Jjs2009fall

1,228 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,228
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
82
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
43
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Jjs2009fall

  1. 1. <ul><li>Juveniles who commit serious offenses should be tried as adults and sentenced to adult prisons? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>should serve adult sentences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>deserve leniency in sentencing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>should not go to jail at all. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. What is a Juvenile Delinquent?
  3. 3. Juvenile Justice <ul><li>I don't know me you don't know you you don't know the history I got on these streets </li></ul><ul><li>Only if you see what my eyes have seen Then you’ll understand why im surrounded by G's </li></ul><ul><li>Gangster Bop </li></ul><ul><li>Akon </li></ul>
  4. 4. Juvenile Justice Who is a juvenile (delinquent)? <ul><li>Who is a juvenile (delinquent)? </li></ul><ul><li>At what age is someone too young or too old to be considered a juvenile? </li></ul><ul><li>Age of the (criminal) offense 10-17 </li></ul><ul><li>Under 21 and committed an act of delinquency before reaching the age of 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile jurisdiction beyond 17 to 18-20 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Detainer can be placed on 18 year olds. </li></ul><ul><li>Youth can be on juvenile and adult probation at the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile court has no jurisdiction over a juvenile accused of murder. Criminal homicides automatically go to adult court. </li></ul><ul><li>Youth may be de-certified to juvenile court. </li></ul><ul><li>Act 33- 15-17 year old who has committed the following crimes: rape, robbery, voluntary manslaughter, aggravated assault, attempted murder sent to adult court </li></ul>
  5. 5. Balanced & Restorative Justice (BARJ) <ul><li>Community, victim, and offender should receive balanced attention. </li></ul><ul><li>All three should gain tangible benefits from their interactions with the juvenile justice system </li></ul><ul><li>Guiding philosophy of Juvenile Justice today. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes maximum and equal involvement of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. victim , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. the offender , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c. and the community in the justice process. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Balanced & Restorative Justice (BARJ) <ul><li>Three components include: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Accountability - an obligation to the victim </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration of losses </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include: community service, restitution, apology letters, victim awareness curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>2. Community Protection- right to a safe and secure community and protection from the offender. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: curfew, day treatment, no contact orders </li></ul><ul><li>3. Competency Development- offenders leave system capable of being productive members of the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: anger management classes, mental health and drug & alcohol evaluations, school grades,attendance, behavior </li></ul>
  7. 7. Juvenile Court History <ul><li>1899-1933 </li></ul><ul><li>the first court hearing all juvenile cases is established in Chicago, Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>1933- the first juvenile court is established in Pittsburgh. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Match the Term a. Adult b. Juvenile c. Both <ul><li>1. Adjudication </li></ul><ul><li>2. George Junior </li></ul><ul><li>3. Jail </li></ul><ul><li>4. Guilty verdict </li></ul><ul><li>5. Trial </li></ul><ul><li>6. Rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>7. Adjudicated delinquent </li></ul><ul><li>8. shuman </li></ul><ul><li>9. Arrest </li></ul><ul><li>10.petition </li></ul><ul><li>11. 18 year old </li></ul><ul><li>12. Indeterminate sentence </li></ul><ul><li>13. 2 to 5 year sentence </li></ul><ul><li>14. Bail </li></ul><ul><li>15. Punishment </li></ul>
  9. 9. What Terms Are Used In Juvenile Court? <ul><li>Adult </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Court of Common Pleas </li></ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Arrest </li></ul><ul><li>County Jail </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Complaint </li></ul><ul><li>Guilty Plea </li></ul><ul><li>Trial </li></ul><ul><li>Verdict of guilty </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Determinate </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Family Court </li></ul><ul><li>Delinquent Act </li></ul><ul><li>Shuman </li></ul><ul><li>Custody </li></ul><ul><li>Petition </li></ul><ul><li>Admission </li></ul><ul><li>Adjudication </li></ul><ul><li>Delinquent </li></ul><ul><li>Disposition </li></ul><ul><li>Indeterminate </li></ul><ul><li>sanction </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is a Juvenile Delinquent?
  11. 11. Juvenile Justice Who is a juvenile (delinquent)? <ul><li>Who is a juvenile (delinquent)? </li></ul><ul><li>At what age is someone too young or too old to be considered a juvenile? </li></ul><ul><li>Age of the (criminal) offense 10-17 </li></ul><ul><li>Under 21 and committed an act of delinquency before reaching the age of 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile jurisdiction beyond 17 to 18-20 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Detainer can be placed on 18 year olds. </li></ul><ul><li>Youth can be on juvenile and adult probation at the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile court has no jurisdiction over a juvenile accused of murder. Criminal homicides automatically go to adult court. </li></ul><ul><li>Youth may be de-certified to juvenile court. </li></ul><ul><li>Act 33- 15-17 year old who has committed the following crimes: rape, robbery, voluntary manslaughter, aggravated assault, attempted murder </li></ul>
  12. 12. Juvenile Probation Officer <ul><li>Prepares a case history, of the youth to be presented to the Juvenile Court Judge. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes recommendation to judge at the disposition. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitors and counsels the youth if he/she is released back to the community.. </li></ul><ul><li>Visits youth at placement. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Juvenile Court History <ul><li>1899-1933 </li></ul><ul><li>the first court hearing all juvenile cases is established in Chicago, Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>1933- the first juvenile court is established in Pittsburgh. </li></ul>
  14. 14. What are the Basic Steps in the Juvenile Court System? <ul><li>Construct a flow chart that illustrates the steps in the Juvenile Justice system from arrest to aftercare. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the events/ procedures that occur at each step in the JJS. </li></ul><ul><li>Due process is a fundamental part of the juvenile justice process. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Juvenile Justice System Arrest Diversion Ex. Service Consent Decree Shuman Detention Hearing Adjudication Disposition Probation Placement Aftercare
  16. 16. 1. Police/ Arrest <ul><li>Arrest or apprehend on the street or at school </li></ul><ul><li>based upon probable cause </li></ul><ul><li>Release to parents </li></ul><ul><li>Process and divert youth to Shuman or County Jail </li></ul><ul><li>May be fingerprinted/ photographed </li></ul><ul><li>Can be taken to the station and processed or identified. </li></ul><ul><li>PO can take youth “into custody” (arrest) </li></ul><ul><li>Violation of probation </li></ul><ul><li>PO sanction </li></ul>
  17. 17. Extended Service <ul><li>Less serious charges </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest form of supervision </li></ul><ul><li>No court hearing </li></ul><ul><li>No petition filed </li></ul><ul><li>Community service, restitution,drug test </li></ul><ul><li>No sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>3-6 months </li></ul>
  18. 18. Consent Decree
  19. 19. <ul><li>Consent Decree </li></ul><ul><li>1st court appearance </li></ul><ul><li>All parties agree </li></ul><ul><li>6-12 months </li></ul><ul><li>All conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Probation </li></ul><ul><li>adjudication </li></ul>
  20. 20. 2. Shuman <ul><li>Red Brick Inn </li></ul><ul><li>The Shu (shoe) </li></ul><ul><li>University of Personalities </li></ul><ul><li>Detention until hearings are completed & youth is sent to a placement </li></ul><ul><li>Serves same purpose as adult jails </li></ul>
  21. 21. 3. Intake <ul><li>Screening process conducted by PO </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile must commit a crime to be detained at Shuman center. </li></ul><ul><li>Status offenses cannot be used as a basis for detention. </li></ul><ul><li>Parents cannot send/ drop off a child at Shuman. </li></ul><ul><li>PO considers the “least restrictive environment’ possible for the offender. </li></ul>
  22. 22. 4. Detention Hearing <ul><li>Intake officer decides: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Detention at Shuman center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home with family </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Due process requirement: 72 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Bail is not a constitutional right for juveniles </li></ul><ul><li>What is bail? </li></ul><ul><li>Guarantee to show up for your hearing. If you are unable to post bail, you will be incarcerated (jail). </li></ul>
  23. 23. 5. Petition <ul><li>A petition is a formal criminal complaint . </li></ul><ul><li>Due process requirement- 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Filed by police officer or someone who believes the juvenile has committed a delinquent act (crime). </li></ul><ul><li>The petition must state the following information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The facts which bring the child to court, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The name, date of birth of the child, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The name, and address of the parent or guardian. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Shuman Detention Center <ul><li>Two parts: detention units and school </li></ul><ul><li>Detain until hearings are completed and youth is sent to placement </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary detention </li></ul><ul><li>Locked down 24/7 </li></ul><ul><li>Serves same purpose as jail for adults </li></ul><ul><li>Unit is your home </li></ul><ul><li>Attend school </li></ul>
  25. 25. Honors Unit
  26. 26. Resident’s Room
  27. 27. Resident’s Room
  28. 28. 6. Main Juvenile Court Hearings <ul><li>Adjudication </li></ul><ul><li>(Trial) </li></ul><ul><li>Disposition </li></ul><ul><li>(Sentencing) </li></ul>
  29. 29. 6A. Juvenile Court Hearing Adjudication <ul><li>Juvenile court is located in the former county jail building. </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to an adult “bench” trial </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing is open to all parties involved in the alleged incident. </li></ul><ul><li>Open to the public when: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>14 years or older & felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 years or older & murder, manslaughter, aggravated assault, arson, rape robbery, vehicle robbery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Youth has an attorney to represent them during the hearing. </li></ul><ul><li>Burden of proof- beyond a reasonable doubt </li></ul>
  30. 30. 6B. Disposition <ul><li>The court will balance the needs of the offender with the obligation to protect the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Judge decides the sentence (disposition) that the juvenile will receive. </li></ul><ul><li>Based upon the presentence report (juvenile’s social,psychological, family, school background) submitted by the probation officer. </li></ul>
  31. 31. 7. Placements <ul><li>List three examples of juvenile court placements: </li></ul><ul><li>Academy day & evening programs </li></ul><ul><li>George Junior Republic </li></ul><ul><li>New Castle YDC </li></ul><ul><li>Boot Camp </li></ul>
  32. 32. 9. After Care <ul><li>Supervision by a probation officer who counsels the juvenile on educational, job vocational choices </li></ul><ul><li>Youth coming from a placement? </li></ul><ul><li>Requires 3 months @ academy then probation </li></ul>
  33. 33. Juvenile Justice A success? <ul><li>At case closing, 77% of offenders paid restitution in full. </li></ul><ul><li>• A total of $155,911 in restitution was paid. </li></ul><ul><li>• At case closing, 98% completed all of their community service hours. </li></ul><ul><li>• 69,653.5 community service hours were completed. </li></ul><ul><li>• Only 11% of offenders recidivated while under court supervision. </li></ul><ul><li>• Only 5% of offenders appeared in court for a probation violation . </li></ul><ul><li>• At case closing, 86% of offenders were attending educational/vocational programs. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Juvenile Justice Process <ul><li>1.___Delinquency Prevention Programs </li></ul><ul><li>2.___Adjudication </li></ul><ul><li>3.___Placement (Boot Camp) </li></ul><ul><li>4.___Shuman Center </li></ul><ul><li>5.___Disposition </li></ul><ul><li>6.___Arrest </li></ul><ul><li>7.___intake </li></ul><ul><li>8.___Petition </li></ul>
  35. 35. Adult Criminal or Juvenile Justice Systems <ul><li>1. Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>2. petition </li></ul><ul><li>3. Arrest </li></ul><ul><li>4. Guilty verdict </li></ul><ul><li>5. Adjudication </li></ul><ul><li>6. Trial </li></ul><ul><li>7. beyond a reasonable doubt </li></ul><ul><li>8. Bail </li></ul><ul><li>9. Shuman </li></ul><ul><li>10. delinquent </li></ul><ul><li>11. Jail </li></ul><ul><li>12. Disposition </li></ul><ul><li>13. Court of Common Pleas </li></ul><ul><li>14. Jury trial </li></ul>

×