PM2.5, which consists of fine particles measuring 2.5 micrometers in diameter or smaller. To provide some perspective, imagine a single strand of hair from your head: The average human hair has a diameter of 70 micrometers. Fine and course particles are a fraction of this size, which allows them to be easily inhaled into our lungs and respiratory tracts. Fine particles (PM2.5) especially are a concern – their very tiny size allows them travel more deeply into our lungs, increasing the potential for health risks.
Transcript of "GMES SPACE COMPONENT:PROGRAMMATIC STATUS"
IGARSS 2012 Munich, 24 July 2012 GMES Space Component: Programmatic Status Dr. Josef Aschbacher1 Head, ESA GMES Space Office1 We care for a safer world
GMES Sentinel Data Policy Principles FREE and OPEN* * Joint Data Policy Principles adopted by ESA in ’09 * free-of-charge licenses * Some restrictions may apply (security, technical, etc.) EU Regulation in 2012 8
Sentinels for SciencePrimary goal of Sentinels is to serve operational GMESneeds – BUT they will have enormous benefits for science: Sentinel data represent an invaluable resource for the science community Sentinel missions will provide continuity and improved data from ERS/Envisat/Landsat : Better data for science Long term data sets of unique value for science Sentinels perfectly complement dedicated science missions (e.g. ESA Explorers) 9
Science for Sentinels Sentinel missions have been defined with strong support of scientists, in addition to operational users (e.g. MRDs, EC Implementation groups) Science community is perfectly suited to: spearhead new GMES services ensure high quality data streams through CAL/VAL activities improve algorithms and models for the retrieval of more accurate products during operational phases combine Sentinels with GCM data 10 support evolution of next generation Sentinels
GMES: economic benefits “Money where it “Over the 2006-2030 period… the matters – how the EU budget benefits from all the GMES services in delivers value to full use would equal 130 bn€ (2005 you” e.c.) or around 6.9 bn€ per year” EC, MEMO/11/469, Brussels, 29 June 2011 “The Socio- Economic For 1 € spent by the European tax Benefits of payer on GMES, a public return of GMES” ESPI report 39, 10 € can be expected November 2011 11
Next steps• GMES EU Funding 2014-2020 – support GMES inside MFF & at sufficient level• GSC-3 – prepare third segment of space component programme for ESA C-MIN 2012/14• Sentinel data policy - shall be finalised before end 2012• Sentinel launches – from end 2013 onwards• Sentinel data – need to prepare arrival of large data volumes for user community• Sentinel data – requires major support actions (cal/val, algo dvpt, access portals, etc.) 12
We care for a safer world13 We care for a safer world
Example of Land Monitoring Service: SoilSealing TrendsBetween 1990 and 2000, at least 275ha/day were sealed off in Europe Credits: Geoland2/GMES www.gmes-geoland.info 14
Example of Marine Monitoring Service: SeaSurface Height Anomalies By transporting heat and energy, ocean currents play a major Sea surface role in shaping height weather and climate anomalies on Earth Nov 2009 Data source: Altimetry missions Credits: www.myocean.eu 15
Phytoplankton Monitoring Service:Example of Marine is the biggest producer ofChlorophyll Mappingoxygen on Earth Harmful algal bloom in the Channel Island July 15, 2011Since 70s, toxic algae blooms haveincreased throughout the world Source data: MODIS/MERIS Credits: MyOcean/Marcoast 16
Example of Emergency Management Service: RapidFlooded Area Mapping Flood Area Assessment Danube Basin Galati/Braila, Romania 3 July 2010 In Europe, between 1998-2009, about • 1100 natural events and Data Source: Radarsat-2/Landsat disasters • 3 million people affectedwww.zki.dlr.de Credits: DLR/SAFER • 60 billion € damages 17
Example of Emergency Management Service:Subsidence Monitoring Subsidence from interferometry Data Source: ESA ASAR (2011) Credits: IREA/CNR In Italy, more than 50 victims/year due to landslides during the last half century [Credits: Arno Basin Authority] 18
Example of Climate Change Service: MonitoringArctic Sea Ice Artic Sea Ice Thickness Jan-Feb 2011 Arctic polar ice cap is shrinking by 9% 2 Data Source: Cryosat each decade: it might become ice free by Credits: CPOM/UCL/ESA the end of the century 19
Example of Atmospheric Monitoring Service: life Tiny particulate mattersexpectancy loss due to air pollution derived from traffic, smelting, and metal processing produce respiratory and cardiovascular diseases Life Expectancy Loss due to PM2.5 Population 2006 Credits: Geoville IIASA (processing) GSE-PROMOTE (modelling) Clean air is essential to our health 20