Jjs Powerpoint Rev2


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juvenile justice system overview

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Jjs Powerpoint Rev2

  1. 1. Juvenile Justice
  2. 2. Juvenile Justice Should we have one system for handling juvenile x and adult offenders? x What should the system look like? x What should this system do for juvenile offenders? x What kinds of crimes do juvenile offenders commit?
  3. 3. Juvenile Justice System 1.Police 2.Intake 3.Shuman 4.Juvenile Court 5.Placements
  4. 4. Juvenile & Adult Responsibility Juvenile who commit crimes should be treated “as x juveniles” and not “as adults”. x Detention facility x Penalties x Purpose/ theory x At what age?
  5. 5. Juvenile Justice System There are three fundamental concepts that define x the Juvenile Justice System: x Parens Patriae x Second Chance Theory x BARJ (Balanced & Restorative Justice)
  6. 6. Parens Patriae Guardianship x x The family is responsible for raising and supervising children. x If the child is incorrigible or commits a crime Juvenile Court (state)will provide the structure and supervision necessary to raise the child properly.
  7. 7. Balanced & Restorative Justice (BARJ) Community, victim, and offender should receive balanced x attention. All three should gain tangible benefits from their x interactions with the juvenile justice system Guiding philosophy of Juvenile Justice today. x Promotes maximum and equal involvement of: x a. victim, x b. the offender, x c. and the community in the justice process. x
  8. 8. Balanced & Restorative Justice (BARJ) Three components include: x 1.Accountability- an obligation to the victim x Restoration of losses x Examples include: community service, restitution, apology letters, x victim awareness curriculum 2.Community Protection- right to a safe and secure community and x protection from the offender. Examples: curfew, day treatment, no contact orders x 3.Competency Development- offenders leave system capable of x being productive members of the community. Examples: anger management classes, mental health and drug & x alcohol evaluations, school grades,attendance, behavior
  9. 9. Match the Term a. Adult b. Juvenile c. Both 1. Adjudication 9. Arrest x x 2. George Junior 10.petition x x 3. Jail 11. 18 year old x x 4. Guilty verdict 12. Indeterminate sentence x x 5. Trial 13. 2 to 5 year sentence x x 6. Rehabilitation 14. Bail x x 7. Adjudicated delinquent 15. Punishment x x 8. shuman x
  10. 10. What Terms Are Used In Juvenile Court? Adult Juvenile x x Punishment Rehabilitation x x Court of Common Pleas Family Court x x Crime Delinquent Act x x Arrest Shuman x x County Jail Custody x x Criminal Complaint Petition x x Guilty Plea Admission x x Trial Adjudication x x Verdict of guilty Delinquent x x Sentence Disposition x x Determinate Indeterminate x x sanction x
  11. 11. What is a Juvenile Delinquent?
  12. 12. Juvenile Justice Who is a juvenile (delinquent)? Who is a juvenile (delinquent)? x At what age is someone too young or too old to be considered a juvenile? x Age of the (criminal) offense 10-17 x Under 21 and committed an act of delinquency before reaching the age of 18 x Juvenile jurisdiction beyond 17 to 18-20 years old. x Detainer can be placed on 18 year olds. x Youth can be on juvenile and adult probation at the same time. x Juvenile court has no jurisdiction over a juvenile accused of murder. Criminal x homicides automatically go to adult court. Youth may be de-certified to juvenile court. x Act 33- 15-17 year old who has committed the following crimes: rape, robbery, x voluntary manslaughter, aggravated assault, attempted murder
  13. 13. Juvenile Probation Officer Prepares a case history, of the youth to be x presented to the Juvenile Court Judge. x Makes recommendation to judge at the disposition. x Monitors and counsels the youth if he/she is released back to the community.. x Visits youth at placement.
  14. 14. Juvenile Court History 1899-1933 the first court hearing all juvenile cases is established in Chicago, Illinois 1933- the first juvenile court is established in Pittsburgh.
  15. 15. School Based Probation 1. Probation officers serve as advocates for the offender. (T/F) 2. PO’s provide a report to the judge after the adjudication. (T/F) 3. The PO is a neutral third party that meets with the offender and provides a report to the judge. (T/F) 4. ___Probation a. no charges filed, 3-6 months, no court 5. ___Consent decree b. charges filed, suspended, 6 to 12 months 6. ___Extended service contract c. record, adjudicated delinquent, indefinite 7. _____ is the maximun age for an offender to be on juvenile probation. 8. The typical offender is ( Male/female ) who has committed a ____ offense. 9. List two duties of a school based PO. 10. What is EHM? EHM is used in place of _____ . 11. PO ‘s have the power issue arrest warrants and do drug screenings for any students on their case load. (T/F) 12. I was surprised to learn that: 13. I would like to learn more about:
  16. 16. What are the Basic Steps in the Juvenile Court System? Construct a flow chart that illustrates the steps in x the Juvenile Justice system from arrest to aftercare. x Identify the events/ procedures that occur at each step in the JJS. x Due process is a fundamental part of the juvenile justice process.
  17. 17. 1. Police/ Arrest Arrest or apprehend on the PO can take youth “into x x street or at school custody” (arrest) based upon probable cause x Violation of probation x Release to parents x PO sanction x Process and divert youth to x Shuman or County Jail May be fingerprinted/ x photographed Can be taken to the station and x processed or identified.
  18. 18. 2. Shuman Red Brick Inn x The Shu (shoe) x University of Personalities x Detention until hearings are x completed & youth is sent to a placement Serves same purpose as adult x jails
  19. 19. 3. Intake Screening process conducted by PO x Juvenile must commit a crime to be detained at Shuman x center. Status offenses cannot be used as a basis for detention. x Parents cannot send/ drop off a child at Shuman. x PO considers the “least restrictive environment’ possible x for the offender.
  20. 20. 4. Detention Hearing Intake officer decides: x x Detention at Shuman center x Home with family Due process requirement: 72 hours x x Bail is not a constitutional right for juveniles x What is bail? x Guarantee to show up for your hearing. If you are unable to post bail, you will be incarcerated (jail).
  21. 21. 5. Petition A petition is a formal criminal complaint. • • Due process requirement- 24 hours • Filed by police officer or someone who believes the juvenile has committed a delinquent act (crime). x The petition must state the following information: x The facts which bring the child to court, x The name, date of birth of the child, x The name, and address of the parent or guardian.
  22. 22. Shuman Detention Center Two parts: detention units and school x x Detain until hearings are completed and youth is sent to placement x Temporary detention x Locked down 24/7 x Serves same purpose as jail for adults x Unit is your home x Attend school
  23. 23. Honors Unit
  24. 24. Resident’s Room
  25. 25. Resident’s Room
  26. 26. 6. Main Juvenile Court Hearings Adjudication Disposition x x (Trial) (Sentencing) x x
  27. 27. 6A. Juvenile Court Hearing Adjudication Juvenile court is located in the former x county jail building. Similar to an adult “bench” trial x Hearing is open to all parties involved in x the alleged incident. Open to the public when: x x 14 years or older & felony x 12 years or older & murder, manslaughter, aggravated assault, arson, rape robbery, vehicle robbery Youth has an attorney to represent them x during the hearing. Burden of proof- beyond a reasonable x doubt
  28. 28. 6B. Disposition The court will balance the needs of the offender x with the obligation to protect the community. x Judge decides the sentence (disposition) that the juvenile will receive. x Based upon the presentence report (juvenile’s social,psychological, family, school background) submitted by the probation officer.
  29. 29. 7. Placements List three examples of x juvenile court placements: Academy day & evening x programs George Junior Republic x New Castle YDC x Boot Camp x
  30. 30. 9. After Care Supervision by a probation x officer who counsels the juvenile on educational, job vocational choices Youth coming from a x placement? Requires 3 months @ x academy then probation
  31. 31. Juvenile Justice A success? At case closing, 77% of offenders paid restitution in full. • A total of $155,911 in restitution was paid. • At case closing, 98% completed all of their community service hours. • 69,653.5 community service hours were completed. • Only 11% of offenders recidivated while under court supervision. • Only 5% of offenders appeared in court for a probation violation. • At case closing, 86% of offenders were attending educational/vocational programs.
  32. 32. Juvenile Justice Process 1.___Delinquency Prevention Programs x 2.___Adjudication x 3.___Placement (Boot Camp) x 4.___Shuman Center x 5.___Disposition x 6.___Arrest x 7.___intake x 8.___Petition x
  33. 33. Adult Criminal or Juvenile Justice Systems 1. Punishment 11. Jail x x 2. petition x 12. Disposition x 3. Arrest x 13. Court of Common x 4. Guilty verdict x Pleas 5. Adjudication x 14. Jury trial 6. Trial x x 7. beyond a reasonable doubt x 8. Bail x 9. Shuman x 10. delinquent x