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Culture Presentation by Group Turkey, SEM001. Team member: Phoenix, David, Andy, Daisy, Vincent

Culture Presentation by Group Turkey, SEM001. Team member: Phoenix, David, Andy, Daisy, Vincent



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    [HTM2118]Turkey [HTM2118]Turkey Presentation Transcript

    • Turkey
    • Outline
      A Brief Introduction
      - Basic Information
      - History -> Impact
      - Turkey Today
      Turkey= Turkish Bath + Tea + Holymonth
    • A brief introduction to Turkey
    • Etymology
      Türkiye (Turkey) comes from 2 words:
      Türk = being strong and powerful
      Iye = being owned and related to
      the Nation of Brave People
      In Tatar Language
    • Motto, National Anthem and National Flower
      Presidential Seal
      Motto: Peace at Home, Peace in the World
      • National Anthem: The Anthem of Independence
      National Flower: Tulips
    • Location
      World’s 37th Largest Country with an area of 783,562 km2
      97% in Asia: Anatolia
      3% in Europe: Thrace
      Capital: Ankara
      Map of Turkey
    • Demographics
      Male Female
      Population: 71.5 million
      Majority: Turkey Ethnicity
      Officially Recognized Minorities: Armenian, Jews and Greeks
      Other Minorities: Kurds, Laz and Hemsin
    • Language and Religion
      Official Language: Turkish
      Others: Arabic, Bosnian, Circassian and Kurdish
      Freedom of Religion
      Muslim: 98% of total population
      Others: Christian
    • A Brief History
    • Impacts:
      Influenced greatly by both western and eastern cultures for a long time
      Building close relationship with western countries as an Islam country
      A Brief History
    • Politics
      Multi-party system
      Parliamentary Representative Democracy
      Universal suffrage for both sexes over 18
    • Economy
      World’s 15th Largest GDP-PPP in 2008
      World’s 17th Largest Nominal GDP in 2008
      No longer agriculture dominant
      Dynamic Industry Complex
      Developed service sector
    • Tourism and Hospitality
      Tourism: Ranking 3 in the world’s tourism industry
      Hospitality: Percentages in world 100 best hotels
    • The Turkish Culture
    • Our Logic
      Turkey= Turkish Bath + Tea + Holymonth
      Impact on
      Hospitality & Service Industry,
      Society & Individual
    • Turkish Bath-History
      Dates back to Ancient Rome
      Ottoman Empire
      Respect for water
      Turkish Bath
    • Turkish Bath-Architecture
    • Turkish Bath-Architecture
    • Turkish Bath-Service
      Step 1
    • Turkish Bath-Service
      Step 2
    • Turkish Bath-Service
      Step 3
    • Turkish Bath-Service
      Step 4
    • Turkish Bath-Service
      Step 5
    • Impact on hospitality&Service industry
      One of the symbols of Turkey
      Numerous tourists visit Turkey for the bath
      Included in most hotels’ facilities
      Some traditional hamams have even become destinations
    • Impact on society
      and individuals
      A indispensable part of the daily life of Turks
      A perfect way to relax
      More importantly, a place for socializing
      Plays an important role in some customs, including marriage
    • Tea
      National drink
      Turkish herbal tea
      A way of life and a sign of friendship & hospitality
      Image from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_tea
    • Other drinks
      Turkish Coffee
      -“Let’s have a coffee.”
      Image from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_coffee
    • Other drinks
      Alcoholic beverage
      Turkish wine – Raki
      Non-alcohol drinks
      Image (1) from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayran
      Image (2)from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boza
    • Non-alcohol culture VS Hospitality industry
      Islam culture –alcohol is not allowed
      However, many people in Turkey drink alcohol
      The conflicts between the Islamist-rooted AKP(Justice and development party) and hospitality industry nowadays.
    • Food
      Oven-baked kebab in paper
      Image from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53
    • Food
      Bulgur Pilaf with Tomatoes
      Cigarette böreks
      (a kind of pastry)
      Image from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53
    • Food
      Rice and Yogurt Soup(2)
      Image (1)from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_cuisine#Pilaf_and_pasta
      Image(2) from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53
    • Restaurant Culture
      Fast Food VS Traditional Turkish Cuisine
      Turks prefer traditional Turkish cuisine
      In some restaurants, it is common not to have a menu prepared for guests
      Tipping Customs
    • Holy Month-Ramazan
      The 30-day Islamic holy month
      time of fasting, prayer and celebration.
      Most important Islamic holiday in turkey
      Fasting--letting nothing pass the lips
    • Impact
      Tourists->respect the custom
      Restaurants require reservations in the evening, serve no alcoholic beverage only
      - 4 or 5-day public holiday
      - travel is intense & hotels are crowded
    • Mosques
      The House of Prayer in Islam
      Host “Iftar” dinners during Ramazan
    • Sultan AhmetCamii (1616)
      (The Blue Mosque)
    • Hagia Sophia Museum
    • Impact
      Positive impact
      Visitors have to remove shoes
      Women need to wear scarf
      Visitors not allowed during prayer time
    • Conclusion
    • Culture Characteristics
      More of a “high-context” culture
      - hide feelings to avoid hurting people
      - slowly moving towards the low-context side
    • Culture Characteristics
      Power distance
      less powerful members of organization have to follow the hierarchy order
      Decisions are based on what is the best for the group
    • Culture Characteristics
      modest and caring population
      NOT mean more equality between the sexes
      Uncertainty Avoidance
      normal for countries with Muslim foundations
      Business impact
    • Conclusion
      With a long and rich history, a culture consists of the extreme of Eastern and Western, and hospitable Turks, Turkey is certainly a very popular and worth visiting tourism destination. The hospitality and service industry in Turkey is growing rapidly, although restricted by religious belief, and the whole society and individuals within are in the process of westernization.
    • The End
      Thank you for your attention

      (Click to view our reference )
    • Reference
      Aarssen, Jeroen; Backus, Ad (2000). Colloquial Turkishp.71
      American Heritage Dictionary (2000). “Turk”. Retrieved 2006-12-27 from http://www.bartleby.com/
      Bonnie K. Bealer, Bennett Alan Weinberg, The World of Caffeine: The Science and Culture of the World's Most Popular Drug, Routledge 2001, p.11.
      Carkoglu, Ali. (2004). Religion and Politics in Turkey. Routledge, UK. ISBN 0-4153-4831-5
      CIA World Factbook. (2009). “Turkey”.
      Daniel C. Waugh (2004). “Constantinople/Istanbul”. University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
    • Reference
      Extra, Guus; Gorter, Durk (2001). The other languages of Europe: Demographic, Sociolinguistic and Educational Perspectives. Multilingual Matters. ISBN 1-8535-9509-8
      Harper, Douglas (2001). “Turk”. Retrieved 2006-12-27 from http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Turk
      Hooker, Richard (1999-06-06). “Ancient Greece: the Persian Wars”. Washington State University, WA, United States.
      Intute (2006-07). “Turkey – Population and Demographics”.
      Kinross, Patrick (1997). The Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and fall of the Turkish Empire. Morrow. ISBN 0-6880-3093-9
      Kate H. The ABC's of Larousse Gastronomique : ayran
    • Reference
      Mango, Andrew (2000). Ataturk. Overlook. ISBN 1-5856-7011-1
      M. SabriKoz. Recipes. Turkish Cuisine. Retrieved October 28, 2009, from http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&PagingIndex=0
      Mustafa Duman: ÇayKitabı, TürkKültüründeÇay (The Tea Book: Tea in Turkish Culture),  Kitabevi Press, Istanbul, 2005, p256
      Peace Research Institute Frankfurt. (2008). “Turkey: Islam and Laicism between the Interests of State, Politics, and Society”.
      Robert S.(2008, May 13). Turkey: New law restricting sale of alcohol comes into effect. Retrieved October 28, 2009, from http://www.jihadwatch.org/2008/05/turkey-new-law restricting-sale-of-alcohol-comes-into-effect.html
    • Reference
      Sabanci University (2005). Geography of Turkey.
      Shaw, Stanford Jay; Kural Shaw, Ezel (1997). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-5212-9163-1
      Thissen, Laurens (2001). Time trajectories for the Neolithic of Central Anatolia.
      Today’s Zaman. (2007). “11 of world’s best 100 hotels in Turkey”.
      Today’s Zaman. (2008). Foreign Ministry: 89,000 minorities live in Turkey.
    • Reference
      Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information (2003). “Historical background of radio and television broadcasting in Turkey”.
      Turkish Ministry of Tourism (2005), Geography of Turkey,
      Turkish Statistical Institute (2008). 2007 Census, population statistics in 2007.
      Turkish Statistical Institute. (2009). “Tourism Statistics in 2008”.
      Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information (2001). “Turkish Constitution”.
    • Reference
      Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information (2004). “Political Structure of Turkey”.
      Whiting, D (2000). Turkey Handbook
      The World Bank. (2009). World Economic Indicators Database. GDP (Nominal) 2008.
      The World Bank. (2009). World Economic Indicators Database. GDP (PPP) 2008.
      US Library of Congress. (no date). “Geography of Turkey”. US Library of Congress