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  • 1. Spina Bifida Grant Shonesky
  • 2. What is Spina Bifida?  Birth Defect (1/1000 babies)  Bones of Spine form improperly  Malformation, or opening in spine  Spinal cord exposed (Severe)  3 types  Spina Bifida Occulta, Meningocele, Myelomeningocele
  • 3. Cause  The cause is unknown  Genes and environment are possible factors  Obese and Diabetic mothers have increased risk
  • 4. Symptoms  Symptoms vary depending on severity and type on spina bifida  Dimple, birthmark, or hairy patch on back are common (mild)  In moderate to severe cases, swelling is present  Nerves may be protruding from gap  Fluid buildup in brain, disability
  • 5. Spina Bifida Occulta (Mild)  Most common form of spina bifida  Symptoms mild or non existent  Often detected in x-rays for unrelated injuries  Usually harmless  Treatment not required
  • 6. Meningocele (Moderate)  Meninges (Membranes that envelop central nervous system) protrude from hole in spine  Spinal fluid leaks out of spine  Often times this fluid builds up and forms a bubble or bulge in the skin
  • 7. Myelomeningocele (severe)  Spinal cord directly exposed  Nerves protrude from spinal canal  Often times, these nerves are damaged  Large bump on back  Paralysis from site of bifida may occur  Fluid buildup in brain, scoliosis are common