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Sarah Devlin - Gorham East West Corridor Feasibility Study
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Sarah Devlin - Gorham East West Corridor Feasibility Study

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  • 1. Gorham East West Corridor Feasibility StudyImproving Decision Making by Integrating Land Use and Transportation Sara Devlin Maine Turnpike Authority GrowSmart Summit October 23, 2012
  • 2. Study Overview• Began in 2007 – 4 town joint resolution• LD 1720 directs Maine Turnpike Authority/ MaineDOT to study: “existing highwayinfrastructure and futurecapacity needs west of Route1 in Cumberland County,including the Gorham Area”• Joint MTA/MaineDOT 2 Study
  • 3. Study Overview• What is this study evaluating? – Traffic congestion in Study Area – Safety issues in the Study Area – Loss of rural character/quality of life – WHY these problems exist – Where should transportation dollars be invested over the long term? – How should we be shaping our region for the future? 3
  • 4. StudyAreaMap 4
  • 5. Study Approach• Empowered Steering Committee• Address transportation concerns raised by 4 towns and in LD directive• Also evaluate the effects that land use has on transportation and vice-versa• Look regionally 5
  • 6. The Region in 2035• 70% of growth in Maine forecasted to be in Cumberland and York Counties*• Over 110,000 new people and 52,000 new jobs in Cumberland and York counties* * - Dr. Charles Colgan, USM 6
  • 7. Time and Change• Historic growth provides insight to the future• Consider what the Study Area would look like if trends continue into the future - if everything stays the same• What would need to be done to change these trends?• And who might make these changes? 7
  • 8. Gorham: 1925 8
  • 9. Gorham: 1950 9
  • 10. Gorham: 1975 10
  • 11. Gorham: 2000 11
  • 12. Gorham: 2010 12
  • 13. Gorham: 2035 13
  • 14. Why has this happened?• Residential development along existing roads• More affordable land to the west• Relatively cheap fuel• Historically, Mainers generally favor rural, not urban environments• Land use regulations allow development to occur in most places 14
  • 15. The Study Area in 2035• 35,000 new houses - 9,200 additional acres of consumed land - 15 square miles• 25,000 new jobs - mostly in retail and service• 50,000 new people• Jobs and homes continue to grow farther apart• People spend 50% more time in their cars compared to today 15
  • 16. Urban AND Rural Land Use PatternTesting a regionally accepted alternate land use pattern 16
  • 17. 17
  • 18. 5% toOuter Urban-(1,200) AND- Rural: 65% to Urban New Jobs (16,200) 30% to Inner (7,400) 18
  • 19. 20% to Outer Urban-(7,000) AND-Rural: New Housing 35% to Units Urban (12,200) 45% to Inner (15,700) 19
  • 20. “LEGO” Workshop 20
  • 21. 21
  • 22. 22
  • 23. Roadway Scenarios 23
  • 24. Transportation Sustainability Three-Legged Stool Transit 24
  • 25. Conclusions• Evaluating both Land Use and Transportation scenarios critical to success• Need State and Local policies that connect Land Use and Transportation• Best benefit comes from balancing 25