Western Europe: Big Picture Themes
600-1450            Western Europe Political           1750-1914 Dark Ages, Feudalism,                                    ...
600-1450           Western Europe Economic               1750-1914Manorialism, serfdom                                    ...
Western Europe Social                                                   1750-1914                                    1450-...
Western Europe Conclusions                                    Political1. The negative impact of the fall of Rome, decentr...
Southwest Asia: Big Picture Themes
Southwest Asia Political             1750-1914        600-1450   Rise of Islam 622 CE                                     ...
600-1450            Southwest Asia Economic              1750-1914      Crossroads of                                     ...
600-1450                                                    1750-1914    Polytheistic to                              Sout...
Southwest Asia Conclusions                                      Political1. Politics in the Southwest Asia have been highl...
600-1450            Western Europe Political          1750-1914Dark Ages, ___________,                                    ...
600-1450            Western Europe Economic               1750-1914____________, serfdom                                  ...
Western Europe Social               1450- 1750                           1750-1914                                     Eth...
600-1450               Southwest Asia Political            1750-1914Rise of __________ 622 CE                             ...
600-1450            Southwest Asia Economic              1750-1914 ________________ of                                    ...
600-1450                                                    1750-1914    Polytheistic to                              Sout...
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Middle east and europe review

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Middle east and europe review

  1. 1. Western Europe: Big Picture Themes
  2. 2. 600-1450 Western Europe Political 1750-1914 Dark Ages, Feudalism, Enlightenment decentralization 1450- 1750 Revolutions (France) Charlemagne – Rise of Nation-State and Secular Constitutional Carolingian Empire Empire- France, England, governments Holy Roman Empire Holy Roman Empire Nationalist MovementsPower of Roman Catholic Reconquista of Spain (Italy, Germany,Faith – Pope, Canon law, Religious wars Austria, Russia) excommunication, Absolute Monarchs Sea based Empires, Great Schism 1054 Louis XIV, Charles V, Wars (Seven Years,Islamic Spain, Crusades, Phillip II, Maria Teresa, Magna Carta, Mongol Spanish American, Henry VIIIThreats, Hundred Years’ Boer, Crimean, Opium) Divine Right Rule War Bureaucracy, oversea New Imperialism, Rise of trading cities possessions Berlin Conference (Venice, Florence) Balance of Power Limited monarchy in Renaissance Socialism, communism England – Civil War 1642 1914-Present Clash of Democracy, Communism and Fascism - World War I and II – Decolonization - Cold War – Rise of Super Powers. Liberal movement and Welfare State to Conservatism - European cooperation (European Union) Rise of Terrorism,
  3. 3. 600-1450 Western Europe Economic 1750-1914Manorialism, serfdom Proto-Industrialization,Limited trade – unsafe 1450- 1750 Industrial Revolution routes, agricultural Mercantilism, agricultural Need for resources and markets, agricultural Church had great Exploration – water routes wealth – Tithe Tax to Asia, Encounter of Factory system, Americas, Colonialism enclosure movementAfter Crusades, trade Sugar, Silver, Slaves mass production, newroutes develop, - Silk inventions True Global trade, sea based,Road, Mediterranean, Spanish inflation End of slavery – need Hanseatic League Columbian Exchange – for low wage workers –Urbanization, Guilds, urbanization potato, tobacco, maize led banks, currency to population boom Eco Imperialism –Goods – wool, honey, spheres of influence Trading companies, laissez- salt, copper, tin, expanded capitalism faire capitalism animals and consumerism 1914-Present Globalization, New technology, Consumerism, World Bank, need for oil capitalism vs communism, Great Depression – Welfare state, socialismRise of service industries, environmental regulations, immigration of workers, Economic European Union (Euro)
  4. 4. Western Europe Social 1750-1914 1450- 1750 Ethnocentric Ethnocentrism, Racism 600-1450 Population increase, Rise of Population increase- crowdedFeudalism (King, Nobles, merchants, farmers cities – families split due to High Priests, Knights, End of serfdom factory work, harsh conditions, crime, alcoholism, health issues serfs) Renaissance – Greco-Roman art, architecture Humanism, New Elite Class (entrepreneurs) Code of Chivalry and New working class secularism, women – merchants, Church influenced art, (Proletariat) midwives, witch hunts music, illumination, Status based on wealth, not land gothic architecture Reformation – split in religion or family (Luther, Calvin) CounterWomen – homemakers, Reformation Women lost work at home due to weak, subordinate – factories, start to gain suffrage Scientific Revolutionsome could trade and Enlightenment, natural rights, Increase in wages – consumerjoin guilds. Convents. lateen sail, printing press, goods, leisure time, theater, compass, caravel, gunpowder sports,Increased urbanization, (guns, cannons) Social Darwinism, White Man’s universities, Start of Burden, democracy, feminism, Renaissance communism 1914-Present Population decrease – immigration, Rise of middle class, educated elite Consumerism, advertising, entertainment, film, sports, common fashions, trends Status based on wealth, education, and profession Women’s rights – gain jobs in all professions Computer age, Information age, Nuclear power, Space travel, Green movement, Secularism, liberalism vs conservatism
  5. 5. Western Europe Conclusions Political1. The negative impact of the fall of Rome, decentralization, and warfare that causedthe dark ages, eventually became positive factors that caused the rise and dominationof Europe.2. Northern European Nations brought ideas of democracy and enlightenment to theircolonies while Iberian Nations brought ideas of Absolutism and Roman Catholicism. Economic1. Western success was achieved by the development of a series of technologicaldevices such as the gun, printing press, steam engine, and nuclear power.2. Once Europe was able to find a water route to Asia and controlled theAtlantic and Pacific Ocean trade routes, they dominated the world. Social1. Over time in European society, the influence of religion has decreasedwhile the role and rights of women have increased.2. The main reason of European Global influence was the Greco-Romanideals of humanity and individualism.
  6. 6. Southwest Asia: Big Picture Themes
  7. 7. Southwest Asia Political 1750-1914 600-1450 Rise of Islam 622 CE Ottoman Empire continues Mecca, Muhammad, umma 1450- 1750 to decline - becomes(community) Shariah, Dar al- Ottoman Empire dependent on British and Islam 1453 – conquest of French (Crimean War) Constantinople by Sunni-Shiite Split, caliph Mehmed II, spread of Nationalism – Revolts inUmayyad Caliphate 661-750 empire to Syria, Egypt, Serbia, Greece – movements Damascus, Arab, tolerance North Africa in Egypt (Muhammad Ali)for Jews/Christians “people Sulieman the Magnificent – and Turkey (Young Turks, of the book” 1520-1566, Golden Age Ataturk)Abbasid Caliphate 750-1258 focused on warfare and used Janissaries Industrialization in Egypt toBaghdad, gave equal status modernize military – cashto converts, Golden Age, no Failed siege of Vienna crops (cotton) Suez Canalclear succession, high taxes 1529, Loss at Battle of Seljuk Turks, Crusades, Lepanto 1571, corruption, Attempted TanzimatMongol IlKhanate, Ottoman taxes, lack of technology reforms, Constitution Empire 1289-1923 led to long decline Janissaries eliminated 1914-Present Ottoman Empire falls after WWI, Creation of Mandates, Nation-States, Creation of Israel Arab-Israeli Wars, Iranian Revolution, Islamic Fundamentalism, Iran-Iraq War, OPEC,Persian Gulf War, Iraqi War, Afghanistan War, Rise of Terrorism (PLO, Hamas, Hezbollah, Al-Qaeda)
  8. 8. 600-1450 Southwest Asia Economic 1750-1914 Crossroads of Agricultural society 1450- 1750 Exports of raw materials –civilizations and hub of Agricultural and lacked industrializationtrade – caravan routes and manufactured goods (Spices, sugarcane, merchant society carpets, textiles, Decline of trade with the Handicrafts and textiles handicrafts) West – slow economic could not compete with European Industry –Mecca, Baghdad, Cairo – decline due to inflation, became dependent, loans, commercial center, European sea routes extraterritoriality markets (Bazaar), Domination of Eastern schools, merchants, Mediterranean trade, Some attempts to slaves, Jiyza Tax modernize military, use Indian Ocean trade tariffs to protect goods Mongols destroyed Slaves from Africa used Baghdad but later as servants, Harem Suez Canal helped worldincreased trade, spread trade of Bubonic Plague 1914-Present Oil, OPEC (Oil Cartels), some industrialization, modernization of military and infrastructure, urbanization (Cairo, Dubai, Baghdad), Suez Canal still vital, guest workers going to western Europe, lacks manufactured goods, tourism
  9. 9. 600-1450 1750-1914 Polytheistic to Southwest Asia Social Islam continues to Monotheistic (Islam and 1450- 1750 dominate Shariah law) Islam continues to Tolerant of others Some westernization dominate culture, society – (Suez Canal, Military)Education, technology, art, religious tolerance Lack of industrialization – architecture (Dome, Merchants and Jannisaries artisans could not minarets), calligraphy, are valuable to society geometry (Arabic compete with West numerals), astronomy, Beautified Constantinople Population growth, cities cartography, literature, (Hagia Sophia) preserved Greco-Roman Women were subordinate, Failed attempts of culture merchants, lack of Enlightenment ideals education, politics – (Tanzimat Reforms)Women were veiled, couldown property, merchants, veiling, Harem Women seen as inferior, harems, men could have Haremsfour wives, later secluded 1914-Present Islam dominates, Ethnic and religious strife – Arab-Israeli conflict, Armenian genocide, Sunni-Shiite conflicts, Palestinian refugees, lack of tolerance Strict Islamic law, women in burqas, lack of rights (Iran, Taliban) Westernization – computers, internet, some women’s rights (Turkey, Egypt) Urbanization, population increase, some rejection of Western ideals
  10. 10. Southwest Asia Conclusions Political1. Politics in the Southwest Asia have been highly influenced by Islam since itsdevelopment in 622 C.E.2. Middle East has always been vulnerable to outside invasions due to its lack ofnatural barriers and crucial location. Economic1. Due to it’s location and resources, Southwest Asia never really industrialized orcreated its own manufactured goods which resulted in an inconsistent economy..2. The Islamic economy declined once it was unable to control and benefitfrom the Silk Road and Indian Ocean Trade route. Social1. Many people in Southwest Asia are torn between their traditional cultural values andmodern western ideals.2. Women were consistently seen as inferior to men and only recently havebeen given more political and social rights in some areas.3. The role of Religion has been vital to the identity and culture of the people
  11. 11. 600-1450 Western Europe Political 1750-1914Dark Ages, ___________, Enlightenment decentralization 1450- 1750 Revolutions (France) Charlemagne – Rise of ___________ and _______ Constitutional Carolingian Empire Empire- France, England, governments Holy Roman Empire Holy Roman Empire _________ MovementsPower of _____________ _____________ of Spain (Italy, Germany,Faith – Pope, Canon law, Religious wars Austria, Russia) excommunication, Absolute Monarchs ___ based Empires, ________________ 1054 ____________, Charles V, Wars (Seven Years,Islamic Spain, Crusades, Phillip II, Maria Teresa, ________________, Spanish American, Henry VIIIMongol Threats, Hundred Boer, Crimean, Opium) _______________ Rule Years’ War Bureaucracy, oversea New Imperialism, Rise of trading cities possessions Berlin Conference (Venice, Florence) __________________ Limited monarchy in Renaissance Socialism, communism England – Civil War 1642 1914-Present Clash of Democracy, Communism and ______________ - World War I and II –Decolonization - Cold War – Rise of ________________. Liberal movement and Welfare State to Conservatism - European cooperation (European Union) Rise of _______________,
  12. 12. 600-1450 Western Europe Economic 1750-1914____________, serfdom Proto-Industrialization,Limited trade – unsafe 1450- 1750 ___________________ routes, agricultural _____________, agricultural Need for resources and markets, agricultural Church had great Exploration – water routes wealth – _______ Tax to Asia, Encounter of ____________ system, Americas, Colonialism enclosure movementAfter __________, trade _______________________ mass production, new routes develop, - Silk inventions True Global trade, sea based, Road, Mediterranean, Spanish inflation End of _______ – need for Hanseatic League ______________ Exchange low wage workers –Urbanization, ________, urbanization – potato, tobacco, maize led banks, currency Eco Imperialism – spheres to population boomGoods – wool, honey, of influence expanded Trading companies, laissez- capitalism and salt, copper, tin, faire capitalism _________________ animals 1914-Present Globalization, New technology, Consumerism, World Bank, need for____ ______________ vs communism, Great Depression – Welfare state, socialism Rise of service industries, environmental regulations, immigration of workers, Economic European Union (Euro)
  13. 13. Western Europe Social 1450- 1750 1750-1914 Ethnocentric Ethnocentrism, __________ 600-1450 Population increase, Rise of Population increase- crowdedFeudalism (King, Nobles, merchants, farmers cities – families split due to High Priests, Knights, End of _____________ factory work, harsh conditions, crime, alcoholism, health issues serfs) Renaissance – Greco-Roman art, architecture _____________, New Elite Class (entrepreneurs) Code of ___________ and New working class secularism, women – merchants, Church influenced art, (__________________) midwives, witch hunts music, illumination, Status based on ___________, _________ architecture _______________ – split in not land or family religion (Luther, Calvin) Counter Women – homemakers, Reformation Women lost work at home due to weak, subordinate – factories, start to gain suffrage ________________ Revolution some could trade and Enlightenment, natural rights, Increase in wages – consumerjoin guilds. ___________. lateen sail, printing press, goods, ___________ time, compass, caravel, gunpowder theater, sports, Increased urbanization, (guns, cannons) Social _____________, White universities, Start of Man’s Burden, democracy, Renaissance feminism, communism 1914-Present Population decrease – immigration, Rise of ________________, educated elite _________________, advertising, entertainment, film, sports, common fashions, trends Status based on wealth, education, and profession _____________ rights – gain jobs in all professions Computer age, Information age, Nuclear power, Space travel, Green movement, Secularism, liberalism vs conservatism
  14. 14. 600-1450 Southwest Asia Political 1750-1914Rise of __________ 622 CE Ottoman Empire continuesMecca, Muhammad, umma 1450- 1750 to decline - becomes (community) Shariah, Ottoman Empire _________________ on Dar al-Islam 1453 – conquest of British and French (Crimean _________________ Split, ____________ by Mehmed War) caliph II, spread of empire to Syria, Egypt, North Africa ______________ – Revolts inUmayyad Caliphate 661-750 Serbia, Greece – movements Damascus, Arab, tolerance Sulieman the Magnificent – 1520-1566, Golden Age in Egypt (Muhammad Ali)for Jews/Christians “people and Turkey (Young Turks, of the _______” focused on warfare and used _______________ Ataturk)Abbasid Caliphate 750-1258Baghdad, gave equal status Failed siege of Vienna Industrialization in Egypt toto converts, Golden Age, no 1529, Loss at Battle of modernize military – cashclear succession, high taxes Lepanto 1571, corruption, crops (cotton) ___________ taxes, lack of technology Seljuk Turks, _________, led to long _________ Attempted ________reforms,Mongol IlKhanate, Ottoman Constitution Janissaries Empire 1289-1923 eliminated 1914-PresentOttoman Empire falls after WWI, Creation of Mandates, Nation-States, Creation of _______ Arab-Israeli Wars, Iranian Revolution, Islamic ____________________, Iran-Iraq War,OPEC, Persian Gulf War, Iraqi War, Afghanistan War, Rise of ____________________ (PLO, Hamas, Hezbollah, Al-Qaeda)
  15. 15. 600-1450 Southwest Asia Economic 1750-1914 ________________ of Agricultural society 1450- 1750 Exports of raw materials –civilizations and hub of Agricultural and lacked industrializationtrade – caravan routes and _____________ goods (Spices, sugarcane, merchant society carpets, textiles, _________ of trade with Handicrafts and textiles handicrafts) the West – slow could not compete with ____________ Industry –Mecca, Baghdad, Cairo – economic decline due to became dependent, loans, _____________ center, inflation, European sea extraterritoriality markets (Bazaar), routes schools, merchants, Domination of Eastern Some attempts to slaves, ________ Tax modernize ________, use _______________ trade, tariffs to protect goods____________ destroyed Indian Ocean trade Baghdad but later ______ from Africa used ______ Canal helpedincreased trade, spread as servants, Harem world trade of Bubonic Plague 1914-PresentOil, _______ (Oil Cartels), some industrialization, modernization of military and infrastructure, urbanization (Cairo, Dubai, Baghdad), Suez Canal still vital,guest workers going to western Europe, lacks manufactured goods, ________
  16. 16. 600-1450 1750-1914 Polytheistic to Southwest Asia Social Islam continues toMonotheistic (__________ 1450- 1750 dominate and Shariah law) Islam continues to Tolerant of others Some ______________ dominate culture, society – (Suez Canal, Military)Education, technology, art, religious _____________ Lack of industrialization – architecture (Dome, Merchants and Jannisaries artisans could not minarets), calligraphy, are valuable to society geometry (Arabic compete with West numerals), astronomy, _________ Constantinople Population growth, cities cartography, literature, (Hagia Sophia) preserved Women were subordinate, Failed attempts of_________________culture merchants, lack of ______________ ideals _____________, politics – (Tanzimat Reforms) veiling, Harem Women seen as inferior,Women were veiled, couldown property, merchants, Harems________, men could havefour wives, later secluded 1914-PresentIslam dominates, Ethnic and religious _______ – Arab-Israeli conflict, Armenian genocide, Sunni-Shiite conflicts, Palestinian refugees, lack of tolerance Strict ________ law, women in burqas, lack of rights (Iran, Taliban)_________________ – computers, internet, some women’s rights (Turkey, Egypt) Urbanization, population increase, some rejection of Western ideals

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