WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               1<br />IEEE-IGARSS-2011b, Vancouver, BC, ...
Exploitation of fully polarimetric ALOS-PALSAR mode for natural hazard detection and subsequent disaster reduction of SE-A...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               3<br />Hydrologic cycle with volcanologic...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               4<br />Taiwan<br />From BBC news site<br />
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               5<br />The terrestrial tectonology: Alfre...
ALOS-PALSAR Polarimteric Mode<br />2009/5/1<br />Data no.<br />PASL1100905011424530907020000<br />PASL11009050114245309070...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               7<br />ALOS is one of the largest Earth o...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               8<br />3.4.5.6.7.8<br />Polarimetric mode...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               9<br />Pd<br />Pv<br />Ps<br />Luye<br />...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Color-Composite<br />POLSAR image analysis<br />Scattering matrix<br />= Quad. Pol. data<br />HV B...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               11<br />The four-component decomposition ...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br /> Taiwan<br />N<br />2009/5/1<br />22.710N<br />121.091E<br />Google earth optical image<br />PASL1...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               13<br />Taitong<br />
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />N<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />N<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />HV...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               15<br />4-compornent scattering power dec...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />N<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />N<br />T33 Rotation<br />Pauli-basis<br...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               17<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Yushan Nl...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               18<br />Yushan  Mountain<br />
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br /> Taiwan<br />N<br />2009/5/1<br />23.207N<br />120.983E<br />Google earth optical image<br />PASL1...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />N<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />N<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />23...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />N<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />N<br />T33 Rotation<br />Pauli-basis<br...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br /> Taiwan<br />N<br />23.703N<br />120.875E<br />PASL1100905011424200907020002<br />Google earth opt...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               23<br />Sun-Moon Lake<br />
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               24<br />
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />23.703N<br />120...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               26<br />The destruction along the Cheleng...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />T33 Rotation<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br ...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               28<br />Houlong River  Estuary <br />
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br /> Taiwan<br />N<br />24.200N<br />120.766E<br />PASL1100905011424200907020003<br />Google earth opt...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               30<br />Houlong River  Estuary <br />
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />24.200N<br />120...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />T33 Rotation<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br ...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />N<br />Jhonggang River Estuary<br /> Taiwan<br />24.697N<br />120.656E<br />Google earth optical i...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />24.200N<br />120...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />T33 Rotation<br /> Taiwan<br />Pauli-basis<br ...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               36<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />JAXA-ALOS...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               37<br />ALOS-PALSAR Polarimetric Mode<br ...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               38<br />Mt. Mayon – The pearl of the Orie...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               39<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Mt. Mayon...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               40<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Mt. Mayon...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               41<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Mt. Mayon...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               42<br />Philippines<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               43<br />South-East Asia<br />
ALOS-PALSAR Polarimteric Mode<br />Ascending<br />2007/3/10<br />Data no.<br />ALPSRP059887030<br />ALPSRP059887040<br />I...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Indonesia <br />-7.942N<br />112.870E<br />N<br />2007/3/10<br />Google earth optical image<br />A...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               46<br />Mount Semeru puffs steam behind a...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps (80 up)<br />2007/3/10<br />Pauli-basis<br />-7.942...
Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />2007/3/10<br />Pd, Pv, Ps (80 up)<br />T33 Rotation<br />Pauli...
Feb 26, 2005 Mw6.7<br />Kuala Lumpur<br />Mar 28, 2005 Ms8.4<br />2004<br />Apr 10, 2005 Ms6.7<br />Singapore<br />1907<br...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               50<br />Krakatau <br />8/26/1883 <br />Ne...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               51<br />Indian Ocean Tsunamis: 1833 & 200...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               52<br />Eyjafjallajökull<br />Eyjafjallaj...
Physical interpretation of rain cell signatures<br />Partial backscattering at hydrometeors (precipitation volume)<br />At...
Azimuth<br />Range <br />Slant range reflectivity profile („A-scope“) for the rain cell cut from a very recent TerraSAR-X ...
Iceland, Eyjafjallajökull Volcano<br />          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               55...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               56<br />
Christchurch earthquake of Sept 4 2010 <br />
Zoom up of epicenter part<br />
PALSAR FBS SAR interferometry for Christchurch earthquake of Feb. 22, 2011 <br />
Zoom up of the Epicenter area<br />
TanDEM-X: Operational DEM Acquisition 15.12.2010<br />DT 6<br />DT 7<br />
TanDEM-X: Operational DEM Acquisition 15.12.2010 – DT 6<br />Spatial resolution: 3m<br />Amplitude HH<br />Coherence<br />
TanDEM-X: Operational DEM Acquisition 15.12.2010 – DT 6<br />Spatial resolution: 12m<br />Height of Ambiguity 41 m<br />
TanDEM-X: Operational DEM Acquisition 15.12.2010 – High Resolution DT 7Coherence<br />spatial resolution 1 m<br />
TanDEM-X: Operational DEM Acquisition 15.12.2010 – High Resolution DT 7DEM<br />
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               67<br />
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               68<br />Off-Tohoku M9 Seaquake & Tsunami ...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               69<br />
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          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               72<br />
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               73<br />Ishinomaki harbor38*25’N, 141*18’...
          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               74<br />Off-Tohoku M9 Seaquake & Tsunami ...
NASA-JPL UAVSAR on Global Hawk<br />          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               75<br />
GROB Super-High-Altitude UAV<br />          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               76<br /...
TandemSAR-X DLR<br />Launch: 2010 June 21<br />          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY         ...
TandemSAR-L (Destiny): JPL & DLR <br />          WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY               78...
Recent Textbooks on Radar Polarimetry & Polarimetric Interferometry<br />Mott, Boerner, Yamaguchi, Souyris, Jin, Jin-Xu,<b...
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  1. 1. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 1<br />IEEE-IGARSS-2011b, Vancouver, BC, 110724 – 110729 <br />Tuesday, 110726, IS TU.TO2, SAR Polarimetry-I – Theory & Applications<br />Future perspectives of Radar Polarimetry with applications to Multiparameter POLSAR Remote Sensing applied to Earthquake & Volcano Eruption Disaster Prevention<br />Wolfgang-Martin Boerner1, 2, 4<br />In coordination with<br />Yoshio Yamaguchi2, Akinobu Sato2, Roichi Sato2, Hiroyoshi Yamada2, Kun-Shan Chen3, <br />Chih-Tien Wang3, Motoyuki Sato4, Enrico-Camero Paringit5 and Mahmud Raimadoya6<br />1 University of Illinois at Chicago, UIC-ECE/CSN, Chicago, IL/USA<br />2 Niigata University, Electronic Information Engineering, Ikarashi, Niigata, Japan<br />3 National Central University, NCU-CSRSR/MRSL, Jhongli, Taoyuan, Taiwan ROC<br />4 Tohoku University, TU-CNEA, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi-ken, Japan<br />5 UPD-GE, Diliman, Quezon City, Metro-Manila, Philippines, ecparingit@up.edu.ph<br />6 BAC-CEE/RAWG, Jalan Meranti Dramaga Campus, Bogor, Java, Indonesia, wgar.ipb@gmail.com<br />
  2. 2. Exploitation of fully polarimetric ALOS-PALSAR mode for natural hazard detection and subsequent disaster reduction of SE-Asian/Pacific earthquakes, volcano eruptions and taiphoons – Japan, Taiwan, Philippines and Indonesia <br />Abstract: The outstanding performance capabilities of the ALOS-PALSAR imagery are well established; and in this exposition the exploitation of the fully polarimetric ALOS-PAL=PPL=SAR mode is demonstrated by implementing the NIIGATA-UNIVERSITY four-scatterer SAR image decomposition with coherency-matrix rotation proving the superior imaging capabilities of the fully polarimetric SAR modes not only for the ALOS-PALSAR L-Band and similarly to the S-Band, C-Band and X-Band. The novel fully polarimetric POL-SAR image processing techniques are then applied to natural hazard detection and subsequent disaster reduction of taiphoons with land-slides, volcano eruptions with plume aftereffects & landslides, and of earthquakes with drop-slips experienced within the SE-Asian/Pacific Ring-of-Fire including next to Japan in Taiwan, the Philippines and Indonesia.<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 2<br />
  3. 3. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 3<br />Hydrologic cycle with volcanologic & seismic activity<br />Volcano eruption with smock<br />Earthquake drop-slip<br />
  4. 4. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 4<br />Taiwan<br />From BBC news site<br />
  5. 5. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 5<br />The terrestrial tectonology: Alfred Wegener’s tectonic plate theory and the two major seismic belts<br />Belt 2, Circum-Pacific belt<br />
  6. 6. ALOS-PALSAR Polarimteric Mode<br />2009/5/1<br />Data no.<br />PASL1100905011424530907020000<br />PASL1100905011424530907020001<br />PASL1100905011424530907020002<br />PASL1100905011424530907020003<br />PASL1100905011424530907020004<br />Ascending<br />Chelengpu-fault<br />Taiwan<br />Taiwan<br />21.5°<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />Yoshio Yamaguchi<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 6<br />Sun Moon-lake<br />Taitong<br />
  7. 7. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 7<br />ALOS is one of the largest Earth observing satellites ever developed, at 3850 kg. It is in a near-exact 45-day repeat sun-synchronous orbit, 690 km altitude above the equator. The active phased array SAR antenna is obliquely Earth-facing, aligned with the spacecraft velocity vector. The solar array is arranged at right angles to the orbit plane, consistent with the near-mid-day orbit phasing. The X-band down-link must be shared with optical instruments, which constrains SAR operation times.<br />
  8. 8. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 8<br />3.4.5.6.7.8<br />Polarimetric mode<br />Incident angle :23.1°<br />Date:2009/05/01<br />Path:442<br />Frame:430(3),440(4)<br /> 450(5),460(6)<br /> 470(7),480(8)<br />
  9. 9. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 9<br />Pd<br />Pv<br />Ps<br />Luye<br />Taitung<br />
  10. 10. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Color-Composite<br />POLSAR image analysis<br />Scattering matrix<br />= Quad. Pol. data<br />HV Basis<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br />VV<br />HV<br />HH<br />Pauli Basis<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br /><Average><br />Eigenvalue<br />Entropy, Alpha-angle, Anisotropy<br />λ1<br />λ2<br />λ3<br />double <br />bounce<br />Scattering Power Decomposition<br />Covariance matrix Coherency matrix<br />surface <br />scattering<br />volume <br />scattering<br />Pd, Pv, Ps, Pc<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 10<br />
  11. 11. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 11<br />The four-component decomposition of scattering powers Ps, Pd, Pv, and Pc<br />
  12. 12. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br /> Taiwan<br />N<br />2009/5/1<br />22.710N<br />121.091E<br />Google earth optical image<br />PASL1100905011424200907020000<br />N<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />Scattering power decomposition (Pd, Ps, Pv)<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 12<br />Taitong<br />
  13. 13. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 13<br />Taitong<br />
  14. 14. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />N<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />N<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />HV-basis<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br />2009/5/1<br />N<br />22.710N<br />121.091E<br />PASL11009050114242009070200<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 14<br />
  15. 15. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 15<br />4-compornent scattering power decomposition algorithm <br />using rotated coherency matrix<br />Rader line of sight<br />Deorientation<br />Rotation of imsge<br />
  16. 16. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />N<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />N<br />T33 Rotation<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br />HV-basis<br />N<br />22.710N<br />121.091E<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br />2009/5/1<br />PASL11009050114242009070200<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 16<br />
  17. 17. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 17<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Yushan Nlt. Park<br />Luye<br />
  18. 18. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 18<br />Yushan Mountain<br />
  19. 19. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br /> Taiwan<br />N<br />2009/5/1<br />23.207N<br />120.983E<br />Google earth optical image<br />PASL1100905011424200907020001<br />N<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />Scattering power decomposition (Pd, Ps, Pv)<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 19<br />
  20. 20. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />N<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />N<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />23.207N<br />120.983E<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br />HV-basis<br />N<br />PASL1100905011424200907020001<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />2009/5/1<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 20<br />
  21. 21. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />N<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />N<br />T33 Rotation<br />Pauli-basis<br />2009/5/1<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br />HV-basis<br />N<br /> Taiwan<br />23.207N<br />120.983E<br />PASL1100905011424200907020001<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 21<br />
  22. 22. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br /> Taiwan<br />N<br />23.703N<br />120.875E<br />PASL1100905011424200907020002<br />Google earth optical image<br />Puli City<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />Jiji<br />2009/5/1<br />Sun Moon Lake<br />Scattering power decomposition (Pd, Ps, Pv)<br />
  23. 23. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 23<br />Sun-Moon Lake<br />
  24. 24. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 24<br />
  25. 25. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />23.703N<br />120.875E<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br />HV-basis<br />2009/5/1<br />PASL1100905011424200907020002<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br />
  26. 26. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 26<br />The destruction along the Cheleng-Pu fault caused by the Chi-Chi earthquake of 1999 September 21<br />
  27. 27. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />T33 Rotation<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br />23.703N<br />120.875E<br />HV-basis<br />2009/5/1<br />PASL1100905011424200907020002<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br />
  28. 28. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 28<br />Houlong River Estuary <br />
  29. 29. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br /> Taiwan<br />N<br />24.200N<br />120.766E<br />PASL1100905011424200907020003<br />Google earth optical image<br />Miaoli City<br />Houlong River <br />Jhonggang River <br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />2009/5/1<br />Scattering power decomposition (Pd, Ps, Pv)<br />
  30. 30. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 30<br />Houlong River Estuary <br />
  31. 31. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />24.200N<br />120.983E<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br />2009/5/1<br />HV-basis<br />PASL1100905011424200907020003<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br />
  32. 32. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />T33 Rotation<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />24.200N<br />120.983E<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br />HV-basis<br />2009/5/1<br />PASL1100905011424200907020003<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br />
  33. 33. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />N<br />Jhonggang River Estuary<br /> Taiwan<br />24.697N<br />120.656E<br />Google earth optical image<br />2009/5/1<br />PASL1100905011424200907020004<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />Jhonggang River Estuary<br />Scattering power decomposition (Pd, Ps, Pv)<br />
  34. 34. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />Pauli-basis<br /> Taiwan<br />24.200N<br />120.766E<br />2009/5/1<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br />HV-basis<br />PASL1100905011424200907020004<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br />
  35. 35. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps<br />T33 Rotation<br /> Taiwan<br />Pauli-basis<br />24.200N<br />120.766E<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV<br />2009/5/1<br />HV-basis<br />PASL1100905011424200907020004<br />©METI, ERSDAC<br />HH, 2HV, VV<br />
  36. 36. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 36<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />JAXA-ALOS PALSAR<br />T33 Rotation<br />Japan eruption of <br />Shin-Moedake 110119<br />Before eruption 2009 June <br />After eruption 2011 March<br />2011 February<br />Mount Kirishima: 31*54’42”N, 130*53’00”E<br />
  37. 37. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 37<br />ALOS-PALSAR Polarimetric Mode<br />Philippines<br />Ascending<br />13.501N<br />123.551E<br />2009/5/30<br />Data no.<br />ALPSRP178330260<br />© METI, JAXA<br />Yoshio Yamaguchi<br />
  38. 38. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 38<br />Mt. Mayon – The pearl of the Orient<br />
  39. 39. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 39<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Mt. Mayon<br />Philippines<br />13.501N<br />123.551E<br />2009/5/30<br />N<br />Google Earth optical image<br />Data no.<br />ALPSRP178330260<br />Mt. Mayon<br />©METI, JAXA<br />Scattering power<br /> Decomposition<br />Decomposed image (Ps, Pd, Pv) with rotation 2*12 window<br />
  40. 40. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 40<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Mt. Mayon<br />Philippines<br />13.498N<br />123.561E<br />2010/1/15<br />N<br />Google Earth optical image<br />Data no.<br />ALPSRP211880260<br />©METI, JAXA<br />Scattering power<br /> Decomposition<br />Decomposed image (Ps, Pd, Pv) with rotation 2*12 window<br />
  41. 41. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 41<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Mt. Mayon<br />Philippines<br />13.498N<br />123.568E<br />2010/4/17<br />N<br />Google Earth optical image<br />Data no.<br />ALPSRP225300260-P1.1__A<br />©METI, JAXA<br />Scattering power<br /> Decomposition<br />Decomposed image (Ps, Pd, Pv) with rotation 2*12 window<br />
  42. 42. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 42<br />Philippines<br />Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Mt. Mayon<br />2009/5/30<br />2010/1/15<br />2010/4/17<br />
  43. 43. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 43<br />South-East Asia<br />
  44. 44. ALOS-PALSAR Polarimteric Mode<br />Ascending<br />2007/3/10<br />Data no.<br />ALPSRP059887030<br />ALPSRP059887040<br />Indonesia<br />2009/3/15<br />Data no.<br />ALPSRP167247030<br />ALPSRP167247040<br />©JAXA, METI<br />Yoshio Yamaguchi<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 44<br />Java<br />
  45. 45. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Indonesia <br />-7.942N<br />112.870E<br />N<br />2007/3/10<br />Google earth optical image<br />ALPSRP059887030-P1.1__A<br />Volcanoes<br />©JAXA, METI<br />Scattering power<br /> Decomposition<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 45<br />Bromo<br />Semeru<br />Decomposed image (Ps, Pd, Pv)<br />
  46. 46. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 46<br />Mount Semeru puffs steam behind a cloud of sulphur gas <br />from Mount Bromo in the Tengger caldera on Java. <br />
  47. 47. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />Pd, Pv, Ps (80 up)<br />2007/3/10<br />Pauli-basis<br />-7.942N<br />112.870E<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV  (0-50 up)<br />HV-basis<br />Indonesia <br />ALPSRP059887030-P1.1__A<br />©JAXA, METI<br />HH, 2HV, VV (50 up)<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 47<br />
  48. 48. Pd<br />Ps<br />Pv<br />Scattering power decomposition<br />2007/3/10<br />Pd, Pv, Ps (80 up)<br />T33 Rotation<br />Pauli-basis<br />HH-VV, 2HV, HH+VV (80 up)<br />HV-basis<br />Indonesia <br />-7.942N<br />112.870E<br />ALPSRP059887030-P1.1__A<br />©JAXA, METI<br />HH, 2HV, VV (50 up)<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 48<br />
  49. 49. Feb 26, 2005 Mw6.7<br />Kuala Lumpur<br />Mar 28, 2005 Ms8.4<br />2004<br />Apr 10, 2005 Ms6.7<br />Singapore<br />1907<br />PADANG<br />1861<br />1935<br />2002<br />1797<br />Jakarta<br />1833<br />2000<br />Krakatau<br />A flurry of ruptures have occurred since 2000<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 49<br />
  50. 50. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 50<br />Krakatau <br />8/26/1883 <br />Next major eruption within 20 years<br />
  51. 51. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 51<br />Indian Ocean Tsunamis: 1833 & 2004<br />Hannah Fairfield/The New York Times, Science Section, January 4, 2005 <br />
  52. 52. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 52<br />Eyjafjallajökull<br />Eyjafjallajökull<br />Keflavik<br />Aachen<br />Iceland, Eyjafjallajökull Volcano<br />
  53. 53. Physical interpretation of rain cell signatures<br />Partial backscattering at hydrometeors (precipitation volume)<br />Attenuation of incident wave<br />Received signals <br />A<br />Amplitude<br />B<br />z<br />t<br />B<br />A<br />Backscattered wave (attenuated) (B)<br />Transmited wave<br />Backscattered wave from hydrometeors (A)<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 53<br />
  54. 54. Azimuth<br />Range <br />Slant range reflectivity profile („A-scope“) for the rain cell cut from a very recent TerraSAR-X measurement<br />Power [dB]<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 54<br />
  55. 55. Iceland, Eyjafjallajökull Volcano<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 55<br />
  56. 56. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 56<br />
  57. 57. Christchurch earthquake of Sept 4 2010 <br />
  58. 58. Zoom up of epicenter part<br />
  59. 59. PALSAR FBS SAR interferometry for Christchurch earthquake of Feb. 22, 2011 <br />
  60. 60. Zoom up of the Epicenter area<br />
  61. 61.
  62. 62. TanDEM-X: Operational DEM Acquisition 15.12.2010<br />DT 6<br />DT 7<br />
  63. 63. TanDEM-X: Operational DEM Acquisition 15.12.2010 – DT 6<br />Spatial resolution: 3m<br />Amplitude HH<br />Coherence<br />
  64. 64. TanDEM-X: Operational DEM Acquisition 15.12.2010 – DT 6<br />Spatial resolution: 12m<br />Height of Ambiguity 41 m<br />
  65. 65. TanDEM-X: Operational DEM Acquisition 15.12.2010 – High Resolution DT 7Coherence<br />spatial resolution 1 m<br />
  66. 66. TanDEM-X: Operational DEM Acquisition 15.12.2010 – High Resolution DT 7DEM<br />
  67. 67. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 67<br />
  68. 68. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 68<br />Off-Tohoku M9 Seaquake & Tsunami 110311 Friday, March 11, 2011 at 05:46:23 UTC Friday, March 11, 2011 at 02:46:23 PM at epicenter Epicenter38.322°N, 142.369°E<br />
  69. 69. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 69<br />
  70. 70. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 70<br />
  71. 71. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 71<br />
  72. 72. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 72<br />
  73. 73. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 73<br />Ishinomaki harbor38*25’N, 141*18’E<br />
  74. 74. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 74<br />Off-Tohoku M9 Seaquake & Tsunami 110311<br />
  75. 75. NASA-JPL UAVSAR on Global Hawk<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 75<br />
  76. 76. GROB Super-High-Altitude UAV<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 76<br />Grob G520T Egret D-FSTN <br />
  77. 77. TandemSAR-X DLR<br />Launch: 2010 June 21<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 77<br />
  78. 78. TandemSAR-L (Destiny): JPL & DLR <br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 78<br />
  79. 79. Recent Textbooks on Radar Polarimetry & Polarimetric Interferometry<br />Mott, Boerner, Yamaguchi, Souyris, Jin, Jin-Xu,<br />Pottier-Lee, Cloude, Jian Yang,Cumming-Wong<br />vanZyl-Kim<br />Addendum: Boerner, Literature Assessment<br /> WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 79<br />
  80. 80. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 80<br />Recent Books on Polarimetric Radar & SAR, Polarimetric Interferometry <br />Harold MOTT, Remote Sensing with Polarimetric Radar, Wiley-IEEE Press, 1st ed., January 2007, pp309 , ISBN: 978-0470074763 {also see previous books by late Harold Mott, 1986 & 1992}<br />Boerner, Wolfgang-Martin, Introduction to Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Polarimetry, Wexford Press (reprinted without permission from W-M. Boerner (April 2007), Basics of SAR Polarimetry 1, In Radar Polarimetry and Interferometry (pp. 3.1- 3-40), Educational Notes RTO-EN-SET-081bis, Paper 3, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France RTO, available from: http://www.rto.nato.int/abstracts.asp<br />Yamaguchi, Yoshio, Radar Polarimetry from Basics to Applications: Radar Remote Sensing using Polarimetric Information (in Japanese),IEICE Press, Dec. 2007, (soft cover), ISBN: 978-4-88552-227-7, http://www.ieicepress.com/<br />Masonnett Didier & Souyris Jean-Claude, Imaging with Synthetic Aperture Radar, EPFL/CRC-Press, Engineering Sciences/Electrical Engineering, Taylor & Francis Group, 2008,(hard-cover), ISBN 978-0-8493-8239-4; http://www.crcpress.com<br />Ya-Qiu JIN & Feng XU, Theory and Approach for Polarimetric Scattering and Information Retrieval of SAR Remote Sensing (In Modern Chinese), Beijing: Science Press, 2008, (hard cover), ISBN978-7-03-022649-5; http://www.sciencep.com<br />Lee Jong-Sen & Pottier, Eric, Polarimetric Radar Imaging – from basics to applications, CRC Press – Taylor & Francis Group, January 2009, ISBN 978-1-4200-5497-2 (hard-cover), TK6580.L424.2009, 621.3848- -dc22; http://www.crcpress.com {Chinese version to be published by 2009 October}<br />Cloude, Shane Robert, Polarisation: Applications in Remote Sensing,Oxford University Press, UK & EU, August 2009, ISBN 978 -0-19-9569731-1 (352p, 260 line-ill: hard-copy), http://www.oup.com.contact/<br />vanZyl Jakob-Johannes & Kim Yun-Jin, Introduction to SAR Polarimetry – in progress and to be completed by 2009 December: To be published with the JPL Series, John Wiley.<br />Cumming, I. G. and F. W. Wong, “Digital Processing of Synthetic Aperture Radar Data”. Artech House, 653-pages, January 2005. (Published in Chinese, October 2007).<br />
  81. 81. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 81<br />Contents List<br />1. SAR Imaging Basics<br />Basic Principles of Radar Imaging<br />Radar Resolution<br />Radar Equation<br />Real Aperture Radar<br />Synthetic Aperture Radar<br />Radar Image Artifacts and Noise<br />Summary<br />References<br />2. Basic Principles of SAR Polarimetry<br />Polarization of Electromagnetic <br /> Waves<br />Mathematical Representations of <br /> Scatterers<br />Implementation of a Radar <br />Polarimeter<br />Polarization Response<br />Optimum Polarizations<br />Contrast Enhancement<br />Summary<br />References<br />3. Advanced Polarimetric Concepts<br />Vector-Matrix Duality of Scatterer <br /> Representation<br />Eigenvalue and Eigenvector-Based <br /> Polarimetric Parameters<br />Decomposition of Polarimetric Scattering<br />Summary<br />References<br />4. Polarimetric SAR Calibration<br />Polarimetric Radar System Model<br />Cross-Talk Estimation and Removal<br />Co-Polarized Channel Imbalance Calibration<br />Absolute Radiometric Calibration<br />References<br />5. Applications: Measurement of Surface Soil Moisture<br />Surface Electrical and Geometrical <br /> Properties<br />Scattering from Bare Rough Surfaces<br />Example: Bare Surface SoilMoisture<br /> Inversion Models<br />Comparison of the Performance of <br /> Bare Surface Inversion Models<br />Parameterizing Scattering Models <br />Inverting the IEM Model<br />Scattering from Vegetated Terrain<br />Simulation Results<br />Time Series Estimation of Soil <br /> Moisture<br />Summary<br />References<br />To appear in 2011 October<br />John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />ISBN: 978-1118-11511-4 <br />
  82. 82. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 82<br />“Natural hazards are inevitable! Natural disasters are not & how<br /> can we reduce aftereffects?”<br />Major Paradigm for Remote Sensing from <br />Air and Space of the Terrestrial Covers:<br />Accomplished with fully Polarimetric POLinSAR Sensors at<br />all pertinent frequency bands:<br />
  83. 83. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 83<br />ACQUISITION OF NEW BANDS FOR PASSIVE & ACTIVE SENSING<br />“The Remote Sensing Pathologists and Radiologists of Earth and Planetary Covers”<br />
  84. 84. WIDEBAND INTERFEROMETRIC SENSING AND IMAGING POLARIMETRY 84<br />FOUNDATIONS AND RELEVANCE OF MODERN <br />EARTH REMOTE SENSING & ITS APPLICATIONS BY IMPLEMENTING SPACE-BORNE POL-IN-SAR<br />Conclusions:<br />The Electromagnetic Vector-Wave Spectrum:<br />A Natural Global Treasure<br />Terrestrial Remote Sensing with POLinSAR for<br />The Diagnostics of the Health of the Earth<br />
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