The Story of the Numbers Used for Nonfiction Books In 1873 Mr. MelvilDewey devised a system ofclassifying books which isused in many libraries.He chose certain mainsubjects and numbers, sothat all nonfiction books onthe same subject would betogether on the shelf.
The Dewey Decimal SystemThe Dewey Decimal Classification is themost widely used library organizationsystem in the world.The system groups books by topic bydividing them into 10 basic categories, andeach of those categories is further splitinto 10 categories, and so on.
Dewey’s PlanHe chose these subjects byimagining himself to be aCaveman.He asked himself questionshe thought such a man wouldhave asked.
000s Before I Begin Generalities Information I need to know before I begin.These are books which contain information on many subjects such as encyclopedias and other reference books.
100s Who am I?PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY Man thinks about himself.
200s Who made me?RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY Man thinks about God.
300sWho is the man (or woman) in the next cave? SOCIAL SCIENCE Man thinks about other people.
400s How can I make that man understand me? LanguageMan learns to communicate with others through words.
500s How can I understand nature and the world about me?NATURAL SCIENCEMan learns to understandnature on the land, in thesea, and in the sky.
600s How can I use what I know about nature? APPLIED SCIENCE AND USEFUL ARTS (Technology)Primitive man learned about fire and how to makeweapons. He learned through the ages about thewheel, about medicine, planting crops, cookingfood, building bridges, and how to make all thethings we use.
700sHow can I enjoy my leisure time? FINE ART AND RECREATION or (Arts)By this time, primitive man had more time to do the thingshe enjoyed. He learned how to paint pictures and tocreate music. He also learned how to dance and play games.
800s How can I give my children arecord of mans heroic deeds? LITERATUREMan became a storyteller. He created fables, poetry,and plays about his ancestors and the people he knew.Later, man recorded these stories for all people to read.
900s How can I leave a record for men of the future? GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, BIOGRAPHYMan began to write about events thathad occurred everywhere, and aboutpeople who had participated in theseevents.
Dewey Decimal System000 General Knowledge • Almanacs, Encyclopedias, Dictionaries100 Psychology & Physiology • Feelings, Emotions200 Religion • Bible stories300 Social Sciences & Folklore • Careers, Environment, Family, Fairy Tales400 Languages & Grammar • Grammar, Sign Language, English, Foreign Language
Dewey Decimal System500 Math & Science • Animals, Dinosaurs, Fish, Planets, Plants, Weather600 Medicine & Technology • Computers, Farming, Health, Nutrition700 Arts & Recreation • Drawing, Crafts, Jokes, Sports, Games800 Literature • Poetry, Plays900 Geography & History • Biographies, Countries, States, Travel, Native Americans, Wars
Works Cited Complete Library Skills Activities Program by Arden Druce who cited it from School Library Journal, February 1961. Copyright R.R. Bowker Company/ Cahners magazine Division. http://mte.anacortes.k12.wa.us/library/d ewey/deweystory.htm