OPSEC for hackers

152,989 views
153,441 views

Published on

A gentle introduction to keeping your mouth shut.
Video of the talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9XaYdCdwiWU

Published in: Technology, Design
8 Comments
66 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
152,989
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
28,644
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
892
Comments
8
Likes
66
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • \n
  • \n
  • STFU\nNeed to Know\nPlumbing\n
  • The Wire, season 1, episode 5. This show is the most quotable show for OPSEC, evar!\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • “Thwarting enemies at home and abroad” book. Blackmail is basically, don’t allow anyone to have power over you where they can dictate your actions. You ceed control of your actions to someone else, and it will end poorly for you.\n
  • \n
  • I love this guide. It provides general guidelines to committing criminal activities and staying out of jail. These are good OPSEC techniques for one activity (smoking weed), but many can be generalized to all criminal^W freedom fighting activities.\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • NOTE: not using code doesn’t mean don’t use cryptonyms (code names). These are very good.\n
  • NOTE: not using code doesn’t mean don’t use cryptonyms (code names). These are very good.\n
  • NOTE: not using code doesn’t mean don’t use cryptonyms (code names). These are very good.\n
  • NOTE: not using code doesn’t mean don’t use cryptonyms (code names). These are very good.\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • #4 - don’t socialize with your criminal co-conspirators\n
  • #4 - don’t socialize with your criminal co-conspirators\n
  • #4 - don’t socialize with your criminal co-conspirators\n
  • #4 - don’t socialize with your criminal co-conspirators\n
  • #4 - don’t socialize with your criminal co-conspirators\n
  • #4 - don’t socialize with your criminal co-conspirators\n
  • #4 - don’t socialize with your criminal co-conspirators\n
  • #10: control over your actions.\n
  • #10: control over your actions.\n
  • #10: control over your actions.\n
  • #10: control over your actions.\n
  • #10: control over your actions.\n
  • #10: control over your actions.\n
  • #10: control over your actions.\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • This is a violation of the principle of “need to know”. Your lawyer needs to know that you are on probation (for a specific charge). Your criminal co-conspirators do not need to know this!\n
  • note: example of good opsec, the feds dont’ name the other guy, ‘co-conspirator not named ... herein’. Only people who know who this is are: donncha, the hacker^Wfreedom fighter, and the feds pursuing the case\n
  • note: example of good opsec, the feds dont’ name the other guy, ‘co-conspirator not named ... herein’. Only people who know who this is are: donncha, the hacker^Wfreedom fighter, and the feds pursuing the case\n
  • note: example of good opsec, the feds dont’ name the other guy, ‘co-conspirator not named ... herein’. Only people who know who this is are: donncha, the hacker^Wfreedom fighter, and the feds pursuing the case\n
  • note: example of good opsec, the feds dont’ name the other guy, ‘co-conspirator not named ... herein’. Only people who know who this is are: donncha, the hacker^Wfreedom fighter, and the feds pursuing the case\n
  • note: example of good opsec, the feds dont’ name the other guy, ‘co-conspirator not named ... herein’. Only people who know who this is are: donncha, the hacker^Wfreedom fighter, and the feds pursuing the case\n
  • note: example of good opsec, the feds dont’ name the other guy, ‘co-conspirator not named ... herein’. Only people who know who this is are: donncha, the hacker^Wfreedom fighter, and the feds pursuing the case\n
  • note: example of good opsec, the feds dont’ name the other guy, ‘co-conspirator not named ... herein’. Only people who know who this is are: donncha, the hacker^Wfreedom fighter, and the feds pursuing the case\n
  • note: example of good opsec, the feds dont’ name the other guy, ‘co-conspirator not named ... herein’. Only people who know who this is are: donncha, the hacker^Wfreedom fighter, and the feds pursuing the case\n
  • note: example of good opsec, the feds dont’ name the other guy, ‘co-conspirator not named ... herein’. Only people who know who this is are: donncha, the hacker^Wfreedom fighter, and the feds pursuing the case\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • Keep your hacking^W freedom fighting, and family, completely separated\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • directly connecting to the target from your home IP? Are you out of your fucking mind!\n
  • directly connecting to the target from your home IP? Are you out of your fucking mind!\n
  • directly connecting to the target from your home IP? Are you out of your fucking mind!\n
  • directly connecting to the target from your home IP? Are you out of your fucking mind!\n
  • directly connecting to the target from your home IP? Are you out of your fucking mind!\n
  • directly connecting to the target from your home IP? Are you out of your fucking mind!\n
  • colloquially, don’t shit where you eat.\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • They call them warning signs for a reason...\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • They call them warning signs for a reason...\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • self incriminating confession == bad\n
  • \n
  • Interrogation tactic: appeal to pride, ridicule the hacker’s abilities, encouraging him to “correct” your misperception of him... and in the process, confess. DO NOT TALK TO POLICE!\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • credit: ben nagy found this pic, i stole it from him cause my conference talk is first, :D\n
  • \n
  • NOTE: he’s wearing a mask. \ncredit: ben nagy also found this photo. \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • use tor\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • OPSEC for hackers

    1. 1. OPSEC for hackers: because jail is for wuftpd the.grugq@gmail.com
    2. 2. OPSEC forFREEDOM FIGHTERS hackers: because jail is for wuftpd the.grugq@gmail.com
    3. 3. Overview• Intro to OPSEC • Methodology • lulzsec: lessons learned • Techniques • Technology• Conclusion
    4. 4. Avon:You only got to fuck up once… Be a little slow, be a little late, just once. How you ain’t gonna never be slow? Never be late? You can’t plan for that. Thats life.
    5. 5. IntrotoOPSEC
    6. 6. WTF is it?
    7. 7. OPSEC in a nutshell• Keep your mouth shut• Guard secrets • Need to know• Never let anyone get into position to blackmail you
    8. 8. STFU
    9. 9. Methodology
    10. 10. • put the plumbing in first • create a cover (new persona) • work on the legend (history, background, supporting evidence for the persona) • Create sub-aliases • NEVER CONTAMINATE
    11. 11. The 10 HackCommandments
    12. 12. FREEDOM The 10 Hack FIGHTINGCommandments
    13. 13. • Rule 1: Never reveal your operational details
    14. 14. • Rule 1: Never reveal your operational details• Rule 2: Never reveal your plans
    15. 15. • Rule 1: Never reveal your operational details• Rule 2: Never reveal your plans• Rule 3: Never trust anyone
    16. 16. • Rule 1: Never reveal your operational details• Rule 2: Never reveal your plans• Rule 3: Never trust anyone• Rule 4: Never confuse recreation and hacking FREEDOM FIGHTING
    17. 17. • Rule 1: Never reveal your operational details• Rule 2: Never reveal your plans• Rule 3: Never trust anyone• Rule 4: Never confuse recreation and hacking FREEDOM FIGHTING• Rule 5: Never operate from your own house
    18. 18. • Rule 6: Be proactively paranoid, it doesn’t work retroactively
    19. 19. • Rule 6: Be proactively paranoid, it doesn’t work retroactively FREEDOM• Rule 7: Keep personal life and hacking FIGHTING separated
    20. 20. • Rule 6: Be proactively paranoid, it doesn’t work retroactively FREEDOM• Rule 7: Keep personal life and hacking FIGHTING separated• Rule 8: Keep your personal environment contraband free
    21. 21. • Rule 6: Be proactively paranoid, it doesn’t work retroactively FREEDOM• Rule 7: Keep personal life and hacking FIGHTING separated• Rule 8: Keep your personal environment contraband free• Rule 9: Don’t talk to the police
    22. 22. • Rule 6: Be proactively paranoid, it doesn’t work retroactively FREEDOM• Rule 7: Keep personal life and hacking FIGHTING separated• Rule 8: Keep your personal environment contraband free• Rule 9: Don’t talk to the police• Rule 10: Dont give anyone power over you
    23. 23. Why do you need OPSEC?
    24. 24. It hurts to get fucked
    25. 25. No one is going to go to jail for you.
    26. 26. Your friends will betray you.
    27. 27. #lulzsec:lessons learned
    28. 28. never ever ever do this
    29. 29. ViolationNever trust anyone
    30. 30. ProTip: Don’t use your personal Facebook account to send defacement code toFREEDOM FIGHTERS your friends
    31. 31. ViolationDon’t contaminate
    32. 32. ViolationKeep personal life and hacking separate
    33. 33. ViolationKeep personal life and FREEDOM hacking separate FIGHTING
    34. 34. ViolationNever operate from your home
    35. 35. Violation Don’t revealoperational details
    36. 36. Violation Don’t revealoperational details
    37. 37. ViolationBe paranoid
    38. 38. Virus (10:30:18 PM): dont start accusing me of[being an informant] - especially after youdisappeared and came back offering to pay me forshit - thats fed tactics
    39. 39. Virus (10:30:18 PM): dont start accusing me of[being an informant] - especially after youdisappeared and came back offering to pay me forshit - thats fed tacticsVirus (10:30:31 PM): and then your buddy, topiary,who lives in the most random place
    40. 40. Virus (10:30:18 PM): dont start accusing me of[being an informant] - especially after youdisappeared and came back offering to pay me forshit - thats fed tacticsVirus (10:30:31 PM): and then your buddy, topiary,who lives in the most random placeVirus (10:30:36 PM): whos docs werent even public
    41. 41. Virus (10:30:18 PM): dont start accusing me of[being an informant] - especially after youdisappeared and came back offering to pay me forshit - thats fed tacticsVirus (10:30:31 PM): and then your buddy, topiary,who lives in the most random placeVirus (10:30:36 PM): whos docs werent even publicVirus (10:30:38 PM): gets owned
    42. 42. Virus (10:30:18 PM): dont start accusing me of[being an informant] - especially after youdisappeared and came back offering to pay me forshit - thats fed tacticsVirus (10:30:31 PM): and then your buddy, topiary,who lives in the most random placeVirus (10:30:36 PM): whos docs werent even publicVirus (10:30:38 PM): gets ownedSabu (10:32:29 PM): offering to pay you for shit?
    43. 43. Virus (10:30:18 PM): dont start accusing me of[being an informant] - especially after youdisappeared and came back offering to pay me forshit - thats fed tacticsVirus (10:30:31 PM): and then your buddy, topiary,who lives in the most random placeVirus (10:30:36 PM): whos docs werent even publicVirus (10:30:38 PM): gets ownedSabu (10:32:29 PM): offering to pay you for shit?Virus (10:32:55 PM): yeah, you offered me money for"dox"
    44. 44. Virus (10:30:18 PM): dont start accusing me of[being an informant] - especially after youdisappeared and came back offering to pay me forshit - thats fed tacticsVirus (10:30:31 PM): and then your buddy, topiary,who lives in the most random placeVirus (10:30:36 PM): whos docs werent even publicVirus (10:30:38 PM): gets ownedSabu (10:32:29 PM): offering to pay you for shit?Virus (10:32:55 PM): yeah, you offered me money for"dox"Virus (10:33:39 PM): only informants offer up cashfor shit -- you gave yourself up with that one
    45. 45. HAPPY ENDINGVirus is still free
    46. 46. ViolationNever contaminate
    47. 47. Bonus: w0rmer
    48. 48. Techniques
    49. 49. Plumbing
    50. 50. It is boring.
    51. 51. You’ll know it worked if nothing happens.
    52. 52. Put it in place first.
    53. 53. Paranoia doesn’t work retroactively
    54. 54. Personas
    55. 55. Spiros: He knows my name, but my name is not my name. And you... to them youre only "The Greek."The Greek: And, of course, Im not even Greek.
    56. 56. Problem:You are you.
    57. 57. Solution:Be someone else.
    58. 58. Personas• Danger to personas is contamination • Contact between personas (covers) contaminates both • Keep cover identities isolated from each other
    59. 59. Layered defense
    60. 60. • Fail safe technological solution • TOR all the things!• Back stop persona • Primary cover alias as first identity • Secondary cover aliases (eg. handles)
    61. 61. Profiling data
    62. 62. Pitfalls• Location revealing information • Weather • Time • Political events• Profiling data
    63. 63. Practice• Amateurs practice until they get it right, professionals practice until they can’t get it wrong• Practice makes perfect
    64. 64. Stringer: What you doing?Shamrock: Roberts Rules says we got to have minutes of the meeting. These the minutes.Stringer: Nigga, is you taking notes on a criminal fucking conspiracy?
    65. 65. No logs. No crime.
    66. 66. Staying Anonymous
    67. 67. Personal info is profiling info
    68. 68. Guidelines against profiling• Do not include personal informations in your nick and screen name.• Do not discuss personal informations in the chat, where you are from...• Do not mention your gender, tattoos, piercings or physical capacities.
    69. 69. Guidelines, cont.• Do not mention your profession, hobbies or involvement in activist groups• Do not use special characters on your keyboard unique to your language• Do not post informations to the regular internet while you are anonymous in IRC. • Do not use Twitter and Facebook
    70. 70. Guidelines, cont.• Do not post links to Facebook images. The image name contains a personal ID.• Do not keep regular hours / habits (this can reveal your timezone, geographic locale)• Do not discuss your environment, e.g. weather, political activities,
    71. 71. Hackers are no longer the apex predator
    72. 72. Hackers are no longerFREEDOMFIGHTERS the apex predator
    73. 73. That position has been ceded to LEO
    74. 74. That position has been ceded to LEO * *Law Enforcement Officials
    75. 75. Technology
    76. 76. VPNs vs. TOR• VPNs provide privacy• TOR provides anonymity• Confuse the two at your peril
    77. 77. • TOR connection to a VPN => OK• VPN connection to TOR => GOTO JAIL
    78. 78. On VPNs• Only safe currency is Bitcoins • because they come from nothing• Purchase only over TOR • http://torrentfreak.com/which-vpn- providers-really-take-anonymity- seriously-111007/
    79. 79. Fail closed
    80. 80. PORTAL
    81. 81. PORTALPersonal Onion Router To Avoid LEO
    82. 82. PORTAL• Router ensuring all traffic is transparently sent over TOR • Reduce the ability to make mistakes• Use mobile uplink • Mobility (go to a coffee shop) • Reduce risk of wifi monitoring
    83. 83. PORTAL• Uses tricks to get additional storage space on /
    84. 84. Hardware• TP-LINK AR71xx personal routers • MR-11U • MR-3040 • MR-3020 • WR-703N
    85. 85. MR-3040 & MR-11U• Battery powered • Approx. 4-5 hrs per charge• USB for 3G modem
    86. 86. http://torporfavor.org/ download/portal/
    87. 87. Conclusion
    88. 88. STFU
    89. 89. Questions?
    90. 90. If you think, don’t speakIf you speak, don’t writeIf you write, don’t signIf you sign, don’t be surprised

    ×