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    Socialistrealism Socialistrealism Presentation Transcript

    • 1. The Formula for Twentieth Century Revolution
      • Traditional Rural Society
      • Rapid Industrialization
      • Corrupt, stubborn, unresponsive political system
      • Harsh living conditions, unfair treatment
    • 2. Failure of the Provisional Government
      • Liberal provisional government replaces Czar
      • Liberalism not deeply rooted in Russia
      • Continued to fight in WWI
      • Did not grant massive land reforms and respected private property
    • 3. Success of the Bolsheviks
      • Tight organization with a plan of action
      • Lenin was a charismatic leader, great revolutionary organizer
      • Created a vanguard of the Proletariat (Dictatorial Force)
      • Protect Russia against capitalism and western imperialism
      • Pressed for state control of all land
      • Called for immediate revolution
    • 4. Actions of the Bolsheviks
      • Created a one party communist system
      • Exited WWI (Brest-Litovsk Treaty)
      • Redistributed land to peasants
      • Nationalized Basic Industry
    • 5. Civil War
      • Resistance from czarist loyalists
      • Whites (Czarist loyalists) vs Reds (Communists)
      • Whites were supported by U.S., France, Britain, and Japan
      • 3 year war – Red Army wins, widespread support against foreign intervention.
    • 6. New Economic Policy (NEP)
      • 1921 – Lenin promises greater freedom to small business and peasant farmers
      • Temporary policy to boost economy
      • Allowed some capitalism and private ownership of land
      • Food production began to recover, stabilized government
    • 7. Summary
      • USSR becomes the first Communist nation
      • Created a new political, economic and cultural structure without internal challenge
      • Authoritarian Rule
      • Supported socialist movements around the world
      • 1923 – New constitution created a federal system of socialist republics
      • Capital is moved to Moscow
    • What part of the story is this painting depicting?
    • What is Socialist Realism? Do Now: Why would communist leaders want art that looked realistic instead of abstract?
    • Social Realism Life in the Soviet Union
      • Objective:
      • To understand the impact Joseph Stalin had on the Soviet Union
      • To compare and contrast the purpose of art between the Soviet Union and the Western world.
    • Leader Stalin with scouts The Glorification of Stalin
    • Celebration on a collective farm Collectivization
    • A staged photo (`1921) extolling the virtues of agricultural collectivism. In reality, most peasants fiercely opposed this system in which they were forced to give up their own private farms and move to cooperatively owned and run farms, where a certain amount of each harvest was seized by the State. As a result of their opposition, several million peasants met death by an engineered famine and genocide. It is said that Stalin did not want to improve the harvests or the peasants' lives, but saw collectivism as a means of consolidating his power, since a free peasant and master of his land was perceived as a threat to this power.
    • They are writing about us in Pravda
    • Russian construction workers writing letters to Stalin. Industrialization:Five Year Plans
    • This impressive dam was completed under Stalin's Five Year Plan for modernizing Soviet industry. With Stalin at the controls, technology was a "god", feverishly embraced for the Party in the name of Marx and Lenin. Although many projects were successfully completed and moved the Soviet empire into modern times, goals often exceeded the available resources. Those who dared point this out were called "wreckers", accused of treason, and punished. By accusing "wreckers" of thwarting the plans of the State, Stalin was able to divert attention from the real reasons for the failure of his schemes .
    • World War II
    • Fascists flee Russia!
    • A Russian Family with Stalin. Social Changes
    • Sporting events at Russian Stadium
    • Female Athlete
    • Western Art
    • “ The modern individual is out of touch with the inner realities of life and is somehow lost. He suffers from philosophical and spiritual confusions.” Life Magazine, 1948
    • Marcel Duchamp Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 1912
    • Marcel Duchamp Fountain
    • Salvador Dali Persistence of Memory
    • Salvador Dali
    • Salvador Dali Cannibalism in Autumn
    • Salvador Dali Madonna of Port Lligat, 1948
    • Jackson Pollack, 1950
    • Social-Realism “Social on the inside and realistic on the outside,” the most effective style for controlling the public . Why the hell would anyone make those works on their own? We were ordered. If you didn’t agree to do it, they would either kill you or send you to Siberia. Naturally the entire culture was declared as a tool for propaganda. If you wanted to do something for yourself, art for yourself, you had to also give a tribute to the ideology.” - Lithuanian artist
    • In turn, artists complied with State demands and produced in a naturalist, academic style. They wouldn't dare to even dream of abstract art. Lenin and Vincas Kapsukas, leader of Lithuanian Communist Party
    • The Poet Ceret (1911)
    • Lincoln for the defense
    • Picasso Guernica, 1937