Sensemaking and Wayfinding
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Sensemaking and Wayfinding

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • Do you know of High Schools that are utilizing the MOOC format?
    Bill Vining Jr.
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  • Hi George, I notice that you refer to the Cynefin model in your presentation. I'm busy putting together a draft proposal for a PhD study in education in South Africa and intended using the Cynefin model and the concepts of objectivism and constructivism to give some mental model to instructional designers when deciding when to provide what sort of learning experiences for whom. As I learn more about connectivism and networking, open learing environments, etc. I realise that instructional designers may need to learn how to create the space in which learning can occur and then take on the role of learning experts (not content experts) - i.e. give direction in terms of how to solve something rather than provide the answers. Sounds obvious but a big change needs to occur in organsiations today to allow and encourage this to happen.
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Sensemaking and Wayfinding Sensemaking and Wayfinding Presentation Transcript

  • Narratives of coherence: sensemaking and wayfinding in complex information ecologies
    George Siemens
    September 6, 2011
    Pretoria, South Africa
  • Fragmentation of information
    Coherence formation challenged by:
    limits of human cognition
    growth of information quantity
  • Existing coherence forming systems
    Books
    Newspapers
    TV news programs
    Magazines
    (anything that is structured and that the end user can’t speak into and alter)
  • Information grounds
    “focuses on people’s information behavior in informal social settings”
    Counts and Fisher, 2010
  • Fragmentation of information requires that we weave together elements into some type of coherent framework
    Youtube
    Blogs
    Twitter
    Facebook
    TEDtalks
    Kahn Academy
    Online news/information sites
    Traditional coherence frameworks
  • “the rise of millions of fragmented discussions across the world tend instead to lead to fragmentation of audiences into isolated publics”
    Habermas 2006
  • Coherence is an orientation about the meaning and value of information elements based on how they are connected, structured, and related
    Antonovsky 1993
  • Coherence expression(sensegiving)
    Artifacts
    Narratives
  • Artifacts of sensemaking
  • Organizing course
    content
    DolorsCapdet
  • Image of course structure created by course participant
    http://x28newblog.blog.uni-heidelberg.de/2008/09/06/cck08-first-impressions/
  • Language games
    Storytelling
    Debate, dialogue
    Descriptions
    Clarification
    Metaphors
    Analogies
    Examples
    Resonance
    Narratives of sensemaking
  • Language/externalization reduces the “occult character” of mental images.
    Wittgenstein
    Language gives birth to thought
    Vygotsky
  • What is sensemaking?
  • An effort “to create order and make retrospective sense of what occurs”
    Weick1993
  • “a motivated, continuous effort to understand connections . . . in order to anticipate their trajectories and act effectively”
    Klein et al. 2006
  • “Sensemaking is about labelling and categorizing to stabilize the streaming of experience”
    Weicket al. 2005
  • Cynefin
    Framework
    Dave Snowden
  • Domains of Sensemaking
  • Participatory sensemaking:
    “the coordination of intentional activity in interaction, whereby individual sense-making processes are affected and new domains of social sense-making can be generated that were not available to each individual on her own”
    De Jaegher and Di Paolo 2007
  • What is wayfinding?
  • “the process that takes place when people orient themselves and navigate through space”
    Raubaland Winter 2002
  • “is the cognitive element of navigation … it does not involve movement of any kind but only the tactical and strategic parts that guide movement.”
    Darken and Peterson 2002
  • Adapted from:Darken and Peterson (2001).
  • Sensemaking Wayfinding Information Model
  • change.mooc.ca(Starts September 12, 2011)
    Twitter: gsiemens
    www.elearnspace.org/blog
    Learning Analytics & Knowledge 2012:
    Vancouver
    http://lak12.sites.olt.ubc.ca/