[HTM2118]Turkey
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Culture Presentation by Group Turkey, SEM001. Team member: Phoenix, David, Andy, Daisy, Vincent

Culture Presentation by Group Turkey, SEM001. Team member: Phoenix, David, Andy, Daisy, Vincent

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[HTM2118]Turkey [HTM2118]Turkey Presentation Transcript

  • Turkey
    Türkiye
  • Outline
    A Brief Introduction
    - Basic Information
    - History -> Impact
    - Turkey Today
    Turkey= Turkish Bath + Tea + Holymonth
    Conclusion
  • A brief introduction to Turkey
  • Etymology
    Türkiye (Turkey) comes from 2 words:
    Türk = being strong and powerful
    Iye = being owned and related to
    the Nation of Brave People
    In Tatar Language
  • Motto, National Anthem and National Flower
    Presidential Seal
    Motto: Peace at Home, Peace in the World
    • National Anthem: The Anthem of Independence
    National Flower: Tulips
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Presidential_Seal_of_the_Republic_of_Turkey.png
  • Location
    World’s 37th Largest Country with an area of 783,562 km2
    97% in Asia: Anatolia
    3% in Europe: Thrace
    Capital: Ankara
    Map of Turkey
    http://www2.canada.com/topics/
    travel/guides/lp.html?destination=turkey
  • Demographics
    Male Female
    Population: 71.5 million
    Majority: Turkey Ethnicity
    Officially Recognized Minorities: Armenian, Jews and Greeks
    Other Minorities: Kurds, Laz and Hemsin
    http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/土耳其
  • Language and Religion
    Language
    Religion
    Official Language: Turkish
    Others: Arabic, Bosnian, Circassian and Kurdish
    Freedom of Religion
    Muslim: 98% of total population
    Others: Christian
  • A Brief History
  • Impacts:
    Influenced greatly by both western and eastern cultures for a long time
    Building close relationship with western countries as an Islam country
    A Brief History
  • Politics
    Multi-party system
    Parliamentary Representative Democracy
    Universal suffrage for both sexes over 18
  • Economy
    World’s 15th Largest GDP-PPP in 2008
    World’s 17th Largest Nominal GDP in 2008
    No longer agriculture dominant
    Dynamic Industry Complex
    Developed service sector
  • Tourism and Hospitality
    Tourism: Ranking 3 in the world’s tourism industry
    Hospitality: Percentages in world 100 best hotels
    11
    17
    20
  • The Turkish Culture
  • Our Logic
    History
    Turkey= Turkish Bath + Tea + Holymonth
    Impact on
    Hospitality & Service Industry,
    Society & Individual
  • Turkish Bath-History
    Dates back to Ancient Rome
    Ottoman Empire
    Islam
    Respect for water
    Cleanliness
    Turkish Bath
  • Turkish Bath-Architecture
  • Turkish Bath-Architecture
  • Turkish Bath-Service
    Step 1
  • Turkish Bath-Service
    Step 2
  • Turkish Bath-Service
    Step 3
  • Turkish Bath-Service
    Step 4
  • Turkish Bath-Service
    Step 5
  • Impact on hospitality&Service industry
    One of the symbols of Turkey
    Numerous tourists visit Turkey for the bath
    Included in most hotels’ facilities
    Some traditional hamams have even become destinations
  • Impact on society
    and individuals
    A indispensable part of the daily life of Turks
    A perfect way to relax
    More importantly, a place for socializing
    Plays an important role in some customs, including marriage
  • Tea
    National drink
    Turkish herbal tea
    A way of life and a sign of friendship & hospitality
    Image from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_tea
  • Other drinks
    Turkish Coffee
    -Fortune-telling
    -“Let’s have a coffee.”
    Image from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_coffee
  • Other drinks
    Alcoholic beverage
    Turkish wine – Raki
    Non-alcohol drinks
    Ayran(1)
    Boza(2)
    Image (1) from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayran
    Image (2)from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boza
  • Non-alcohol culture VS Hospitality industry
    Islam culture –alcohol is not allowed
    However, many people in Turkey drink alcohol
    The conflicts between the Islamist-rooted AKP(Justice and development party) and hospitality industry nowadays.
  • Food
    Oven-baked kebab in paper
    FishPilaki
    Image from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53
  • Food
    Bulgur Pilaf with Tomatoes
    Cigarette böreks
    (a kind of pastry)
    Image from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53
  • Food
    Baklava(1)
    Rice and Yogurt Soup(2)
    Image (1)from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_cuisine#Pilaf_and_pasta
    Image(2) from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53
  • Restaurant Culture
    Fast Food VS Traditional Turkish Cuisine
    Turks prefer traditional Turkish cuisine
    In some restaurants, it is common not to have a menu prepared for guests
    Tipping Customs
  • Holy Month-Ramazan
    The 30-day Islamic holy month
    time of fasting, prayer and celebration.
    Most important Islamic holiday in turkey
    Fasting--letting nothing pass the lips
  • Impact
    Tourists->respect the custom
    Restaurants require reservations in the evening, serve no alcoholic beverage only
    KurbanBayrami
    - 4 or 5-day public holiday
    - travel is intense & hotels are crowded
  • Mosques
    The House of Prayer in Islam
    Host “Iftar” dinners during Ramazan
    Attractions
  • Sultan AhmetCamii (1616)
    (The Blue Mosque)
  • Hagia Sophia Museum
  • Impact
    Positive impact
    Visitors have to remove shoes
    Women need to wear scarf
    Visitors not allowed during prayer time
  • Conclusion
  • Culture Characteristics
    More of a “high-context” culture
    - hide feelings to avoid hurting people
    - slowly moving towards the low-context side
  • Culture Characteristics
    Power distance
    Low
    High
    less powerful members of organization have to follow the hierarchy order
    Collectivism
    Low
    High
    Decisions are based on what is the best for the group
  • Culture Characteristics
    Masculinity
    Low
    High
    modest and caring population
    NOT mean more equality between the sexes
    Uncertainty Avoidance
    Low
    High
    normal for countries with Muslim foundations
    Business impact
  • Conclusion
    With a long and rich history, a culture consists of the extreme of Eastern and Western, and hospitable Turks, Turkey is certainly a very popular and worth visiting tourism destination. The hospitality and service industry in Turkey is growing rapidly, although restricted by religious belief, and the whole society and individuals within are in the process of westernization.
  • The End
    Thank you for your attention

    (Click to view our reference )
  • Reference
    Aarssen, Jeroen; Backus, Ad (2000). Colloquial Turkishp.71
    American Heritage Dictionary (2000). “Turk”. Retrieved 2006-12-27 from http://www.bartleby.com/
    Bonnie K. Bealer, Bennett Alan Weinberg, The World of Caffeine: The Science and Culture of the World's Most Popular Drug, Routledge 2001, p.11.
    Carkoglu, Ali. (2004). Religion and Politics in Turkey. Routledge, UK. ISBN 0-4153-4831-5
    CIA World Factbook. (2009). “Turkey”.
    Daniel C. Waugh (2004). “Constantinople/Istanbul”. University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
  • Reference
    Extra, Guus; Gorter, Durk (2001). The other languages of Europe: Demographic, Sociolinguistic and Educational Perspectives. Multilingual Matters. ISBN 1-8535-9509-8
    Harper, Douglas (2001). “Turk”. Retrieved 2006-12-27 from http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Turk
    Hooker, Richard (1999-06-06). “Ancient Greece: the Persian Wars”. Washington State University, WA, United States.
    Intute (2006-07). “Turkey – Population and Demographics”.
    Kinross, Patrick (1997). The Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and fall of the Turkish Empire. Morrow. ISBN 0-6880-3093-9
    Kate H. The ABC's of Larousse Gastronomique : ayran
  • Reference
    Mango, Andrew (2000). Ataturk. Overlook. ISBN 1-5856-7011-1
    M. SabriKoz. Recipes. Turkish Cuisine. Retrieved October 28, 2009, from http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&PagingIndex=0
    Mustafa Duman: ÇayKitabı, TürkKültüründeÇay (The Tea Book: Tea in Turkish Culture),  Kitabevi Press, Istanbul, 2005, p256
    Peace Research Institute Frankfurt. (2008). “Turkey: Islam and Laicism between the Interests of State, Politics, and Society”.
    Robert S.(2008, May 13). Turkey: New law restricting sale of alcohol comes into effect. Retrieved October 28, 2009, from http://www.jihadwatch.org/2008/05/turkey-new-law restricting-sale-of-alcohol-comes-into-effect.html
  • Reference
    Sabanci University (2005). Geography of Turkey.
    Shaw, Stanford Jay; Kural Shaw, Ezel (1997). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-5212-9163-1
    Thissen, Laurens (2001). Time trajectories for the Neolithic of Central Anatolia.
    Today’s Zaman. (2007). “11 of world’s best 100 hotels in Turkey”.
    Today’s Zaman. (2008). Foreign Ministry: 89,000 minorities live in Turkey.
  • Reference
    Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information (2003). “Historical background of radio and television broadcasting in Turkey”.
    Turkish Ministry of Tourism (2005), Geography of Turkey,
    Turkish Statistical Institute (2008). 2007 Census, population statistics in 2007.
    Turkish Statistical Institute. (2009). “Tourism Statistics in 2008”.
    Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information (2001). “Turkish Constitution”.
  • Reference
    Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information (2004). “Political Structure of Turkey”.
    Whiting, D (2000). Turkey Handbook
    The World Bank. (2009). World Economic Indicators Database. GDP (Nominal) 2008.
    The World Bank. (2009). World Economic Indicators Database. GDP (PPP) 2008.
    US Library of Congress. (no date). “Geography of Turkey”. US Library of Congress