Texture Segmentation for Remote Sensing Image Based on Texture-Topic Model HaoFengZhiguo Jiang Image Processing Center Beijing Universityof Aeronautics & Astronautics Xingmin Han Beijing University of Technology IGARSS 2011
water sand grass tree 1, high density tree 2, middle density tree 3, low density
Proposed Method -Topic Model: Latent Dirichlet Allocation -LDA is a generative probabilistic model of a corpus. -LDA automatically clusters words into “topics” and documents into mixtures of topics. -Bag-of-Words Assumption - Connecting word and feature descriptor Cluster method ---link Pattern from image -Texture is topic, pixel (feature descriptor) is word.
Latent Dirichlet Allocation -LDA is a generative probabilistic model of a corpus. -Documents are represented as random mixtures over latent topics -where a topic is characterized by a distribution over words.
Let’s assume that all the words within a document are exchangeable.
Choose a word from , a multinomial probability conditioned on the topic zn.
Latent Dirichlet Allocation Topic: Education Frequency …….. …….. environment student postgraduate undergraduace debt education labor University course Dictionary word This will mean that the Open University, which provides degreecourses by distance learning, will have among the lowest fees in England. Vice chancellor Martin Bean promised "high-quality, flexible and great value-for-money education for all". The majority of universities will charge £9,000 for some or all courses. More than two-thirds of the Open University'sstudents are studying part-time - and the university will be expecting to benefit from the introduction of loans for part-time students. For a typical part-time Open University student, studying at the level of half of full-time, the fees will be £2,500 per year. MrBean said that the extension of the loan system represented the "beginning of a new era for part-time students". Younger studentsAt present the university has 264,000 students taking more than 600 undergraduate and postgraduatecourses and professional qualifications - ……. [BBC News]
Latent Dirichlet Allocation θ Topic Distribution Building 2 Building 1 z Latent topic Topic 2 Topic 3 Topic 1 w Bag-of-words
Spatial Constraint LDA The William Randolph Hearst Foundation will give $1.25 million to Lincoln Center, Metropolitan Opera Co., New York Philharmonic and Juilliard School. “Our board felt that we had a real opportunity to make a mark on the future of the performing arts with these grants an act every bit as important as our traditional areas of support in health, medical research, education and the social services,” Hearst Foundation President Randolph A. Hearst said Monday in announcing the grants. Lincoln Center’s share will be $200,000 for its new building, which will house young artists and provide new public facilities. The Metropolitan Opera Co. and New York Philharmonic will receive $400,000 each. The Juilliard School, where music and the performing arts are taught, will get $250,000. The Hearst Foundation, a leading supporter of the Lincoln Center Consolidated Corporate Fund, will make its usual annual $100,000 donation, too. 2,600,000,000 results 448,000,000 results 13,400,000 results 57,100 results
Spatial Constraint LDA Normal Inverse Wishart Gaussian Distribution Dirichlet Distribution Multinominal Distribution Multinominal Distribution For each image, Choose ~Dirichlet(). 2) For each pixel, draw texture-topic zn~ Multinominal() . 3) For a topiczn, choose Gaussian parameters 4) Choose the visual word 5) Given the selected texture-topiczn and word, choose word
Spatial Constraint LDA z w Example: Word Red: Considered Word (feature Descriptor) r Neighboring words
Classification texture 1. Sample Keypoint word 2. Sample Neighborhood Word and Variance 3. Sample texture from keypoint and neighbor word
Pattern Spatial Constraint LDA z r w Neighboring words Ref Point Feature Descriptor Mean Cov
Experiments Textures Segment Brodatz texture and texture combination 4 dimension Haar feature 500 words visual dictionary 2) Remote Sensing Images 200 dimension DAISY descriptor 1000 words visual dictionary