Vestraten central asia unescoundpgef water meeting 022014


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Vestraten central asia unescoundpgef water meeting 022014

  1. 1. US Geological Survey Water Resources Science in Support of Central Asia U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey
  2. 2. US Focus on Water Resources in Central Asia?  Regional economic development  Water resources are finite and need to be used in sustainable and resilient manner  Central Asia has significant potential for economic development Rare Earth Production Trends
  3. 3. Scientific Data Enable Scientific Integrity and Credibility and Sustainable Natural Resource Management Credibility and Reputation of Bureau & Agency Science Credibility and Reputation of Individual Scientist Employees Publishing in Reputable Outlets Participation in Peer Review Behaving Ethically at All Times Adherence to Professional Codes of Conduct Willing to Consider New Data and Analyses Having a Deep Understanding of Subject Matter and Staying Current Avoiding Real and Potential Conflicts of Interest Adhering to the Scientific Method and the Process of Science Scientific Integrity is maintained when all of the building blocks are solid and uncompromised. A transgression in any of elements of these building blocks could undermine the credibility of the individual scientists involved and potentially damage the reputation of the entire bureau or agency.
  4. 4. Integrated Versus Traditional Approach Traditional Interdisciplinary Integrated Geology Minerals Mining Mining Restoration Restoration Agriculture Agriculture Tourism Tourism Physical Physical Infrastructure Infrastructure Fisheries Fisheries Conservation Conservation Social Social Infrastructure Infrastructure Graphic courtesy of • Natural resources seldom occur in isolation • Controversies often emerge around perceived environmental, economic, and societal needs and values • Interdisciplinary, integrated approaches are necessary to delineate natural resources, characterize interactions among resources, engage stakeholder concerns and participation, and strike a balance among competing resource interests
  5. 5. USGS & Water Resources Data, Information, and Assessments • The mission of the U.S. Geological Survey is to collect and disseminate reliable, impartial, and timely information that is needed to understand the Nation's water resources. • The USGS has a distributed water database that is locally managed including surface water, groundwater, and water quality data compiled from local, distributed databases into a national information system. • The groundwater database contains records from ~ 850,000 compiled over the past 100 years. • Information is served via the Internet through NWISWeb, the National Water Information System Web Interface. • “Groundwater watch" web pages group wells and data from the well networks, and provide basic statistics about the water-level data .
  6. 6. Real-time streamflows for the U.S. indicate where flood and drought conditions are occurring.
  7. 7. Real-time surface-water data for a river indicate immediate river fluctuations caused by reservoir releases (as shown above) or caused by precipitation/flood events.
  8. 8. Real-time groundwater data is used by water-management boards and agriculturalists to determine timing and amount of irrigation withdrawal.
  9. 9. Potential areas for future collaboration on water resources in the Syr-Darya Basin: 1. Build capacity in real-time monitoring services 2. Provide training on data procedures 3. Provide training on water resources assessment techniques through practical examples
  10. 10. Integrated Regional Water-Resource Data Assessment and Dissemination for Central Asian Countries Objectives:  Review existing techniques used by water-resource scientists and managers for integrated assessment and dissemination of groundwater and surface-water data.  Provide instruction on groundwater and surface-water data collection, archival, and dissemination methods through web-based products to identify potential data gaps and assess regional water-management and development scenarios. Approach: Topics may include the following depending on the needs and skills of participants: • • • • • Application of archival and dissemination techniques using web-based products. Analysis of surface-water flows and groundwater levels using USGS methods. Water well inventories, assessment of data bases, assessment of aquifer properties. Collection and analysis of chemical and isotopic data of surface and groundwater for estimating aquifer source water contributions and age dating. Integrated analysis of various hydrologic data through the use of individual or combined surface water and groundwater simulation using USGS computer modeling software. Training would occur in the U.S. and a location in Central Asia. Participants could provide presentations about water-resource assessment issues from their country to instill the concepts of data-sharing and trust-building among nations.
  11. 11. Water balance assessment for critical water supply 1. Analysis of chemical and isotopic tracers for identification of recharge sources and age of groundwater. 2. Integration of remotely-sensed, geoportal, and surface water data through groundwater flow modeling. 3. Assessment of water balance and sustainability of selected aquifer (similar to the USGS Kabul Basin study).
  12. 12. Water Balance Assessment of Critical Water Supply and Aquifers, Kabul Afghanistan Example Example – Kabul Basin, Afghanistan Population growth Climate change
  13. 13. Potential Effects of Climate Change on Water Supply , the Kabul Basin example
  14. 14. Mechanisms for Collaboration 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. In-country (US) and overseas training programs. Mentoring programs Technical Training Workshops Short-Term (1-year) Scientific Exchanges Analytical Laboratory Support Bilateral Agreements
  15. 15. Science is more essential for our prosperity, our security, our health, our environment, and our quality of life than it has ever been. President Obama At the National Academy of Sciences April 27, 2009