By: Brookelyn Bennion
A unitary government is when a power is held in a
single central agency. The government has total power
over smaller sub-divisions because it is a local
authority for all government functions.
Belgium, Bolivia, Canada, Costa Rica, Denmark,
France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Mexico,
Philippines, Russia, Switzerland, etc.
These countries choose to be Unitary because the
government wants power. A Unitary government is
always poking their nose around in other countries
businesses because they want to control.
Slow at making decisions because there are so many to
Governs too big of an area
No balance of power
Great Britain is compromised of England, Wales, and
Scotland in the Atlantic Ocean, Irish Sea, North Sea,
and the English Channel. Most of Scotland is wild
landscape and Britain's tallest mountains. Most of the
people in Wales live near the coast and in the southern
valleys. England is a low land country except for the
large mountains in the north and south west.
In 2006, the population of Great Britain was recorded
at 60,587,300 people. 86 percent of these people are
white British and the rest is a mix of various
ethnicities. 72 percent of these people are Christians
while 2.7 percent are Muslim; the rest of the religions
is below 1 percent. Education is a big thing to the
British. Childrent are required to attend school from
age five to sixteen just like in the US.
Great Britain is a Constitutional Monarchy and a
Parliamentary Democracy. There is a Queen and two
houses of Parliament: House of Lords and House of
Commons. Parliament controls supreme Legislative
Power to make laws.
The Prime Minister is head of the government. The
Prime Minister selects who he wants in his cabinet and
from there on they hold executive power.
Parliament is the supreme legal authority in the
United Kingdom. They have the power to create or end
any law. The longest a parliamentary term can last is
five years before it is dissolved.
The judicial body is independent of parliament and
cannot review the constitutionality of legislation.
There isn't one highest national court in the UK. The
Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is one of the
highest courts, along with The House of Lords.
Under Parliament there are two houses. One is the
House of Lords and one is the House of Commons.
The House of Lords does not have much power and
their main function is to revise legislation. The house
of commons consists of 646 elected members and the
head of the government is the prime minister.
The UK is a founding member of the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization and is one of NATO's major
European powers. The UK is also a permanent member
of the Security Council in the United Nations.
Every four to five years general elections are held to
decide members of parliament. There are three major
political parties including the labors, the
conservatives, and the liberal democrats. Each party
chooses a leader and whichever party wins the
majority of the seats in parliament, there leader then
becomes the prime minister.
This government works well for The United Kingdom.
They have operated with this system for a very long
time and it seems to suit the state well.
The UK government does not follow a written
constitution. It governs partly by statutes and by
common law and practice.
The current Prime Minister is Gordon Brown. He
replaced Tony Blair as head of the labour government