THE ORIGIN OF THETHE ORIGIN OF THE
HUMAN BEINGHUMAN BEING
OF THE PRIMATE TO THEOF THE PRIMATE TO THE
The hominids are a group ofThe hominids are a group of
primates not arboreal whose origin inprimates not arboreal whose origin in
África since 7 million years.África since 7 million years.
The human begins are hominids, butThe human begins are hominids, but
not all hominids are human begins.not all hominids are human begins.
THE PRINCIPALSTHE PRINCIPALS
CARACTERISTICS OF HOMINIDSCARACTERISTICS OF HOMINIDS
1.They move always in vertical position:1.They move always in vertical position:
The vertical body is more circular than inThe vertical body is more circular than in
others antropoid, so they support beterothers antropoid, so they support beter
the weight vertical.the weight vertical.
The vertical colum has three curvatures.The vertical colum has three curvatures.
2.His palate has form of U. And small teeth2.His palate has form of U. And small teeth
3. His cranium has a voluminous brain. His3. His cranium has a voluminous brain. His
size has relation an energetic alimentation.size has relation an energetic alimentation.
THE FIRST HOMINIDSTHE FIRST HOMINIDS
The appearence of the first hominidsThe appearence of the first hominids
coincides whith the cooling that hecoincides whith the cooling that he
withdrew fron the tropical ferestswithdrew fron the tropical ferests
and the formation of sheets.and the formation of sheets.
THE PRINCIPALS PREHUMANSTHE PRINCIPALS PREHUMANS
Ardipithecus ramidusArdipithecus ramidus: is the oldest and: is the oldest and
the most known hominid.the most known hominid.
Austrolopithecus anamensisAustrolopithecus anamensis: it had: it had
sinester apect and hominid carateristics.sinester apect and hominid carateristics.
Austrolopitecus afarensisAustrolopitecus afarensis: it is the: it is the
folowing species known. Face of salientfolowing species known. Face of salient
nouse and a body camb along thenouse and a body camb along the
Later hominidsLater hominids a A. afarensisa A. afarensis:: gracilesgraciles
jaw represented by a africanus and a morejaw represented by a africanus and a more
robust represented by Paranthropusrobust represented by Paranthropus
THE HUMANITATION: THE FIRSTTHE HUMANITATION: THE FIRST
HUMAN BEINGSHUMAN BEINGS
The first species of the genusThe first species of the genus homohomo
had a larger brain with higherhad a larger brain with higher
capacities appeare to climate changecapacities appeare to climate change
that causes a second phase of colingthat causes a second phase of coling
and aridity in Africa.and aridity in Africa.
HOMO HABILISHOMO HABILIS
Is the first homo of which remainsIs the first homo of which remains
have been faund. His cranium washave been faund. His cranium was
larger than that of Autralopitecuslarger than that of Autralopitecus
and it´s teeth were similar toand it´s teeth were similar to
HOMO ERGASTERHOMO ERGASTER
His cranium was bigger and widerHis cranium was bigger and wider
that ofthat of h. habilish. habilis and small teeth.and small teeth.
The skeleton was very similar toThe skeleton was very similar to
modern human. They were usuallymodern human. They were usually
HOMO ERECTUSHOMO ERECTUS
It´s classified asIt´s classified as Homo erectusHomo erectus remains ofremains of
ancestorancestor java manjava man andand Pekín manPekín man
This species arase 1 million year ago andThis species arase 1 million year ago and
disappeared abaut 100.000 year ago indisappeared abaut 100.000 year ago in
Java, 400.000 ago the use fine.Java, 400.000 ago the use fine.
His cranium was very long and very thickHis cranium was very long and very thick
walls the foreheard was low and obliquewalls the foreheard was low and oblique
with massive Jaws and chin lacked.with massive Jaws and chin lacked.
HOMO ANTECESSORHOMO ANTECESSOR
Homo antecessor,Homo antecessor, 800.000 years ago800.000 years ago
were the first europeans.were the first europeans.
Presented archaic and modernPresented archaic and modern
Besides being hunters practicedBesides being hunters practiced
NEANDERTHAL MANNEANDERTHAL MAN
Appeare in Europe for than 300.000 yearsAppeare in Europe for than 300.000 years
ago, and disappeared about 28.000 had aago, and disappeared about 28.000 had a
mean height of 1.65m. And mostmean height of 1.65m. And most
developed musculature than any currentdeveloped musculature than any current
Had a modern brain. The bone structre ofHad a modern brain. The bone structre of
the spine, pelvis, legs and feet werethe spine, pelvis, legs and feet were
indentical in that of humanity today.indentical in that of humanity today.
THE CONTROVERSIAL ORIGENTHE CONTROVERSIAL ORIGEN
OF MODERN HUMANSOF MODERN HUMANS
Is consideret that teIs consideret that te homo radhesiensis orhomo radhesiensis or
archaic homo sapiens,archaic homo sapiens, is the a african pastis the a african past
to our species appear 200.000 years ago.to our species appear 200.000 years ago.
The modernThe modern homo sapienshomo sapiens appearence inappearence in
Africa 160.000 years while the europeanAfrica 160.000 years while the european
h. heidelbergensish. heidelbergensis gave rise togave rise to
NearderthalsNearderthals in Africa we showed up abautin Africa we showed up abaut
40.000 and 35.000 years.40.000 and 35.000 years.
MARÍA RODRÍGUEZ ANDMARÍA RODRÍGUEZ AND
MARÍA DEL MAR MARTÍNEZMARÍA DEL MAR MARTÍNEZ