Anti Federalists 1 Ss

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Anti Federalists 1 Ss

  1. 1. Anti-Federalists By Gary, Jen, and Veronica Anti-Federalists By: Gary, Jen, Veronica
  2. 2. Requirements for the Ratification Process <ul><li>Delegates knew that congress would oppose the draft because it reduced state powers </li></ul><ul><li>13 states had to approve the constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Plan was to go directly to the voters to approve the constitution </li></ul>
  3. 3. Where and How did the Americans debate the constitution? <ul><li>Within the Philadelphia Convention </li></ul><ul><li>Took place newspapers and pamphlets </li></ul><ul><li>The anti-federalists opened discussion by stating their objections to the constitution </li></ul><ul><li>They drew on political philosophy in ancient and recent history to make their arguments </li></ul>
  4. 4. Key elements of Anti-Federalists Opposition <ul><li>Anti-Federalists believed in ideas of republicanism </li></ul><ul><li>Representatives should be elected by the people </li></ul><ul><li>A large diverse state should not sustain a republic </li></ul><ul><li>The republic will require a standing army and will tax the people to sustain the army </li></ul>
  5. 5. How did their philosophy shape their objections to the constitution <ul><li>The constitution gives congress power to make laws that they believe are “necessary and proper” </li></ul><ul><li>President of the U.S., has power to grant pardons for crimes, including treason. </li></ul><ul><li>National courts have too much power that they are can destroy judicial branches of state governments </li></ul>
  6. 6. continued. <ul><li>Anti-federalists believed checks and balances system could be turned against people’s liberties </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution states that treaties are the supreme law of the land </li></ul><ul><li>The powers of the executive and legislative branches are more mixed then separated </li></ul><ul><li>They also believed that the constitution didn’t really represent the national government. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Bill of Rights <ul><li>The lack of bill of rights was the Anti-Federalists was their strongest and most powerful weapon </li></ul><ul><li>The best way to defeat the constitution was the Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>It does not adequately protect rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only the house of representatives is chosen by the people </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. continued <ul><li>The national governments powers are general and vague </li></ul><ul><li>There is no mention of freedom, religion, speech, press, or assembly </li></ul><ul><li>The bill of rights is necessary to remind the people of our political system. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Read the excerpts in your book on page,94 and 95. </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize the concerns </li></ul><ul><li>What views of Republican Government are expressed? </li></ul><ul><li>How do they relate to opposing the Constitution? </li></ul>

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