Information Foraging

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Presented to UNISA, Sept 5, 2011

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Information Foraging

  1. 1.  Information foraging and social networks<br />George Siemens<br />September 5, 2011<br />Pretoria, South Africa<br />
  2. 2. Information growth: exceeds capacity of human mind and human social systems for sensemaking<br />
  3. 3. “what information consumes is rather obvious: it consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention.”<br />Simon, 1971<br />
  4. 4. More is different, but not new<br />1550-1750<br />http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_the_history_of_ideas/toc/jhi64.1.html<br />
  5. 5. Hours per day<br />Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds, 2010<br />
  6. 6. The Structure of Information<br />
  7. 7. http://arnoldit.com/wordpress/2009/05/04/encarta-the-price-curve-of-death/<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. The Landing<br />
  10. 10. What are networks?<br />
  11. 11. Political blogosphere, 2004<br />BlueBrain<br />3D File Manager<br />Hierarchy Edge Bundles<br /><ul><li>http://www.visualcomplexity.com/vc/</li></li></ul><li>Why are social networks so prominent?<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Argument: we socialize to make sense of information… i.e. it is our ability to work with information that defines humanity<br />
  14. 14. Informavores<br />Miller, 1983<br />
  15. 15. ‘‘. . . information foraging refers to activities associated with assessing, seeking, and handling information sources”<br />Piroli and Card, 1995<br />
  16. 16. Peter Pirolli and Stuart Card. 2005<br />The Sensemaking Process and Leverage Points for Analyst Technology<br />as Identified Through Cognitive Task Analysis<br />
  17. 17. Information exchange occurs in networks<br />
  18. 18. Tie strength and network positioning<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. How we are connected influences the information we encounter<br />
  21. 21. Information fragmentation…loss of narratives of coherence<br />
  22. 22. Networked information doesnthave a centre<br />
  23. 23. But…<br />
  24. 24. We need centering (coherence) to understand<br />
  25. 25. We need centering to makesense<br />
  26. 26. We need centering to see patterns<br />
  27. 27. We need centering to share<br />
  28. 28. We create temporary centreswith with foraging strategies such as…<br />
  29. 29. Tags#unisa11<br />
  30. 30. Alerts<br />
  31. 31. social bookmarking<br />
  32. 32. entity relatedness<br />
  33. 33. clustered aggregation<br />
  34. 34. Creating a central message through distributed means<br />
  35. 35. Need time<br />Incubation<br />Idea collision<br />Randomness<br />
  36. 36.
  37. 37. Learners as information foragers and navigators<br />
  38. 38.
  39. 39. change.mooc.ca<br />Twitter: gsiemens <br />www.elearnspace.org/blog<br />Learning Analytics & Knowledge 2012: <br />Vancouver<br />http://lak12.sites.olt.ubc.ca/<br />
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