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Information Foraging
 

Information Foraging

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Presented to UNISA, Sept 5, 2011

Presented to UNISA, Sept 5, 2011

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    Information Foraging Information Foraging Presentation Transcript

    •  Information foraging and social networks
      George Siemens
      September 5, 2011
      Pretoria, South Africa
    • Information growth: exceeds capacity of human mind and human social systems for sensemaking
    • “what information consumes is rather obvious: it consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention.”
      Simon, 1971
    • More is different, but not new
      1550-1750
      http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_the_history_of_ideas/toc/jhi64.1.html
    • Hours per day
      Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds, 2010
    • The Structure of Information
    • http://arnoldit.com/wordpress/2009/05/04/encarta-the-price-curve-of-death/
    • The Landing
    • What are networks?
    • Political blogosphere, 2004
      BlueBrain
      3D File Manager
      Hierarchy Edge Bundles
      • http://www.visualcomplexity.com/vc/
    • Why are social networks so prominent?
    • Argument: we socialize to make sense of information… i.e. it is our ability to work with information that defines humanity
    • Informavores
      Miller, 1983
    • ‘‘. . . information foraging refers to activities associated with assessing, seeking, and handling information sources”
      Piroli and Card, 1995
    • Peter Pirolli and Stuart Card. 2005
      The Sensemaking Process and Leverage Points for Analyst Technology
      as Identified Through Cognitive Task Analysis
    • Information exchange occurs in networks
    • Tie strength and network positioning
    • How we are connected influences the information we encounter
    • Information fragmentation…loss of narratives of coherence
    • Networked information doesnthave a centre
    • But…
    • We need centering (coherence) to understand
    • We need centering to makesense
    • We need centering to see patterns
    • We need centering to share
    • We create temporary centreswith with foraging strategies such as…
    • Tags#unisa11
    • Alerts
    • social bookmarking
    • entity relatedness
    • clustered aggregation
    • Creating a central message through distributed means
    • Need time
      Incubation
      Idea collision
      Randomness
    • Learners as information foragers and navigators
    • change.mooc.ca
      Twitter: gsiemens
      www.elearnspace.org/blog
      Learning Analytics & Knowledge 2012:
      Vancouver
      http://lak12.sites.olt.ubc.ca/