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    Jjs2009fall Jjs2009fall Presentation Transcript

      • Juveniles who commit serious offenses should be tried as adults and sentenced to adult prisons?
        • should serve adult sentences.
        • deserve leniency in sentencing.
        • should not go to jail at all.
    • What is a Juvenile Delinquent?
    • Juvenile Justice
      • I don't know me you don't know you you don't know the history I got on these streets
      • Only if you see what my eyes have seen Then you’ll understand why im surrounded by G's
      • Gangster Bop
      • Akon
    • Juvenile Justice Who is a juvenile (delinquent)?
      • Who is a juvenile (delinquent)?
      • At what age is someone too young or too old to be considered a juvenile?
      • Age of the (criminal) offense 10-17
      • Under 21 and committed an act of delinquency before reaching the age of 18
      • Juvenile jurisdiction beyond 17 to 18-20 years old.
      • Detainer can be placed on 18 year olds.
      • Youth can be on juvenile and adult probation at the same time.
      • Juvenile court has no jurisdiction over a juvenile accused of murder. Criminal homicides automatically go to adult court.
      • Youth may be de-certified to juvenile court.
      • Act 33- 15-17 year old who has committed the following crimes: rape, robbery, voluntary manslaughter, aggravated assault, attempted murder sent to adult court
    • Balanced & Restorative Justice (BARJ)
      • Community, victim, and offender should receive balanced attention.
      • All three should gain tangible benefits from their interactions with the juvenile justice system
      • Guiding philosophy of Juvenile Justice today.
      • Promotes maximum and equal involvement of:
        • a. victim ,
        • b. the offender ,
        • c. and the community in the justice process.
    • Balanced & Restorative Justice (BARJ)
      • Three components include:
      • 1. Accountability - an obligation to the victim
      • Restoration of losses
      • Examples include: community service, restitution, apology letters, victim awareness curriculum
      • 2. Community Protection- right to a safe and secure community and protection from the offender.
      • Examples: curfew, day treatment, no contact orders
      • 3. Competency Development- offenders leave system capable of being productive members of the community.
      • Examples: anger management classes, mental health and drug & alcohol evaluations, school grades,attendance, behavior
    • Juvenile Court History
      • 1899-1933
      • the first court hearing all juvenile cases is established in Chicago, Illinois
      • 1933- the first juvenile court is established in Pittsburgh.
    • Match the Term a. Adult b. Juvenile c. Both
      • 1. Adjudication
      • 2. George Junior
      • 3. Jail
      • 4. Guilty verdict
      • 5. Trial
      • 6. Rehabilitation
      • 7. Adjudicated delinquent
      • 8. shuman
      • 9. Arrest
      • 10.petition
      • 11. 18 year old
      • 12. Indeterminate sentence
      • 13. 2 to 5 year sentence
      • 14. Bail
      • 15. Punishment
    • What Terms Are Used In Juvenile Court?
      • Adult
      • Punishment
      • Court of Common Pleas
      • Crime
      • Arrest
      • County Jail
      • Criminal Complaint
      • Guilty Plea
      • Trial
      • Verdict of guilty
      • Sentence
      • Determinate
      • Juvenile
      • Rehabilitation
      • Family Court
      • Delinquent Act
      • Shuman
      • Custody
      • Petition
      • Admission
      • Adjudication
      • Delinquent
      • Disposition
      • Indeterminate
      • sanction
    • What is a Juvenile Delinquent?
    • Juvenile Justice Who is a juvenile (delinquent)?
      • Who is a juvenile (delinquent)?
      • At what age is someone too young or too old to be considered a juvenile?
      • Age of the (criminal) offense 10-17
      • Under 21 and committed an act of delinquency before reaching the age of 18
      • Juvenile jurisdiction beyond 17 to 18-20 years old.
      • Detainer can be placed on 18 year olds.
      • Youth can be on juvenile and adult probation at the same time.
      • Juvenile court has no jurisdiction over a juvenile accused of murder. Criminal homicides automatically go to adult court.
      • Youth may be de-certified to juvenile court.
      • Act 33- 15-17 year old who has committed the following crimes: rape, robbery, voluntary manslaughter, aggravated assault, attempted murder
    • Juvenile Probation Officer
      • Prepares a case history, of the youth to be presented to the Juvenile Court Judge.
      • Makes recommendation to judge at the disposition.
      • Monitors and counsels the youth if he/she is released back to the community..
      • Visits youth at placement.
    • Juvenile Court History
      • 1899-1933
      • the first court hearing all juvenile cases is established in Chicago, Illinois
      • 1933- the first juvenile court is established in Pittsburgh.
    • What are the Basic Steps in the Juvenile Court System?
      • Construct a flow chart that illustrates the steps in the Juvenile Justice system from arrest to aftercare.
      • Identify the events/ procedures that occur at each step in the JJS.
      • Due process is a fundamental part of the juvenile justice process.
    • Juvenile Justice System Arrest Diversion Ex. Service Consent Decree Shuman Detention Hearing Adjudication Disposition Probation Placement Aftercare
    • 1. Police/ Arrest
      • Arrest or apprehend on the street or at school
      • based upon probable cause
      • Release to parents
      • Process and divert youth to Shuman or County Jail
      • May be fingerprinted/ photographed
      • Can be taken to the station and processed or identified.
      • PO can take youth “into custody” (arrest)
      • Violation of probation
      • PO sanction
    • Extended Service
      • Less serious charges
      • Lowest form of supervision
      • No court hearing
      • No petition filed
      • Community service, restitution,drug test
      • No sanctions
      • 3-6 months
    • Consent Decree
      • Consent Decree
      • 1st court appearance
      • All parties agree
      • 6-12 months
      • All conditions
      • Probation
      • adjudication
    • 2. Shuman
      • Red Brick Inn
      • The Shu (shoe)
      • University of Personalities
      • Detention until hearings are completed & youth is sent to a placement
      • Serves same purpose as adult jails
    • 3. Intake
      • Screening process conducted by PO
      • Juvenile must commit a crime to be detained at Shuman center.
      • Status offenses cannot be used as a basis for detention.
      • Parents cannot send/ drop off a child at Shuman.
      • PO considers the “least restrictive environment’ possible for the offender.
    • 4. Detention Hearing
      • Intake officer decides:
        • Detention at Shuman center
        • Home with family
      • Due process requirement: 72 hours
      • Bail is not a constitutional right for juveniles
      • What is bail?
      • Guarantee to show up for your hearing. If you are unable to post bail, you will be incarcerated (jail).
    • 5. Petition
      • A petition is a formal criminal complaint .
      • Due process requirement- 24 hours
      • Filed by police officer or someone who believes the juvenile has committed a delinquent act (crime).
      • The petition must state the following information:
        • The facts which bring the child to court,
        • The name, date of birth of the child,
        • The name, and address of the parent or guardian.
    • Shuman Detention Center
      • Two parts: detention units and school
      • Detain until hearings are completed and youth is sent to placement
      • Temporary detention
      • Locked down 24/7
      • Serves same purpose as jail for adults
      • Unit is your home
      • Attend school
    • Honors Unit
    • Resident’s Room
    • Resident’s Room
    • 6. Main Juvenile Court Hearings
      • Adjudication
      • (Trial)
      • Disposition
      • (Sentencing)
    • 6A. Juvenile Court Hearing Adjudication
      • Juvenile court is located in the former county jail building.
      • Similar to an adult “bench” trial
      • Hearing is open to all parties involved in the alleged incident.
      • Open to the public when:
        • 14 years or older & felony
        • 12 years or older & murder, manslaughter, aggravated assault, arson, rape robbery, vehicle robbery
      • Youth has an attorney to represent them during the hearing.
      • Burden of proof- beyond a reasonable doubt
    • 6B. Disposition
      • The court will balance the needs of the offender with the obligation to protect the community.
      • Judge decides the sentence (disposition) that the juvenile will receive.
      • Based upon the presentence report (juvenile’s social,psychological, family, school background) submitted by the probation officer.
    • 7. Placements
      • List three examples of juvenile court placements:
      • Academy day & evening programs
      • George Junior Republic
      • New Castle YDC
      • Boot Camp
    • 9. After Care
      • Supervision by a probation officer who counsels the juvenile on educational, job vocational choices
      • Youth coming from a placement?
      • Requires 3 months @ academy then probation
    • Juvenile Justice A success?
      • At case closing, 77% of offenders paid restitution in full.
      • • A total of $155,911 in restitution was paid.
      • • At case closing, 98% completed all of their community service hours.
      • • 69,653.5 community service hours were completed.
      • • Only 11% of offenders recidivated while under court supervision.
      • • Only 5% of offenders appeared in court for a probation violation .
      • • At case closing, 86% of offenders were attending educational/vocational programs.
    • Juvenile Justice Process
      • 1.___Delinquency Prevention Programs
      • 2.___Adjudication
      • 3.___Placement (Boot Camp)
      • 4.___Shuman Center
      • 5.___Disposition
      • 6.___Arrest
      • 7.___intake
      • 8.___Petition
    • Adult Criminal or Juvenile Justice Systems
      • 1. Punishment
      • 2. petition
      • 3. Arrest
      • 4. Guilty verdict
      • 5. Adjudication
      • 6. Trial
      • 7. beyond a reasonable doubt
      • 8. Bail
      • 9. Shuman
      • 10. delinquent
      • 11. Jail
      • 12. Disposition
      • 13. Court of Common Pleas
      • 14. Jury trial