Etymology Türkiye (Turkey) comes from 2 words: Türk = being strong and powerful Iye = being owned and related to the Nation of Brave People In Tatar Language
Motto, National Anthem and National Flower Presidential Seal Motto: Peace at Home, Peace in the World
National Anthem: The Anthem of Independence
National Flower: Tulips http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Presidential_Seal_of_the_Republic_of_Turkey.png
Location World’s 37th Largest Country with an area of 783,562 km2 97% in Asia: Anatolia 3% in Europe: Thrace Capital: Ankara Map of Turkey http://www2.canada.com/topics/ travel/guides/lp.html?destination=turkey
Demographics Male Female Population: 71.5 million Majority: Turkey Ethnicity Officially Recognized Minorities: Armenian, Jews and Greeks Other Minorities: Kurds, Laz and Hemsin http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/土耳其
Language and Religion Language Religion Official Language: Turkish Others: Arabic, Bosnian, Circassian and Kurdish Freedom of Religion Muslim: 98% of total population Others: Christian
Impact on hospitality&Service industry One of the symbols of Turkey Numerous tourists visit Turkey for the bath Included in most hotels’ facilities Some traditional hamams have even become destinations
Impact on society and individuals A indispensable part of the daily life of Turks A perfect way to relax More importantly, a place for socializing Plays an important role in some customs, including marriage
Tea National drink Turkish herbal tea A way of life and a sign of friendship & hospitality Image from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_tea
Other drinks Turkish Coffee -Fortune-telling -“Let’s have a coffee.” Image from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_coffee
Non-alcohol culture VS Hospitality industry Islam culture –alcohol is not allowed However, many people in Turkey drink alcohol The conflicts between the Islamist-rooted AKP(Justice and development party) and hospitality industry nowadays.
Food Oven-baked kebab in paper FishPilaki Image from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53
Food Bulgur Pilaf with Tomatoes Cigarette böreks (a kind of pastry) Image from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53
Restaurant Culture Fast Food VS Traditional Turkish Cuisine Turks prefer traditional Turkish cuisine In some restaurants, it is common not to have a menu prepared for guests Tipping Customs
Holy Month-Ramazan The 30-day Islamic holy month time of fasting, prayer and celebration. Most important Islamic holiday in turkey Fasting--letting nothing pass the lips
Impact Tourists->respect the custom Restaurants require reservations in the evening, serve no alcoholic beverage only KurbanBayrami - 4 or 5-day public holiday - travel is intense & hotels are crowded
Mosques The House of Prayer in Islam Host “Iftar” dinners during Ramazan Attractions
Culture Characteristics More of a “high-context” culture - hide feelings to avoid hurting people - slowly moving towards the low-context side
Culture Characteristics Power distance Low High less powerful members of organization have to follow the hierarchy order Collectivism Low High Decisions are based on what is the best for the group
Culture Characteristics Masculinity Low High modest and caring population NOT mean more equality between the sexes Uncertainty Avoidance Low High normal for countries with Muslim foundations Business impact
Conclusion With a long and rich history, a culture consists of the extreme of Eastern and Western, and hospitable Turks, Turkey is certainly a very popular and worth visiting tourism destination. The hospitality and service industry in Turkey is growing rapidly, although restricted by religious belief, and the whole society and individuals within are in the process of westernization.
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