Information Foraging
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  • 1.  Information foraging and social networks
    George Siemens
    September 5, 2011
    Pretoria, South Africa
  • 2. Information growth: exceeds capacity of human mind and human social systems for sensemaking
  • 3. “what information consumes is rather obvious: it consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention.”
    Simon, 1971
  • 4. More is different, but not new
    1550-1750
    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_the_history_of_ideas/toc/jhi64.1.html
  • 5. Hours per day
    Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds, 2010
  • 6. The Structure of Information
  • 7. http://arnoldit.com/wordpress/2009/05/04/encarta-the-price-curve-of-death/
  • 8.
  • 9. The Landing
  • 10. What are networks?
  • 11. Political blogosphere, 2004
    BlueBrain
    3D File Manager
    Hierarchy Edge Bundles
    • http://www.visualcomplexity.com/vc/
  • Why are social networks so prominent?
  • 12.
  • 13. Argument: we socialize to make sense of information… i.e. it is our ability to work with information that defines humanity
  • 14. Informavores
    Miller, 1983
  • 15. ‘‘. . . information foraging refers to activities associated with assessing, seeking, and handling information sources”
    Piroli and Card, 1995
  • 16. Peter Pirolli and Stuart Card. 2005
    The Sensemaking Process and Leverage Points for Analyst Technology
    as Identified Through Cognitive Task Analysis
  • 17. Information exchange occurs in networks
  • 18. Tie strength and network positioning
  • 19.
  • 20. How we are connected influences the information we encounter
  • 21. Information fragmentation…loss of narratives of coherence
  • 22. Networked information doesnthave a centre
  • 23. But…
  • 24. We need centering (coherence) to understand
  • 25. We need centering to makesense
  • 26. We need centering to see patterns
  • 27. We need centering to share
  • 28. We create temporary centreswith with foraging strategies such as…
  • 29. Tags#unisa11
  • 30. Alerts
  • 31. social bookmarking
  • 32. entity relatedness
  • 33. clustered aggregation
  • 34. Creating a central message through distributed means
  • 35. Need time
    Incubation
    Idea collision
    Randomness
  • 36.
  • 37. Learners as information foragers and navigators
  • 38.
  • 39. change.mooc.ca
    Twitter: gsiemens
    www.elearnspace.org/blog
    Learning Analytics & Knowledge 2012:
    Vancouver
    http://lak12.sites.olt.ubc.ca/