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Connectivism 101
 

Connectivism 101

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Connectivism presentation to University of Alaska Fairbanks

Connectivism presentation to University of Alaska Fairbanks

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Connectivism 101 Connectivism 101 Presentation Transcript

  • Connectivism 101: For the Curious November 12, 2007 University of Alaska Fairbanks George Siemens
  • What was happening: late 90’s/early 00’s
    • Network effect was experientially manifested
    • Control was shifting
    • User generated content
    • Lower barriers: We could create, collaborate, share with relative ease
  • What was happening in late 90’s/early 00’s
    • Information explosion accelerating
    • Edublog community rapidly developing
    • Learning from each other: distributed, co-formation of understanding
    • Rise of everyone
  • Learning didn’t feel like the theories said
  • We need a view of learning that recognizes:
    • Changing information base (capacity to know)
    • Role of technology
    • Place/time shifted collaboration
    • Shared sense making
    • Life long learning
    • Connected specialization
    • Diversity
    • Principality of connections
  • Contributing factors
    • Dissatisfied learners
    • Engagement
    • Changing world: how we relate to information
    • Upheaval in information fields (blame the network)
      • News, music, video, software, scholarship
  • Learning/life had changed
  • The few became the network
  • Points of failure
    • Unneeded control
    • LMS models (centralized/clunky)
      • Good for administrators
      • Terrible for learners and faculty
    • LOs starting to peel hype layer
    • Structured and planned=outdated
  • Heisenberg principle of information/learning: if you can describe it, it has changed
  • Origin
    • Lots of stuff before I ever got here
    • 2003 article – networks, ecologies
    • 2004 article – self-published
    • 2005 – IJTDL
    • 2005 – Downes: Connective Knowledge
    • 2006 – Wilson: “The diagram”
    • Simultaneous: networked learning
    • Edublog space exploded (see edublog awards)
  • Connectivism: Theory of learning developed in the manner it states learning occurs
    • Downes, Cross, Richardson, Verhagen, Kerr, Anderson, Blackall, Sessums, Fisher, Hiebert, Wilson, Fiedler (plus a few hundred others)
    • How did they contribute?
    • Why did they contribute?
    • How’s that for authentic?
  • What is connectivism?
    • Knowledge distributed
    • Learning as networked process (i.e. forming connections)
    • Principles form base of all design
  • Three levels:
    • Neural
    • Conceptual (Sweller, Novak)
    • External (people, information sources)
  • But is that learning?
    • “ More than anything else, being an educated person means being able to see connections that allow one to make sense of the world and act within it in creative ways”
    • William Cronon, 1998
  • The network became the locus of change
  • What is knowledge?
  • Where is it found?
    • “ All the knowledge is in the connections”
    • David Rumelhart
  • Learning in relationship to knowledge and mind
    • Distributed –
      • Hutchins – Not “in skull”
      • Spivey et. al. – “not always inside brain”
      • Bereiter – “knowing outside the mind”
    • Externalization – Wittgenstein, Vygotsky
    • Socialization – Papert, Piaget, Bruner, Bandura
  • The network became a lever of influence
  • The aim:
    • Deep understanding
    • Complex worldviews
    • Multi-context
    • Assimilative/adaptive
    • Agility/stability (Oblinger)