CHILD LABOUR• Child labor can be defined as the employment of children at a regular and sustained labor. This practice is illegal and has become a matter of discussion among many world organizations.• Child labor is mostly common among the poorer communities as they have to work harder in order to survive.
PHYSICAL ABUSE • Physical abuse is when a person (adult or child) causes another child physical injury or harm by hitting, punching, biting, kicking, or burning. Physical neglect including not providing enough nourishment and clothing when parents can afford to, is also a kind of abuse.
SEXUAL ABUSE • Sexual abuse is defined as a sexual act committed by an adult on a child for entirely the adult’s pleasure. This can be in the form of rape, sexual molestation, sodomy, incest, forced prostitution of children, and pornography.
PREVENTION OF CHILD ABUSE• As a parent, the first thing you • Listen to your child. If he is need to do is to arm yourself trying to tell you something about with information on abuse as an adult, don’t shoo him away. this will enable you to recognize Encourage him to give you all the the signs, if there are any information he can so that you can evaluate whether he has been• When disciplining your child, abused or not. make sure you don’t physically discipline him as this is not only • If you leave your child in a an ineffective form of daycare or with a caregiver, make punishment but is also a form sure to check for physical and of abuse. sexual abuse and neglect
CAUSES IN INDIA• Poverty and high unemployment.• Free education is limited forcing children to work at an early age.• Over population.• Urbanization: movement of people from rural areas to big cities.• Illiteracy
Poverty and High Unemployment • Poor children and their families may rely upon child labor in order to improve their chances of attaining basic necessities. About one-fifth of the world’s 6 billion people live in absolute poverty. The intensified poverty in parts of Africa, Asia, and Latin America causes many children there to become child laborers. In India, the parents send the children to sell petty items so they can have money to buy food and other basic amenities. This is due to the high unemployment in the country leaving lots of people living below the minimum cash per capita.
Limited Education • Approximately 125 million children in the world do not attend school, limiting future opportunities for the children and their communities. The Global Campaign for Education estimates that free, quality education for all children would cost ten billion dollars, the same as 4 days of global military spending.
Over Population • Most of the Asian and African countries are overpopulated. Due to limited resources and more mouths to feed, Children are employed in various forms of work. Over crowding of people causes the unemployment to rise, leaving a lot of people jobless. India is now one of the most populated countries in the world.
Urbanization • The Industrial Revolution has its own negative side. Many a time companies and export industries in the developing world employ child workers, particularly in the garment industry. They move from the rural areas to the urban cities
Illiteracy Illiterate parents do not realize the need for a proper physical, emotional and cognitive development of a child. As they are uneducated, they do not realize the importance of education for their children. This chart shows the literacy flow in india.
EFFECTS• Child labor directly affects • Child labor also exposes the future of the children to physical and country,destroying the mental hazards endangering capabilities of the youths in their lives. This in turn india,depriving them on affects thier life morally.it pursueing thier dreams of makes the child develop being professionals such as mentally fast which is a architects,doctors and even dangerous sign for youths. professional cricket players This can lead them to as it is known cricket is very becoming gangsters and bad important in india. people of the society.
EFFECTS• Child labor also creates • It condemns a child of a and perpetuate poverty good childhood.depriving him many services in the because the earnings are society as well as depriving not substantial to him from being sustain or be used as educated.instead,wastes capital for other valuable time being unskilled business oppotunities. and badly paid attimes tortured too.
REACTIONS• Child labor is recognised world wide and alot of world organisations have stuck their necks out to stop this bad practice. Some papers have labelled it the slavery of the modern age. Such organisations are• UNICEF• ILO• NCRC• WFCLC
HOW TO REMOVE• Child labour in India can only • Education Policy needs a be removed, if they are constructive change. stopped from employing for Primary education should house hold, factory, labour be made compulsory and intensive units, textiles free for all children below designing units are given legal the age of fourteen years notices from the child & without any discrimination labour dept. & stringent laws on the basis of are laid/punished for the sex, colour, caste, birth or offence. other status.
HOW TO REMOVE . • The state government must achieve the law enforcement machinery to see that all the legislative measures aiming at the welfare of the child labour are fully implemented in occupations, where employment of children is permitted.
CONCLUSION• Child labour is the curse to the Indian society as well as our Economy. Along with the government we also have to know about our responsibilities and should take corrective measures to stop child labour, so that we can have a better and developed India.