Lesson 10


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Lesson 10

  1. 1. LESSON 10 By: Nick John Zach
  2. 2. Big Idea Compromise
  3. 3. Big Idea Facts <ul><li>Took parts from the New Jersey and Virginia Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Gave proportional representation in the House of Representatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave equal representation in the Senate </li></ul>
  4. 4. Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral congress: House of Representatives and a Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>States with more people had larger representation. </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia Plan supported proportional representation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. New Jersey Plan <ul><li>William Patterson Presented the New Jersey Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Unicameral Congress was proposed. </li></ul><ul><li>The New Jersey plan would affect trade, money, laws, and government. </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to the Articles of Confederation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Great Compromise <ul><li>A mix of the two previous plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Equal representation in the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Proportional representation in the House. </li></ul><ul><li>House developed bills, and veto power given to senate. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Connecticut Compromise <ul><li>The Constitutional Convention produced three distinct plans of government: </li></ul><ul><li>three shared the same basic distribution of powers but differed significantly in their structures. </li></ul><ul><li>This is because the members of the convention all agreed on where they ought to go, but disagreed on how to get there. </li></ul><ul><li>there was, in fact, only one real problem at the Convention: that of state representation. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Solution <ul><li>If neither plan would work, what is the solution? The delegation from Connecticut proposed a compromise , that is a deal where both sides would give up something. </li></ul><ul><li>The proponents of the Virginia Plan had to give up proportional representation in both houses, and the other side gave up the idea of a unicameral congress. </li></ul><ul><li>The result was a Bicameral Congress with Equal Representation in the Upper House , and Proportional Representation in the Lower House . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why does this work? <ul><li>It gives both sides a means of self-defense . </li></ul><ul><li>If the Larger states pass a measure in the lower house that is prejudicial to the interests of the small states,then the small states can combine and defeat it in the Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>If the Smaller states pass legislation prejudicial to the interests of the larger ones in the Senate,then the larger states can defeat it in the House. </li></ul><ul><li>In order for a bill to become law, it must satisfy the interests of both large and small states. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Three-fifths Compromise <ul><li>South wanted equal representation </li></ul><ul><li>North didn’t want to count slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise was three of fives slaves counted. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cricital Thinking Activity <ul><li>Objective: Work together to form a plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Steps: </li></ul><ul><li>Get into group of five. </li></ul><ul><li>Select a spokesperson. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow time for revisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Have entire class agree on one plan. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Compare all plans to each other. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Student Tasks <ul><li>Nick Feraco-Powerpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Zach Runzo- Researched Information </li></ul><ul><li>John George- Researched information </li></ul>