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Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
Ottoman empire update
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Ottoman empire update

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  • 1. “The Sick Man of Europe” “The Sick Man of Europe” OTTOMAN EMPIRE Period V: 17501900
  • 2. The Greatest Extent of Ottoman Rule
  • 3. I. Problems: (1750-1800s) A. Ended Policy of Fratricide (When the Sultan must kill all of his brothers) Led to succession of weak sultans led to power struggle between ministers, religious experts, and Janissary __________________ commanders. B. Elite factions developed – resulted in split of Empire and vast corruption _____________. Local officials and land owning classes cheated the sultan and peasantry by skimming taxes. C. Competition of imported goods from Europe led to a decline of the Ottoman economy. handicraft Inflation and decline of ________________ industry resulted in ___________________ on European dependence goods. As a result, riots by merchants and artisans took place. Janissary D. __________________ military lacked leadership, resources, and modern weaponry and training.
  • 4. II. Losses A. Following the failed siege of Vienna _____________ in 1683, the Austrian Hapsburg Dynasty took all of Hungary and the Northern Balkans (1699-1791) Russian B. The _________________ Empire, looking for a warm water port in the Black Sea, took Crimea and land in the British Caucasus In 1780s. The French _______________ and _______________ later stopped them during the Crimea War of 1854-1856.
  • 5. C. Mamluks Egypt Napoleon defeated the _______________ regime that ruled __________ in 1798. Murad, the Leader of the Mamluks said Napoleon was nothing but a donkey boy whom he would soon drive from his lands. However, the firepower and tactics of the French legions easily defeated the British Mamluk cavalry. Napoleon was later chased out of Egypt by the _____________ but the attack sent shockwaves throughout the Muslim world. Greek D. __________________ independence in 1830. E. Serbian independence in 1867 F. By 1870, almost all of the Balkans and Northern Africa was out of Ottoman control.
  • 6. The Great The Great Game Game III. Ottoman Survival: A. Balance of Power B. Crimean War: British and French supported the Ottoman Empire to prevent the Russians from taking Istanbul and threatening Mediterranean sea trade. The Ottoman’s were known as “The Sick Man of Europe".
  • 7. “Defensive Modernization” 1. Selim III (1789-1807) – Selim III tried to improve the administration and build a new army and navy. However, he was seen as a assassinated threat to Janissary power. The Janissary revolted and ______________ Selim III. 2. Mahmud II (1826-1860s) – He used Secret professional army European advisors to train a ______________________. Can a Muslim people modernize without I Will carry out your sacrificing their essential religious character? reforms! Loss of Identity! Loss of Identity! C. Internal reforms were difficult to accomplish due to conflicts within the ruling elite. Some wanted western changes, others wanted return to old traditions, and some wanted no changes at all.
  • 8. Auspicious Incident: Defeat of Janissaries 2. Film Clip Mahmud II tricked the Janissaries into a revolt where they were surprised and overwhelmed by the power of the new army. Mahmud destroyed the Janissaries and their supporters and began reforms. He sent ambassadors to Europe and westernized the army. Mahmud II Mahmud II
  • 9. OTTOMAN EMPIRE Do Now Do Now Period V: 1750-1900 Why would Egypt and the Middle East be an important Why would Egypt and the Middle East be an important location for the British and French? location for the British and French?
  • 10. What event is being portrayed in this paining and what is the significance of this event? What Event? What Event? Who are these people? Who are these people? Where could this be? Where could this be? What are they looking at? What are they looking at? “Soldiers, consider that from the top of those pyramids forty centuries gaze at you.”
  • 11. Muhammad Ali How does nationalism threaten empire? Rise of Arab Nationalism Rise of Arab Nationalism
  • 12. Modernization 3. Tanzimat The _____________ Reforms – 1839-1876 • Created a westernized ___________________ University system • Began training in science and math • Created a state run postal and telegraph system • National bank Created railways, infrastructure, and a _________________ • Legal reforms to stop corruption – helped religious minority and artisans – more secular law code • Constitution 1876 - _______________________ based on European ideas • Little reforms for___________________ Women The Topkapi Palace The Topkapi Palace The Dolmabahce Palace The Dolmabahce Palace
  • 13. Suez Canal In 1856 the Suez Canal Company was formed and granted the right In 1856 the Suez Canal Company was formed and granted the right to operate the canal for 99 years after completion of the work. to operate the canal for 99 years after completion of the work. Construction began in April 1859 with forced laborers digging with Construction began in April 1859 with forced laborers digging with picks and shovels. Later, European workers with dredgers and steam picks and shovels. Later, European workers with dredgers and steam shovels arrived and the Suez Canal was finally completed in 1869. shovels arrived and the Suez Canal was finally completed in 1869. Major improvements began in 1876, however, and the Major improvements began in 1876, however, and the canal soon grew into the one of the world's most canal soon grew into the one of the world's most heavily traveled shipping lanes. In 1875, Great Britain heavily traveled shipping lanes. In 1875, Great Britain became the largest shareholder in the Suez Canal became the largest shareholder in the Suez Canal Company when ititbought up the stock of the new Company when bought up the stock of the new Ottoman governor of Egypt. Seven years later, in Ottoman governor of Egypt. Seven years later, in 1882, Britain invaded Egypt, beginning a long 1882, Britain invaded Egypt, beginning a long occupation of the country. occupation of the country.
  • 14. The Orient Express
  • 15. Rise of Turkish Nationalism •Repressive ruler •Undid Tanzimat Reforms - Nullified the Constitution - Restricted civil liberties BUT – continued westernization of the military Sultan Abdul Hamid Sultan Abdul Hamid Young Turks Young Turks •Army officers who forced Sultan Hamid to summon Parliament in 1908 and eventually removed from power. •Wanted to modernize and westernize Turkey •Led to conflict and genocide of Armenians
  • 16. Rise of Turkish Nationalism 1. What was the greatest reform of the Ottoman Empire during this time period? Why? 2. Do you think the Tanzimat reforms would permanently strengthen the Ottoman Empire or was it too little, too late? Why? Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Father of Modern Turkey Father of Modern Turkey

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