Club Drugs Becky Swift Office of Drug Control Policy 515-281-5593 [email_address] Presentation to HS Mock Trial Coaches Ja...
Club Drugs <ul><li>Primarily used by youth and young adults at dance or all night parties and bars </li></ul><ul><li>Typic...
Club Drugs <ul><li>Ecstasy </li></ul><ul><li>Methamphetamine </li></ul><ul><li>Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) </li></ul><ul><...
ECSTASY
Background <ul><li>3,4 Methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Created in 1912 by Merck Pharmaceuticals </...
<ul><li>The rush of cocaine </li></ul><ul><li>Expands the mind </li></ul><ul><li>Out of body experience </li></ul><ul><li>...
Signs of Use <ul><li>Profuse sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Happy & friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous speech </li></ul><ul...
Psychological Effects <ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Sleepless...
Physical Effects <ul><li>Muscle tension </li></ul><ul><li>Involuntary teeth clenching </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><...
Acute Complications <ul><li>Convulsions </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke <...
Acute Complications   con’t <ul><li>Kidney failure </li></ul><ul><li>Liver damage </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory failure </...
MDMA <ul><li>Pressed pills </li></ul><ul><li>Powder - Capsule </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of logos </li></ul><ul><li>May ...
<ul><li>Ecstasy  </li></ul><ul><li>MDMA </li></ul><ul><li>X </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>XTC </li></ul><ul><li>Sm...
Serotonin MDMA can damage the brains ability to produce serotonin, which can lead to permanent depression <ul><li>A neurot...
 
Methamphetamine
Methamphetamine <ul><li>Powerful CNS stimulant </li></ul><ul><li>Highly addictive </li></ul><ul><li>Usually smoked or inje...
Age 12 Age 13 after using meth, and before committing suicide at age 15
Brain Changes with Meth Use <ul><li>PET scans show that dopamine transporters (DAT) are reduced in the striatum of meth us...
 
Depleted dopamine transporter levels in methamphetamine abusers show recovery after prolonged abstinence.  In these brain ...
<ul><li>Psychological Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive excitation  </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Anx...
Psychotic Features <ul><li>Paranoia </li></ul><ul><li>Visual, auditory & tactile hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>Mood dis...
Physical Symptoms <ul><li>Appears run down or has frequent illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Change in normal appetite </li></ul...
Physical Symptoms ,  con’t <ul><li>Increased respiration </li></ul><ul><li>Welts on skin – “Meth Acne” </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Other Effects of Chronic Meth Use <ul><li>Tooth decay </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis  </li></ul><ul><li>STD’s: sexually trans...
Predatory Drugs <ul><li>Ecstasy, GHB, Rohypnol & Ketamine </li></ul><ul><li>“ Date Rape” drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Often odo...
Predatory Drugs,   con’t <ul><li>No matter where, always watch drinks - don’t leave them unattended </li></ul><ul><li>Be c...
For More Information Iowa Substance Abuse Information Center 1-866-242-4111 www.drugfreeinfo.org IA Governor’s Office of D...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Club Drugs Powerpoint

3,894 views
3,483 views

Published on

PP for mock trial

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,894
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
11
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
67
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Club Drugs Powerpoint

    1. 1. Club Drugs Becky Swift Office of Drug Control Policy 515-281-5593 [email_address] Presentation to HS Mock Trial Coaches January 7, 2006
    2. 2. Club Drugs <ul><li>Primarily used by youth and young adults at dance or all night parties and bars </li></ul><ul><li>Typically either stimulants or sedative- hypnotics </li></ul><ul><li>None are benign – all can cause serious health problems or death </li></ul><ul><li>Some are used in the commission of sexual assault </li></ul>
    3. 3. Club Drugs <ul><li>Ecstasy </li></ul><ul><li>Methamphetamine </li></ul><ul><li>Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) </li></ul><ul><li>Rohypnol </li></ul><ul><li>Ketamine </li></ul><ul><li>LSD </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrous Oxide </li></ul>
    4. 4. ECSTASY
    5. 5. Background <ul><li>3,4 Methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Created in 1912 by Merck Pharmaceuticals </li></ul><ul><li>Patented in 1914 as an appetite suppressant </li></ul><ul><li>Psychedelic and stimulant effects </li></ul><ul><li>Late ‘70s and early ‘80s - used as a psychotherapeutic tool by therapists </li></ul><ul><li>Placed as a Schedule I drug in 1988 </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>The rush of cocaine </li></ul><ul><li>Expands the mind </li></ul><ul><li>Out of body experience </li></ul><ul><li>Dance, Dance, Dance </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rolling” 1-12 hours; averaging 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Rebounding or Residual effects </li></ul><ul><li>Love Drug/Hug Drug </li></ul>Effects of Ecstasy
    7. 7. Signs of Use <ul><li>Profuse sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Happy & friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous speech </li></ul><ul><li>Tremors </li></ul><ul><li>Dilated pupils </li></ul>
    8. 8. Psychological Effects <ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeplessness </li></ul><ul><li>Drug craving </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoia </li></ul>
    9. 9. Physical Effects <ul><li>Muscle tension </li></ul><ul><li>Involuntary teeth clenching </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Blurred vision </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling faint </li></ul><ul><li>Tremors </li></ul><ul><li>Sweating or chills/dehydration </li></ul><ul><li>Significantly increased heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature </li></ul>
    10. 10. Acute Complications <ul><li>Convulsions </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperthermia - a potentially fatal rise in body temperature </li></ul>
    11. 11. Acute Complications con’t <ul><li>Kidney failure </li></ul><ul><li>Liver damage </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory failure </li></ul><ul><li>Disintegration of muscle tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Coma </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>
    12. 12. MDMA <ul><li>Pressed pills </li></ul><ul><li>Powder - Capsule </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of logos </li></ul><ul><li>May be counterfeit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LSD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ketamine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heroin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meth </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Ecstasy </li></ul><ul><li>MDMA </li></ul><ul><li>X </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>XTC </li></ul><ul><li>Smurfs </li></ul><ul><li>Rolls </li></ul><ul><li>“ The hug drug” & </li></ul><ul><li>Nicknames based on each imprint </li></ul>3,4 Methylenedioxy-methamphetamine
    14. 14. Serotonin MDMA can damage the brains ability to produce serotonin, which can lead to permanent depression <ul><li>A neurotransmitter that regulates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual activity </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Methamphetamine
    16. 17. Methamphetamine <ul><li>Powerful CNS stimulant </li></ul><ul><li>Highly addictive </li></ul><ul><li>Usually smoked or injected </li></ul><ul><li>“ High” lasts longer than cocaine </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribed for weight loss, ADD-type behaviors </li></ul>
    17. 18. Age 12 Age 13 after using meth, and before committing suicide at age 15
    18. 19. Brain Changes with Meth Use <ul><li>PET scans show that dopamine transporters (DAT) are reduced in the striatum of meth users. The striatum is associated with control of movement, attention, motivation, and reward. </li></ul><ul><li>After 2 months abstinence, the DAT’s were still reduced and the damage appeared to be linked to slowed motor skills and weakened memory. </li></ul>Volkow N.D et al, Am J. Psychiatry, 158 (3), pp. 377-382, 2001
    19. 21. Depleted dopamine transporter levels in methamphetamine abusers show recovery after prolonged abstinence. In these brain scans, high dopamine transporter levels appear as red, while low levels appear as yellow/green . Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
    20. 22. <ul><li>Psychological Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive excitation </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Panic- paranoia </li></ul><ul><li>Severe depression </li></ul><ul><li>Psychotic and violent behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Visual and auditory hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>False sense of confidence and power </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotypic motor activity – compulsive behavior </li></ul>
    21. 23. Psychotic Features <ul><li>Paranoia </li></ul><ul><li>Visual, auditory & tactile hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>Mood disturbances </li></ul><ul><li>Delusions </li></ul><ul><li>Suicidal thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Out of control rages </li></ul><ul><li>Can persist for years after use discontinued </li></ul>
    22. 24. Physical Symptoms <ul><li>Appears run down or has frequent illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Change in normal appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in personal hygiene – very bad breath and rotting teeth, severe body odor </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealthy complexion </li></ul><ul><li>Injuries or bruises with no reasonable explanation </li></ul>
    23. 25. Physical Symptoms , con’t <ul><li>Increased respiration </li></ul><ul><li>Welts on skin – “Meth Acne” </li></ul><ul><li>Picking and scratching at the skin </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of appetite and severe weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated heart rate & body temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia, chronic fatigue or tiredness </li></ul><ul><li>Dilated pupils </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme sweating </li></ul>
    24. 26. Other Effects of Chronic Meth Use <ul><li>Tooth decay </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis </li></ul><ul><li>STD’s: sexually transmitted disease </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS: associated with needle use & unprotected sex </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Impotence </li></ul><ul><li>Unplanned pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic violence </li></ul>
    25. 27. Predatory Drugs <ul><li>Ecstasy, GHB, Rohypnol & Ketamine </li></ul><ul><li>“ Date Rape” drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Often odorless, colorless, and tasteless and can be easily added to beverages and ingested unknowingly </li></ul>
    26. 28. Predatory Drugs, con’t <ul><li>No matter where, always watch drinks - don’t leave them unattended </li></ul><ul><li>Be cautious about accepting drinks from an unknown person </li></ul><ul><li>Use the buddy system - look out for one another </li></ul><ul><li>Date rape drugs can kill </li></ul>
    27. 29. For More Information Iowa Substance Abuse Information Center 1-866-242-4111 www.drugfreeinfo.org IA Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy 515-242-6391 www.state.ia.us/government/odcp/ National Institute on Drug Abuse www.nida.nih.gov

    ×