World War II Begins

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World War II Begins

  1. 1. World War II Begins!
  2. 2. Video Clip: The Nazis Conquer Western Europe April: As the Nazis began their conquest of Western Europe; they invaded ______________, _____________, Belgium, Holland, and Luxemburg and now move into France. Italy attacks France from the south. Norway Denmark
  3. 3. Dunkirk Evacuated June 4, 1940 Over 300,000 French Troops were successfully evacuated out of France. Navy ships were hastily gathered and sent to the port of Dunkirk. Troops waited their turn to be evacuated. At the port, ships and beaches came under increasing aerial attack, civilian small boats were sent across to help take men.
  4. 4. France Falls! In May 1940, the Germans attacked France. the French army was caught off guard. Although both armies were about equal in strength in terms of troops and tanks, the Germans had superior numbers of aircraft and an invasion plan. The blitzkrieg sent French forces into a confused retreat, and as the Germans marched into Paris on June 14, the French government collapsed.
  5. 5. France Surrenders June, 1940
  6. 6. United States and Neutrality The United States is sympathetic to the Allies but ___________ control the Congress. Roosevelt’s (FDR’s) Fireside Chats assure that the U.S. will remain ________. ________________: The U.S. will sell arms to Allies for cash only and goods had to be picked up by the Allies. isolationists neutral Cash And Carry
  7. 7. The War in Great Britain In summer of 1940, the German ____________________ hit London with the Blitz, with bombing raids on the capital and dogfights in its sky during the _________________________________.Battle of Britain luftwaffe
  8. 8. Royal Air Force SceneRoyal Air Force Scene
  9. 9. Battle of Britain: The “Blitz”
  10. 10. Battle of Britain: The “Blitz”
  11. 11. The London “Tube”: Air Raid Shelters during the Blitz
  12. 12. The Royal Air Force
  13. 13. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
  14. 14. 1941 March: _______________: The U.S. lends weapons to Britain who agrees to pay later. Lend-Lease Act
  15. 15. The Nazis Invade Russia During the fall and early winter of 1941, German armored divisions had advanced toward _______________ at a rapid pace, capturing hundreds of thousands of Soviet troops in the process. Stalingrad
  16. 16. Operation Barbarossa: Hitler’s Biggest Mistake
  17. 17. Operation Barbarossa: June 22, 1941  3,000,000 German soldiers.3,000,000 German soldiers.  3,400 tanks.3,400 tanks.
  18. 18. The Atlantic Charter  Roosevelt and Churchill sign treatyRoosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941.of friendship in August 1941.  Solidifies alliance.Solidifies alliance.  Fashioned after Wilson’s 14 Points.Fashioned after Wilson’s 14 Points.  Calls for League of Nations typeCalls for League of Nations type organization.organization. Roosevelt and Churchill set goals for the postwar world in the ________________. Some of the terms include: That no country seeks territorial gain, the support of the right of people to choose their own government and establish a system of world security. It also warned Germany that the U.S. Would not remain _______ for much longer. Roosevelt and Churchill set goals for the postwar world in the ________________. Some of the terms include: That no country seeks territorial gain, the support of the right of people to choose their own government and establish a system of world security. It also warned Germany that the U.S. Would not remain _______ for much longer.neutral Atlantic Charter
  19. 19. Turning Point: Stalingrad During the fall and early winter of 1941, German armored divisions had advanced toward Moscow at a rapid pace, capturing hundreds of thousands of Soviet troops in the process. But by the first week of December, snow began falling, and temperatures plunged to -40° F. The German soldiers, not dressed for winter weather, were freezing and losing their will to fight. Their equipment also froze, becoming useless. The Russian winter finally accomplished what its military had failed to do: It halted the German offensive. Results: 90% of City was in ruins. German army on defensive, 90,000 soldiers surrendered (only 5,000 later returned.)
  20. 20. Enemy at the Gates Watch film clip about the Battle of Stalingrad.
  21. 21. Axis Powers in 1942
  22. 22. Video Clip: American Relations With Japan The United States refuses to sell oil and scrap metal to _______. December 7: Japan bombs the U.S. naval base at ____________, Hawaii, wiping out battleships, aircraft carriers, planes and killing 1500 Americans. December 8: The U.S. declares war on Japan and thus enters the war on Japan Pearl Harbor
  23. 23. Pacific Theater of Operations - Seized Hong Kong and Malaya - Conquered Singapore and the Dutch East Indies (islands of Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and Celebes) - Took Burma (between China and India) - Captured the Philippines - Seized Hong Kong and Malaya - Conquered Singapore and the Dutch East Indies (islands of Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and Celebes) - Took Burma (between China and India) - Captured the Philippines Japan had conquered more than 1 million square miles of land with about 150 million people.
  24. 24. Pearl Harbor
  25. 25. Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy!
  26. 26. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
  27. 27. Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit of a Japanese Pilot
  28. 28. President Roosevelt Signs the US Declaration of War
  29. 29. USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor
  30. 30. Pearl Harbor Memorial 2,887 Americans Dead!2,887 Americans Dead!
  31. 31. Turning Point: Pearl HarborTurning Point: Pearl Harbor On Sunday, December 7, 1941, Japanese aircraft initiated a surprise attack on the United States Pacific Fleet at Hawaii’s Pearl Harbor. The Japanese hoped to cripple the American fleet, which they perceived as the principal threat to victory in a war against the United States. Within a few hours the Japanese had destroyed four battleships and damaged four more, including the USS Arizona (pictured), destroyed other naval vessels and a large number of combat aircraft, and killed and wounded many American naval and military personnel.
  32. 32. United States Declares WarUnited States Declares War On December 8, 1941, the day after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt addressed a joint session of Congress and asked for a declaration of war against Japan. Roosevelt called December 7th “a date which will live in infamy.”
  33. 33. Pacific Theater of Operations - Seized Hong- Seized Hong Kong and MalayaKong and Malaya -- ConqueredConquered Singapore and theSingapore and the Dutch East IndiesDutch East Indies (islands of Java,(islands of Java, Sumatra, Borneo,Sumatra, Borneo, and Celebes)and Celebes) - Took Burma- Took Burma (between China(between China and India)and India) - Captured the- Captured the PhilippinesPhilippines Japan had conquered more than 1 million square miles of land with about 150 million people.
  34. 34. Singapore Surrenders [February, 1942]
  35. 35. U.S. Surrenders at Corregidor, the Philippines [March, 1942]
  36. 36. Bataan Death March: April, 1942 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans]76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POWMarched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines.camps in the Philippines. Film Clip 2:41- 7:00
  37. 37. Bataan: British Soldiers A LiberatedA Liberated British POWBritish POW
  38. 38. Island Hopping in the Pacific!Island Hopping in the Pacific!
  39. 39. Island Hopping Strategy SuccessfulIsland Hopping Strategy Successful Led by Douglas McArthur, the United States began an island-hopping campaign that would push the Japanese back to Japan. Midway, 1942 Iwo Jima, 1944-45 Guadalcanal, 1942-43 Philippines, 1944 Okinawa, 1945
  40. 40. Turning Point: MidwayTurning Point: Midway The Battle of Midway was a victory for American forces and marked a turning point in the Pacific theater during World War II. The battle was fought in the waters off the Midway Islands in June 1942 between United States land-and carrier-based planes and Japanese carrier-based planes. The Japanese lost four aircraft carriers, two cruisers, and three destroyers. The Americans lost the aircraft carrier Yorktown and one destroyer.
  41. 41. Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942
  42. 42. Allied Counter-Offensive: “Island-Hopping”
  43. 43. “Island-Hopping”: US Troops on Kwajalien Island
  44. 44. A VoiceFrom ThePastA VoiceFrom ThePast “Hell was furry red spiders as big as yourfist, giant lizards as long as yourleg, leeches falling from trees to suck blood, armies of white ants with bites of fire, scurrying scorpions inflaming any flesh they touched, enormous rats and bats everywhere, and rivers with waiting crocodiles. Hell was the sour, foul smell of the squishy jungle, humidity that rotted a body within hours…Hell was an enemy…so fanatic that it used its own dead as booby traps.”
  45. 45. Gen. MacArthur “Returns” to the Philippines! [1944]
  46. 46. Leyte IslandLeyte Island AfterGuadalcanal, theAfterGuadalcanal, the Japanese advances in theJapanese advances in the Pacific had been stopped.Pacific had been stopped. American ground troopsAmerican ground troops continued to push toward thecontinued to push toward the Philippines, landing at LeytePhilippines, landing at Leyte Island in October1944.Island in October1944. The Japanese used nearly theirThe Japanese used nearly their entire fleet againstentire fleet against MacArthur’s troops in theMacArthur’s troops in the battles of Leyte Gulf, makingbattles of Leyte Gulf, making this the largest navalthis the largest naval engagement in history.engagement in history. Despite the impressiveDespite the impressive showing by the Japanese,showing by the Japanese, ____________________________________________________ the Allied forcesthe Allied forces prevailed.prevailed.
  47. 47. MacARTHUR’S PROCLAMATION “IHAVERETURNED” Original copy of General Douglas MacArthur’s message to the Filipino people which he read at Palo Beach, Leyte on October20, 1944.
  48. 48. Victory With A Steep PriceVictory With A Steep Price Such victories in the Pacific did not come easy. While theSuch victories in the Pacific did not come easy. While the Allies captured the key city of Manila in March, 1945,Allies captured the key city of Manila in March, 1945, fierce Japanese resistance prevented them from fullyfierce Japanese resistance prevented them from fully conquering the islands until July, at the horrific cost ofconquering the islands until July, at the horrific cost of 60,000 American lives.60,000 American lives. Even as the Japanese suffered defeat aftercrushing defeat,Even as the Japanese suffered defeat aftercrushing defeat, the imperial forces seemed only to increase theirresistance.the imperial forces seemed only to increase theirresistance.
  49. 49. Turning Points: Africa and ItalyTurning Points: Africa and Italy Operation Torch, 1942-43 El Alamein, 1942-43 Invasion of Sicily and Italy, 1943 Operation Overlord (D-Day), 1944
  50. 50. Invasion of AfricaInvasion of Africa German Forces had been moving across the North African desert under the command of _____________________ (nicknamed the “Desert Fox”). North Africa was considered the gateway to Italy. 1. Allies launch “_____________________________” - a surprise attack on German troops. Led by American _____________________________ Results: ________________________Rommel’s troops defeated and pushed out of Northern Africa Operation Torch Dwight D. Eisenhower Erwin Rommel
  51. 51. Invasion of ItalyInvasion of Italy Patton (farthest left) comes ashore after the 1st Divison saved the beachead on Sicily from a massive German counterattack At the Casablanca Conference held in January 1943, Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt decided to launch an invasion of Sicily. It was hoped that if the island was taken Italy might withdraw from the war. It was also argued that a successful invasion would force Adolf Hitler to send troops from the Eastern Front and help to relieve pressure on the Red Army in the Soviet Union .
  52. 52. PattonPatton "No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. He won it by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country."
  53. 53. Liberation of Sicily!Liberation of Sicily! On 17th August 1943, General George Patton and his troops marched into Messina. The capture of the island made it possible to clear the way for Allied shipping in the Mediterranean. It also helped to undermine the power of Benito Mussolini and Victor Emmanuel III forced him to resign.
  54. 54. Invasion of Italy!Invasion of Italy! Results: By September 1943, Allied forces defeated Italian forces who withdrew from the war. In 1945, Mussolini attempted to escape to Switzerland, only to be captured and executed by Communist Italian partisans. His body was taken to Milan where it was hung upside down at a petrol station for public viewing. Allied soldiers at foot of Monte Cassino Mussolini’s body hung upside down for public viewing
  55. 55. Operation OverlordOperation Overlord By the spring of 1944 anBy the spring of 1944 an elaborate plan--code-namedelaborate plan--code-named Operation Overlord --wasOperation Overlord --was secretly in place to launchsecretly in place to launch the attack.the attack. The Allies, led by AmericanThe Allies, led by American General Dwight EisenhowerGeneral Dwight Eisenhower faced an enemy determinedfaced an enemy determined to keep them from landingto keep them from landing successfully anywhere alongsuccessfully anywhere along the western Europeanthe western European coastline.coastline.
  56. 56. To ensure against such a landing, Hitler ordered Field Marshal Erwin Rommel to complete the Atlantic Wall --2,400 miles of fortifications made up of concrete bunkers, barbed wire, tank ditches, landmines, fixed gun emplacements, and beach and underwater obstacles. These obstacles were specially designed to rip out the bottoms of landing craft or blow them up before they reached the shore.
  57. 57. More than 150,000 men, a fleet of 5,000 ships and landing craft, 50,000 vehicles, and 11,000 planes were ready to secretly cross the English Channel. This force was the largest armada in history!
  58. 58. D-Day:D-Day: Operation OverlordOperation Overlord On June 6, 1944, a force of about 152,000 Allied soldiers from the UnitedOn June 6, 1944, a force of about 152,000 Allied soldiers from the United States, Britain, and Canada stormed the beaches of Normandy inStates, Britain, and Canada stormed the beaches of Normandy in northern France, where they were supported by about 23,000northern France, where they were supported by about 23,000 paratroopers.paratroopers.
  59. 59. "In wartime, truth is so precious that she must always"In wartime, truth is so precious that she must always be attended by a bodyguard of lies."be attended by a bodyguard of lies." Winston Churchill, 1943Winston Churchill, 1943 The main objective of the Allied deception strategy was to convince the Germans that an invasion would indeed take place-but not at Normandy. The most obvious choice for an invasion site was Calais, located at the narrowest part of the English Channel, only 22 miles from Britain. Hitler was almost certain that the Allies would attack here. This 25-pound gun and its carriage were made from plywood
  60. 60. Military Decoy
  61. 61. The Allies encouraged Hitler's belief by employing an ingenious ruse. Throughout southeastern England they built phony armies, complete with dummy planes, ships, tanks, and jeeps. With the help of British and American motion picture crews, they created entire army bases that would look authentic to German reconnaissance aircraft. These "bases" gave the impression of a massive Allied buildup in preparations for an invasion of France at Calais. The ruse worked. Hitler ordered a heavy concentration of troops and artillery in the Pas de Calais region. In doing so he left Normandy less heavily defended. A Sherman tank made from inflatable rubber
  62. 62. Result: The Allied forces were successful in gaining a foothold in Northern France. On August 25th , 1944 the Allied forces had liberated France and began pushing German forces back.
  63. 63. D-Day was the largest seaborne invasion in history. The invasion at Normandy took the Germans by surprise, because they expected an invasion from the narrowest part of the English Channel. The Germans fought the invasion fiercely, but by the end of the day, all five beaches were secured by the Allies.
  64. 64. What if it Failed?What if it Failed? The invasion at Normandy brought on the beginning of the end for Hitler and his Nazis. Had the invasion failed: • Hitler would have been able to pull troops from France to strengthen his Eastern Front against the encroaching Soviet Union. • A second Allied invasion into France would have taken more than a year to plan, supply, and assemble. • Hitler, meanwhile, would have further strengthened his Atlantic Wall, his newly developed V-1 flying bombs and V-2 rockets would have continued to rain down on England from launching pads across the Channel, •The Nazis' Final Solution against European Jews might well have succeeded completely.
  65. 65. European Theater of Operations
  66. 66. The “BigThe “Big Three”Three” A meeting in Tehrān, Iran, in 1943 was held to discuss the military strategy and post-World War II policy for Europe. The leaders decided to invade France in 1944, against Churchill’s recommendations. The meeting marked the apex of the East-West wartime alliance. Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill
  67. 67. Battle of the BulgeBattle of the Bulge • The Battle of the Bulge whichThe Battle of the Bulge which lasted from December 16,lasted from December 16, 1944 to January 28, 1945 was1944 to January 28, 1945 was thethe largest landlargest land battle ofbattle of World War II in which theWorld War II in which the United States participated.United States participated. More than a million menMore than a million men fought in this battle includingfought in this battle including some 600,000 Germans,some 600,000 Germans, 500,000 Americans, and500,000 Americans, and 55,000 British.55,000 British. • At the conclusion of theAt the conclusion of the battle the casualties were asbattle the casualties were as follows: 81,000 U.S. withfollows: 81,000 U.S. with 19,000 killed, 1400 British19,000 killed, 1400 British with 200 killed, and 100,000with 200 killed, and 100,000 Germans killed, wounded orGermans killed, wounded or captured.captured.
  68. 68. Battle of the BulgeBattle of the Bulge
  69. 69. The Battle of Berlin •By April 1, 1945, the Russians were outside Berlin. They built up for two weeks, knowing that Berlin would be heavily contested. •Berlin’s fate was sealed, but the resistance continued. The Soviets sustained 305,000 dead; the Germans sustained as many as 325,000, including civilians. •On April 30, Adolf Hitler married Eva Braun, took cyanide and shot himself. •Berlin surrendered on May 2. Soviet soldiers ransacked the city, raping 100,000 German women of all ages and looting anything of value. The Battle of Berlin was over, and with it went the Third Reich. The thousand-year Reich had lasted for twelve years, and 50 million people were dead. The German Surrender was signed on May 7 in Rheims, France. Downfall Clip Film Clip
  70. 70. Hitler Commits Suicide April 30, 1945 The FThe Füührer’shrer’s BunkerBunker Cyanide & PistolsCyanide & Pistols Mr. & Mrs. HitlerMr. & Mrs. Hitler Film Clip
  71. 71. Hitler in Buenos Aires??
  72. 72. The Yalta ConferenceThe Yalta Conference In February 1945 the leaders of the Allied powers, known as the Big Three, met at Yalta on the Crimean Peninsula to discuss Allied military strategy in the final months of World War II.
  73. 73. VE-DAY, May 8, 1945VE-DAY, May 8, 1945 Winston Churchill acknowledges crowd on VE-Day. VE Day marks the day of the Allies’ victory in Europe during World War II. After 3½ years of war, Nazi Germany surrendered unconditionally in 1945.
  74. 74. War in Europe Ends!War in Europe Ends!
  75. 75. Pacific WarPacific War Battles On!Battles On! Kamikaze, which in Japanese means “divine wind,” were suicide squadrons organized by the Japanese air force in the last months of World War II. Pilots flew their aircraft, loaded with explosives, directly into U.S. naval vessels. Kamikaze pilots, sacrificing their lives in a last-ditch effort to stop the American advance, sank about 40 U.S. ships.
  76. 76. Kamikaze PilotsKamikaze Pilots
  77. 77. Japanese Kamikaze Planes: The Scourge of the South Pacific Kamikaze PilotsKamikaze Pilots SuicideSuicide BombersBombers Kamikaze pilots, sacrificing theirlives in a last-ditch effort to stop the American advance, sank about 40 U.S. ships.
  78. 78. US Marines on Mt. Surbachi, Iwo Jima [Feb. 19, 1945]
  79. 79. Battle of Iwo JimaBattle of Iwo Jima In March of 1945, American marines gained control of the tiny, but strategically located, island of Iwo Jima. Iwo Jima is just 660 miles from Tokyo. This victory came after losing more than 20,000 more soldiers than they had ever lost in a single battle.
  80. 80. Harry TrumanHarry Truman When Franklin Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945, Harry Truman came into office. The European war was coming to an end, and he was left to concentrate on the war in the Pacific. The only obstacle that the United States needed to overcome was _________________________. Although much of the Japanese naval fleet and air force had been destroyed by Allied raids, their ancient _________________ tradition prevented a surrender. Therefore, an Allied victory would create extremely high casualties; military advisors predicted that an invasion of Japan would cost over ____________________ American lives. This fact put Truman in a very difficult position. Japan Shinto 500,000
  81. 81. Atomic BombAtomic Bomb On August 6, 1945, during World War II, the United States dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, a Japanese city and military center. The blast destroyed 68 percent of the city and damaged another 24 percent. An estimated 60,000 to 70,000 people were killed or reported missing, according to U.S. estimates, and thousands more were made homeless. Sixteen hours after the attack, U.S. President Harry S. Truman’s report of the event was broadcast to radio listeners. Aftermath and Impact
  82. 82. NagasakiNagasaki Three days later, on August 9th , a second bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. Over 40,000 people died instantly. In the successive weeks, thousands more Japanese died from the after effects of the _______________ exposure of the blast.radiation
  83. 83. VJ-Day: The War is Over!VJ-Day: The War is Over! Japanese officials formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, aboard the United States battleship Missouri. Japan's surrender brought an end to World War II (1939-1945).
  84. 84. hh ee ww aa rr !!
  85. 85. Mass Destruction in the 20th Century “The Holocaust and the dropping of the atomic bomb are both inexcusable violent acts against innocent people that should have been prevented.” Do Now:Do Now:
  86. 86. Reasons and Motivations • Extreme Nationalism (Fascism) of Nazi Germany • Scapegoating and Anti-Semitism – Blaming Jews for problems in Germany. Used propaganda to spread hatred.
  87. 87. Methods and Strategies • Nuremberg Laws (1935) • Kristallnacht, Night of Broken Glass (1938) Stage One: Legislation and Acts of Violence Stage Two: Ghettos 1939: All possessions of Jews in Germany and Poland were taken and they were forced to reside in sections of the city called “Ghettos.”
  88. 88. Methods and Strategies Jews were deported from Ghettos to the camps to carry out plans for their “final Solution” Stage Three: Deportation Stage Four: Concentration Camps Victims went through selection process: some were put to work, others were killed by poison gas and their bodies were burned in ovens.
  89. 89. CrematoriaCrematoria atat MajdanekMajdanek Entrance toEntrance to AuschwitzAuschwitz Aftermath and Impact Death – 6 million Jews and 5 million others were killed.
  90. 90. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Mass Graves at Bergen-BelsenMass Graves at Bergen-Belsen
  91. 91. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed
  92. 92. The Manhattan ProjectThe Manhattan Project Dr. RobertDr. Robert OppenheimerOppenheimer I am become death, the shatterer of worlds! Film Clip President HarryPresident Harry TrumanTruman 1. How should President Truman end the war? What are his options? 2. What are the objections toward using the atomic bomb? 1. How should President Truman end the war? What are his options? 2. What are the objections toward using the atomic bomb?
  93. 93. Reasons and Motivations • Extreme nationalism and militarism of Japanese • Military who refused to surrender. • Kamikaze pilots were killing American soldiers and causing damage to U.S. ships. •Risk of Land invasion – Americans calculated over 1 million American and Japanese casualties •Need to end war before Stalin and Soviet Union could arrive to help.
  94. 94. Method and Strategy Little Boy Fat ManLittle Boy Fat Man Used the crew of the Enola Gay to drop first bomb on Hiroshima
  95. 95. Col. Paul Tibbets & the A-Bomb
  96. 96. Hiroshima – August 6, 1945Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 © 70,000 killed70,000 killed immediately.immediately. © 48,000 buildings.48,000 buildings. destroyed.destroyed. © 100,000s died of100,000s died of radiation poisoning &radiation poisoning & cancer later.cancer later. Aftermath and Impact
  97. 97. © 40,000 killed40,000 killed immediately.immediately. © 60,000 injured.60,000 injured. © 100,000s died of100,000s died of radiation poisoningradiation poisoning & cancer later.& cancer later. Nagasaki August 9, 1945 Nagasaki August 9, 1945 Aftermath and Impact
  98. 98. Japanese A-Bomb Survivors
  99. 99. Hiroshima Memorials
  100. 100. Costs of the WarCosts of the War • Mass DestructionMass Destruction • 40 Million dead – 25 million wounded40 Million dead – 25 million wounded • Europe, USSR, North Africa, East Africa wereEurope, USSR, North Africa, East Africa were destroyeddestroyed • Major cities in ruins – Berlin, Paris, London, TokyoMajor cities in ruins – Berlin, Paris, London, Tokyo • Holocaust and Atomic Bomb – Civilian casualtiesHolocaust and Atomic Bomb – Civilian casualties
  101. 101. Creation and Restructuring of New NationsCreation and Restructuring of New Nations • Germany Split:Germany Split: East – controlledEast – controlled by USSRby USSR West – USA,West – USA, France, BritainFrance, Britain • Japan occupied byJapan occupied by the U.S. – Led bythe U.S. – Led by MacArthur -MacArthur - Created aCreated a constitution andconstitution and democracydemocracy • Israel Declared aIsrael Declared a sovereign nationsovereign nation • DecolonizationDecolonization begins in India andbegins in India and AfricaAfrica
  102. 102. Development of SuperpowersDevelopment of Superpowers • U.S. and USSR become world SuperpowersU.S. and USSR become world Superpowers • US – Democracy and CapitalismUS – Democracy and Capitalism • USSR – Totalitarian and CommunismUSSR – Totalitarian and Communism • Yalta Conference – Division of Europe led toYalta Conference – Division of Europe led to USSR control of Eastern Europe and the “IronUSSR control of Eastern Europe and the “Iron Curtain”Curtain”
  103. 103. New TechnologyNew Technology • Atomic BombsAtomic Bombs • Improved tanks, planes, submarines, weaponsImproved tanks, planes, submarines, weapons • Aircraft Carrier, walkie talkie, Radar, SonarAircraft Carrier, walkie talkie, Radar, Sonar • Leads to arms race and space race between USALeads to arms race and space race between USA and USSRand USSR
  104. 104. United NationsUnited Nations • 1945 - Replaces1945 - Replaces League of NationsLeague of Nations • Goal – MaintainGoal – Maintain peace, promotepeace, promote cooperation betweencooperation between nations, fight worldnations, fight world hunger, disease,hunger, disease, ignoranceignorance • Most nations joined –Most nations joined – General AssemblyGeneral Assembly • Security Council –Security Council – USA, USSR, Britain,USA, USSR, Britain, France, ChinaFrance, China

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