support our thesis. Animal level
  • 6. Reasons why people live in certain locations
    • SCHOOLS
      • School systems, higher education--kids, own education
    • WEATHER
      • hot, cold, seasons, clothing, activities
    • HISTORY & TRADITIONS
      • Architecture, museums, foods, culture
    • COSTS
      • Lower cost of living—housing, groceries, entertainment
    • ENTERTAINMENT
      • Sports, theatre, racing, ballet, concerts
    • EMPLOYMENT
      • Opportunities, job transfer
    • HABIT
      • Grew up there, familiar and safe, know what to expect
    • PEER PRESSURE
      • Friends/family live there
  • 7. History Food Southern Hospitality Basic Thesis Statement ( because ) + the three reasons, examples, facts, or incidents in Box 1 of each section I prefer living in the South because of the food, history, and Southern hospitality. I prefer to live in the South. Dog Level
  • 8.
    • -Architecture
    • -Museums
    • -Battlefields
    • -Breakfast
    • -Lunch/Dinner
    • -Drinks
    -Honor/Chivalry _Courteous Actions -Politeness/Manners I prefer to live in the South. 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident Now we need to clarify what we mean by each reason. In other words, why/how are the food, the history, and hospitality so great. Clarify! Clarify! Poodle Level History Food Southern Hospitality
  • 9.
      • Vivid Words
      • Comparisons
      • Examples/Incidents
      • Specifics
        • Names
        • Numbers
        • Colors
        • Sizes
        • Dates
        • Place Names
    Fifi Level
  • 10.
    • Names (people, movie, restaurant, rides)
      • Best friend—Rochelle, Waiting to Exhale
      • Arby’s, Georgia Cyclone
    • Numbers
      • Three goldfish, 28 ounces, 18 years
    • Dates/Times
      • Last Thursday, July 4, morning, from 8:00-12:00
    • Places
      • May Park, Clarke Middle School
    • Colors
      • Crimson, burnt sienna, kelly green, chocolate, toast, peach
    • Comparisons
      • Like a mad dog, golf ball size
    • Sensory Details
      • Wiggle, clammy, murky, boom, clank, spicy, tangy
    • Active Verbs
      • Looked—glanced, squinted, peeked
  • 11.
    • Sight
      • Description
      • Specific Nouns
      • Specific Verbs
    • Touch
      • Texture
    • Hearing
      • Onomatopoeia
    • Smell
      • fragrances
    • Taste
    Sensory Details
  • 12. Be specific Make comparisons Add color
    • Tex-Mex
      • Crunchy tacos
      • Mounds of tortilla chips
      • Chunky guacamole
      • Fire-engine red salsa
    • Soul Food
      • Crispy fried chicken
      • Ice-cold super-sweet tea by the gallon
      • Grits dripping with butter
      • Piled high like a mountain
  • 13. I prefer to live in the South.
    • -Architecture
      • Swan House—1928—Italian/Greek pillars, formal ballrooms, sweeping staircases
      • Tullie Smith Farm--blacksmith shop, smokehouse, log cabin, open-hearth kitchen
    • -Museums
      • Morris Museum of Art—Southern art—2,500 paintings, traveling exhibits, workshops
      • Atlanta History Center--exhibits, archives, gardens
    • -Battlefields
      • Manassas—first battle
      • Kennesaw Mountain
        • defend Atlanta
    • -Breakfast
      • Eggs—scrambled, over easy
      • Grits dripping with creamy butter
      • Meat—handmade pork sausage, hickory-smoked bacon, country-cured ham
      • Flaky buttermilk biscuits
      • Red-eye gravy or molasses
    • -Lunch/Dinner
      • Crispy fried chicken,
      • Vegetables--dried black-eyed peas w/ham hocks, okra—fried or stewed w/tomatoes, greens (turnip, collards, mustard)
      • cornbread, fritters
      • Dessert—Pies--(sweet potato, pecan) Cobblers (blackberry, peach)
    • -Drinks
      • Gallons of ice-cold, super-sweet Luzianne tea
      • Home-made, tart lemonade
      • Coke—any soft drink
    • -Honor/Chivalry
      • Keep word
      • Family impt.—clannish
      • Gentlemen and ladies
    • -Courteous Actions
      • Help strangers—flat tire (3 times), give directions
      • Standing in line—let others go ahead, chat
      • Help neighbors—check-up, visit, bring food
    • -Politeness/Manners
      • Please and thank you
      • Ma’am and sir
      • Ask permission—not tell
      • Hold door open
    1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident History Food 1. Reason, Example, Fact, or Incident Southern Hospitality
  • 14. Transition words and expressions help connect ideas within and between paragraphs. They do this by showing relationships , such as addition or contrast or result Teacher : Your paper doesn’t show a smooth flow of thoughts. You need to add transitions between ideas and paragraphs. Student : I have no idea what a transition is. What are some words that I can use to make my paper flow?
  • 15. I prefer to live in the South.
      • -Architecture
      • Swan House—1928—Italian/Greek pillars, formal ballrooms, sweeping staircases
      • Tullie Smith Farm--blacksmith shop, smokehouse, log cabin, open-hearth kitchen
    • -Museums
      • Morris Museum of Art—Southern art—2,500 paintings, traveling exhibits, workshops
      • Atlanta History Center--exhibits, archives, gardens
    • -Battlefields
      • Manassas—first battle
      • Kennesaw Mountain—
        • defend Atlanta
    • -Breakfast
      • Eggs—scrambled
      • Meat—handmade pork sausage, hickory-smoked bacon, country-cured ham
      • Grits dripping with creamy butter
      • Buttermilk biscuits
      • Red-eye gravy or molasses
    • -Lunch/Dinner
      • crispy fried chicken,
      • vegetables--dried black-eyed peas w/ham hocks, Okra—fried or stewed with tomatoes, greens (turnip, collards, mustard)
      • cornbread, fritters
      • Dessert—Pie--(sweet potato, pecan) Cobbler (blackberry, peach)
    • -Drinks
      • Gallons of ice-cold, super-sweet Luzianne tea
      • Home-made, tart lemonade
      • Coke—any soft drink
    • -Honor/Chivalry
      • Keep word
      • Family impt.—clannish
      • Gentlemen and ladies
    • _Courteous Actions
      • Help strangers—flat tire (3 times), give directions
      • Standing in line—let others go ahead, chat
      • Help neighbors—check-up, visit, bring food
    • -Politeness/Manners
      • Please and thank you
      • Ma’am and sir
      • Ask permission—not tell
      • Hold door open
    History Food Southern Hospitality In other words, Next, In addition To illustrate Such as Furthermore For example, Also To clarify Connect Paragraphs Connect ideas within paragraphs Transition Word: Not only but also, Next Transition Word: First, One reason Transition Word: Third, Most of all Transition Word: In summary, Finally
  • 16.
    • Variety is the spice of life…
    Word Choice
  • 17. Alternative words
    • Prefer
      • Nothing better
      • Crazy about
      • Enjoy
      • Partial to
      • Desire
      • Rather
    • Hospitality
      • Behavior
      • Warmth
      • Kindness
      • Generosity
      • Friendliness
      • Etiquette
      • Courtesy
    • Food
      • Meal
      • Repast
      • Cuisine
      • Menu
      • Dishes
    • History
      • Traditions
      • Culture
      • Shared past
      • Lifestyle
      • Way of life
      • Practices
    Thesis statement: I prefer to live in the South. Use the Thesaurus Microsoft Word Shift F7 or Tools—Language—Thesaurus
  • 18. Thesis statement: I prefer to live in the South.
    • 1 st paragraph:
      • First, Southern cooking will always keep me living below the Mason-Dixon Line.
    • 2 nd paragraph:
      • Next , I am physically and mentally tied to the South’s history and traditions.
    • 3 rd paragraph:
      • Most of all , I relish the feeling of welcome and familiarity central to living in the South.
  • 19.
    • Topic Sentences
    • First , Southern cooking will always keep me living below the Mason-Dixon Line.
    • Next , I am physically and mentally tied to the South’s history and traditions.
    • Most of all , I relish the feeling of welcome and familiarity central to living in the South.
    I prefer to live in the South.
      • -Architecture
      • Swan House—1928—Italian/Greek pillars, formal ballrooms, sweeping staircases
      • Tullie Smith Farm--blacksmith shop, smokehouse, log cabin, open-hearth kitchen
    • -Museums
      • Morris Museum of Art—Southern art—2,500 paintings, traveling exhibits, workshops
      • Atlanta History Center--exhibits, archives, gardens
    • -Battlefields
      • Manassas—first battle
      • Kennesaw Mountain—
        • defend Atlanta
    • -Breakfast
      • Eggs—scrambled
      • Meat—handmade pork sausage, hickory-smoked bacon, country-cured ham
      • Grits dripping with creamy butter
      • Buttermilk biscuits
      • Red-eye gravy or molasses
    • -Lunch/Dinner
      • crispy fried chicken,
      • vegetables--dried black-eyed peas w/ham hocks, Okra—fried or stewed with tomatoes, greens (turnip, collards, mustard)
      • cornbread, fritters
      • Dessert—Pie--(sweet potato, pecan) Cobbler (blackberry, peach)
    • -Drinks
      • Gallons of ice-cold, super-sweet Luzianne tea
      • Home-made, tart lemonade
      • Coke—any soft drink
    • -Honor/Chivalry
      • Keep word
      • Family impt.—clannish
      • Gentlemen and ladies
    • _Courteous Actions
      • Help strangers—flat tire (3 times), give directions
      • Standing in line—let others go ahead, chat
      • Help neighbors—check-up, visit, bring food
    • -Politeness/Manners
      • Please and thank you
      • Ma’am and sir
      • Ask permission—not tell
      • Hold door open
    History Food Southern Hospitality In other words, Next, In addition To illustrate Such as Furthermore For example, Also To clarify Connect Paragraphs Connect ideas within paragraphs Transition Word: Not only but also, Next Transition Word: First, One reason Transition Word: Third, Most of all
  • 20. Basic Paragraph
    • Topic Sentence
      • Transition + 1 st Supporting Detail
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
      • Transition + 2 nd Supporting Detail
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
      • Transition + 3 rd Supporting Detail
        • Transition + Example, Incident, Statistic
    • Transition + Clincher Sentence
  • 21.
    • Sample Paragraph
    • First, Southern cooking will always keep me living below the Mason-Dixon Line.
    • One of my favorite Southern meals is breakfast.
      • For example , last weekend I awoke to the scent of lightly scrambled eggs, grits dripping with creamy butter, and buttermilk biscuits wafting upstairs into my bedroom. My husband was busy frying ham to make red-eye gravy for the biscuits. I couldn’t wait to sink my teeth into these treats.
    • Next, our typical Sunday dinner is built around simple, satisfying meats, straight-from-the-garden vegetables, and ripe, fresh fruit.
      • For instance , my mom always has crispy fried chicken waiting for us.
      • In addition , we may enjoy fresh turnip or collard greens, fried okra, or fried green tomatoes.
      • We always end with a peach or apple cobbler.
    • Finally, in the hot dry days of a Southern summer, I can relish several uniquely Southern beverages.
      • First, for us Southerners, iced tea is an institution, almost a sacrament at church picnics. I fondly remember the "tea jug" of Luzianne tea, which was always in the refrigerator and often on summer days was drained and refilled more than once.
      • Next to iced tea, I savor a cool glass of tart home-made lemonade on a hot day. There’s just something about the combination of sugar and sour that quenches my thirst.
      • Furthermore, the South was the birthplace of several soft drink companies including Coca Cola, Pepsi, RC Cola, and Dr. Pepper. An RC and a MoonPie is the perfect snack on a lazy day.
    • Altogether, I can not imagine not being able to gobble and guzzle Southern foods anytime I want.
  • 22. For More Info.
    • Visit the
    • Mack Gipson, Jr.
    • Tutorial and Enrichment Center
    • Gipson Building
    • (across the fence from Haygood-Holsey)
    • 821-8345