What do Connections do?
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What do Connections do?



Presented to SUNY, May 31, 2012

Presented to SUNY, May 31, 2012



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  • Each node represents an Incan Temple – sun temple at centre
  • Multidimensional Networks and the Dynamics of Sociomateriality:Bringing Technology Inside the NetworkNOSHIR S. CONTRACTOR1Northwestern UniversityPETER R. MONGEUniversity of Southern CaliforniaPAUL M. LEONARDINorthwestern University
  • http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v464/n7291/full/nature08932.html
  • http://connectedlearning.tv/infographic
  • http://www.spiegel.de/fotostrecke/fotostrecke-68235-2.html
  • http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2012/03/22/300000-quebec-students-protest-tuition-hike/

What do Connections do? What do Connections do? Presentation Transcript

  • What do connections do? George Siemens, PhD May 31, 2012 Presented to: SUNY Stony Brook, New York
  • Networks aren’t new
  • Inca Temple Nodes
  • Network language is so pervasive that we rarely move past “node/connection” discourse
  • i.e.
  • Source: http://www.orgnet.com/sna.html
  • or
  • Source: http://www.chrisharrison.net/index.php/Visualizations/ClusterBall
  • But most networks are far more complex
  • Multiple node types, Multiple relationships Contractor, Monge, Leonardi (2011)
  • Contractor, Monge, Leonardi (2011)
  • This is especially true as information continuesto be digitized (and increase in abundance)Distributed cognition - information held intechnology & artifacts
  • Innovation asconstantcombinations andrecombinations ofexisting technologies
  • Rocket “the thousand threads that lead from the locomotive to the very beginnings of the modern world” Rosen, 2010 Source: http://www.solarnavigator.net/inventors/george_stephenson.htm
  • Knowledge has a structure
  • Source: http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
  • Knowledge has a history (archeology)
  • Archeology of Knowledge“history deciphered the traces left by men, it nowdeploys a mass of elements that have to begrouped, made relevant, placed in relation to oneanother to form totalities” (Foucault)
  • Note quality ofInca stone work(bottom)(Spanish top)
  • Spanish additionIncan-Foundation
  • Learning (education) is the process ofdeveloping awareness of the connections in adiscipline.
  • Three levelsNeuralConceptualSocial/External
  • Science as a connective enterprise(Bibliography…and Garfield’s impact factor asinspiration for Google)
  • The scientific method is a structured process for connection validation
  • Northeast Blackout: 2003From 12:15 pm to 4:13 pm:Small power-flow monitoring tool failureto 250+ power plant failure
  • “A fundamental property of interdependentnetworks is that failure of nodes in one networkmay lead to failure of dependent nodes in othernetworks. This may happen recursively and canlead to a cascade of failures.” Buldyrev et al (2010)
  • Thinking in networks
  • Our education system should communicate information (idea) relatedness and connectivity(not discrete knowledge elements)
  • CoherenceSynchronizationResonanceLock-in
  • Coherence“an ancient urge to seek a comprehensivepicture of the world for the sake ofunderstanding ourselves, for knowledge’s sake,and not the least for acting as best we can” Cordero 2007
  • Coherence
  • Resonance“psychological arousal”
  • AppleSilicon ValleyBoundary-based lock-in
  • Creating integrated ecosystems:Content,Delivery,Assessment(The integrator, rules)
  • MOOCsHow can an educator teach 1,000, 5,000, or100,000 students?
  • MOOCsThey can’t. The learners teach one another(fill knowledge gaps in others)
  • Half-ideas colliding to form new (innovative) knowledge wholes: MOOCs
  • Education system- Should be about spaces for optimal idea connectedness- Space design, not only learning design- Openness of content and teaching enlarges society’s capacity to handle complex problems- xED is academia’s push back at commercialization of knowledge/learning
  • Expertise development through activities that activate multiple(meaningful) knowledge connections
  • Participatory pedagogies
  • Creating: artifacts, stuff, remixing, newassemblies, novel connectedness
  • New points of control in connection-formation redistribute power in society (education)
  • Source: Speigel15-M Movement
  • Quebec Student Tuition Protests, 2012
  • Future of Higher Education MOOCStarts: Oct 2012More info on www.elearnspace.org/blog soon
  • “networked science has thepotential to dramaticallyspeed up the rate of scientificdiscovery”
  • Distributed Research Lab:http://www.solaresearch.org/storm/Looking for research leads and doctoral students
  • Learning Analytics: Practitioners WorkshopPurdue: Oct 1-3, 2012http://www.solaresearch.org/flare/
  • Twitter: gsiemenswww.elearnspace.orgwww.connectivism.ca