Rethinking teaching: Networks and social connections George Siemens May 1, 2008 Pacific Northwest Higher Education Teachin...
<ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Hype?
Web 2.0 Millenials Open Education Resources Blogs Wikis Second Life Virtual Worlds Twitter Wikipedia YouTube uStream Podca...
Distributed learning Learner-centered Authentic Teaching Accountability Standards Online learning Hybrid learning Blended ...
Reality?
Explosion
Information
 
An exabyte? How Big? <ul><li>Five exabytes of information is equivalent in size to the information contained in  37,000 ne...
<ul><li>In 2007 the digital universe equalled 281bn gigabytes of data, or about 45gb for every person on Earth  </li></ul>...
<ul><li>It took two centuries to fill the shelves of the Library of Congress with more than 57 million manuscripts, 29 mil...
Increased: Complexity and Access
<ul><li>Time: 1990-2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Cost?: $3 Billion </li></ul>
<ul><li>Map your DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Cost?: $1000 </li></ul><ul><li>“ You can discover your origins, learn what the late...
Getting to 25% <ul><li>Electricity =46 years </li></ul><ul><li>Telephones =35 years  </li></ul><ul><li>Televisions =26 yea...
<ul><li>IP traffic will nearly double every two years through 2011. Total IP traffic will nearly quintuple in the five-yea...
<ul><li>Internet's current network architecture will reach the limits of its capacity by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>AT & T </l...
<ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Social theories of learning
Vygotsky Socio-cultural
Leontiev Action has not meaning in itself  but in relation to others
<ul><li>“ The information required by individuals for functioning in society and for the survival of society itself is not...
Bandura <ul><li>“ Socially interdependent effort” </li></ul><ul><li>Triad: Cognitive, biological, environmental </li></ul>
Relationship of <ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul>
<ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>D...
The tool is the thing...
Gibson:  affordances “Action possibilities”
Extending ourselves:  Technological advances
 
<ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Let’s get fragmented
Pieces
Distribution
Cognition
Sensemaking <ul><li>All meanings are created in the public domain...in collective situations and actions </li></ul><ul><li...
Knowledge
Creation
Learning
Duality of fragmentation <ul><li>Ease of customization, adaptation, individualization </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure of buildi...
<ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Connectivism
What do we mean when we say  “Network Learning”?
<ul><li>1. Technical infrastructure </li></ul>
<ul><li>2. Network structure </li></ul>
<ul><li>3. Distributed cognition, knowledge, and learning </li></ul>
<ul><li>4. Network skills </li></ul>
<ul><li>5. Systemic views of networked learning, knowledge, and education </li></ul>
<ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Who does what? <ul><li>Who speaks? How? </li></ul><ul><li>Who has control? </li></ul>
Information is participation
 
Dilbert
Human face to murder <ul><li>Jill Leovy: Homicide Report </li></ul><ul><li>http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/homicidereport/...
History Commons <ul><li>http://www.cooperativeresearch.org  </li></ul>
Open Educational Resources
<ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Our reality <ul><li>Tremendous growth of information and complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Our social nature </li></ul><ul><li>...
On becoming...
Different teachers
Not only domain-specific knowledge
But connections
 
And new literacies
Literate/competent with networks
Literate with information <ul><li>Finding </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating </li></ul><ul><li>Filtering </li></ul><ul><li>Shari...
Literate with identity
Literate with process/tools <ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Tool selection </li></ul><ul><li>Pro...
From knowing something to connecting to something
Websites and Newsletters <ul><li>www.elearnspace.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.knowingknowledge.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.conn...
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Spokane

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Presentation in Spokane to Pacific Northwest Higher Education Teaching and Learning Conference

Published in: Education, Technology

Spokane

  1. 1. Rethinking teaching: Networks and social connections George Siemens May 1, 2008 Pacific Northwest Higher Education Teaching & Learning Conference Learning Technologies Centre www.umanitoba.ca/learning_technologies
  2. 2. <ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed. Everything. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning networks </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>And into the abyss of chaos we shall teach </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hype?
  4. 4. Web 2.0 Millenials Open Education Resources Blogs Wikis Second Life Virtual Worlds Twitter Wikipedia YouTube uStream Podcasts flickr Skype Diigo Blogger Google Docs LMS Learning 2.0
  5. 5. Distributed learning Learner-centered Authentic Teaching Accountability Standards Online learning Hybrid learning Blended learning Globalization Digital literacy Digital divide
  6. 6. Reality?
  7. 7. Explosion
  8. 8. Information
  9. 10. An exabyte? How Big? <ul><li>Five exabytes of information is equivalent in size to the information contained in 37,000 new libraries the size of the Library of Congress book collections. </li></ul><ul><li>UC Berkeley </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>In 2007 the digital universe equalled 281bn gigabytes of data, or about 45gb for every person on Earth </li></ul><ul><li>International Data Corporation </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>It took two centuries to fill the shelves of the Library of Congress with more than 57 million manuscripts, 29 million books and periodicals, 12 million photographs, and more. Now, the world generates an equivalent amount of digital information nearly 100 times each day. </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Innovation Alliance </li></ul>
  12. 13. Increased: Complexity and Access
  13. 14. <ul><li>Time: 1990-2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Cost?: $3 Billion </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Map your DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Cost?: $1000 </li></ul><ul><li>“ You can discover your origins, learn what the latest genetic findings may mean for you, and connect genetically with friends, family, and others across the globe.” </li></ul>
  15. 16. Getting to 25% <ul><li>Electricity =46 years </li></ul><ul><li>Telephones =35 years </li></ul><ul><li>Televisions =26 years </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband=6 years </li></ul><ul><li>McKinsey </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>IP traffic will nearly double every two years through 2011. Total IP traffic will nearly quintuple in the five-year period from 2006-2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Cisco’s “The Exabyte Era” 2007 </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Internet's current network architecture will reach the limits of its capacity by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>AT & T </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed. Everything. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning networks </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>And into the abyss of chaos we shall teach </li></ul>
  19. 20. Social theories of learning
  20. 21. Vygotsky Socio-cultural
  21. 22. Leontiev Action has not meaning in itself but in relation to others
  22. 23. <ul><li>“ The information required by individuals for functioning in society and for the survival of society itself is not carried in our biotic genes but in our societal institutions” </li></ul><ul><li>Tolman </li></ul>
  23. 24. Bandura <ul><li>“ Socially interdependent effort” </li></ul><ul><li>Triad: Cognitive, biological, environmental </li></ul>
  24. 25. Relationship of <ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed. Everything. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning networks </li></ul><ul><li>And into the abyss of chaos we shall teach </li></ul>
  26. 27. The tool is the thing...
  27. 28. Gibson: affordances “Action possibilities”
  28. 29. Extending ourselves: Technological advances
  29. 31. <ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed. Everything. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning networks </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>And into the abyss of chaos we shall teach </li></ul>
  30. 32. Let’s get fragmented
  31. 33. Pieces
  32. 34. Distribution
  33. 35. Cognition
  34. 36. Sensemaking <ul><li>All meanings are created in the public domain...in collective situations and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Wittgenstein (Toulmin) </li></ul>
  35. 37. Knowledge
  36. 38. Creation
  37. 39. Learning
  38. 40. Duality of fragmentation <ul><li>Ease of customization, adaptation, individualization </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure of building realities outside of solid frameworks </li></ul>
  39. 41. <ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed. Everything. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning networks </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>And into the abyss of chaos we shall teach </li></ul>
  40. 42. Connectivism
  41. 43. What do we mean when we say “Network Learning”?
  42. 44. <ul><li>1. Technical infrastructure </li></ul>
  43. 45. <ul><li>2. Network structure </li></ul>
  44. 46. <ul><li>3. Distributed cognition, knowledge, and learning </li></ul>
  45. 47. <ul><li>4. Network skills </li></ul>
  46. 48. <ul><li>5. Systemic views of networked learning, knowledge, and education </li></ul>
  47. 49. <ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed. Everything. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning networks </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>And into the abyss of chaos we shall teach </li></ul>
  48. 50. Who does what? <ul><li>Who speaks? How? </li></ul><ul><li>Who has control? </li></ul>
  49. 51. Information is participation
  50. 53. Dilbert
  51. 54. Human face to murder <ul><li>Jill Leovy: Homicide Report </li></ul><ul><li>http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/homicidereport/ </li></ul>
  52. 55. History Commons <ul><li>http://www.cooperativeresearch.org </li></ul>
  53. 56. Open Educational Resources
  54. 57. <ul><li>What are we really facing? </li></ul><ul><li>Social views of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tools? </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed. Everything. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning networks </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>And into the abyss of chaos we shall teach </li></ul>
  55. 58. Our reality <ul><li>Tremendous growth of information and complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Our social nature </li></ul><ul><li>Tools to extend ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Networks to filter, make sense, think, learn </li></ul><ul><li>Shifting control: Thinning class walls </li></ul>
  56. 59. On becoming...
  57. 60. Different teachers
  58. 61. Not only domain-specific knowledge
  59. 62. But connections
  60. 64. And new literacies
  61. 65. Literate/competent with networks
  62. 66. Literate with information <ul><li>Finding </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating </li></ul><ul><li>Filtering </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Re-creating </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborating </li></ul>
  63. 67. Literate with identity
  64. 68. Literate with process/tools <ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Tool selection </li></ul><ul><li>Process selection </li></ul>
  65. 69. From knowing something to connecting to something
  66. 70. Websites and Newsletters <ul><li>www.elearnspace.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.knowingknowledge.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.connectivism.ca </li></ul><ul><li>http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/wordpress/ </li></ul><ul><li>gsiemens AT elearnspace DOT org </li></ul>
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